Boake Carter

Harold Thomas Henry Carter (28 September 1903 – 16 November 1944) was a British-American national news commentator in the 1930s and early 1940s.

Early life

He was born in Baku, Russian Empire (now the capital of Azerbaijan), the son of British parents Thomas Carter and Edith Harwood-Yarred,[1][2] from London and Leicestershire, respectively.[3] His father worked for a British oil company. Carter would later claim his father had been in the British Consular Service (his father was the British Honorary Consul). Carter grew up in the United Kingdom, and enlisted in the Royal Air Force at the age of 15, serving with the RAF's Coast Patrol for eighteen months. He attended Tonbridge School from 1918 to 1921, and would later claim to have attended Christ's College in Cambridge. He arrived in the United States on September 25, 1921, after his father was assigned to Mexico.[4]


Carter worked at the Philadelphia Daily News as a journalist.[5] He entered broadcasting as a news commentator with WCAU in Philadelphia in 1930, initially as the announcer for a rugby game,[6] getting the job by default as he was the only person WCAU's director knew who was familiar with the sport. In 1931,[4] he became the narrator for Hearst-Metrotone newsreels.[5] He rose to fame as a broadcast journalist when he covered the Lindbergh kidnapping trial, beginning in 1932.[7] He continued to work for WCAU, with his broadcasts distributed through the CBS network.[5]

After achieving fame, he was a familiar radio voice, but his commentaries were controversial, notably his criticisms of Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal and the powerful Congress of Industrial Organizations. Carter was an accomplished salesman for the sponsor of his program from 1933-1938, Philco Radios, blending his reporting and commentary with plugs for the company's sets. He became a naturalized U.S. citizen in 1934.[8]

In 1936, he had more listeners than any other radio commentator.[9] He also appeared in a Life advertisement for Lucky Strike cigarettes.[10] He published several books in the 1930s, and began writing a widely syndicated column (by the Ledger Syndicate) in 1937. But by 1937, the Roosevelt White House already had three federal agencies investigating him.[11] In 1938, under pressure from Roosevelt's allies, he lost his WCAU job, was barred from CBS, and lost his General Foods sponsorship that had replaced Philco.[5] With his removal, there was no longer any popular radio commentator who opposed Roosevelt's foreign policy.[12]

That year, Carter went on a speaking tour throughout the States. In 1939, he returned to radio with a thrice-weekly evening commentary on the Mutual Broadcasting System, adopting a pro-Roosevelt stance. Mutual gradually moved his broadcasts to less prominent time slots.[13]

A newspaper article by Carter, published in The Cleveland News on March 25th, 1939, claimed that "responsible statesmen of the world do not expect the recent events in Europe [e.g., the annexation of Austria and the Sudetenland by Nazi Germany] of themselves will produce a general European war .... despite all the scare headlines in America from day to day."[14][15] He may have been right about those statesmen's expectations, but he (and they) were horribly wrong.

In the early 1940s, Carter was drawn into a 'British Israelite' cult led by a Moses Guibbory.[16] He legally changed his name to Ephraim Boake Carter prior to his death.[17]


He was almost a forgotten figure when he died of a heart attack in 1944 in Hollywood.[18] A messy fight between his three former wives followed over his estate.[19] Stewart Robb's "The Strange Death of Boake Carter", published in 1946, suggested Boake was murdered,[16] perhaps by Guibbory. In 1949, his final years were documented in a book, Thirty-three candles, by fellow cult adherent David Horowitz.[16]


  1. ^ New Hampshire, Marriage Records Index, 1637-1947
  2. ^ London, England, Church of England Marriages and Banns, 1754-1932
  3. ^ 1911 England Census
  4. ^ a b David Holbrook Culbert. News for everyman: radio and foreign affairs in thirties America. pp. 35–38.
  5. ^ a b c d Kathy M. Newman. Radio active: advertising and consumer activism, 1935-1947. pp. 85–92.
  6. ^ Christopher H. Sterling; Michael C. Keith. Encyclopedia of radio. p. 589.
  7. ^ "Loudspeaker". Time Magazine. 13 April 1936. Archived from the original on 31 May 2008.
  8. ^ U.S. Naturalization Record Indexes, 1791–1992 (Indexed in World Archives Project)
  9. ^ Elizabeth A. Fones-Wolf. Waves of opposition: labor and the struggle for democratic radio. p. 32.
  10. ^
  11. ^ Susan J. Douglas. Listening in: radio and the American imagination. p. 173.
  12. ^ Robert J. Brown. Manipulating The Ether: The Power Of Broadcast Radio In Thirties America. pp. 115–116.
  13. ^
  14. ^ Carter, Boake (1939-03-25), English: Article predicting that there would be no large-scale war in Europe. (part 1 of 2) (PDF), retrieved 2019-08-14
  15. ^ Carter, Boake (1939-03-25), English: Article predicting that there would be no large-scale war in Europe. (part 2 of 2) (PDF), retrieved 2019-08-14
  16. ^ a b c Harry Neigher (6 November 1949). "Riddle of Boake Carter Solved by Former Aide". Sunday Herald. p. 33.
  17. ^ California, Death Index, 1940-1997
  18. ^ Fang, Irving E. "Boake Carter, Radio Commentator," The Journal of Popular Culture 12 (2), 341–346. doi:10.1111/j.0022-3840.1979.1202_341.x
  19. ^ "3 Ex-Wives Claiming $5,000 Carter Will". Toronto Daily Star. New York. BUP. 1 March 1945. p. 14.

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1935 World Series

The 1935 World Series featured the Detroit Tigers and the Chicago Cubs, with the Tigers winning in six games for their first championship in five Series appearances. They had lost in 1907, 1908, 1909, and 1934.

The Tigers won despite losing the services of first baseman Hank Greenberg. In Game 2, Greenberg collided with Cubs catcher Gabby Hartnett and broke his wrist, sidelining him for the rest of the Series.

The Cubs had won 21 consecutive games in September (still a record as of 2018), eventually taking the National League pennant by four games over the defending World Series champions, the St. Louis Cardinals.

In Game 6, Tommy Bridges pitched a complete game victory to win the Series for Detroit. With the score tied 3–3 in the top of the ninth inning, Bridges gave up a leadoff triple to Stan Hack, but retired the next three batters without the runner on third scoring. In the bottom of the ninth, Goose Goslin drove in the winning run with two outs. After the game, manager Mickey Cochrane said the following of Bridges' gutsy performance: "A hundred and fifty pounds of courage. If there ever is a payoff on courage this little 150-pound pitcher is the greatest World Series hero."In addition to Bridges, the Tigers had a hitting hero. Right fielder Pete Fox accumulated ten hits and an average of .385 for the Series. Fox hit safely in all six games.

Detroit owner Frank Navin, then 64 years old, had been running the organization for 30 years and had seen four of his teams win American League pennants, only to lose four World Series. Six weeks after the Tigers finally won the World Series in October 1935, Navin suffered a heart attack while riding a horse and died.

1936 World Series

The 1936 World Series matched the New York Yankees against the New York Giants, with the Yankees winning in six games to earn their fifth championship.

The Yankees played their first World Series without Babe Ruth and their first with Joe DiMaggio, Ruth having been released by the Yankees after the 1934 season. He retired in 1935 as a member of the Boston Braves.

1944 in radio

The year 1944 saw a number of significant happenings in radio broadcasting history.

2015 in public domain

This is a list of authors whose works enter the public domain in part of the world in 2015.

British Israelism

British Israelism (also called Anglo-Israelism) is a pseudoarchaeological belief that the people of the British Isles are "genetically, racially, and linguistically the direct descendants" of the Ten Lost Tribes of ancient Israel. With roots in the 16th century, British Israelism was inspired by several 19th-century English writings such as John Wilson's 1840 Our Israelitish Origin. Various British Israelite organisations were set up throughout the British Empire as well as in America from the 1870s; a number of these organisations are active independently as of the early 21st century. In America, the idea gave rise to the Christian Identity movement.

The central tenets of British Israelism have been refuted by evidence from modern archaeological, ethnological, genetic, and linguistic research.

David Horowitz (author)

David Horowitz (1903–2002) was the founder of the United Israel World Union and one of eight children of Cantor Aaron and Bertha Horowitz whose family immigrated to the United States in 1914. He first went to the land of present-day Israel in 1924 as an ardent Zionist. He married and moved to Poland in 1927 where he lived with his wife's parents during her pregnancy and played a part in trying to rescue European Jews from the Nazi plan to eliminate them as Germany conquered the countries of Europe during the 1939-1945 Second World War. He moved to the U.S. in 1943 where he became an accredited correspondent to the United Nations and founded the United Israel World Union. The purpose of his organization was to preach a universal Hebraic faith for all humankind based on the Decalogue and the other universal commandments of the Torah. The hallmark of the organization was Isaiah's prescription that:

My house will become a house of prayer for all peoples ...

This is the same verse that Herbert W. Armstrong used for his reason to build the Ambassador Auditorium in Pasadena, California, and Armstrong once announced a plan to assist in the building of a Jewish/Christian/Islamic center at Mount Sinai with the blessings of both Egyptian and Israeli leaders.

Horowitz authored State in the Making (1953, Knopf, NY), recounting his contributions to the creation of the State of Israel. He was also the long-time editor of the United Nations Correspondents Association's quarterly newsletter and was the author of the 1986 biography "Pastor Charles Taze Russell: An Early American Christian Zionist." The book detailed the pro-Zionism writings and sermons of the founder of the Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society, better known as the Jehovah's Witness movement.

Notably, Horowitz also wrote Thirty-Three Candles, a book detailing his involvement with Messianic claimant Moses Guibbory and famed radio announcer Boake Carter.

Home of Peace Cemetery (East Los Angeles)

The Home of Peace Cemetery is a Jewish cemetery in Los Angeles, California, United States.

Interception of the Rex

The interception of the Rex was a training exercise and military aviation achievement of the United States Army Air Corps prior to World War II. The tracking and location of an ocean-going vessel by B-17 Flying Fortresses on 12 May 1938 was a major event in the development of a doctrine that led to a United States Air Force independent of the Army. The mission was ostensibly a training exercise for coastal defense of the United States, but was conceived by planners to be a well-publicized demonstration of the capabilities of "heavy bombers (as) long range instruments of power".The flight was conducted during coastal defense maneuvers held by the Air Corps without the participation of the United States Navy, and apparently without understanding of their purpose by the Army Chief of Staff. Both had continuing disagreements with the leaders of the Air Corps over roles and missions, with the Navy disputing its maritime mission and the Army seeking to limit its role to that of supporting ground forces.With a characteristic flair for creating publicity, the Air Corps' General Headquarters Air Force (its combat organization) not only successfully made the interception at sea, but exploited both live radio news coverage and dramatic photographs. Although the publicity resulted in a short-term setback for Air Corps ambitions, within a year both U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt and future Army Chief of Staff George C. Marshall became new proponents of long-range air power.

Ledger Syndicate

The Public Ledger Syndicate (known simply as the Ledger Syndicate) was a syndication company operated by the Philadelphia Public Ledger that was in business from 1915 to circa 1950 (outlasting the newspaper itself, which ceased publishing in 1942). The Ledger Syndicate distributed comic strips, panels, and columns to the United States and the United Kingdom, Ireland, Canada, Sweden, New Zealand, and Australia. The syndicate also distributed material from the Curtis Publishing Company's (the Public Ledger's corporate parent) other publications, including The Saturday Evening Post, Ladies' Home Journal, and The Country Gentleman.From 1933 to 1941, the Ledger Syndicate was a key contributor to the burgeoning comic book industry, with many of the company's strips published in both the seminal Funnies on Parade, and what popular culture historians consider the first true American comic book, Famous Funnies.

For whatever reason, the Ledger Syndicate favored comic strips with alliterative titles, including Babe Bunting, Daffy Demonstrations, Deb Days, Dizzy Dramas, Hairbreadth Harry, Modish Mitzi, and Somebody's Stenog.

List of U.S. radio programs

The radio programs listed below are all from the United States.

List of World Series broadcasters

The following is a list of national American television and radio networks and announcers that have broadcast World Series games over the years. It does include any announcers who may have appeared on local radio broadcasts produced by the participating teams.

List of old-time American radio people

Listed below are actors and personalities heard on vintage radio programs, plus writers and others associated with Radio's Golden Age.

SS Athenia (1922)

The SS Athenia was a steam turbine transatlantic passenger liner built in Glasgow in 1923 for the Anchor-Donaldson Line, which later became the Donaldson Atlantic Line. She worked between the United Kingdom and the east coast of Canada until September 1939, when a torpedo from German submarine U-30 sank her in the Western Approaches.

The Athenia was the first UK ship to be sunk by Germany during World War II, and the incident accounted for the Donaldson Line's greatest single loss of life at sea. 117 civilian passengers and crew were killed with the sinking condemned as a war crime. The dead included 28 US citizens, leading Germany to fear that the US might react by joining the war on the side of the UK and France. Wartime German authorities denied that one of their vessels had sunk the ship, and a German admission of responsibility did not come until 1946.

She was the second Donaldson ship of that name to be torpedoed and sunk off Inishtrahull by a German submarine; the earlier Athenia was similarly attacked in 1918.

Torresdale, Philadelphia

Torresdale, also formerly known as Torrisdale, is a neighborhood in the Far Northeast section of Philadelphia. Torresdale is located along the Delaware River between Holmesburg and Bensalem Township in neighboring Bucks County.

The adjacent confluence of the Poquessing Creek with the Delaware River had been favored by William Penn's surveyor, Thomas Holme, as the site for the city that Penn planned to found. Although a more southerly site was finally selected, Holme and others acquired property there, where he is buried.

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