Blekinge

Blekinge (Swedish pronunciation: [²bleːkɪŋɛ]) is one of the traditional provinces of Sweden (landskap), situated in the south of the country. It borders Småland, Scania and the Baltic Sea. It is the country's second-smallest province by area (only Öland is smaller), and the smallest province located on the mainland.

The name "Blekinge" comes from the adjective bleke, which corresponds to the nautical term for "dead calm".

Blekinge
Mölleryds Nature Reserve
Mölleryds Nature Reserve
Coat of arms of Blekinge

Coat of arms
Sverigekarta-Landskap Blekinge
Country Sweden
LandGötaland
CountyBlekinge County
Area
 • Total3,055 km2 (1,180 sq mi)
Population
(31 December 2016)[1]
 • Total158,453
 • Density52/km2 (130/sq mi)
Ethnicity
 • LanguageSwedish
Culture
 • FlowerOak and mullein
 • AnimalLucanus cervus
 • BirdNuthatch
 • FishCod
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Area codes0454–0457

Administration

The historical provinces of Sweden serve no administrative function. However, Blekinge is the only province, besides Gotland, which covers exactly the same area as the administrative county, which is Blekinge County.

Blekinge was granted its current arms in 1660 at the time of the funeral of King Charles X Gustav of Sweden (1622–1660) based on a seal from the 15th century. Symbolically the three crowns from the Coat of arms of Sweden had been placed on the trunk of the tree to mark the change in status of the former Danish province, that now belonged to Sweden. The arms is represented with a ducal coronet. Blazon: "Azure, an Oak Tree eradicated Or ensigned with three Crowns palewise of the same."[2]

Geography

Relative to the rest of Sweden Blekinge has warm summers and mild winters.[3] Blekinge has a scenic archipelago and is sometimes called "Sweden's garden" (Swedish: Sveriges trädgård).[4]

The nature of Blekinge is characterized by its oak forests with occasional hazel and common hornbeam.[3] The relief is an uneven joint valley terrain with straight and narrow valley bottoms that widen towards the coast.[3] Bedrock in Blekinge is mostly granite and gneiss of the Blekinge-Bornholm rock province.[3][5]

History

Blekinge became part of the kingdom of Denmark at some point in the early 11th century – most likely 1026. Its status before then is unknown. It then remained a Danish province for over 600 years, and together with the provinces of Skåne and Halland, it made up Skåneland. The eastern part of the Danish kingdom where Scanian Law (Skånske Lov) prevailed. As a border province, Blekinge was often raided and looted by Swedish troops during Danish–Swedish wars. In 1658, it was ceded to Sweden according to the Treaty of Roskilde and has remained Swedish ever since.[6]

During the Danish era, the port town of Sölvesborg was the seat of the administration in the western part of the province and Kristianopel in the eastern part. Notable fortifications during this period included sites at Elleholm, Sölvesborg, Lyckeby and Avaskär. Towns in Blekinge with city privileges were: Ronneby (1387), Sölvesborg (1445), Elleholm and Kristianopel. After the Swedish takeover two new towns, Karlshamn (chartered in 1664) and Karlskrona (1680), were built, and the populations of Ronneby and Kristianopel were forcibly relocated to them. Karlskrona has for more than 300 years been the principal naval base in Sweden.[7] [8]

Subdivisions

Hundreds (in Götaland incl. Blekinge called härad in Swedish, in Svealand called hundare) were the historical subdivisions of a Swedish province. Blekinge's hundreds were Bräkne Hundred, Eastern Hundred, Lister Hundred, and Medelstad Hundred.

Language

In Blekinge, two main dialects exist. The dividing line between them has historically been the river Mörrumsån, near the historical site of Elleholm. West of this divide, the dialect was historically closely related to Danish and eastern Scanian, which is most likely an effect of the former administrative links to Scania. East of this divide, the dialect has more in common with Småland dialects. Today, this divide is not as significant as before, with the exception of Listerlandet with its special language. The eastern dialect of Danish can also be found on the Danish island of Bornholm. The variety is called Blekingska, but should rather be divided into Western Blekingska(or Västblekingska) and Eastern Blekingska (or Östblekingska).

Dukes

Until 2018, Blekinge was one of the six Swedish provinces which had never been a ducal province. On March 12, 2018, King Carl XVI Gustaf gave his newborn granddaughter, Princess Adrienne the title of Duchess of Blekinge.[9]

Sports

Football in the province is administered by Blekinge Fotbollförbund.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Folkmängd i landskapen den 31 december 2016" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. 21 March 2017. Retrieved 25 November 2017.
  2. ^ "Karl X Gustav – en våghals på tronen". popularhistoria.se. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
  3. ^ a b c d Naturgeografisk regionindelning av Norden (in Swedish). Nordiska ministerrådet. 1984. p. 111–112.
  4. ^ "På tur i Sveriges trädgård". tradgardsriket.se. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
  5. ^ Johansson, Åke; Bogdanova, Svetlana; Čečys, Audius (2006). "A revised geochronology for the Blekinge Province, southern Sweden". GFF. 128 (4): 287–302. doi:10.1080/11035890601284287.
  6. ^ "Forsvenskning af skånelandene (1680erne)". sydsverige.dk. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
  7. ^ "Sölvesborgs Slot sruin". sydsverige.dk. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
  8. ^ "Naval Port of Karlskrona - World Heritage Site - Pictures, info and travel reports". Worldheritagesite.org. Archived from the original on 27 February 2015. Retrieved 18 February 2015.
  9. ^ "HRH Princess Adrienne Josephine Alice, Duchess of Blekinge". kungahuset.se. Retrieved 3 May 2018.

External links

Coordinates: 56°20′N 15°20′E / 56.333°N 15.333°E

Asarums IF

Asarums IF FK is a Swedish football club located in Asarum, Karlshamn Municipality.

Blekinge County

Blekinge County (Swedish: Blekinge län) is a county or län in the south of Sweden. It borders the Counties of Skåne, Kronoberg, Kalmar and the Baltic Sea. The capital is Karlskrona. It is the smallest of the present administrative counties of Sweden, covering only 0,7% of the total area of the country.

Blekinge Fotbollförbund

The Blekinge Fotbollförbund (Blekinge Football Association) is one of the 24 district organisations of the Swedish Football Association. It administers lower tier football in Blekinge County.

Blekinge Institute of Technology

The Blekinge Institute of Technology (BTH; Swedish: Blekinge Tekniska Högskola) is a public, state funded Swedish institute of technology in Blekinge with 7,200 students (part-time, full-time) and offers about 35 educational programmes in 12 departments at two campuses located in Karlskrona and Karlshamn.

BTH was granted university status in engineering in 1999. Among a large number of programmes and courses taught in Swedish, BTH offers about 11 Master's programmes in English.

The University focuses on ICT information technology and sustainable development; additionally also offers programmes in industrial economics, health sciences and spatial planning.

Blekinge Institute of Technology is located in the Telecom City area and works with telecommunications and software companies including Telenor, Ericsson AB and Wireless Independent Provider (WIP).

Blekinge archipelago

Blekinge archipelago is an archipelago in the Baltic Sea, located in Blekinge in the south of Sweden.

Flottans IF Karlskrona

Flottans IF Karlskrona are a Swedish handball club based in Karlskrona, founded in 1920. They were the first Swedish champions in 1932. They were founding members of Allsvenskan in 1934–35. They reached the Swedish championship final again in 1936, but lost to Hellas. They were relegated from Allsvenskan in 1939 and have not returned since. Until the 1950s, almost all players of the club were members of the Swedish Navy (Flottan). The club currently plays in Division 3, the fifth level.

Hällevik

Hällevik is a locality situated in Sölvesborg Municipality, Blekinge County, Sweden with 813 inhabitants in 2010.

Högadals IS

Högadals IS is a Swedish football club located in Karlshamn.

IFK Karlshamn

IFK Karlshamn is a Swedish football club located in Karlshamn.

Karlshamn

Karlshamn is a locality and the seat of Karlshamn Municipality in Blekinge County, Sweden. It had 13,576 inhabitants in 2015, out of 31,846 in the municipality.Karlshamn received a Royal Charter and city privileges in 1664, when King Charles X Gustav, in Swedish Karl, realized the strategic location near the Baltic Sea. In 1666 the town was named Karlshamn, meaning Karl's Port in honour of the Swedish king.

Karlskrona

Karlskrona (Swedish pronunciation: [kɑːɭs²kruːna]) is a locality and the seat of Karlskrona Municipality, Blekinge County, Sweden with 35,212 inhabitants in 2010. It is also the capital of Blekinge County. Karlskrona is known as Sweden's only baroque city and is host to Sweden's only remaining naval base and the headquarters of the Swedish Coast Guard.

Karlskrona Municipality

Karlskrona Municipality (Karlskrona kommun) is a municipality in Blekinge County in South Sweden in southern Sweden. It borders to Emmaboda Municipality, Torsås Municipality and Ronneby Municipality. The city of Karlskrona is the seat of the municipality.

Like most Swedish municipalities it was created during the municipal reform in the early seventies, combining several earlier local government units of urban and rural type, among them the City of Karlskrona.

Mjällby AIF

Mjällby Allmänna Idrottsförening, also known simply as Mjällby AIF, Mjällby or (especially locally) MAIF, is a Swedish professional football club based in Hällevik. The club is affiliated to Blekinge Fotbollförbund and play its home games at Strandvallen. The club colours, reflected in their crest and kit, are yellow and black. Formed on 1 April 1939, the club have played eight seasons in Sweden's highest football league Allsvenskan, the club's first season in the league was in 1980. The club are currently playing in Division 1 Södra (3rd level). With eight seasons in the top division Allsvenskan most recent in 2014, Mjällby AIF is the most successful football team from the province of Blekinge.

Former Sweden national football team players Christian Wilhelmsson and Mattias Asper began their careers at the club.

Both players also ended their playing careers in Mjällby.

Princess Adrienne, Duchess of Blekinge

Princess Adrienne of Sweden, Duchess of Blekinge (Adrienne Josephine Alice Bernadotte; born 9 March 2018) is the third child and second daughter of Princess Madeleine and Christopher O'Neill. She is a granddaughter of King Carl XVI Gustaf and Queen Silvia. She is tenth in the line of succession to the Swedish throne.

Provinces of Sweden

The provinces of Sweden (Swedish: Sveriges landskap) are historical, geographical and cultural regions. Sweden has 25 provinces and they have no administrative function, but remain historical legacies and the means of cultural identification. Dialects and folklore rather follows the provincial borders than the borders of the counties.

Several of them were subdivisions of Sweden until 1634, when they were replaced by the counties of Sweden (län). Some were conquered later on from Denmark–Norway. Others, like the provinces of Finland, were lost. Lapland is the only province acquired through colonization.

In some cases, the administrative counties correspond almost exactly to the provinces, as is Blekinge to Blekinge County and Gotland, which is a province, county and a municipality. While not exactly corresponding with the province, Härjedalen Municipality is beside Gotland the only municipality named after a province. In other cases, they do not, which then enhances the cultural importance of the provinces. In addition, the administrative units are subject to continuous changes–several new counties were for instance created in the 1990s–while the provinces have had their historical borders outlined for centuries. Since 1884 all the provinces are also ceremonial duchies, but as such have no administrative or political functions.

The provinces of Sweden are still used in colloquial speech and cultural references, and can therefore not be regarded as an archaic concept. The main exception is Lapland where the population see themselves as a part of Västerbotten or Norrbotten, based on the counties. Two other exceptions are Stockholm and Gothenburg, where the population see themselves as living in the city, not in a province, since both cities have province borders through them.

Skåneland

Skåneland (Swedish and Danish) or Skånelandene (Danish) is a region on the southern Scandinavian peninsula. It includes the Swedish provinces of Blekinge, Halland and Scania. The Danish island of Bornholm is sometimes also included. Skåneland has no official recognition or function and the term is not in common usage. Equivalent terms in English and Latin are "the Scanian provinces" and "Terrae Scaniae" respectively. The term is mostly used in historical contexts and not in daily speech. In Danish, Skånelandene is used more often. The terms have no political implications as the region is not a geopolitical entity but a cultural region, without officially established political borders.

The provinces making up Skåneland were part of Denmark from at least the 9th century, sometimes referred to as the "Eastern Provinces"; since a 12th-century civil war, Denmark has been a kingdom with a single king. The provinces were part of the territory ceded to Sweden in 1658 under the Treaty of Roskilde, but after an uprising on Bornholm, that island was returned to Denmark in 1660, under the Treaty of Copenhagen.

The last peace treaty between Sweden and Denmark in which Skåneland was a main issue was signed on 3 July 1720 in Stockholm.

Strandvallen

Strandvallen is a multi-use stadium in Hällevik, Sweden. It is currently used mostly for football matches and is the home stadium of Mjällby AIF. The stadium holds 7,000 people and was built in 1953.

Sölvesborg

Sölvesborg is a locality and the seat of Sölvesborg Municipality in Blekinge County, Sweden with 10,024 inhabitants in 2013.Sölvesborg is, despite its small population, for historical reasons normally still referred to as a city. Statistics Sweden, however, only counts localities with more than 10,000 inhabitants as cities.

Sölvesborgs GoIF

Sölvesborgs GoIF is a Swedish football club located in Sölvesborg in Blekinge.

Götaland
Svealand
Norrland

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.