BlackBerry 10

BlackBerry 10 is a proprietary mobile operating system for the BlackBerry line of smartphones, both developed by BlackBerry Limited (formerly Research In Motion). BlackBerry 10 is based on QNX, a Unix-like operating system that was originally developed by QNX Software Systems until the company was acquired by BlackBerry in April 2010.[4]

It supports the application framework Qt (version 4.8) and in some later models features an Android runtime to run Android applications. Prior to version 10.3.1, BlackBerry 10 also supported the Adobe AIR runtime.[5] The user interface uses a combination of gestures and touch-based interactions for navigation and control, making it possible to control a device without having to press any physical buttons, with the exception of the power button that switches the device on or off. It also supports hardware keyboards, including ones which support touch input.

On October 26, 2015, BlackBerry announced that there were no plans to release new APIs and software development kits (SDKs) or adopt Qt version 5. Future updates, like versions 10.3.3 and 10.3.4, would focus on security and privacy enhancements only.[6][7] The BlackBerry Leap is the last smartphone from BlackBerry to run the BlackBerry 10 operating system.[8]

In 2016, BlackBerry Limited ceased making smartphones and licensed TCL Communication to manufacture them under the name BlackBerry Mobile. BlackBerry Mobile smartphones abandoned BlackBerry 10 in favor of the Android operating system, beginning with its 2017 BlackBerry KeyOne.[9] The first BlackBerry phone to ship with Android, however, was BlackBerry Limited's Priv.

On December 15, 2017, BlackBerry announced that there would be at least another two years of support for BlackBerry 10 and BlackBerry OS devices. BlackBerry will end the support for the operating system at the end of 2019.[8]

BlackBerry 10
Blackberry Logo
Blackberry Hub being 'peeked' at from Blackberry World on a Blackberry Z10
BlackBerry Hub being viewed on a BlackBerry Z10
DeveloperBlackBerry Ltd.
Written inC, C++, Qt
OS familyUnix-like, QNX
Working stateCurrent
Source modelClosed source
Initial releaseJanuary 30, 2013[1]
Latest release10.3.3.3216 / April 4, 2018[2]
Latest preview10.3.3.3216 / April 4, 2018[3]
Available inMultilingual
Update methodFirmware over-the-air, BlackBerry Link (carrier dependent)
Kernel typeReal-time microkernel
Default user interfaceGraphical
Preceded byBlackBerry OS


The operating system was originally called BBX, but this was changed when BlackBerry was blocked from using the BBX trademark after legal action from BASIS International, who already used it for their software.[10]

On November 12, 2012, CEO Thorsten Heins announced a January 30, 2013, launch of the BlackBerry 10 operating system version 10.0 and the first smartphones running it.[11] The operating system, as well as two devices, the Z10 (a full touchscreen device), and the Q10 (a device equipped with a physical keyboard), were announced simultaneously around the world on January 30, 2013.[12] The company also announced that the BlackBerry PlayBook tablet would receive an update to BlackBerry 10 later in 2013.[13] Subsequently, BlackBerry stated when releasing their Q1 2014 financial results that the BlackBerry PlayBook would not be receiving an update to BlackBerry 10, citing that the hardware would not provide a good experience of BlackBerry 10 and were focusing on future devices. BlackBerry continued to support and develop the PlayBook with its separate Tablet OS.

On 14 May 2013 BlackBerry OS 10.1 was launched. This brought improvements to many features requested by users.

On 13 September 2013, in Asia, BlackBerry announced the launch of BlackBerry OS 10.2 and a new BlackBerry 10 device, the Z30, providing performance increases over the previous BlackBerry 10 devices.

On June 18, 2014, BlackBerry announced an official relationship with, which resulted in the 10.3 update bundling the Amazon Appstore.

On 15 December 2017, BlackBerry CEO John S. Chen announced that there would be at least two years of support for BlackBerry 10 and BlackBerry OS devices. The operating system is expected to be end of life at the end of 2019,[8] with many built-in software packages having their support ended (such as Facebook, Dropbox, Evernote, LinkedIn, etc.).[14][15][16]



The touchscreen is the predominant input method of BlackBerry 10, in addition to hardware keyboard for devices that have one. Users can use gestures and keyboard shortcuts to navigate around the system. For instance, a user can unlock the device or return to the home screen by swiping from the bottom to the top. Some gestures offer additional modes of interaction when they are used differently. For instance, the same gesture can be used to show unread notifications when the user swipes from the bottom edge to somewhat the middle and slightly to the right and also keep the finger on the touchscreen. Similarly, when the finger is moved from the bottom to the right in a curved motion, the user can enter BlackBerry Hub immediately.[17] Devices with a hardware keyboard can use keyboard shortcuts to reach applications or perform specific functions more quickly.


When a user returns to the home screen from within an application, the application is minimized into a so-called "Active Frame". An Active Frame is a miniaturized window of the application which keeps running in the background. A user can return to such an application by tapping on the Active Frame or close it by tapping on the X icon. Active Frames can have widget-like functionality and show small bits of information, similar to widgets on Android. For instance, the calendar application can show upcoming events and meetings. BlackBerry 10 limits the number of active applications and it varies per device.

BlackBerry Hub

BlackBerry 10 collates emails, SMS/MMS, calls and notifications into the BlackBerry Hub. It shows all messages and notifications in a continuous list, sorted by date. The user can filter results by application or, in the case of email, also by inbox. The user can create, view or act upon messages or notifications directly from the Hub. For instance, when the user opens a Facebook message, the Hub will open a small part of the Facebook application and allow the user to perform the same actions as the Facebook application itself. Applications need to support the Hub specifically to use most of these features, which is only possible for applications written with the native SDK. Notifications from unsupported applications are collated in the generic notifications tab.


Other notable features of BlackBerry 10 include:

  • A virtual keyboard with support for predictive typing and several gestures.[18][19]
  • Voice control and BlackBerry Assistant (10.3.1 and later), a virtual assistant, with which the user can perform various tasks by voice input or typed queries.
  • BlackBerry Balance, with which the user can separate personal from work data, if enabled by the device's enterprise server. The user can switch between two workspaces, each with their own applications, files and accounts.
  • BlackBerry Link, with which the user can synchronize data between the device and a computer, update the device or make backups. It supports iTunes and Windows Media Player.



BlackBerry 10 has a number of applications that help users perform various tasks and activities. These include a web browser, as well applications for notes, reminders, calculator, clock, music, media, weather and file management. Cloud services like Box and Dropbox are also integrated by default. In addition, BlackBerry's messaging service BlackBerry Messenger is included, which supports video chat, VoIP and screen sharing.

Third-party applications

BlackBerry 10 can run applications that were written with its native SDK, Android applications compiled for API levels 10–18[20] (support varies per version) and applications written for Adobe AIR (only supported until version 10.3.1). BlackBerry 10 provides the distribution platform BlackBerry World as well as the Amazon Appstore (on version 10.3.0 and later).[21] Since version 10.2.1, Android application packages can be installed directly, whereas on previous versions Android applications could only be installed through BlackBerry World or by sideloading, which required packaging such applications into a native package format (BAR).[22]

At release in January 2013, BlackBerry 10 had 70,000 third-party applications.[22] At the 2013 BlackBerry Live conference, BlackBerry announced that they had more than 120,000 applications.[23]

Some developers have offered applications to access the Google Play Store, although this is not sanctioned by BlackBerry or Google. Applications which depend on the Google Play Services framework may not run. Similarly, Android applications which require a newer API level than 18 cannot run on BlackBerry 10.[20]


Released Devices

BlackBerry 10 supports the following BlackBerry smartphones, all of which can run the latest version. The BlackBerry Leap is the last smartphone from BlackBerry to run the BlackBerry 10 operating system, as BlackBerry devices are now running Android instead.[8]

Device Characteristics Release date Minimum OS
Z10 Touchscreen January 2013 10.0
Q10 Touchscreen and hardware keyboard
Q5 May 2013 10.1
Z30 Touchscreen October 2013 10.2
P'9982 December 2013
Z3 February 2014 10.2.1
P'9983 Touchscreen and hardware keyboard September 2014 10.3.0
Passport October 2014
Classic (Q20) Touchscreen, hardware keyboard and dedicated buttons December 2014 10.3.1
Leap Touchscreen April 2015

Canceled devices

  • BlackBerry Colt, originally planned as the first QNX-powered BlackBerry smartphone[24]
  • BlackBerry Café, a 4.5" all-touch model intended for emerging markets[25]
  • BlackBerry Kopi, a 3.1" QWERTY model intended for emerging markets[25]

Developer activities

Engagement strategy

Building up to the launch, the company made substantial changes to how it had previously engaged developers, being substantially more active at courting developers, solving issues and being transparent about development updates. The company sent two teams to engage developers. The first, focused on acquiring premier applications from third parties. The second team focused on engaging the broader development community and building the platforms application count.[26]

Prototype smartphones

In May 2012, the company released a prototype touch screen smartphone to BlackBerry developers as part of the BlackBerry 10 Jam Conference in Orlando, Florida. The Dev Alpha A' device, which resembled a small BlackBerry PlayBook, ran an early version of the operating system and was provided as a means for developers to develop and test their applications on a physical device.[27]

In September 2012, a second developer prototype was released in September 2012, known as the Dev Alpha B. It includes a faster processor and a number of internal improvements.[28]

A third developer device, the Dev Alpha C,[29] was announced on November 29, 2012, and is the first developer prototype to demonstrate the physical keyboard capabilities of BlackBerry 10. Acquisition of a Dev Alpha C device is based around a point system, meaning that developers who have previously developed apps for BlackBerry, or have had the Dev Alpha A/B devices, will have a higher chance of receiving a device than a new BlackBerry developer. It was released at the BlackBerry Jam Europe 2013 event in February 2013.


Pre-launch "Portathons" held by BlackBerry have received up to 19,000 applications submitted per weekend.[30]


Reviews of BlackBerry 10 have been generally positive. David Pogue of the New York Times noted that the software was, "simple to master, elegantly designed and surprisingly complete. It offers features nobody else offers, some tailored to the corporate world that raised BlackBerry aloft in its glory days."[31] Walt Mossberg of the Wall Street Journal referred to the operating system as "logical and generally easy to use". Mossberg praised the virtual keyboard, camera software, and messaging hub; but criticized its application ecosystem, cloud capabilities and the immaturity of some features. Gizmodo's Kyle Wagner states that BlackBerry 10's home screen "gives BB10 the single best implementation of multitasking of any mobile OS right now". Wagner goes on to say that the Hub "works out to function a bit more like a junk drawer". He also reports what he refers to as the "Tragic Flaw": "Unlike every other major OS right now, BlackBerry does not feel fully integrated.".[32] Wagner's review was based on the BB 10.0 and it should be noted that since the initial reviews of BB10 the OS has been updated several times and for many the issues have been addressed.[33][34]

In comparison to that, at launch, views the new features more positively and takes into account the fact that the OS is brand new. It says that the BlackBerry Hub "is a polished solution to efficiently managing the influx of messages we have coming at us...".[35] It goes on to mention minor discrepancies and finally pointing out that many of the problems are getting fixed in future updates (some now released, e.g. battery life improvements, call ringtone disabled in bedside mode[36]).[35][37] It criticizes the limited customization options compared to BlackBerry OS (Alert tone volumes, alert light colour). Regarding the apps in BlackBerry World "really impressed by the quality of apps BlackBerry World has to offer", it notes that the application ecosystem is not as large as Android and iOS because of its age (brand new) and finishes with "doubtlessly many more will come around once they see the Z10 getting traction in the wild." Its general summary of BlackBerry 10 (with thought for its predecessor) "is that BlackBerry 10 really is the best of the old and the best of the new assembled seamlessly into an elegant, practical, and integrated package."

As of Q2 2013, the new BlackBerry 10 platform had almost the same number of developers using the platform as the legacy BlackBerry 5/6/7 had just before the release of BlackBerry 10.[38] Within a few months from its launch, the BlackBerry 10 platform was used by approximately 15% of mobile developers.

BlackBerry 10 added a compatibility layer for Android software, which allowed developers to repackage their Android apps for distribution on BlackBerry World, however this advertised feature has received a poor reception as the Android apps "performed abysmally on the phone. Sluggish, ugly, and disconnected from the core OS. In fact, because these apps are being run in a software emulation of Android — Gingerbread no less (that's version 2.3) — they bear little to no relationship to the rest of the operating system".[39] Later versions added the ability for users to manually install Android app packages. Beginning with the BlackBerry Passport, Amazon Appstore was bundled with BlackBerry 10 to provide an additional source of third-party Android software.[21][22][40] BlackBerry CEO John S. Chen hoped that Amazon's own smartphone, the Fire Phone, would bolster the adoption of the Amazon store and attract more major developers to it, and in turn, BlackBerry's ecosystem. However, the Fire Phone was a commercial failure, which led to BlackBerry's decision to develop an Android phone of its own, resulting in the BlackBerry Priv.[41]

Version history

Obsolete Current Beta Future release

BlackBerry 10.0

Table of versions: BlackBerry OS 10.0
Version Release date Features / Improvements[42]

(BlackBerry 10 release version) See BlackBerry 10 for features.[43]

March 1, 2013
  • 3rd party app performance
  • Fixes for Gmail calendars
  • Improved - BlackBerry Hub - Call logs and how conversations are handled
  • Improved - Camera - In low light conditions
  • Improved - Browser - How it handles video playback
  • Improved - Battery life - Over 60 power saving improvements made
Version Release date Features / Improvements

BlackBerry 10.1

Table of versions: BlackBerry OS 10.1
Version Release date Features / Improvements[44]

May 14, 2013
  • PIN to PIN messaging
  • Improved attachment support
  • Custom notifications
  • HDR Camera
  • Fine cursor control
  • Remote file access to computers
  • Allows password paste into system fields[45][46][47][48]

June 10, 2013 / June 18, 2013 / July 9, 2013
  • Fix for random software reboots[49]

July 29, 2013
  • IMAP and ActiveSync email now have "Forever" as a sync option
  • New gesture in Hub to navigate between messages
  • Escalate a text to a call
  • Simple password
  • Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn updates
Version Release date Features / Improvements

BlackBerry 10.2

Table of versions: BlackBerry OS 10.2
Version Release date Features / Improvements

Has been released on the BlackBerry Z30, Z10, Q10, Q5.[50]
  • Headless Apps.
  • USB Host Capability.
  • WiFi Direct and Miracast (Q10/Z30).
  • Flurry Analytics.
  • Smart cards.
  • Altimeter.
  • Geofencing.
  • Bluetooth 4.0 low energy interface for cars, heart rate monitors, etc.
  • Camera enhancements e.g. focus lock and faster picture sharing.
  • Smart Tag triggers, enhanced list of triggers.
  • Lock screen notifications, for all types of notification.
  • Browser enhancements; improved reader mode and faster access to history.
  • Will also run apps from Android (4.2.2) Jelly Bean.
  • Multiple Alarms are settable in the clock app.
  • Priority Hub, learns to summarise which messages are important to you.
  • Instant Preview & Reply, works whatever app you are in. (Toast notifications).
  • Free Task Manager/Device monitor app.
  • Easy "I will be late" meeting notifier.
  • Custom Easy SMS/BBM reply for ignored phone calls.
  • Support for web iCal calendars.
  • Improved text selection, word processing & editing in and between apps.
  • Keyboard sounds improved to differentiate "Shift", "Symbols" & "Backspace".
  • Free Evernote app.
  • Adaptive sharing feature, for quicker sharing of anything.
  • Enhanced audio experience, and audio codecs.
  • Android HW acceleration.
  • Attachment View, for finding things easily without opening mailboxes.
  • Dark/light theme toggle.[51][52][53][54][55]

Has been released on the BlackBerry Z30, Z10, Q10, Q5, Porsche Design P'9982[56]
  • Customize Pinch Gesture to Filter BlackBerry Hub
  • Simplified Phone Experience
  • SMS and Email Groups
  • Actionable Lock Screen Notifications
  • Picture Password for Quick Unlocking
  • Customizable Quick Settings Menu
  • Offline Browser Reading Mode
  • Preferred Contact Sync
  • Torch Added
  • Device and Battery Monitor
  • FM Radio (not available for Z10)
  • Automatic Software Updates
  • Enterprise Features

Additionally, the Android runtime has been improved:[57]

  • Native code app and drivers support
  • Bluetooth API
  • embedded MapView v1 API
  • Share Framework
  • Spellcheck
  • Wi-Fi Scanning
  • Able to install Android packages (*.APK files) directly[58][59][60]

Has been released on the BlackBerry Z30, Z10, Q10, Q5, Porsche Design P'9982[56]
  • Unlimited number of apps now allowed to run in background.
  • Enhancements to Bluetooth stack.
  • 128GB exFAT-formatted removable microSDXC memory card support
  • Added IMS Services option in network settings menu for LTE Networks[61][62]

Has been released regionally on the BlackBerry Z30, Z10, Q10, Q5, Porsche Design P'9982[63]
  • Security enhancements for some Enterprise customers with specific requirements
Version Release date Features / Improvements

BlackBerry 10.3

Table of versions: BlackBerry OS 10.3
Version Release date Features / Improvements[64]



Has been preinstalled on the BlackBerry Passport and Porsche Design P'9983/Has been released on the BlackBerry Passport
  • Flat Design UI
  • Permanent Homescreen (detachable)
  • Android 4.3 runtime with multicore support (however Android apps are limited to two cores even on quad-core devices like the Blackberry Passport)[67]
  • Advanced Interactions
  • Support for BlackBerry Blend
  • BlackBerry Assistant
  • Amazon Appstore preloaded[68]






Has been preinstalled on the BlackBerry Classic/Has been released on the BlackBerry Classic/Has been released on most existing BlackBerry 10 Smartphones
  • Customizable notification profiles
  • Integrated LED color manager
  • Battery Saving Mode
  • Option to hide pictures and videos
  • Customizable keyboard shortcuts
  • Android runtime screen scaling
  • fixes the screen flickering problem that appeared on the Blackberry Passport[74]





Has been released on various BlackBerry 10 smartphones by various carriers in Northern America/Has been released on most existing BlackBerry 10 smartphones by various carriers in the rest of the world
  • Anti-theft protection in BlackBerry Protect
  • Camera enhancements
  • Calendar enhancements
  • Amazon Store app preinstalled
  • PGP and S/MIME no longer require BES
  • removes BBM Meetings[77]

Released on November 30, 2016 as an OS update.
  • Security improvements
  • Bug fixes with Android Runtime
  • Phishing protection in the browser
  • NIAP security certification, certifying government grade security.
  • "Download complete" notifications are now pushed by the browser in the status bar and Hub. [78]

Released to Verzion and Bell devices on June 1, 2018, possibly on all Blackberry 10 devices and on all carriers Bug fixes, Stability and Performance improvements, Blackberry 10 OS Security patches.

Security improvements including patches for Security vulnerabilities Spectre and KRACK[79]

Version Release date Features / Improvements

See also


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  5. ^ "End of Support Notice". BlackBerry Developer. April 15, 2014. Retrieved January 7, 2016.
  6. ^ "An update for BlackBerry® 10 Developers". BlackBerry Developer Blog. October 26, 2015. Retrieved January 7, 2016.
  7. ^ Chen, John (January 8, 2016). "Showing Our Commitment to BlackBerry 10 at CES 2016". Inside BlackBerry. Retrieved February 13, 2016.
  8. ^ a b c d "BlackBerry announces at least another two years of support for BB10 and BBOS users". Retrieved 2017-12-17.
  9. ^ Kharpal, Arjun (25 February 2017). "TCL launches new $549 smartphone under BlackBerry's banner, featuring Android software". CNBC. Retrieved 3 January 2018.
  10. ^ Lawler, Richard. "RIM loses BBX trademark battle, next OS is named BlackBerry 10". Engadget. Retrieved 7 December 2011.
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  15. ^ "FYI: Built-in Dropbox app on BlackBerry 10 no longer works, try these apps instead!". Retrieved 2017-12-17.
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  29. ^ "This is an A-B Conversation. Well, C Too".
  30. ^ "Extending the Deadline for Built for BlackBerry". Retrieved 2013-02-28.
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  34. ^ "Mixmag - BLACKBERRY Z30".
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  38. ^ Developer Economics Q3 2013 analyst report - - Retrieved July 2013
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  42. ^ "Re: Just updated to OS".
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External links

Bad Piggies

Bad Piggies is a puzzle video game developed by Rovio Entertainment, and was the company's first spin-off of Angry Birds. The game launched on Android, iOS, Windows and Mac on September 27, 2012. It was released for BlackBerry 10 on October 2013 and for Windows Phone on April 2014. Unlike the Angry Birds games, the player assists the minion pigs in building contraptions that travel on land and in air to collect pieces of a map to ultimately capture and take away the Angry Birds' eggs. As of October 2012, Bad Piggies was the fastest-selling game on the Apple App Store, and the quickest one to reach the top of the app list in just three hours.In June 2016, Rovio made Bad Piggies free-to-play, since it previously had a purchase price.

BlackBerry Classic

The BlackBerry Classic, originally known as the BlackBerry Q20, is a touchscreen-based smartphone with a physical QWERTY keyboard developed by BlackBerry, previously known as RIM (Research In Motion). The BlackBerry Classic was unveiled in December 17, 2014 and it runs BlackBerry 10 operating system. Its design is similar to the BlackBerry Q10 in form and feel and especially to the BlackBerry Bold 9900 and related lines in that they feature an optical trackpad which can compliment or be used as primary means of navigation instead of or with the device's touch-screen.

BlackBerry Leap

The BlackBerry Leap is a Smartphone developed by BlackBerry Limited. Announced on March 3, 2015 at the Mobile World Congress with initial availability in April 2015, the Leap is a follow-on to the affordable Z3 model with a number of upgraded features. Upgrades include LTE support, higher-resolution display and cameras, higher-performance CPU and GPU, double the internal storage capacity, and ships with the latest version of the BlackBerry 10 operating system. Size and weight increased very slightly from the Z3 model.

BlackBerry Limited

BlackBerry Limited is a Canadian multinational company specialising in enterprise software and the Internet of things. Originally known as Research In Motion (RIM), it is best known to the general public as the former developer of the BlackBerry brand of smartphones, and tablets. It transitioned to an enterprise software and services company under CEO John S. Chen. Its products are used worldwide by various businesses, car makers, and government agencies. They include the Blackberry AtHoc emergency communication system (ECS) platform; the QNX real-time operating system; and BlackBerry Enterprise Server (BlackBerry Unified Endpoint Manager), a Unified Endpoint Management (UEM) platform. BlackBerry was founded in 1984 as Research In Motion by Mike Lazaridis and Douglas Fregin. In 1992, Lazaridis hired Jim Balsillie, and Lazaridis and Balsillie served as co-CEOs until January 22, 2012. In November 2013, John S. Chen took over as CEO. His initial strategy was to subcontract manufacturing to Foxconn, and to focus on software technology. Currently, his strategy includes forming licensing partnerships with device manufacturers such as TCL Communication and unifying BlackBerry's software portfolio.

BlackBerry OS

BlackBerry OS is a proprietary mobile operating system developed by Canadian company BlackBerry Limited for its BlackBerry line of smartphone handheld devices. The operating system provides multitasking and supports specialized input devices that have been adopted by BlackBerry for use in its handhelds, particularly the trackwheel, trackball, and most recently, the trackpad and touchscreen.

The BlackBerry platform is perhaps best known for its native support for corporate email, through Java Micro Edition MIDP 1.0 and, more recently, a subset of MIDP 2.0, which allows complete wireless activation and synchronization with Microsoft Exchange, Lotus Domino, or Novell GroupWise email, calendar, tasks, notes, and contacts, when used with BlackBerry Enterprise Server. The operating system also supports WAP 1.2.

Updates to the operating system may be automatically available from wireless carriers that support the BlackBerry over the air software loading (OTASL) service.

Third-party developers can write software using the available BlackBerry API classes, although applications that make use of certain functionality must be digitally signed.

Research from June 2011, indicated that approximately 45% of mobile developers were using the platform at the time of publication.BlackBerry OS was discontinued after the release of BlackBerry 10 in January 2013, however support for the older OS continued until the end of 2013.

BlackBerry Passport

BlackBerry Passport is a smartphone developed by BlackBerry Limited. Officially released on October 24, 2014, the Passport is inspired by its namesake and incorporates features designed to make the device attractive to enterprise users, such as a unique square-shaped display measuring 4.5 inches diagonally, a compact physical keyboard with touchpad gestures, and the latest release of the company's BlackBerry 10 operating system.

Reception to the Passport was mixed; critics praised the quality of the device's design, screen, and keyboard for meeting the company's goals of creating a business-oriented device, along with an improved application selection through the integration of Amazon's Appstore for Android (taking advantage of the Android software support provided by BlackBerry 10) alongside BlackBerry's own store for native software. Criticism of the Passport was focused primarily on its irregular form factor, with its width being even wider than most phablet smartphones, making the device difficult to carry and use one-handed due to its increased width, while its keyboard was criticized for having made a subtle but perceptible layout change in comparison to past BlackBerry devices.

BlackBerry Porsche Design P'9982

The BlackBerry Porsche Design P'9982 is a high-end smartphone by BlackBerry and Porsche Design. Released in December 2013, it is based upon the BlackBerry Z10, having exactly the same internal hardware specifications except for an increase of internal memory from 16 GB to 64 GB and a microSD slot that is now verified for 64 GB cards.Porsche Design has modified the phone design by adding stainless steel and satin materials to the body to create a more "premium" device, which is slightly larger and has more heft than the BlackBerry Z10. The P'9982 runs Blackberry 10.2.1 and features a slightly modified user interface by Porsche Design that features a new alarm clock, lock screen display, square-shaped icons and custom BBM PINs.

BlackBerry Priv

The BlackBerry Priv is a slider smartphone developed by BlackBerry Limited. Following a series of leaks, it was officially announced by BlackBerry CEO John Chen on September 25, 2015, with pre-orders opening on October 23, 2015, for a release on November 6, 2015.The Priv is the first BlackBerry-branded smartphone that does not run the company's proprietary BlackBerry OS or BlackBerry 10 (BB10) platforms. It instead uses Android, customized with features inspired by those on BlackBerry phones, and security enhancements. With its use of Android—one of two smartphone platforms that significantly impacted BlackBerry's early dominance in the smartphone industry—the company sought to leverage access to the larger ecosystem of software available through the Google Play Store (as opposed to BlackBerry 10 devices, which were limited to native BB10 apps from BlackBerry World and Android apps from the third-party Amazon Appstore running in a compatibility subsystem), in combination with a slide-out physical keyboard and privacy-focused features.The BlackBerry Priv received mixed reviews. Critics praised the Priv's user experience for incorporating BlackBerry's traditional, productivity-oriented features on top of the standard Android experience, including a notifications feed and custom e-mail client. Some critics felt that the device's physical keyboard did not perform as well as those on previous BlackBerry devices, and that the Priv's performance was not up to par with other devices using the same system-on-chip. The Priv was also criticized for being more expensive than similarly-equipped devices in its class.

BlackBerry Q10

The BlackBerry Q10 is a touchscreen-based QWERTY smartphone developed by BlackBerry, previously known as RIM (Research In Motion). The BlackBerry Q10 is the second of two BlackBerry smartphones unveiled at the BlackBerry 10 event on January 30, 2013.

BlackBerry Q5

The BlackBerry Q5 is the third BlackBerry 10 smartphone, unveiled at the BlackBerry Live 2013 Keynote on May 14, 2013. BlackBerry 10 is gesture based.

The Q5 is targeted largely at emerging markets because of its lower end specifications. It is available in black, white, red, pink and grey. Like the BlackBerry Q10, it has a QWERTY keyboard.

BlackBerry Tablet OS

BlackBerry Tablet OS is an operating system from BlackBerry Ltd based on the QNX Neutrino real-time operating system designed to run Adobe AIR and BlackBerry WebWorks applications, currently available for the BlackBerry PlayBook tablet computer.

The BlackBerry Tablet OS is the first tablet running an operating system from QNX (now a subsidiary of RIM).

BlackBerry Tablet OS supports standard BlackBerry Java applications. Support for Android apps has also been announced, through sandbox "app players" which can be ported by developers or installed through sideloading by users. A BlackBerry Tablet OS Native Development Kit, to develop native applications with the GNU toolchain is currently in closed beta testing. The first device to run BlackBerry Tablet OS was the BlackBerry PlayBook tablet computer.A similar QNX-based operating system, known as BlackBerry 10, replaced the long-standing BlackBerry OS on handsets after version 7.

BlackBerry World

BlackBerry World (previously BlackBerry App World) is an application distribution service and application by BlackBerry Limited for a majority of BlackBerry devices. The service provides BlackBerry users with an environment to browse, download and update third-party applications. The service went live on April 1, 2009. Of the three major app stores of different operating systems, it has the largest revenue per app at $9,166.67 compared to $6,480.00 and $1,200.00 by the Apple App Store and Google Play, respectively. On 21 January 2013, BlackBerry announced that it rebranded the BlackBerry App World to simpler BlackBerry World as part of the release of the BlackBerry 10 operating system. BlackBerry devices since 2015 (with the release of BlackBerry Priv) no longer use the BlackBerry 10 operating system but Android instead, which uses the Google Play Store. BlackBerry World is set to shut in 2019.

BlackBerry Z10

The BlackBerry Z10 is a high-end LTE touchscreen-based smartphone developed by BlackBerry, previously known as RIM.

The BlackBerry Z10 is the first of two new BlackBerry phones presented at the BlackBerry 10 event on January 30, 2013. The BlackBerry Z10 was followed by the Z30.

BlackBerry Z30

The BlackBerry Z30 is a high-end 4G touchscreen smartphone developed by BlackBerry. Announced on September 18, 2013, it succeeds the Z10 as the second totally touchscreen device to run the BlackBerry 10 operating system (and the first with version 10.2). The Z30 includes a 5-inch 720p Super AMOLED display (built on 86 µm pixel) with "quad-core graphics", speakers and microphones with "Natural Sound" technology, six processor cores (GPU is a Quad-Core Adreno 320, CPU is a dual-core Snapdragon S4 Pro processor, both 1.7 GHz) and a non-removable 2880 mAh battery. The BlackBerry Z30 also uses Paratek Antenna Technology. This refers to the number of proprietary advancements in antenna hardware and tuning technology that is aimed to improve performance especially in regions with low signal.

Mobile operating system

A mobile operating system (or mobile OS) is an operating system for phones, tablets, smartwatches, or other mobile mi notedevices. While computers such as typical laptops are 'mobile', the operating systems usually used on them are not considered mobile ones, as they were originally designed for desktop computers that historically did not have or need specific mobile features. This distinction is becoming blurred in some newer operating systems that are hybrids made for both uses.

Mobile operating systems combine features of a personal computer operating system with other features useful for mobile or handheld use; usually including, and most of the following considered essential in modern mobile systems; a wireless inbuilt modem and SIM tray for telephony and data connection, a touchscreen, cellular, Bluetooth, Wi-Fi Protected Access, Wi-Fi, Global Positioning System (GPS) mobile navigation, video- and single-frame picture cameras, speech recognition, voice recorder, music player, near field communication, and infrared blaster. By Q1 2018, over 383 million smartphones were sold with 86.2 percent running Android and 12.9 percent running iOS. Android alone is more popular than the popular desktop operating system Windows, and in general smartphone use (even without tablets) outnumber desktop use.

Mobile devices with mobile communications abilities (e.g., smartphones) contain two mobile operating systems – the main user-facing software platform is supplemented by a second low-level proprietary real-time operating system which operates the radio and other hardware. Research has shown that these low-level systems may contain a range of security vulnerabilities permitting malicious base stations to gain high levels of control over the mobile device.Mobile operating systems have majority use since 2017 (measured by web use); with even only the smartphones running them (excluding tablets) more used than any other kind of device. Thus traditional desktop OS is now a minority used kind of OS; see usage share of operating systems. However, variations occur in popularity by regions, while desktop-minority also applies on some days in regions such as United States and United Kingdom.

Modern Combat

Modern Combat is a series of video games developed and published by Gameloft mainly for iOS and Android. All games from the series play similar to that of the Call of Duty and Battlefield franchises and features multiple missions in varied environments with different tasks for players to complete. The main enemies in the game are terrorists, and often, the player is accompanied by other soldiers who fight alongside them. Modern Combat: Sandstorm is the first game in the Modern Combat series and was followed by 2010's Modern Combat 2: Black Pegasus, 2011's Modern Combat 3: Fallen Nation, 2012's Modern Combat 4: Zero Hour 2014's Modern Combat 5: Blackout and 2017’s Modern Combat: Versus.

N.O.V.A. 3

Near Orbit Vanguard Alliance 3 (also called N.O.V.A. 3) is Gameloft's third installment of the N.O.V.A. series for iOS, BlackBerry 10 and Android devices, with planned releases for the BlackBerry PlayBook and Windows Phone 8 devices. The game was released on the App Store on May 10, 2012. N.O.V.A. 3 falls into the sci-fi action-adventure FPS genre. Gameloft also launched a free to play edition of N.O.V.A 3 which is known as N.O.V.A 3 :Freedom Edition. Unlike its predecessors, instead of being faithfully orientated towards Halo, N.O.V.A 3 is more orientated to games such as Killzone and Call of Duty.

N.O.V.A 3 features Gameloft's multiplayer service Gameloft Live.

Plants vs. Zombies

Plants vs. Zombies is a tower defense video game developed and originally published by PopCap Games for Microsoft Windows and OS X. The game involves homeowners who use a variety of different plants to prevent an army of zombies from entering their houses and "eating their brains". It was first released on May 5, 2009, and made available on Steam on the same day. A version for iOS was released in February 2010, and an HD version for the iPad. An extended Xbox Live Arcade version introducing new gameplay modes and features was released on September 8, 2010. PopCap released a Nintendo DS version on January 18, 2011 with content unique to the platform. The PlayStation 3 version was released in February 2011 also with added new co-op and versus modes found in the Xbox 360 version. An Android version of the game was released on May 31, 2011 on the Amazon Appstore, while it was also released to the Android Market (now Google Play) on December 14, 2011. On February 16, 2012, a version was released for BlackBerry PlayBook. Later, a BlackBerry smartphone version of the game was released on January 2013 following the launch of BlackBerry 10. Furthermore, both the original Windows and Mac version of the game have been re-released with additional content in a Game of the Year version. In January 2015, a free ad-supported version of the game was released for iOS.The game received a positive response from critics and was nominated for multiple Interactive Achievement Awards, alongside receiving praise for its musical score. A sequel, Plants vs. Zombies 2: It's About Time, was released in 2013 for iOS and Android.

The Sims FreePlay

The Sims FreePlay is a strategic life simulation game developed by EA Mobile and later with Firemonkeys Studios. It is a free version of The Sims for mobile devices; it was released for iOS on December 15, 2011, released for Android in February 15, 2012, released for BlackBerry 10 in July 31, 2013, and released for Windows Phone 8 in September 12, 2013. The game was released for Fire OS in October 2012.

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