Blâmont

Blâmont is a commune in the Meurthe-et-Moselle department in northeastern France.

Blâmont
The town hall in Blâmont
The town hall in Blâmont
Coat of arms of Blâmont

Coat of arms
Location of Blâmont
Blâmont is located in France
Blâmont
Blâmont
Blâmont is located in Grand Est
Blâmont
Blâmont
Coordinates: 48°35′26″N 6°50′35″E / 48.5906°N 6.8431°ECoordinates: 48°35′26″N 6°50′35″E / 48.5906°N 6.8431°E
CountryFrance
RegionGrand Est
DepartmentMeurthe-et-Moselle
ArrondissementLunéville
CantonBaccarat
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Guy Jambois
Area
1
7.41 km2 (2.86 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[1]
1,093
 • Density150/km2 (380/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
54077 /54450
Elevation254–336 m (833–1,102 ft)
(avg. 264 m or 866 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±%
19621,409—    
19681,400−0.6%
19751,257−10.2%
19821,399+11.3%
19901,318−5.8%
19991,261−4.3%
20071,180−6.4%
20081,164−1.4%
20121,066−8.4%
20131,099+3.1%

Sights

The Château de Blâmont is the medieval castle below which the city grew.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
A33 autoroute

The A33 autoroute is a 26.8 kilometres (16.7 mi) long motorway in northeastern France. It forms part of European route E23.

Antoine Veil

Antoine Veil was a French civil servant of the haut fonctionnaire grade.Veil was born on 28 August 1926 in Blâmont Commune, Meurthe-et-Moselle Department.On 5 July 2017 President of France Emmanuel Macron announced that the remains of Antoine Veil and his wife Simone Veil would be transferred to the Panthéon.Veil died on 12 April 2013.

Badonviller

Badonviller (German: Badenweiler) is a commune in the Meurthe-et-Moselle department in northeastern France.

Château de Blâmont

The Château de Blâmont is a castle built at the end of the 13th century in the French commune of Blâmont, in the département of Meurthe-et-Moselle.It underwent successive alterations and extensions in the 13th, 14th and 17th centuries which have made it one of the most beautiful medieval castle ruins in Lorraine, thanks to the preservation of five towers.Despite heavy damage by American bombardment in 1944, the building has survived. Built around 1200, the castle was given new fortifications a century later. In the 16th century, a Renaissance-style building was constructed within the walls. The fortress suffered during the Thirty Years' War. During the 19th century, the medieval part was converted into a romantic castle, and part of the site became a weaving mill. In 1912, the castle became the property of a chocolatier, Fernand Burrus, who added two towers. Today, members of the Association Clef de Voûte maintain the site and organise events.Château de Blâmont has been listed as a monument historique by the French Ministry of Culture since 1994.

Château de Pierre-Percée

The Château de Pierre-Percée ('pierced rock castle') is a ruined castle found in the commune of Pierre-Percée in the département of Meurthe-et-Moselle, France.

The site in the early 12th century was in possession of Agnès, countess of Bar and widow of the count of Langenstein. She married Hermann II, Count of Salm and son of Hermann I, King of Germania (Eastern Francia). A well dug 100 ft (~30 m) into the rock gives the village and the castle their name. The territory, which included the towns of Badonviller (which became the capital of the county) and Blâmont, became for several hundred years part of the hereditary property of the Counts of Salm. Around 1134, Hermann II went to war allied to the Duke of Lorraine against the Count of Bar and Stephan of Bar, the Bishop of Metz, himself a member of the Bar family. Hermann was killed on the battlefield outside the Château de Frouard. The castle at Pierre-Percée was besieged for a year and fell into the hands of the bishop of Metz with the death of Hermann's eldest son.

The castle was not besieged again until the Thirty Years' War (1618-1648) when, being deserted, it was destroyed by Franco-Swedish troops.

State property, the Château de Pierre-Percée is listed as a monument historique by the French Ministry of Culture.

Claude Ambroise Régnier

Claude Ambroise Régnier, Duke of Massa (6 April 1746 – 24 June 1814) was a French lawyer and politician.

He was a deputy in 1789, a member of the Council of Ancients, a member of the Senate and a Minister.

Dombasle-sur-Meurthe

Dombasle-sur-Meurthe is a commune in the Meurthe-et-Moselle department in north-eastern France, close to the city of Nancy.

Haroué

Haroué is a commune in the Meurthe-et-Moselle department in north-eastern France.

Liverdun

Liverdun is a commune in the Meurthe-et-Moselle department in north-eastern France.

Louis V, Count of Chiny

Louis V (1235-1299), Count of Chiny (1268-1299), the youngest son of Arnold IV, Count of Looz and Chiny, and Jeanne, Countess of Chiny. He became Count of Chiny in 1268 when his parents entrusted him with the county before their death.In 1285, he brought to Chauvency-le-Château one of the most famous jousting tournaments (a “tournament of chivalry”) of the Middle Ages, which pitted knights from the Empire, France, Lotharingia, Hainault, Flanders, and England, against each other in two days of solo-contest jousting and a final day of massed mêlée fighting. The Tournament of Chauvency (Tournament of Chauvency) was described in verse by the French poet Jacques Bretel. A list of the participants at the tournament, which includes nearly 100 named individuals, can be found here.

Before 22 July 1257, he married Jeanne de Bar (1225-1299), widow of Frederick de Blâmont (d. 1255/6) and daughter of Henry II, Count of Bar, and Philippa de Dreux. Her dowry was the castle of Salm. Jeanne already had three children from her first marriage: Henry (d.1331) sire de Blâmont and seneschal of Lorraine, Joffroi (mentioned in 1253) and Thomas (princier of Verdun and subsequently Bishop, d.1305). Until she became Countess of Chiny in spring 1268 she was styled as 'dame de Blâmont' and used her own seal.Louis and Jeanne had no children and, after his death, Chiny reverted to his nephew Arnold V of Looz.

Mars-la-Tour

Mars-la-Tour is a commune in the Meurthe-et-Moselle department in northeastern France.

Marthe Richard

Marthe Richard, née Betenfeld (15 August 1889, Blâmont – 9 February 1982) was a prostitute and spy. She later became a politician and worked towards the closing of brothels in France in 1946.

Meurthe-et-Moselle's 4th constituency

The 4th constituency of Meurthe-et-Moselle is a French legislative constituency in the Meurthe-et-Moselle département.

Othe

Othe is a commune in the Meurthe-et-Moselle department in north-eastern France. It is an exclave of the French Meurthe-et-Moselle Department.

Pagny-sur-Moselle

Pagny-sur-Moselle is a commune in the Meurthe-et-Moselle department in north-eastern France.

Sexey-aux-Forges

Sexey-aux-Forges is a commune in the Meurthe-et-Moselle department in north-eastern France.

Tournament of Chauvency

The Tournament of Chauvency was held in 1285 to bring together the greatest knights of France and Germany for six days of jousting and other activities, a social event of primary importance at the end of the thirteenth century. Dedicated to Henry IV, Count of Salm, the tournament was organized by Louis V, Count of Chiny, and held in the small village of Chauvency-le-Château, near Montmédy.

The tournament was documented in the poem le Tournoi de Chauvency by the thirteenth century trouvère Jacques Bretel. The miniatures of the Oxford manuscript show knights struggling during the jousting and other activities of the tournament.

Nearly 500 knights and other royalty and their wives participated in the tournament. Most notably are:

Rudolf I, King of Germany

Ottokar II, King of Bohemia (see below)

Frederick III, Duke of Lorraine

John I, Duke of Brabant

Theobald II, Count of Bar

Henry III, Count of Bar, son of the previous

John of Bar, brother of the previous

Louis V, Count of Chiny

Jeanne de Bar, wife of the previous

Gerard de Looz, Seigneur de Chauvency le-Château, brother of Louis V

Henry V the Blond, Count of Luxembourg

Margaret of Bar, wife of the previous

Henry VI the Condemned, Count of Luxembourg

Béatrice d'Avesnes, wife of Henry VI of Luxembourg

Waleran I, Lord of Ligny

Thomas of Blankenberg, step-son of Louis V (son of Jeanne of Bar and her first husband Frederick de Blâmont)

Guy of Dampierre, Count of Flanders

Philip of Chieti, youngest child of Guy

John I, Count of Hainaut

John II, Count of Holland, son of John I

Florent of Hainaut

Renaud I, Count of Dammartin.Note that Ottokar II was killed on 26 August 1278 at the Battle on the Marchfeld (by the troops of Rudolf) as so was clearly not at the tournament as reported by Bretel.

A fanciful description of the tournament activities can be found in the book The Reign of Chivalry by Barber.According to Laret-Kayser, Louis V used to tournament to promote his family's illustrious history, from being descended from Charlemagne to his ancestor Arnold I, Count of Chiny, sending his sons to fight in the First Crusade.

Vaudémont

Vaudémont is a commune in the Meurthe-et-Moselle department in north-eastern France.

Communes of the Meurthe-et-Moselle department

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