Blue vanga

The blue vanga (Cyanolanius madagascarinus) is a bird species in the family Vangidae. It is in the monotypic genus Cyanolanius.[2] It is found in Comoros, Madagascar, and Mayotte, where its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forest and subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest.[1]

A taxon found on the Comoros Islands, the Comoro blue vanga is considered by most authorities to be a subspecies of the blue vanga (C. m. comorensis), though it has occasionally been considered a separate species, Cyanolanius comorensis.

In 1760 the French zoologist Mathurin Jacques Brisson included a description of the blue vanga in his Ornithologie based on a specimen collected on the island of Madagascar. He used the French name Le pie-griesche bleu de Madagascar and the Latin Lanius Madagascariensis coeruleus.[3] Although Brisson coined Latin names, these do not conform to the binomial system and are not recognised by the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature.[4] When in 1766 the Swedish naturalist Carl Linnaeus updated his Systema Naturae for the twelfth edition, he added 240 species that had been previously described by Brisson.[4] One of these was the blue vanga. Linnaeus included a brief description, coined the binomial name Loxia madagascarina and cited Brisson's work.[5] The species is now placed in the genus Cyanolanius that was introduced by the French naturalist Charles Lucien Bonaparte in 1854.[6]

Three subspecies are recognised:[7]

Blue vanga
Blue Vanga
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Vangidae
Genus: Cyanolanius
Bonaparte, 1854
Species:
C. madagascarinus
Binomial name
Cyanolanius madagascarinus
Synonyms
  • Loxia madagascarina Linnaeus, 1766

References

  1. ^ a b BirdLife International. 2016. Cyanolanius madagascarinus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T103703584A94147463. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T103703584A94147463.en. Downloaded on 31 July 2018.
  2. ^ "ITIS Report: Cyanolanius". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 8 August 2014.
  3. ^ Brisson, Mathurin Jacques (1760). Ornithologie, ou, Méthode contenant la division des oiseaux en ordres, sections, genres, especes & leurs variétés (in French and Latin). Volume 2. Paris: Jean-Baptiste Bauche. pp. 197–200, Plate 16 fig 3. The two stars (**) at the start of the section indicates that Brisson based his description on the examination of a specimen.
  4. ^ a b Allen, J.A. (1910). "Collation of Brisson's genera of birds with those of Linnaeus". Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History. 28: 317–335.
  5. ^ Linnaeus, Carl (1766). Systema naturae : per regna tria natura, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis (in Latin). Volume 1, Part 1 (12th ed.). Holmiae (Stockholm): Laurentii Salvii. p. 306.
  6. ^ Bonaparte, Charles Lucien (1854). "Notes sur les collections rapportées en 1853, par M. A. Delattre, de son voyage en Californie et dans le Nicaragua". Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences. 38: 387, 538.
  7. ^ Gill, Frank; Donsker, David, eds. (2018). "Batises, woodshrikes, bushshrikes, vangas". World Bird List Version 8.1. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 21 June 2018.
Archbold's newtonia

The Archbold's newtonia (Newtonia archboldi) is a species of bird in the family Vangidae.

It is endemic to Madagascar.

The name commemorates the New Guinea explorer and ornithologist Richard Archbold.Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests and subtropical or tropical dry shrubland.

Bernier's vanga

The Bernier's vanga (Oriolia bernieri) is a bird species in the family Vangidae. It is in the monotypic genus Oriolia. It is endemic to Madagascar. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. It is threatened by habitat loss.

Chabert vanga

The chabert vanga (Leptopterus chabert), also erroneously called "Chabert's vanga", is a species of bird in the family Vangidae. It is monotypic within the genus Leptopterus. It is endemic to Madagascar. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forest, subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest, and subtropical or tropical moist montane forest. Its name comes from a rendition of its call.

Common newtonia

The common newtonia (Newtonia brunneicauda) is a species of bird in the family Vangidae. It is endemic to Madagascar.

Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests and subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.

It is a small bird with greyish-brown upper parts, tannish-white underparts, a black bill and golden-yellow eyes.

Crossley's vanga

Crossley's vanga (Mystacornis crossleyi), also known as Crossley's babbler-vanga, Crossley's babbler, or Madagascar groundjumper, is a bird species in the family Vangidae.

Dark newtonia

The dark newtonia (Newtonia amphichroa) is a species of bird in the family Vangidae.

It is endemic to Madagascar.

Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.

Endemic birds of Madagascar and western Indian Ocean islands

This article is one of a series providing information about endemism among birds in the world's various zoogeographic zones. For an overview of this subject see Endemism in birds.

Nuthatch vanga

The nuthatch vanga (Hypositta corallirostris), also known as the coral-billed nuthatch-vanga and formerly as the coral-billed nuthatch, is a species of bird in the family Vangidae.

It is endemic to Madagascar.

Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.

Pollen's vanga

The Pollen's vanga (Xenopirostris polleni) is a species of bird in the family Vangidae. It is endemic to eastern Madagascar. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. It is threatened by habitat loss.

Red-shouldered vanga

The red-shouldered vanga (Calicalicus rufocarpalis) is a member of the vanga family endemic to south-west Madagascar.This species is notable for being the last species viewed by internationally renowned bird watcher Phoebe Snetsinger before her 1999 death in Madagascar.

Red-tailed newtonia

The red-tailed newtonia (Newtonia fanovanae) is a species of bird in the family Vangidae. It is endemic to Madagascar.

Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. It is threatened by habitat loss.

Sickle-billed vanga

The sickle-billed vanga (Falculea palliata) is a species of bird in the vanga family Vangidae. It is monotypic within the genus Falculea. It is endemic to Madagascar. Its natural habitats are tropical dry forests and tropical dry shrubland.

Tylas vanga

The tylas vanga (Tylas eduardi) is a species of bird in the family Vangidae. It is monotypic within the genus Tylas. It is endemic to Madagascar. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forest and subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest.

Van Dam's vanga

The Van Dam's vanga (Xenopirostris damii) is a species of bird in the family Vangidae.

It is endemic to Madagascar.

Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical dry forests.

It is threatened by habitat loss.

Vanga

The Vangidae family (from vanga, Malagasy for the hook-billed vanga, Vanga curvirostris) comprises a group of often shrike-like medium-sized birds distributed from Asia to Africa, including the vangas of Madagascar to which the family owes its name. Many species in this family were previously classified elsewhere in other families. Recent molecular techniques made it possible to assign these species to Vangidae, thereby solving several taxonomic enigmas.

Ward's flycatcher

Ward's flycatcher (Pseudobias wardi), also known as Ward's flycatcher-vanga is a species of bird in the family Vangidae. It is monotypic within the genus Pseudobias. It is endemic to Madagascar. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.Its common name and Latin binomial commemorate the English naturalist Christopher Ward, who collected the type specimen of the bird.

White-headed vanga

The white-headed vanga (Artamella viridis) is a species of bird in the family Vangidae. It is monotypic within the genus Artamella. It is endemic to Madagascar, where its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forest, subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest, and subtropical or tropical moist montane forest.

Xenopirostris

Xenopirostris is a genus of birds in the Vangidae family. They are all endemic to Madagascar.

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