Blanche I of Navarre

Blanche I (6 July 1387[1] – 1 April 1441) was Queen of Navarre from her father King Charles III of Navarre's death in 1425 until her own death. She served as Regent of Sicily in 1404–05 and in 1408–15.

Blanche I
Blanca I de Navarra
Queen regnant of Navarre
Reign8 September 1425 – 1 April 1441
Coronation15/18 May 1429 (Pamplona)
PredecessorCharles III
SuccessorCharles IV
Queen consort of Sicily
Reign26 December 1402 – 25 July 1409
Born6 July 1387
Pamplona
Died1 April 1441 (aged 53)
Santa María la Real de Nieva
Burial
SpouseMartin I of Sicily
John II of Aragon
Issue
among others...
Charles IV of Navarre
Blanche II of Navarre
Eleanor I of Navarre
HouseÉvreux
FatherCharles III of Navarre
MotherEleanor of Castile
ReligionRoman Catholicism

Life

Blanche was the second eldest daughter of King Charles III of Navarre and infanta Eleanor of Castile. She became heir to the throne of Navarre on the death of her elder sister, Joan, in 1413.

Queen of Sicily

Blanche married firstly Martin the Younger, King of Sicily and Prince of Aragon. They were married by proxy on 21 May 1402 in Catania. Blanche traveled to meet Martin, and they were married in person on 26 December 1402. The bride was about fifteen years old and the groom twenty-eight.

Martin had been in need of legitimate heirs, as he had survived his previous wife and former co-ruler, Queen Maria of Sicily, and their only son. From October 1404 to August 1405, she served as regent of Sicily during the absence of her spouse in Aragon.

From August 1408 to July 1409, she served as regent of Sicily during the absence of her spouse in Sardinia. When Martin died on 25 July 1409, he was succeeded by his own father, Martin I of Aragon. Her former father-in-law allowed her to continue as regent of Sicily, which she did also after his death, during the years of succession struggle in Aragon. She was a popular regent in Sicily, where she was seen as a symbol of Sicilian independence against Aragon, and a Bernardo Cabrera made an unsuccessful attempt to abduct her to marry Nicolas Peralta, a descendant of the Sicilian royal house, and thereby restore the Sicilian royal house with her and Nicolas as king and queen. With the victory of Ferdinand I in Aragon, Blanche lost her regency power in Siciliy, which was annexed to Aragon in November 1415, and left for Navarre.

Queen of Navarre

Royal Coat of Arms of Navarre (1425-1479)
Royal Coat of Arms of Navarre

Blanche returned to Navarre where she was sworn in as heir to the throne in Olito the 28 October 1415, and was given allegiance by the lords. On 6 November 1419, Blanche married her second husband, John, duke of Peñafiel, the second son of Ferdinand I of Aragon and Eleanor of Alburquerque, by proxy in Olite. Ferdinand had succeeded his maternal uncle Martin I in 1412.

John travelled to meet her. On 10 June 1420, they were married in person in Pamplona. The couple first lived in Peñafiel, but were called to live in Navarre by her father in 1422.

Charles III died on 8 September 1425 and Blanche succeeded him as Queen regnant of Navarre. John became King of Navarre in her right as John II, and the couple were crowned together in Pamplona 15 May 1429.

Blanche died in Santa María la Real de Nieva in 1441. After her death, John kept the government of Navarre in his own hands, from the hands of their own son Charles of Viana, the rightful heir of the line of Navarrese kings. He would become King of Aragon and King of Sicily upon the death of his elder brother Alfonso V of Aragon in 1458.

Issue

Blanche and Martin had one son:

Blanche and John II of Aragon had four children:[2]

References

  1. ^ Anthony (1931) states that she was the fourth-born daughter of King Charles III of Navarre by Queen Eleanor, and she was preceded by Joan, Maria and Margaret and the two latter died early. Anthony defines Blanche's exact birth date as 6 July 1387 by virtue of contemporary sources.
  2. ^ Anthony, R. (1931). Identification et Étude des Ossements des Rois de Navarre inhumés dans la Cathédrale de Lescar [Identification and Study of the Bones of the Kings of Navarre buried in the Cathedral of Lescar] (PDF). Archives du Muséum, 6e series (in French). VII. Masson et Cie. p. 9.

Bibliography

External links

Blanche I of Navarre
Born: 6 July 1387 Died: 1 April 1441
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Charles III
Queen regnant of Navarre
with John II

8 September 1425 – 3 April 1441
Succeeded by
Charles IV
Royal titles
Preceded by
Antonia of Baux
Queen consort of Sicily
26 December 1402 – 25 July 1409
Succeeded by
Margaret of Prades
Arnaud-Raymond II. de Béon

Raymond-Arnaud de Beon also known as Arnaud-Raymond II, was a sixteenth century Catholic prelate and Bishop of Oloron in France.

He assumed the bishopric from Cardinal Amanieu d'Albret who was acting as Administrator and he was Bishop of Oloron from 1507 until 1519 when he was replaced by Cardinal Jean Salviati who acted as Administrator.He was the executor for his cousin Catherine de Foix, Queen of Navarre, great-grandmother 'of Henry IV of France. He was therefore a relative of Gaston IV, Count of Foix and Eleanor of Navarre (monarch of the Kingdom of Navarre), John II of Aragón and Blanche I of Navarre and of the succeeding bishop, Jacques de Foix.

Blanca of Navarre

Blanca of Navarre may refer to:

Blanca Garcés of Navarre (died 1156), wife of King Sancho III of Castile

Blanca Sánchez of Navarre, Countess of Champagne (died 1229), also Blanche de Navarre

Blanche of Navarre (daughter of Theobald I) (1226–1283), daughter of Theobald I of Navarre & husband of John I, Duke of Brittany

Blanche I of Navarre (1387–1441), Queen of Navarre

Blanche II of Navarre (1424–1464), Queen of Navarre

Blanche d'Évreux (1331–1398) also Blanche de Navarre, second wife of Philip VI of France

Blanche (given name)

Blanche is a feminine given name. It means "white" in French, derived from the Late Latin word "blancus".

Blanche II of Navarre

Blanche II of Navarre (Basque: Zuria) (9 June 1424 – 2 December 1464), titular queen of Navarre, was the daughter of John II of Aragon and Blanche I of Navarre. She was also Princess of Asturias by marriage.

Catherine of Foix, Countess of Candale

Catherine de Foix (c. 1455 – died before 1494) was a French noblewoman.

She was a daughter of Gaston IV, Count of Foix and Eleanor of Navarre, and granddaughter of John II of Aragón and Blanche I of Navarre.

Catherine married her second cousin Gaston de Foix, Count of Candale.

They had four children:

Gaston de Foix, 3rd Count of Candale.

Jean de Foix, Archbishop of Bordeaux.

Pierre de Foix, died without issue.

Anne de Foix, married King Ladislaus II of Bohemia and Hungary.

Charles, Prince of Viana

Charles, Prince of Viana (Basque: Karlos IV.a) (29 May 1421 – 23 September 1461), sometimes called Charles IV of Navarre, was the son of King John II of Aragon and Queen Blanche I of Navarre.

Eleanor of Navarre

Eleanor of Navarre (Basque: Leonor and Spanish: Leonor) (2 February 1426 – 12 February 1479), was the regent of Navarre from 1455 to 1479, then briefly the queen regnant of Navarre in 1479. She was crowned on 28 January 1479 in Tudela.

Gaston IV, Count of Foix

Gaston IV (27 November 1422 – 25 or 28 July 1472) was the sovereign Viscount of Béarn and the Count of Foix and Bigorre in France from 1436 to 1472. He also held the viscounties of Marsan, Castelbon, Nébouzan, Villemeur and Lautrec and was, by virtue of the county of Foix, co-prince of Andorra. From 1447 he was also Viscount of Narbonne. Through his marriage to Eleonor, heiress of the Kingdom of Navarre, he also held the title of Prince of Navarre.

He was a son of John I, Count of Foix and Jeanne d'Albret. His maternal grandparents were Charles d'Albret, Constable of France and co-commander of the French army, killed at the Battle of Agincourt, and his wife Marie de Sully.

Gaston married the Navarrese Infanta, Eleonor, in 1436. Her parents were John II of Aragon and Blanche I of Navarre. At the time, Leonor appeared to have few prospects: her father was a younger son and brother of kings of Aragon, and Leonor had a brother, Charles of Viana, and an older sister, Blanca, standing between herself and the throne of Navarre. However, family dissent and death eliminated both Charles and Blanca; Leonor's father usurped the Navarrese crown, to which he added in 1458 the throne of Aragon (his older brother having died without legitimate children) and, following the deaths of Charles and Blanca, promised the succession to Navarre to Leonor and her husband in return for their loyalty to him, which was given.

They had ten children:

Gaston de Foix (1443-1470), (sometimes called “Gaston V of Foix”), Viscount of Castelbon, Prince of Viana (1462-1470), lieutenant general of Navarre (1469).

Jean de Foix (1446-1500), Viscount of Narbonne (1468-1500), Count d'Étampes (1478-1500). He claimed the throne of Navarre upon the death of his nephew François Phébus. He married in 1476 Marie of Orleans (1457-1493), sister of the future King of France Louis XII.

Marguerite de Foix (1449-1486), married at Clisson on 27 June 1471 Francis II, Duke of Brittany. They were parents of Anne of Brittany, twice queen of France as consort to both Charles VIII and Louis XII.

Pierre de Foix (7 February 1449 to 10 August 1490), (sometimes called “Pierre II of Foix”), called Pierre the Young, cardinal (1576), viceroy of Navarre (1479-1484)

Marie de Foix (c.1452-1467), married Guglielmo VIII, Marquis of Montferrat, son of Giangiacomo of Montferrat and his wife Jeanne de Savoie

Jeanne de Foix (c.1454-c.1476), married in August 1469 in Lectoure, to Jean V of Armagnac (1420-1473).

Catherine de Foix (c.1460-before 1494), married in 1469 Gaston de Foix, Count of Candale (c.1440-1500), (sometimes called “Gaston II of Foix”).

Isabel de Foix (after 1462).

Leonor de Foix (after 1466 - died young).

Jacques de Foix, Infante de Navarra (1469-in France 1500), Count de Montfort. Married in 1485 and divorced in 1494 Ana de Peralta, daughter of Pedro de Peralta, 1st Count de Santisteban y Lerín and his second wife Isabelle de Grailly. Married secondly in 1495 Catherine de Beaumont, daughter of Louis de Beaumont, 2nd Count de Lerín and his wife Leonor de Aragón. Jacques and his second wife had one child: Jean de Foix, abbot of Saint-Volusien-de-Foix. Jacques also had two illegitimate children by unknown mistresses: Frederic de Foix (-1537), Seigneur d'Almenèches, and Jacques de Foix (-7 Apr 1535), Bishop of Oloron and Lescar.

House of Évreux

The House of Évreux was a cadet branch of the Capetian dynasty, the royal house of France, which flourished from the beginning of the 14th century to the mid 15th century. It became the royal house of the Kingdom of Navarre.

The House was founded by Louis, Count of Évreux. He was the third son of Philip III of France, by his second wife Marie of Brabant. His son and heir, Philip, was the husband of Joan II of Navarre and the first King of Navarre from the Évreux dynasty.

Louis' younger son Charles had no grandchildren. The Évreux dynasty ended with the death of Blanche I of Navarre, who died in 1441.

John II of Aragon

John II (Catalan: Joan II, Aragonese: Chuan II and Basque: Joanes II), called the Great (el Gran) or the Faithless (el Sense Fe) (29 June 1398 – 20 January 1479), was the King of Navarre through his wife (jure uxoris) from 1425 and the King of Aragon in his own right from 1458 until his death. He was the son of Ferdinand I and his wife Eleanor of Alburquerque. John was also King of Sicily from 1458-1468.

John of Foix, Viscount of Narbonne

John of Foix (1450 – 1500, Étampes, France) was a younger son of Count Gaston IV of Foix and Queen Eleanor of Navarre. His elder brother was Gaston, Prince of Viana.

Juana Enríquez

Juana Enriquez de Córdoba, 5th Lady of Casarrubios del Monte (1425 – 13 February 1468, Tarragona), a Castilian noblewoman, was Queen of Navarre from her marriage in April 1444 to King John II and Queen of Aragon from John II's accession in 1458 until her death. She married John three years after the death of his first wife, Queen Blanche I of Navarre.

List of Navarrese consorts

This is a list of those men and women who have been royal consorts of the Kingdom of Navarre. Because the laws of Navarre did not prohibit women from inheriting the crown, on a number of occasions, the Kingdom was inherited or transmitted via heiresses. Thus, whilst most of the royal consorts were women, who held the title of queen consort, several were men, who by their marriages held the title of king, and who are given regnal designations in the lists of Navarrese kings and queens regnant.

Most of these men, although granted power through marriage rather than through inheritance, nonetheless were significant or dominant in their marriages and the rule of the country; indeed, one king by marriage, John II of Navarre (who would late in life also become John II of Aragon by rightful inheritance), husband of Blanche I of Navarre, refused to surrender the crown following her death to their son, Charles of Viana, the rightful heir to the Kingdom, instead retaining the power for himself.

List of Navarrese monarchs

This is a list of the kings and queens of Pamplona, later Navarre. Pamplona was the primary name of the kingdom until its union with Aragon (1076–1134). However, the territorial designation Navarre came into use as an alternative name in the late tenth century, and the name Pamplona was retained well into the twelfth century.

Martin of Aragon (heir of Sicily)

Martin of Aragon and Sicily (17/19 December 1406 – August 1407) was heir apparent to the throne of Sicily. He was a member of the House of Barcelona.

Navarrese Civil War (1451–1455)

The Navarrese Civil War of 1451–1455 pitted John II of the Kingdom of Navarre against his son and heir-apparent, Charles IV.

When the war started, John II had been King of Navarre since 1425 through his first wife, Blanche I of Navarre, who had married him in 1420. By the marriage pact of 1419, John and Blanche's eldest son was to succeed to Navarre on Blanche's death. When Blanche died in 1441, John retained the government of her lands and dispossessed his own eldest son, Charles (born 1421), who was made Prince of Viana in 1423. John tried to assuage his son with the lieutenancy of Navarre, but his son's French upbringing and French allies, the Beaumonteses, brought the two into conflict. John was supported by the Agramonteses.

From 1451 to 1455, they were engaged in open warfare in Navarre. Charles was defeated at the Battle of Aybar in 1452, captured, and released; and John tried to disinherit him by illegally naming his daughter Eleanor, who was married to Gaston IV of Foix, his successor. In 1451, John's new wife, Juana Enríquez, gave birth to a son, Ferdinand. In 1452, Charles fled his father first to France, where vainly sought allies, and later to the court of his uncle, John's elder brother, Alfonso V at Naples. Charles was popular in Spain and John was increasingly unpopular as he refused to recognise Charles as his "first born", probably planning to make Ferdinand his heir. The Navarrese Civil War presaged the Catalan Civil War of 1462–72, in which John's ill-treatment of Charles was a precipitating event.

Niccolò Speciale

Niccolò Speziale di Noto ( - 1444) was the Viceroy of Sicily from 1423 - 1424, and 1425–1432.

He was a personal Sicilian vassal of Aragonese Infante John of Aragon, Viceroy of Sicily from 1409–1416, Peter, infans of Aragón, Viceroy of Sicily from 1524–1525, and of the Infante Henry of Aragon.

He was a close associate of Sicilian military man and diplomat Ruggero Paruta. He was in good terms with famous Italian literary author Antonio Beccadelli. It is most likely, that both, Speziale and Beccadelli assisted to the wedding in 1420, of Infante John of Aragon to widowed Navarrese Princess Blanche I of Navarre.Aragonese power, centered on Sicilian-Spanish families, such as Ávalos or Davalos, Moncada, or Montcada, Cabrera, Cardona, Chiaramonte, Folch de Cardona, Aragón or Aragona, Requesens, Ximenez de Urrea, Luna, Centelles, Moncayo Pignatelli, Platamone, Caracciolo, Tagliacozzo, Corella, Paternò, and Ventimiglia.

Contemporary humanists and academicians were likely indebted to Speciale, such as Iovianus Pontanus and Neapolitan Jacopo Sannazaro, who influenced also Spanish poetry of the early Renaissance. Imperial Spain soldiers as Juan Boscàn, Garcilaso de la Vega and Jorge de Montemor, or Sicily based Gutierre de Cetina, (1520- Mexico, 1557), heavily linked since then to the study of sixteenth-century European culture.

Prince of Viana

The Prince of Viana (Spanish: Príncipe de Viana, Basque: Vianako Printzea) is one of the titles of the heir of the Crown of Spain. Other associated titles originate from the rest of the kingdoms that formed Spain: Prince of Asturias, Prince of Girona, Duke of Montblanc, Count of Cervera and Lord of Balaguer.

Sicilian Parliament

The Sicilian Parliament was the legislature of the Kingdom of Sicily.

Ancestors of Blanche I of Navarre
16. Louis, Count of Évreux
8. Philip III of Navarre
17. Margaret of Artois
4. Charles II of Navarre
18. Louis X of France
9. Joan II of Navarre
19. Margaret of Burgundy
2. Charles III of Navarre
20. Philip VI of France
10. John II of France
21. Joan the Lame
5. Joanna of Valois
22. John of Bohemia
11. Bonne of Bohemia
23. Elisabeth of Bohemia
Blanche I of Navarre
24. Ferdinand IV of Castile
12. Alfonso XI of Castile
25. Constance of Portugal
6. Henry II of Castile
26. Pedro Núñez de Guzmán
13. Eleanor of Guzman
27. Beatriz Ponce de León
3. Eleanor of Castile
28. Manuel of Castile
14. Juan Manuel, Prince of Villena
29. Beatrice of Savoy
7. Juana Manuel of Castile
30. Fernando de la Cerda
15. Blanca de La Cerda y Lara
31. Juana Núñez de Lara
House of Íñiguez
House of Jiménez
House of Champagne
House of Capet
House of Évreux
House of Trastámara
House of Foix
House of Albret
House of Bourbon

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