Blackburn with Darwen

Blackburn with Darwen is a unitary authority area in Lancashire, North West England. It consists of Blackburn, the small town of Darwen to the south of it, and the surrounding countryside. The population of the Unitary Authority taken at the 2011 census was 147,489.[4]

Borough of Blackburn with Darwen
Official seal of Borough of Blackburn with Darwen

Seal
Shown within ceremonial Lancashire
Shown within ceremonial Lancashire
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
RegionNorth West England
Ceremonial county Lancashire
Admin. HQBlackburn
Government
 • TypeUnitary authority
 • BodyBlackburn with Darwen Borough Council
 • LeaderCllr Mohammed Khan[1]
 • MayorCllr Colin Rigby[2]
 • MP for BlackburnKate Hollern
 • MP for Rossendale and DarwenJake Berry
Area
 • Total137.0 km2 (52.9 sq mi)
Area rank191st
Population
mid-2018 est.[3]
 • Total148,942 Ranked 139th
 • Density1,085/km2 (2,810/sq mi)
 • Ethnicity
69.1% White
28.1% S.Asian
0.6% Black
0.8% Other
1.2% Mixed
Time zoneUTC+0 (GMT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (British Summer Time)
ONS code00EX (ONS)
E06000008 (GSS)
Websiteblackburn.gov.uk

Formation

It was founded in 1974 as the Lancashire borough of Blackburn, from the County Borough of Blackburn, the Borough of Darwen, parts of Turton Urban District (chiefly the villages of Belmont, Chapeltown and Edgworth) and parts of Blackburn Rural District. It was renamed in May 1997, in preparation for a split from Lancashire County Council. On 1 April 1998 it became a unitary authority.

Demographics

The proportion of Muslim population (30.9% or 44,693 people) is the third highest among all local authorities in the United Kingdom and the highest outside London. 20.4% of the district's population belongs to any South Asian ethnic group, making it the highest percentage in the region, and almost four times higher than national average of South Asians.[5]

According to the 2017 census, the proportion of Muslims increased to 30.9%.[6]

Local elections

Following boundary changes in 2018, there are currently 51 seats on the council (decreased from 64), with the borough divided up into 17 wards (decreased from 23). The wards are: Audley and Queens Park, Bastwell and Daisyfield, Billinge and Beardwood, Blackburn Central, Blackburn South and Lower Darwen, Blackburn South East, Darwen East, Darwen South, Darwen West, Ewood, Little Harwood with Whitebirk, Livesey with Pleasington, Mill Hill and Moorgate, Roe Lee, Shear Brow and Corporation Park, Wensley Fold, and West Pennine.

Local elections

Current makeup of Blackburn with Darwen Council
Parties Seats
Labour 37
Conservative 13
Liberal Democrat 1
Total 51

The council was shaken in 2004 when six Labour councillors quit the ruling group one month after an election and became independent representatives, and the council temporarily fell into no overall control.[7][8] The councillors, who eventually re-joined the party, left over an internal row reportedly sparked by the demotion of particular councillors in a post-election reshuffle.[7] Allegations of vote-rigging and corruption have dogged the council, with members of the Muslim community reportedly being "strong-armed by mosque leaders and councillors to vote Labour" during elections.[9] The possibility of corruption has been eased by reforms to postal voting which have made electoral fraud "childishly simple" in the UK according to a European watchdog.[10] The number of postal votes registered in Blackburn in 2005 was 20,000, compared to 7,600 in 2001.[9] In April 2005, local councillor Mohammed Hussain was jailed for three years for rigging the 2002 town hall election by stealing at least 230 postal vote ballots in his ward.[11]

The local elections of May 2007 saw a coalition of parties take control of the council from Labour. The small For Darwen party and independents held the fine balance of power on the council in a partnership with the Conservatives and Liberal Democrats. Like its predecessor, the ruling administration also attracted controversy; one of its councillors being suspended following a conviction for benefit fraud[12] and another following allegations of domestic abuse.[13] Tensions over the presence of former England First Party member Michael Johnson within the coalition as part of For Darwen rose to the surface when Johnson was quoted in The Sun newspaper in October 2007 blaming his unemployment on "all the immigrants flooding this country." "These people take our jobs and it will only get worse", he said.[14] Three weeks before local elections in May 2008, a Liberal Democrat candidate for Shear Brow ward caused a stir by defecting to Labour.[15]

In 2010, two For Darwen Party councillors resigned and withdrew their support for the coalition, and after a vote of no confidence the Labour Party regained control of the council.[16] In 2011 Labour gained control of the council.

Economy

This is a chart of trend of regional gross value added of Blackburn with Darwen at current basic prices published (pp. 240–253) by Office for National Statistics with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling.

Year Regional Gross Value Added[a] Agriculture[b] Industry[c] Services[d]
1995 1,496 3 755 737
2000 1,597 3 678 916
2003 1,785 4 647 1,134

Neighbouring districts and political control

The authority borders with boroughs administered as within the Greater Manchester and Lancashire upper-tier local authorities: Chorley in the west and then (clockwise) South Ribble, Ribble Valley, Hyndburn and Rossendale in Lancashire; Bury and Bolton in Greater Manchester. The data below is based on June 2012.

The local government districts that surround Blackburn with Darwen
South Ribble
Conservative
Ribble Valley
Conservative
Hyndburn
Labour
Chorley
Labour
Blackburn with Darwen
Rossendale
Labour
Bury
Labour
Bolton
Labour

Settlements

Civil parishes

Blackburn with Darwen parishes map
  1. Darwen (town council)
  2. Eccleshill
  3. Livesey
  4. North Turton
  5. Pleasington
  6. Tockholes
  7. Yate and Pickup Bank

Education

As a unitary authority, Blackburn with Darwen authority has a statutory responsibility for educational standards and schooling within its boundaries.[17]

Transport

Blackburn with Darwen Council has a stated transport policy of "making roads traffic free".[18]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Components may not sum to totals due to rounding
  2. ^ includes hunting and forestry
  3. ^ includes energy and construction
  4. ^ includes financial intermediation services indirectly measured

References

  1. ^ "Cllr Mohammed Khan". Blackburn with Darwen Borough Council. Archived from the original on 5 May 2018. Retrieved 5 May 2018.
  2. ^ "Cllr Colin Rigby". Blackburn with Darwen Borough Council. Archived from the original on 5 May 2018. Retrieved 5 May 2018.
  3. ^ {{#switch: England | area = "Standard Area Measurements (2016) for Administrative Areas in the United Kingdom". Office for National Statistics. 1 February 2017. Retrieved 9 February 2017. | #default = "Population Estimates for UK, England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland, Mid-2018". Office for National Statistics. 28 June 2019. Retrieved 4 July 2019.}
  4. ^ "Unitary Authority population 2011". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 15 January 2016.
  5. ^ Neighbourhood Statistics. "Neighbourhood Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Archived from the original on 27 April 2012. Retrieved 7 May 2012.
  6. ^ "Population of England, Wales and selected local authorities against numbers and percent of Muslims (2015 to 2016) 2017". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  7. ^ a b WE QUIT! Six labour councillors leave, Lancashire Evening Telegraph, 16 June 2004.
  8. ^ Labour councillors ditching party Archived 19 July 2004 at the Wayback Machine, BBC News, 16 June 2004
  9. ^ a b Straw's seat is a hot-spot of postal vote fraud claims Archived 2 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine, Anne Penketh, The Independent, 4 May 2005
  10. ^ Voting open to 'childishly simple' fraud, says watchdog Archived 1 December 2016 at the Wayback Machine, Andrew Sparrow, The Guardian, 22 January 2008
  11. ^ Vote-rigging Crackdown Archived 30 April 2008 at the Wayback Machine, Lancashire Telegraph, 24 January 2007. Retrieved 31 January 2007.
  12. ^ Benefit fraud councillor 'should quit now', Tom Moseley, Lancashire Telegraph, 17 November 2008
  13. ^ Lib Dem councillor suspended by his party, Tom Moseley, Lancashire Telegraph, 25 March 2008
  14. ^ Burning issue: Immigration Archived 20 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine, The Sun, 18 October 2007
  15. ^ Election in turmoil as LibDem candidate says: I'm a Labour supporter, Tom Moseley, Lancashire Telegraph, 9 April 2008
  16. ^ Labour back in control of Blackburn with Darwen Archived 7 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine, David Watkinson, Lancashire Telegraph, 14 September 2010
  17. ^ "Types of Council". Archived from the original on 26 January 2013. Retrieved 6 January 2013.
  18. ^ Blackburn with Darwen Council. "Transport & streets policies & strategies". Archived from the original on 11 June 2017. Retrieved 27 May 2017.

External links

Council political parties

2004 Blackburn with Darwen Borough Council election

Elections to Blackburn with Darwen Borough Council in June 2004 heralded a shock result as Labour council leader Sir Bill Taylor lost his seat to Liberal Democrat Zamir Khan. "This morning as I was shaving I thought I could get beat and that is what happened", commented Taylor after the result. "I canvassed more for this election than for any other. I spoke to more than a thousand people on their doorsteps and was not given any suggestion there were any difficulties." Liberal Democrat leader Paul Browne blamed the defeat on dissatisfaction with British foreign policy, particularly in areas with high numbers of Muslim voters: "Sir Bill has gone because of what has happened in Iraq. Simple." Only 63 of the 64 seats on the council were filled as the Earcroft ward by-election took place a month after due to the death of Mayor Mike Barratt. Yusuf Sidat was elected as an independent in Queen's Park Ward.

2006 Blackburn with Darwen Borough Council election

Elections to Blackburn with Darwen Borough Council were held in 2006 on 4 May - the same day as other local elections in the UK.

2007 Blackburn with Darwen Borough Council election

Elections to Blackburn with Darwen Borough Council were held in 2007 on 3 May - the same day as other local elections in the UK.

2008 Blackburn with Darwen Borough Council election

Elections to Blackburn with Darwen Borough Council were held in 2008 on 1 May along with all other local elections in the UK.

2014 Blackburn with Darwen Borough Council election

The 2014 Blackburn with Darwen Borough Council election took place on 22 May 2014 to elect members of Blackburn with Darwen Council in England. This was on the same day as other local elections.

2015 Blackburn with Darwen Borough Council election

The 2015 Blackburn with Darwen Borough Council election took place on 7th May 2015 to elect members of Blackburn with Darwen Borough Council in England. This was on the same day as other local elections.

2016 Blackburn with Darwen Borough Council election

The 2016 Blackburn with Darwen Borough Council election took place on 5 May 2016 to elect members of Blackburn with Darwen Borough Council in England. This was the same day as other local elections.

The elections saw a gain of two seats by the Conservative Party from the Labour Party.

The resulting balance on the council after the elections was:

Labour 44

Conservative 16

Liberal Democrat 3

Independent 1

2018 Blackburn with Darwen Borough Council election

The 2018 Blackburn with Darwen Borough Council election took place on 3 May 2018 to elect members of Blackburn with Darwen Borough Council in England. This was the same day as other local elections.

2019 Blackburn with Darwen Borough Council election

The 2019 Blackburn with Darwen Borough Council election took place on 2 May 2019 to elect members of Blackburn with Darwen Borough Council in England. This was the same day as other local elections.

Blackburn

Blackburn (listen) is a town in Lancashire, England, north of the West Pennine Moors on the southern edge of the Ribble Valley, 9 miles (14 km) east of Preston and 20.9 miles (34 km) NNW of Manchester. Blackburn is bounded to the south by Darwen, with which it forms the unitary authority of Blackburn with Darwen; Blackburn is its administrative centre.

At the 2001 census, Blackburn had a population of 105,085, whilst the wider borough of Blackburn with Darwen had a population of 140,700. Blackburn had a population of 117,963 in 2011.

A former mill town, textiles have been produced in Blackburn since the middle of the 13th century, when wool was woven in people's houses in the domestic system. Flemish weavers who settled in the area in the 14th century helped to develop the woollen cottage industry. James Hargreaves, inventor of the spinning jenny, was a weaver in Oswaldtwistle near Blackburn, and the most rapid period of growth and development in Blackburn's history coincided with the industrialisation and expansion of textile manufacturing. Blackburn was a boomtown of the Industrial Revolution and amongst the first industrialised towns in the world.Blackburn's textile sector fell into decline from the mid-20th century and subsequently faced similar challenges to other post-industrial northern towns, including deindustrialisation, economic deprivation and housing issues. The town has experienced very high levels of immigration, with people of ethnic backgrounds other than white British making up 30.8% of the population. Blackburn has had significant investment and redevelopment since 1958 through government funding and the European Regional Development Fund.

Blackburn College (Blackburn with Darwen)

Blackburn College is a further and higher education college in Blackburn, North West England.

The current principal is Dr. Fazal Dad, replacing Dr Thomas Moore, who departed from the college in September 2018.

Blackburn Corporation Tramways

Blackburn Corporation Tramways operated a tramway service in Blackburn, Lancashire, England between 1887 and 1949.

Blackburn and Over Darwen Tramways Company

The Blackburn and Over Darwen Tramways Company operated a steam tramway service between Blackburn and Darwen between 1881 and 1898.

Blackburn with Darwen Borough Council

Blackburn with Darwen Borough Council is the local authority of Blackburn with Darwen. It is a unitary authority, having the powers of a non-metropolitan county and district council combined.

Blackburn with Darwen Borough Council elections

Blackburn with Darwen is a unitary authority in Lancashire, England. Until 1 April 1998 it was a non-metropolitan district.

Blackburn with Darwen services

Blackburn with Darwen services is a service station located on the M65 in Lancashire.

Darwen Cemetery

Darwen Cemetery is a public cemetery in the town of Darwen, Lancashire which lies on both sides of Bolton Road with views across Darwen to the hills beyond. A Cross of Sacrifice erected to burials of First World War service personnel stands by the entrance of the older part.

Lancashire Telegraph

The Lancashire Telegraph, formerly the Lancashire Evening Telegraph, is a local tabloid newspaper distributed in East Lancashire, England. It has two separate geographic editions each day – one for the boroughs of Blackburn with Darwen, Hyndburn and Ribble Valley, and one for Burnley, Pendle, and Rossendale.

There are around twenty towns in the area, including Blackburn, Burnley, Accrington, Darwen, Nelson, Clitheroe, Colne, and Rawtenstall. The editor is Kevin Young, who is also the group editor of the weekly series, Citizen, and the paid for weekly, The Westmorland Gazette, in Kendal, England. The newspapers are owned by Newsquest, a division of Gannett, a firm based in the United States.

List of schools in Blackburn with Darwen

This is a list of schools in Blackburn with Darwen in the English county of Lancashire.

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