Blow Out

Blow Out is a 1981 American neo-noir political thriller film written and directed by Brian De Palma.[3] The film stars John Travolta as Jack Terry, a movie sound effects technician from Philadelphia who, while recording sounds for a low-budget slasher film, serendipitously captures audio evidence of an assassination involving a presidential hopeful. Nancy Allen stars as Sally Bedina, a young woman involved in the crime. The supporting cast includes John Lithgow and Dennis Franz. The film's tagline in advertisements was, "Murder has a sound all of its own".

The film is directly based on Michelangelo Antonioni's 1966 film Blowup, replacing the medium of photography with the medium of audio recording. The concept of Blow Out came to De Palma while he was working on the thriller Dressed to Kill (1980). The film was shot in the late autumn and winter of 1980 in various Philadelphia locations on a relatively substantial budget of $18 million.

Blow Out opened to minuscule audience interest in 1981; however, it received a mostly positive critical reception. The lead performances by Travolta and Allen, the direction by DePalma and the visual style were cited as the strongest points of the film. Critics also recognised the stylistic and narrative connection to the work of Alfred Hitchcock, whom DePalma admires. Over the years since its initial theatrical release, it has developed status as a cult film[4] and received a home media release by the Criterion Collection, a company who specializes in "important classic and contemporary film", which re-ignited public interest in the film.

Blow Out
The poster has a squeezed, black-and-white image of John Travolta screaming, with the tagline below reading "Murder has a sound all of its own".
Theatrical release poster
Directed byBrian De Palma
Produced byGeorge Litto
Written byBrian De Palma
StarringJohn Travolta
Nancy Allen
John Lithgow
Dennis Franz
Music byPino Donaggio
CinematographyVilmos Zsigmond
Edited byPaul Hirsch
Viscount Associates
Distributed byFilmways Pictures
Release date
  • July 24, 1981
Running time
108 minutes
CountryUnited States
Budget$18 million[1]
Box officeless than $14 million[2]


While in post-production on a low-budget slasher film, Philadelphia sound technician Jack Terry (Travolta) is told by his producer that he needs a more realistic-sounding scream and better wind effects. While recording potential sound effects at a local park, he sees a car careen off the road and plunge into a nearby creek. The male driver is killed, but Jack manages to rescue a young woman, Sally (Allen), and accompanies her to a hospital. There, a detective interviews Jack about the accident, and Jack asks Sally out for a drink. He learns that the driver of the car was Governor George McRyan, and that Sally was his escort. Associates of McRyan attempt to conceal Sally's involvement, and persuade Jack to smuggle her out of the hospital.

Jack listens to the audio tape he recorded of the accident, wherein he distinctly hears a gunshot just before the tire blow out that caused the accident. He learns from a news report that, seemingly by coincidence, Manny Karp (Franz) was also in the park that night and filmed the accident with a motion picture camera. When Karp sells stills from his film to a local tabloid, Jack splices them together into a crude movie and syncs them with the audio he recorded, becoming suspicious that the accident was actually an assassination.

Unbeknownst to Jack, Sally and Karp were both co-conspirators in a larger plot against McRyan, a presidential hopeful. A rival candidate had hired Burke (Lithgow) to hook McRyan with a prostitute, take their pictures, and publish them so that McRyan would drop out of the race. However, Burke decided to alter the plan by blowing out the tire of McRyan's car with a gunshot, thereby causing an accident. When the authorities arrived to find McRyan with Sally, Karp would be there to film it all. Although Burke hadn't planned for McRyan to be killed, he is little bothered by the development since that still accomplished the goal of eliminating McRyan.

Aware that Jack and Sally are trying to prove that the car's tire was shot, Burke plots to destroy Jack's evidence and kill Sally. He begins murdering local women bearing a resemblance to Sally, whose deaths are attributed to a serial killer, "the Liberty Bell Strangler," so that he can cover up the future murder of Sally. Jack draws Sally into his own private investigation of the incident. Though initially reluctant, she eventually agrees to cooperate with him. When they go out for a drink, Jack reveals how he left his prior career in the police force after a wiretap operation he was involved in led to the death of an undercover cop.

To help Jack investigate McRyan's murder, Sally steals Karp's film, which, when synced to Jack's audio, clearly reveals the gunshot that precipitated the blow out. Nevertheless, nobody believes Jack's story and every move he makes is immediately silenced by a seemingly widespread conspiracy. A local talk-show host, Frank Donahue (Curt May), asks to interview Jack on air and release his tapes, to which Jack eventually agrees. Burke follows the development through a tap on Jack's phone, calls Sally as Donahue, and asks her to meet him at a train station with the tapes. When Sally tells Jack about Donahue's call, he becomes suspicious. He copies the audio tapes but doesn't have time to copy the film before Sally's meeting.

Shadowing a wired Sally from a distance, Jack is alarmed to see that his supposed contact is actually Burke. Immediately realizing that she is in danger, Jack attempts to warn her, but Sally and Burke slip out of range and into a parade. Jack makes a mad dash across Philadelphia, attempting to head them off and rescue Sally, but crashes his Jeep and is knocked out. By the time he awakens, Burke has gotten the film from Sally and thrown it into a river. He then takes Sally to a rooftop and attacks her. Still listening in on his earpiece, Jack spots them. Jack takes Burke by surprise and manages to stab him to death with his own weapon, but it's too late: he has already strangled Sally. A devastated Jack takes her lifeless body in his arms.

Burke's death, combined with the loss of the film, tie up the last loose end. Jack's audio tapes alone are insufficient to prove a gunshot and the cover-up is a success. Jack begins listening to the recording of Sally's voice over and over again, becoming obsessed with it. In the last scene, he is back in the editing room and has used Sally's death scream in the exploitation film. The producer is ecstatic that he found a perfect scream and plays it multiple times, forcing Jack to cover his ears.



After completing Dressed to Kill, De Palma was considering several projects, including Acts of Vengeance (later produced for HBO starring Charles Bronson and Ellen Burstyn), Flashdance, and a script of his own titled Personal Effects.[5] The story outline for Personal Effects was similar to what would become Blow Out, but was set in Canada.[5]

De Palma scripted and shot Blow Out in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, his home town.[5] The film's $9 million budget was high for De Palma and Filmways spent an additional $9 million to market the film.[5] De Palma considered Al Pacino for the role of Jack Terry, but ultimately chose John Travolta.[5] Travolta lobbied De Palma to cast Nancy Allen for the role (the three had previously worked together on Carrie); De Palma hesitated at first—he and Allen were married at the time and did not want Allen to have a reputation for only working in her husband's pictures—but ultimately agreed.[5] In addition to Travolta and Allen, De Palma filled the film's cast and crew with a number of his frequent collaborators: Dennis Franz (Dressed to Kill, The Fury, Body Double); John Lithgow (Obsession); cinematographer Vilmos Zsigmond (Obsession); editor Paul Hirsch (Hi, Mom!, Sisters, Phantom of the Paradise, Obsession, Carrie, The Fury); and composer Pino Donaggio (Carrie, Home Movies, Dressed to Kill).

Seventy percent of the film was shot at night. "Basically I just shot Blow Out straight," replied cinematographer Vilmos Zsigmond., "... By not diffusing and not flashing as much ... That doesn't mean I necessarily like that look but I think it was good for the picture. You see, I like a softer look, a more diffused look."[6] During the editing process, two reels of footage from the Liberty Parade sequence were stolen and never recovered; the scenes were reshot with insurance money at a cost of $750,000.[5] Because Zsigmond was no longer available, László Kovács lensed the reshot sequences.[7]

Themes and allusions

Thematically, Blow Out almost "exclusively concern[s] the mechanics of movie making" with a "total, complete and utter preoccupation with film itself as a medium in which ... style really is content."[8] In numerous scenes, the film depicts the interaction of sound and images, the manner in which the two are joined together, and methods in which they are re-edited, remixed, and rearranged to reveal new truths or the lack of any objective truth.[5] The film uses several of DePalma’s trademark techniques: split-screen, the split diopter lens, and the elaborate tracking shot.[9]

As with several other De Palma films, Blow Out explores the power of guilt; both Jack and Sally are motivated to help right their past wrongs, both with tragic consequences.[5] De Palma also revisits the theme of voyeurism, a recurring theme in much of his previous work (for example, Hi, Mom!, Sisters, and Dressed to Kill).[5] Jack exhibits elements of a peeping tom, but one who works with sound instead of image.[5]

Blow Out incorporates multiple allusions both to other films and to historical events. Its protagonist's obsessive reconstruction of a sound recording to uncover a possible murder recall both Michelangelo Antonioni's film Blowup[10] and Francis Ford Coppola's The Conversation.[11] The film alludes to elements of the Watergate scandal and the JFK assassination.[10] The film also recalls elements of the Chappaquiddick incident,[8][10] although De Palma intentionally tried to downplay the similarities.[5]

De Palma also explicitly references two of his previous projects. At one point in the film, Dennis Franz watches De Palma's film Murder a la Mod on television. Originally, the character was to watch Coppola's Dementia 13, but Roger Corman demanded too much for the rights.[5] A flashback where Travolta recalls an incident where his work got a police informant killed was also taken from an abandoned project, Prince of the City, which was ultimately directed by Sidney Lumet.[5]


Blow Out opened on July 24, 1981 to positive reviews from critics,[5] including several ecstatic ones. In The New Yorker, Pauline Kael gave the film one of her few unconditional raves:[12] "De Palma has sprung to the place that Robert Altman achieved with films such as McCabe and Mrs. Miller and Nashville and that Francis Ford Coppola reached with the two Godfather films—that is, to the place where genre is transcended and what we're moved by is an artist's vision.... It's a great movie. Travolta and Nancy Allen are radiant performers."[13] Roger Ebert's four-star (out of four) review in the Chicago Sun-Times noted that Blow Out "is inhabited by a real cinematic intelligence. The audience isn't condescended to.... We share the excitement of figuring out how things develop and unfold, when so often the movies only need us as passive witnesses."[10] Review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes gives the film a rating of 87% based on 46 reviews, with an average grade of 7.8/10, with the critical consensus reading "With a story inspired by Antonioni's Blow Up and a style informed by the high-gloss suspense of Hitchcock, DePalma's Blow Out is raw, politically informed, and littered with film references."[14]

Despite positive reviews, the film foundered at the box office due to terrible word of mouth about its bleak ending.[5] Blow Out made $13,747,234 at the box office.[15][a 1] It was considered a disappointment as Filmways had publicly claimed the film would make $60-80 million.[2]

Blow Out's public reputation, however, has grown considerably in the years following its release.[16] As a "movie about making movies," it has earned a natural audience with subsequent generations of cineastes.[17] In particular, Quentin Tarantino has consistently praised the movie,[18] listing it alongside Rio Bravo and Taxi Driver as one of his three favorite films.[19] In homage, Tarantino used the music cue "Sally and Jack" from Pino Donaggio's score in Death Proof, Tarantino's segment of Grindhouse. Noel Murray and Scott Tobias of The AV Club put Blow Out at #1 of their list of De Palma's best films ("The Essentials"), describing it as, "The quintessential De Palma film, this study of a movie craftsman investigating a political cover-up marries suspense, sick humor, sexuality, and leftist cynicism into an endlessly reflective study of art imitating life imitating art."[20] In April 2011, the film became a part of the Criterion Collection with a DVD and Blu-ray release. Extras include new interviews with Brian De Palma and Nancy Allen.[9] The Criterion release also includes De Palma’s first feature-length film Murder a la Mod.[9]

The film was given a widespread release internationally; first in the Netherlands on September 24, 1981 and then in Australia on January 14, 1982, Hong Kong on February 11, 1982, in France on February 17, 1982 and in Japan on March 20, 1982.


Award Category Subject Result
National Society of Film Critics Award Best Cinematography Vilmos Zsigmond Nominated
Satellite Award Best Classic DVD Nominated

See also


  1. ^ According to Bouzerau's book, Blow Out returned approximately $8 million at the box office.[5]


  1. ^ Filmways Board Elects Armstrong President, Chief Operating Officer Wall Street Journal (1923 - Current file) [New York, N.Y] 18 Aug 1981: 38.
  2. ^ a b FILM CLIPS: SIGALERT ON 'HONKYTONK FREEWAY' FILM CLIPS: SIGALERT ON 'FREEWAY' Boyer, Peter J. Los Angeles Times 6 Aug 1981: h1.
  3. ^ "Blow Out". TCM database. Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved February 25, 2016.
  4. ^ "CULT MOVIE REVIEW: Blow Out (1981)".
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Bouzereau, Laurent (1988). The De Palma Cut: The Films of America's Most Controversial Director. New York: Dembner Books. ISBN 0-942637-04-6.
  6. ^ Salvato, Larry; Schaefer, Dennis (1984). Masters of Light: Conversations with Contemporary Cinematographers. London, England: University of California Press. p. 333. ISBN 0-520-05336-2.
  7. ^ "László Kovács". The Internet Encyclopedia of Cinematographers. Retrieved March 13, 2009.
  8. ^ a b Canby, Vincent (July 24, 1981). "TRAVOLTA STARS IN DEPALMA'S 'BLOW OUT'". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-05-03.
  9. ^ a b c Laviola, Franklin (June 7, 2011). "Blow Out: Witness to a Scream!". Frontier Psychiatrist. Archived from the original on 2011-06-12. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  10. ^ a b c d Ebert, Roger (January 1, 1981). "Blow Out". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved 2012-05-03.
  11. ^ Koresky, Michael (Fall 2006). "Sound and Fury: Michael Koresky on Blow Out". Reverse Shot. Retrieved March 13, 2009.
  12. ^ Edelstein, David (September 7, 2001). "The Best Lover a Movie Could Have". Slate. Retrieved Mar 13, 2009.
  13. ^ Kael, Pauline (August 1981). "The Perfect Scream". The New Yorker.. Reprinted in Kael, Pauline (1984). Taking It All In. New York: Henry Holt & Co. ISBN 0-03-069362-4.
  14. ^ "Blow Out". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 3 January 2019.
  15. ^ "Blow Out". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2012-04-20.
  16. ^ E.g., Schrodt, Paul (August 26, 2006). "Blow Out". Slant Magazine. Archived from the original on January 13, 2009. Retrieved Mar 13, 2009.
  17. ^ E.g., Frazer, Bryant. "Blow Out". Deep Focus. Retrieved Mar 13, 2009.
  18. ^ Quentin Tarantino (speaker). quentinscorsese.mp4. YouTube. Retrieved 2012-04-20.
  19. ^ Charlie Rose (Host) (Oct 14, 1994). An Interview with Quentin Tarantino (The Charlie Rose Show). New York, NY: PBS. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2012-04-20.
  20. ^ Murray, Noel; Tobias, Scott (March 10, 2011). "Brian De Palma | Film | Primer". The A.V. Club. Retrieved 2012-04-12.

External links

Air vortex cannon

An air vortex cannon is a device that releases doughnut-shaped air vortices — similar to smoke rings but larger, stronger and invisible. The vortices are able to ruffle hair, disturb papers or blow out candles after travelling several metres.

The design consists of a short and broad barrel with a slight taper, closed by a flexible diaphragm at the larger end. The diaphragm is internally attached to the barrel by elastic strips. The cannon is "armed" by pulling the diaphragm out, distending the elastic bands, and is "fired" by releasing the diaphragm. The diaphragm quickly pushes a quantity of air out of the open end, creating a vortex ring.

An air vortex cannon can be made easily at home, from just a cardboard box. A toy commercial version, with a barrel 12 inches (30 cm) wide and useful range of 20 feet (6.1 m) is sold under the name Air bazooka or Airzooka.

Air cannons are used in some amusement parks such as Universal Studios to spook or surprise visitors.

The Wham-O Air Blaster toy introduced in 1965 could blow out a candle at 25 feet (7.6 m). The commercial Airzooka was developed by Brian S. Jordan who claims to have conceived it when still a boy. A feature of the Airzooka is a loose non-elastic polythene membrane, tensioned by a bungee cord, rather than elastic membranes. This allows a much greater volume of air to be displaced.

A large air vortex cannon, with a 9 feet (2.7 m) wide barrel and a displacement volume of 2,873 US gallons (10.88 m3) was built in March 2008 at the University of Minnesota, and was able to blow out candles at 180 feet (55 m).In 2012 a large air vortex cannon was built for Czech television show Zázraky přírody (English: Wonders of Nature). It was capable of bringing down a wall of cardboard boxes from 100 metres (330 ft) in what was claimed to be a world record.

Blow Out (Prison Break)

"Blow Out" is the 63rd episode of the American television series Prison Break and was broadcast on September 29, 2008 in the United States on the Fox Network.

Blow Out (TV series)

Blow Out is a reality television series that first premiered on the Bravo cable television network in 2004, with a second season broadcasting in 2005. The first season revolved around the construction and launch of Jonathan Salon in Beverly Hills, an upscale Los Angeles hair salon. The second season showed the ongoing business ventures of now celebrity hair stylist Jonathan Antin including his managing his two salons and the launch of his own hair styling product. A third season premiered on March 21, 2006. Season 3 chronicled Jonathan's product launch and growing popularity in the fashion industry.

The Beverly Hills salon, located at 9681 Wilshire Blvd in Beverly Hills, is no longer Antin's and operates under Tom Brophy's Salon as of 2012.

Blowout preventer

A blowout preventer (BOP) is a large, specialized valve or similar mechanical device, used to seal, control and monitor oil and gas wells to prevent blowouts, the uncontrolled release of crude oil and/or natural gas from a well. They are usually installed in stacks of other valves.

Blowout preventers were developed to cope with extreme erratic pressures and uncontrolled flow (formation kick) emanating from a well reservoir during drilling. Kicks can lead to a potentially catastrophic event known as a blowout. In addition to controlling the downhole (occurring in the drilled hole) pressure and the flow of oil and gas, blowout preventers are intended to prevent tubing (e.g. drill pipe and well casing), tools and drilling fluid from being blown out of the wellbore (also known as bore hole, the hole leading to the reservoir) when a blowout threatens. Blowout preventers are critical to the safety of crew, rig (the equipment system used to drill a wellbore) and environment, and to the monitoring and maintenance of well integrity; thus blowout preventers are intended to provide fail-safety to the systems that include them.

The term BOP (pronounced B-O-P, not "bop") is used in oilfield vernacular to refer to blowout preventers. The abbreviated term preventer, usually prefaced by a type (e.g. ram preventer), is used to refer to a single blowout preventer unit. A blowout preventer may also simply be referred to by its type (e.g. ram).

The terms blowout preventer, blowout preventer stack and blowout preventer system are commonly used interchangeably and in a general manner to describe an assembly of several stacked blowout preventers of varying type and function, as well as auxiliary components. A typical subsea deepwater blowout preventer system includes components such as electrical and hydraulic lines, control pods, hydraulic accumulators, test valve, kill and choke lines and valves, riser joint, hydraulic connectors, and a support frame.

Two categories of blowout preventer are most prevalent: ram and annular. BOP stacks frequently utilize both types, typically with at least one annular BOP stacked above several ram BOPs.

(A related valve, called an inside blowout preventer, internal blowout preventer, or IBOP, is positioned within, and restricts flow up, the drillpipe. This article does not address inside blowout preventer use.)

Blowout preventers are used on land wells, offshore rigs, and subsea wells. Land and subsea BOPs are secured to the top of the wellbore, known as the wellhead. BOPs on offshore rigs are mounted below the rig deck. Subsea BOPs are connected to the offshore rig above by a drilling riser that provides a continuous pathway for the drill string and fluids emanating from the wellbore. In effect, a riser extends the wellbore to the rig. Unfortunately, blowout preventers do not always function correctly. An example of this is the Deepwater Horizon blowout, where the pipe line going through the BOP was slightly bent and the BOP failed to cut the pipe.

Brian De Palma

Brian Russell De Palma (born September 11, 1940) is an American film director and screenwriter. In a career spanning over 50 years, he is best known for his work in genres such as suspense, psychological thriller, and crime drama. His prominent films include mainstream box office hits such as Carrie (1976), Dressed to Kill (1980), Scarface (1983), The Untouchables (1987), and Mission: Impossible (1996), as well as cult favorites such as Sisters (1973), Blow Out (1981), Body Double (1984), Carlito's Way (1993), and Femme Fatale (2002).De Palma is often cited as a leading member of the New Hollywood generation of film directors. His directing style often makes use of quotations from other films or cinematic styles, and bears the influence of filmmakers such as Alfred Hitchcock and Jean-Luc Godard. His films have frequently garnered controversy for their violence and sexual content, but have also been championed by prominent critics such as Roger Ebert and Pauline Kael.

Deepwater Horizon oil spill

The Deepwater Horizon oil spill (also referred to as the BP oil spill/leak, the BP oil disaster, the Gulf of Mexico oil spill, and the Macondo blowout) is an industrial disaster that began on April 20, 2010, in the Gulf of Mexico on the BP-operated Macondo Prospect, considered to be the largest marine oil spill in the history of the petroleum industry and estimated to be 8% to 31% larger in volume than the previous largest, the Ixtoc I oil spill, also in the Gulf of Mexico. The U.S. government estimated the total discharge at 4.9 million barrels (210 million US gal; 780,000 m3). After several failed efforts to contain the flow, the well was declared sealed on September 19, 2010. Reports in early 2012 indicated that the well site was still leaking.A massive response ensued to protect beaches, wetlands and estuaries from the spreading oil utilizing skimmer ships, floating booms, controlled burns and 1.84 million US gallons (7,000 m3) of oil dispersant. Due to the months-long spill, along with adverse effects from the response and cleanup activities, extensive damage to marine and wildlife habitats and fishing and tourism industries was reported. In Louisiana, 4,900,000 pounds (2,200 t) of oily material was removed from the beaches in 2013, over double the amount collected in 2012. Oil cleanup crews worked four days a week on 55 miles (89 km) of Louisiana shoreline throughout 2013. Oil continued to be found as far from the Macondo site as the waters off the Florida Panhandle and Tampa Bay, where scientists said the oil and dispersant mixture is embedded in the sand. In April 2013, it was reported that dolphins and other marine life continued to die in record numbers with infant dolphins dying at six times the normal rate. One study released in 2014 reported that tuna and amberjack that were exposed to oil from the spill developed deformities of the heart and other organs that would be expected to be fatal or at least life-shortening and another study found that cardiotoxicity might have been widespread in animal life exposed to the spill.Numerous investigations explored the causes of the explosion and record-setting spill. The U.S. government September 2011 report pointed to defective cement on the well, faulting mostly BP, but also rig operator Transocean and contractor Halliburton. Earlier in 2011, a White House commission likewise blamed BP and its partners for a series of cost cutting decisions and an inadequate safety system, but also concluded that the spill resulted from "systemic" root causes and "absent significant reform in both industry practices and government policies, might well recur".In November 2012, BP and the United States Department of Justice settled federal criminal charges with BP pleading guilty to 11 counts of manslaughter, two misdemeanors, and a felony count of lying to Congress. BP also agreed to four years of government monitoring of its safety practices and ethics, and the Environmental Protection Agency announced that BP would be temporarily banned from new contracts with the US government. BP and the Department of Justice agreed to a record-setting $4.525 billion in fines and other payments. As of February 2013, criminal and civil settlements and payments to a trust fund had cost the company $42.2 billion.In September 2014, a U.S. District Court judge ruled that BP was primarily responsible for the oil spill because of its gross negligence and reckless conduct. In July 2015, BP agreed to pay $18.7 billion in fines, the largest corporate settlement in U.S. history.


Filmways, Inc. (also known as Filmways Pictures and Filmways Television) was a television and film production company founded by American film executive Martin Ransohoff, and Edwin Kasper in 1952. It is probably best remembered as the production company of CBS’ “rural comedies” of the 1960s, including Mister Ed, The Beverly Hillbillies, Petticoat Junction, and Green Acres, as well as the comedy-drama The Trials of O'Brien, the western Dundee and the Culhane, the adventure show Bearcats!, the police drama Cagney & Lacey, and The Addams Family. Notable films the company produced include The Sandpiper, The Cincinnati Kid, The Fearless Vampire Killers, Ice Station Zebra, Summer Lovers, The Burning, King, Brian De Palma's Dressed to Kill, and Blow Out.

Filmways acquired famous companies throughout the years, such as Heatter-Quigley Productions, Ruby-Spears Productions and American International Pictures. It was also the owner of the film distributor Sigma III Corporation (Closely Watched Trains, Hi, Mom!), Wally Heider Recording, Studio 3 Inc.

John Lithgow

John Arthur Lithgow ( LITH-goh; born October 19, 1945) is an American character actor, musician, comedian, poet, author, and singer. He has received two Tony Awards, six Emmy Awards, two Golden Globe Awards, three Screen Actors Guild Awards, four Drama Desk Awards, and has been nominated for two Academy Awards and four Grammy Awards. Lithgow has received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame and has been inducted into the American Theater Hall of Fame.

Lithgow is best known for his television roles as Dick Solomon in the sitcom 3rd Rock from the Sun (1996–2001), Arthur Mitchell in the drama Dexter (2009), and Sir Winston Churchill in the drama The Crown (2016), for each of which he won Emmy Awards. In film, he is also well known for his film roles in Blow Out (1981), Footloose (1984), Harry and the Hendersons (1987), Shrek (2001) and Love is Strange (2014). His performances in the films The World According to Garp (1982) and Terms of Endearment (1983) each earned him Academy Award nominations for Best Supporting Actor. On the stage, he has appeared in many Broadway productions including the musical adaptations of Sweet Smell of Success and Dirty Rotten Scoundrels. In 2007, he made his Royal Shakespeare Company debut as Malvolio in Neil Bartlett's production of Twelfth Night.

Jonathan Antin

Jonathan Antin is the former owner of two Los Angeles hair salons, Jonathan Salon West Hollywood and Jonathan Salon Beverly Hills. His life as an entrepreneur and a celebrity hair stylist was the basis for reality television series Blow Out. He was the judge on the third season of Shear Genius and has appeared on other television shows. He judged the 2007 Miss USA pageant. He developed a hair care product line, which broke QVC's record for the top hair care launch in 2005.

List of Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (1987 TV series) episodes

The following is an episode list for the animated television series Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles which premiered in 1987. In total, 193 episodes aired between 1987 and 1996. The first three seasons were aired in syndication. CBS aired the rest of the series on Saturday mornings.

As of August 14, 2012, all ten seasons are available on DVD in North America from Lionsgate Home Entertainment.

Murder a la Mod

Murder a la Mod is a 1968 film directed by Brian De Palma. The film was released in one cinema in New York City. It quickly disappeared not long after and was thought lost. However, the film was released by Criterion on Blu-ray in April 2011, as bonus feature to Blow Out.It was the first film for which Brian De Palma served as both writer and director.

In De Palma's 1981 film Blow Out, Dennis Franz's character watches the film on TV.

Nancy Allen (actress)

Nancy Anne Allen (born June 24, 1950) is an American actress and anti-cancer activist best known for her roles in the films Carrie (1976), RoboCop (1987), and Dressed to Kill (1980), the last of which earned her a Golden Globe nomination.

Allen began an acting and modeling career as a child, and from the mid-1970s appeared in small film roles, most notably the anchor of Robert Zemeckis' ensemble comedy I Wanna Hold Your Hand (1978) and in Steven Spielberg's 1979 comedy 1941. A pivotal supporting role in Carrie (1976) brought her recognition, and after marrying the director Brian De Palma, she appeared in several of his films, including Dressed to Kill (1980) and Blow Out (1981). Her subsequent films include Strange Invaders (1983), The Philadelphia Experiment (1984), Poltergeist III (1988), Limit Up (1990), the RoboCop trilogy (1987–1993) and Out of Sight (1998).

Pablo Honey

Pablo Honey is the debut studio album by English rock band Radiohead. It was released on 22 February 1993 in the United Kingdom by Parlophone and in the United States by Capitol Records. It was primarily produced by Sean Slade and Paul Q. Kolderie and recorded at Chipping Norton Recording Studios in Oxfordshire from September to November 1992. The album's title comes from a prank call skit by The Jerky Boys in which the prank caller says to his victim, "Pablo, honey? Please come to Florida!"

Pablo Honey peaked at number 22 on the UK Albums Chart, and received generally favourable reception from critics, but some criticized its grunge sound as derivative and found certain songs underdeveloped. The album is often held in a negative light in comparison to the band's subsequent studio albums, although some retrospective reviews have been positive. Pablo Honey produced three charting singles – "Anyone Can Play Guitar", "Stop Whispering", and perhaps the band's most well-known hit on mainstream radio, "Creep" – and was certified platinum in the United Kingdom and other countries.

Party horn

A party horn, party blower, party pipe, or blow tickler is a horn formed from a paper tube, often one that is flattened and rolled into a coil, and which unrolls when blown into, producing a horn-like noise. The item is not known consistently by any term in English, also being known by a number of local variations, neologisms, and individual terms, often containing variants and synonyms of blowing (puffing, blow-out etc.) and noise (whistle, squeak etc.)

Modern variations have a plastic mouthpiece, which prevents the swift degradation of the device from exposure to the moisture of the mouth. Often the paper tube contains a coiled up metal or plastic strip that rapidly retracts the horn when you stop blowing on it. Others have a brightly colored feather attached to the end which vibrates in the outgoing air flow as the horn is blown.The world record for most individuals blowing party horns at one time was set on November 21, 2009 with 6961 people in Tokyo, Japan.

Ray Snell

Ray Snell (born February 24, 1958) is a former guard in the National Football League for the Tampa Bay Buccaneers, Pittsburgh Steelers and the Detroit Lions. Tampa Bay, using their 4th ever first round draft pick, acquired Snell with the 22nd pick in the first round of the 1980 NFL Draft. After four seasons in Tampa Bay in which he started 46 of 64 games he was traded to the Pittsburgh Steelers. Once in Pittsburgh he immediately started 13 games. In 1986, he suffered a blow out fracture to the right eye, in which a bone was lodged behind it. He was then traded to the Detroit Lions where he retired. During 1981, he and George Yarno alternated plays bringing in the offensive play call for Doug Williams.

Temple Fade (hairstyle)

The Temple Fade, also known as a Brooklyn Fade, Low Fade, or Blow Out, is a hairstyle that gained popularity in the early 2000s.

The Blow Out

The Blow Out is a 1936 Looney Tunes animated short film starring Porky Pig. It was directed by Tex Avery.

Films directed by Brian De Palma

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