Block (basketball)

In basketball, a block or blocked shot occurs when a defensive player legally deflects a field goal attempt from an offensive player to prevent a score. The defender is not allowed to make contact with the offensive player's hand (unless the defender is also in contact with the ball) or a foul is called. In order to be legal, the block must occur while the shot is traveling upward or at its apex. A deflected field goal that is made does not count as a blocked shot and simply counts as a successful field goal attempt for shooter plus the points awarded to the shooting team. For the shooter, a blocked shot is counted as a missed field goal attempt. Also, on a shooting foul, a blocked shot cannot be awarded or counted, even if the player who deflected the field goal attempt is different from the player who committed the foul. If the ball is heading downward when the defender hits it, it is ruled as goaltending and counts as a made basket. Goaltending is also called if the block is made after the ball bounces on the backboard (NFHS excepted; the NCAA also used this rule until the 2009–10 season).

Nicknames for blocked shots include "rejections," "stuffs," "bushed", "fudged", or notably "double-fudged" (two-handed blocks), "facials," "swats," "denials," and "packs." Blocked shots were first officially recorded in the NBA during the 1973–74 season.

Largely due to their height and position near the basket, centers and power forwards tend to record the most blocks, but shorter players with good jumping ability can also be blockers, an example being Dwyane Wade, the shortest player, at 6'4", to record 100 blocked shots in a single season.[1] A player with the ability to block shots can be a positive asset to a team's defense, as they can make it difficult for opposing players to shoot near the basket and by keeping the basketball in play, as opposed to swatting it out of bounds, a blocked shot can lead to a fast break, a skill Bill Russell was notable for.[2][3] To be a good shot-blocker, a player needs great court sense and timing, and good height or jumping ability. One tactic is that a shot-blocker can intimidate opponents to alter their shots, resulting in a miss.

20130307 Cliff Alexander blocks Paul White cropped
Cliff Alexander blocks a shot during the 2013 IHSA playoffs

Chase-down block

A chase-down block occurs when a player pursues an opposing player who had run ahead of the defense (as in a fast break), and then blocks their shot attempt. Often, the block involves hitting the ball into the backboard as the opponent tries to complete a lay-up. One of the most recognized chase-down blocks was then-Detroit Pistons' Tayshaun Prince's game-saving block on Reggie Miller in Game 2 of the 2004 NBA Eastern Conference Finals against the Indiana Pacers.[4][5] Pistons announcer Fred McLeod, who first witnessed this style of blocks from Prince, created the chase-down term later with the Cleveland Cavaliers.[4][5] During the 2008–09 NBA season, the Cavaliers began tracking chase-down blocks, crediting LeBron James with 23 that season and 20 the following season. [4][5][6] Another landmark chase-down block occurred in the 2016 NBA Finals when Lebron James, in the closing minutes of the 4th quarter delivered what became known as "The Block" on a lay-up attempt by Andre Iguodala with the score tied at 89 and 01:50 remaining in the game.[7][8]

Shot blocking records in the NBA

Shot blocking records in NCAA Division I



  • Most career blocks: Brittney GrinerBaylor (736)[1] (2009–13)
  • Most blocks single season, player: Brittney Griner – Baylor (223) (2009–10)
  • Most blocks per game single season, player: Brittney Griner – Baylor (6.4) (2009–10)
  • Most blocks single season, team: Baylor (310) (2011–12)

See also


  • ^a Brittney Griner's 736 career blocks is recognized as the all-time NCAA record, men's or women's.[10] Hall of Famer Anne Donovan, who played for Old Dominion from 1979 to 1983, recorded 801 blocks while playing in the AIAW, therefore her total is not recognized as an NCAA achievement.[10]


  1. ^ "The Legacy of Dwyane Wade: Is He The Last Elite Shooting Guard?". 10 July 2016.
  2. ^ Bill Simmons (2010). The Book of Basketball: The NBA According to the Sports Guy. Random House Publishing Group. pp. 69, 404. ISBN 978-0-345-52010-4.
  3. ^ Gregory, Sean; Wolff, Alexander. Richard O’Brien (ed.). "The Game that Saved March Madness". Sports Illustrated. Mourning: “I would tell you this. Coach Thompson brought Bill Russell in to speak to me and Dikembe. And he’s like, Listen, if you block a shot into the stands, the opposing team does nothing but get the ball back. And he said if you have the ability to block shots, why not keep it inbounds? He said don’t swing at it. Direct it. I’ve never forgotten that.”
  4. ^ a b c The Plain Dealer, Cleveland Cavaliers' LeBron James making the 'chase-down' block a signature move Archived 2016-05-09 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved April 24, 2009.
  5. ^ a b c Abrams, Jonathan. "On Defense, James Is Closer Than He Appears". The NY Times. Retrieved 11 June 2013.
  6. ^ The Plain Dealer, Cleveland Cavaliers star LeBron James finishes second in NBA Defensive Player of the Year voting Archived 2016-04-14 at the Wayback Machine, accessed April 22, 2009.
  7. ^ "13 Greatest Game 7 Performances In NBA Finals History". 2016-06-17. Retrieved 2016-07-30.
  8. ^ Greenberg, Chris (June 20, 2016). "LeBron James gave Cleveland an iconic sports moment it wants to remember: 'The Block' ". Boston Globe Media Partners, LLC. Retrieved July 3, 2016. Cleveland, no matter how hard it may have tried, couldn’t forget 'The Drive' or 'The Fumble' or 'The Shot.' But now, thanks to LeBron James, it has a sports moment requiring the definite article that it will want to remember forever: The Block.
  9. ^ "NBA & ABA Career Leaders and Records for Blocks Per Game -".
  10. ^ a b Hawkins, Stephen (September 6, 2013). "Griner still chasing AIAW shot-block record of 801". Waco Tribune. Associated Press. Retrieved February 27, 2014.

External links

John Block

John Block may refer to:

John Block (South African politician) (born 1968), South African politician

John Nicolaas Block (1929–1994), Dutch aviation pioneer

John Rusling Block (born 1935), United States Secretary of Agriculture

John Block (basketball), (born 1944), NBA basketball player

John Block (filmmaker), American filmmaker

Jack Block (1924–2010), American psychology professor

John Block (basketball)

John William Block, Jr. (born April 16, 1944) is a retired American basketball player born in Glendale, California.

A 6'10" forward/center from the University of Southern California, Block spent 10 seasons in the National Basketball Association as a member of the Los Angeles Lakers (1966–1967), San Diego Rockets (1967–1971), Milwaukee Bucks (1971–1972), Philadelphia 76ers (1972–1973), Kansas City–Omaha Kings (1973–1974), New Orleans Jazz (1974), and Chicago Bulls (1974–1976). Block had his strongest season in 1967–68, when he averaged 20.2 points and 11.0 rebounds for the Rockets, who had just entered the NBA as an expansion team. Block appeared in the 1973 NBA All-Star Game, and registered 7,106 total points and 3,965 rebounds in his career.

Patty Mills

Patrick Sammy Mills (born 11 August 1988) is an Australian professional basketball player for the San Antonio Spurs of the National Basketball Association (NBA). Mills was selected by the Portland Trail Blazers with the 55th overall pick in the 2009 NBA draft after playing two years of college basketball for Saint Mary's. Born and raised in Canberra, Mills is of Torres Strait Islander and Aboriginal Australian descent. In 2007, he became only the third indigenous basketball player to play for Australia behind Olympians Michael Ah Matt (1964) and Danny Morseu (1980–84).Mills began his NBA career with the Portland Trail Blazers in 2010. In 2011, during the NBA lockout, Mills returned to Australia to play for the Melbourne Tigers of the National Basketball League (NBL). After playing in China with the Xinjiang Flying Tigers, Mills returned to the United States in March 2012 and signed with the San Antonio Spurs, where he has remained ever since. Mills became a strong contributor off the bench and helped the Spurs win the 2014 NBA Championship against the Miami Heat.

Mills is a regular member of the Australian national team, the Boomers.

RAF Kai Tak

RAF Kai Tak was a Royal Air Force station in Hong Kong. It was opened in 1927 and used for seaplanes. The RAF flight operated a few land based aircraft as well as having spare aircraft for naval units.

The Block (basketball)

In basketball, The Block refers to a defensive play in Game 7 of the 2016 NBA Finals. With less than two minutes remaining in the deciding game of the championship series, Cleveland Cavaliers forward LeBron James chased down Golden State Warriors forward Andre Iguodala and blocked Iguodala's layup attempt, ensuring the game remained tied. It is considered to be one of James' greatest clutch moments, and his performances across the series is considered to be the best in NBA history.The name echoes a series of bitter disappointments during Cleveland's 52-year championship drought, including The Drive, The Fumble, The Shot, The Catch, and James' own 2010 televised special, The Decision. Unlike these other events, however, "The Block" was in Cleveland's favor, and helped the Cavaliers win the city's first major sports title since 1964.Golden State arrived to the NBA Finals as the 1st seed in the Western Conference, having broken the record for most wins ever in a regular season. Cleveland, meanwhile, had a 57–25 regular season record, and finished atop the Eastern Conference. However, their record was only the third-best in the league. Furthermore, the Warriors initially took a 3–1 series lead, before the Cavaliers managed to win the next two games to arrive at a decisive Game 7. Given these factors, the Cavaliers' victory is considered one of the most exciting in NBA history, and in retrospect, it is considered one of the biggest upsets in NBA history.

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