Black Saturday (1903)

Black Saturday was a 1903 disaster which left 12 spectators dead and injured 232 when a section of balcony collapsed during a baseball game between the Boston Braves and Philadelphia Phillies. It was the worst disaster in the history of American sports spectating.[1]

National League Park

National League Park (also known as Baker Bowl), was built in 1895 using novel construction techniques, prominently featuring a cantilever design to support the roof and upper decks. The modernized building also heavily utilized fire resistant materials like steel and brick, in order to avoid destructive fires like the one that had ravaged the Phillies' previous stadium, the mainly wood-constructed Philadelphia Base Ball Park, in 1894.[2]

The disaster

On August 8, 1903, during a double-header between the Phillies and the Braves, two drunken men walking along 15th street adjacent to the park were being teased by a group of children. One of the men allegedly grabbed by the hair a thirteen-year-old girl named Maggie Barry from the group of children, and after a brief struggle, fell on top of her. Accounts of the incident say that cries for help from the girl and her friends drew attention from spectators in the stadium above, and approximately 300 people crowded the balcony above the street to get a view of the commotion. Under the weight of the curious onlookers, the overloaded balcony's supports apparently became detached from their connections at the wall, and plunged approximately 30 feet (9 m) to the street below.[2]

References

  1. ^ Browning, William. "Worst spectator deaths at sporting events". Yahoo Sports. Retrieved 15 December 2012.
  2. ^ a b Warrington, Robert D. "Baseball's Deadliest Disaster: "Black Saturday" in Philadelphia". Retrieved 15 December 2012.
Black Saturday

Black Saturday may refer to:

Holy Saturday, the day between Good Friday and Easter Sunday

Black Saturday (France), the busiest day of the year when many people go on holiday

Battle of Pinkie Cleugh a 1547 battle fought between the Scottish and the English Royal armies

Black Saturday (1621), a dark, stormy day in Scotland, taken as a sign of Armageddon

Black Saturday (1900), the collapse of Dumbell's Bank, Isle of Man, leading to numerous bankruptcies and poverty

Black Saturday (1903), the collapse of a section of balcony during a baseball game between the Boston Braves and Philadelphia Phillies, which killed 12 spectators and injured more than 200

Black Saturday (Mau Movement), a 1929 killing of 11 unarmed people by New Zealand police during a Mau demonstration in Samoa

Black Saturday, a day during the 1942 Battle of Gazala between the German Afrika Korps and British armoured divisions

Operation Agatha or Black Saturday (1946), British arrests of Jewish paramilitaries

Cairo Fire or Black Saturday, a 1952 series of riots in Cairo

Black Saturday (Cuban Missile Crisis), a day in 1962 when tensions reached their height

Massacre of the Sixty or Black Saturday, a 1974 execution of 60 senior Ethiopian officials by the country's ruling junta

Black Saturday (Lebanon) a 1975 series of massacres and armed clashes in Beirut

Black Saturday (1983), the crisis when the Hong Kong dollar exchange rate was at an all-time low

Black Saturday (1988), the single worst day of the fires in Yellowstone Park

Black Saturday (professional wrestling) a 1984 event when the World Wrestling Federation took over the TBS television time slots that had been home to Georgia Championship Wrestling

Black January or Black Saturday, a 1990 crackdown on Azeri demonstrations by the Soviet army

Black Saturday bushfires, a 2009 series of bushfires that burned across the Australian state of Victoria

"Black Saturday", a 2012 song by Soundgarden from King Animal

"Black Saturday", a 2014 song by Mando Diao from Ælita

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