Birkhäuser is a former Swiss publisher founded in 1879 by Emil Birkhäuser. It was acquired by Springer Science+Business Media in 1985. Today it is an imprint used by two companies in unrelated fields:

  • Springer continues to publish science (particularly: history of science, geosciences, computer science) and mathematics books and journals under the Birkhäuser imprint (with a leaf logo) sometimes called Birkhäuser Science.[1][2]
  • Birkhäuser Verlag[3]—an architecture and design publishing company was (re)created in 2010 when Springer sold its design and architecture segment to ACTAR.[4] The resulting Spanish-Swiss company was then called ActarBirkhäuser. After a bankruptcy,[2] in 2012 Birkhäuser Verlag was sold again, this time to De Gruyter.[5][6]

Additionally, the Reinach-based printer Birkhäuser+GBC[7] operates independently of the above, being now owned by Basler Zeitung.[8][9]

Parent companySpringer Science+Business Media (science)
Walter de Gruyter (design)
FounderEmil Birkhäuser
Country of originSwitzerland
Headquarters locationBasel
Publication typesbooks, academic journals
Official (Springer) (de Gruyter)


The original Swiss publishers program focused on regional literature. In the 1920s the sons of Emil Birkhäuser established a basis for the current scientific program with academic journals and reference books, later progressing to textbooks and monographs in the natural sciences. (The company was formally known as "Verlag Emil Birkhäuser & Cie. A.G." back then.) In the 1940s the scientific segments were expanded and gained international recognition. Publications in civil engineering followed as did further journals and book series in the ensuing years. In the 1960s the publishing program was expanded to incorporate architecture. Birkhäuser opened a branch office in Boston, Massachusetts, USA in 1979 which focused on mathematics and theoretical physics. From 1985 to 2010 Birkhäuser entirely was a part of the Springer Group.


  1. ^ "About us Journals, Academic Books & Online Media | Birkhäuser". Retrieved 2013-12-31.
  2. ^ a b "Birkhäuser Verlag ist insolvent - buchreport - Nachrichten VerlageNachrichten aus der Buch- und Medienbranche, Marktanalysen und SPIEGEL- Bestseller" (in German). Retrieved 2013-12-31.
  3. ^ "Birkhauser". Birkhauser. Retrieved 2013-12-31.
  4. ^ "Kunstbuch: Jetzt offiziell: Springer zum Birkhäuser-Verkauf an Actar | Verlage" (in German). Retrieved 2013-12-31.
  5. ^ "De Gruyter übernimmt Birkhäuser" (in German). 2012-04-24. Retrieved 2013-12-31.
  6. ^ [1] Archived August 14, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ "Birkhäuser+GBC AG". Retrieved 2013-12-31.
  8. ^ pop (2012-03-21). "Birkhäuser-Verlag vor der Pleite - Econo" (in German). Archived from the original on 2012-03-24. Retrieved 2013-12-31.
  9. ^ "Birkhäuser prüft Abbau von 55 Stellen - News Basel: Land" (in German). Retrieved 2013-12-31.

ACTAR is a publisher of books on architecture, graphic design, and contemporary art. It was founded in 1994 and based in Barcelona. ACTAR has opened a new architectural debates since its foundation, and has been managed by Ramon Prat. In 2006, ACTAR opened a New York City office for North American sales and distribution. In addition to ACTAR's in-house titles, ACTAR D internationally distributes publications by cultural institutions, Universities and other publishers.

ACTAR acquired Swiss Publishers Birkhäuser Verlag in 2010, turning into the most important company of contents on architecture, under the new name ActarBirkhäuser. Nevertheless, in 2012 Birkhäuser Verlag was sold, this time to the Gruyter, due to the structural changes of the publishing sector, for the effects of the increasing crisis in the sector of the construction, as well as for the enormous irruption of free contents in Internet.

From 2012, ACTAR was acquired in turn by the North American company ACTAR D, turning now into ACTAR PUBLISHERS. Though its catalogue is focused especially on architecture, this one will not leave its assignment since the publishing house was founded on the 90: To fix the riskiest architectural production, which base is in the investigation of other ways of planning and constructing in a changeable society towards the requirements that are asked the architect.

ACTAR's publishing program is focused on the works of established and emerging architects, designers, artists, and photographers. Its books feature collaborations with architects including OMA / Rem Koolhaas, Foreign Office Architects / Farshid Moussavi, MVRDV/ Winy Maas, UN Studio, Massimiliano Fuksas, Diller + Scofidio, Toyo Ito, SANAA / Kazuyo Sejima, Sanford Kwinter, Kazys Varnelis, Harvard Graduate School of Design, Vincente Guallart; designers including VASAVA; photographers including Joan Fontcuberta; and chef Ferran Adrià of ElBulli.

Now entering an exciting new phase focused on the multi-platform development of specialized content through urbanNext, Actar is producing new tools for its global dissemination with new impulses, new proposals, and new goals to expand architecture to rethink cities.

Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras

Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras is a peer-reviewed scientific journal that publishes original research papers and also notes, expository and survey articles, book reviews, reproduces abstracts and also reports on conferences and workshops in the area of Clifford algebras and their applications to other branches of mathematics and physics, and in certain cognate areas.

The journal was established in 1991 by Jaime Keller who was its editor-in-chief until his death in 2011. The current editor-in-chief of the journal is Waldyr Alves Rodrigues Jr. (Universidade Estadual de Campinas). The journal is published by Springer Science+Business Media under its Birkhäuser Verlag imprint.

Annales Henri Poincaré

The Annales Henri Poincaré (A Journal of Theoretical and Mathematical Physics) is a peer-reviewed scientific journal which collects and publishes original research papers in the field of theoretical and mathematical physics. The emphasis is on "analytical theoretical and mathematical physics" in a broad sense. The journal is named in honor of Henri Poincaré and it succeeds two former journals, Annales de l'Institut Henri Poincaré, physique théorique and Helvetica Physical Acta (ISSN 0018-0238). It is published by Birkhäuser Verlag. Its first Chief Editor was Vincent Rivasseau and the current Chief Editor is Krysztof Gawedzki.

Cornell Journal of Architecture

The Cornell Journal of Architecture is a critical academic journal of architecture and urbanism produced by the Department of Architecture at the Cornell University College of Architecture, Art, and Planning. The journal was established in 1981 and is edited by architecture students with guidance from faculty. In 2011 the journal was revived after publication was suspended for eight years. The journal has been published/distributed by Rizzoli, Distributed Art Publishers, and most recently by ACTAR/Birkhäuser Verlag.

César Pelli

César Pelli (born October 12, 1926), founder of Pelli Clarke Pelli Architects, is an Argentine American architect who has designed some of the world's tallest buildings and other major urban landmarks. Some of his most notable contributions include the Petronas Towers in Kuala Lumpur and the World Financial Center in New York City. The American Institute of Architects named him one of the ten most influential living American architects in 1991 and awarded him the AIA Gold Medal in 1995. In 2008, the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat presented him with The Lynn S. Beedle Lifetime Achievement Award.

Geometric and Functional Analysis

Geometric and Functional Analysis (GAFA) is a mathematical journal published by Birkhäuser, an independent division of Springer-Verlag. The journal is published approximately bi-monthly.

The journal publishes papers on broad range of topics in geometry and analysis including geometric analysis, riemannian geometry, symplectic geometry, geometric group theory, non-commutative geometry, automorphic forms and analytic number theory, and others.GAFA is both an acronym and a part of the official full name of the journal.

Infinity and the Mind

Infinity and the Mind: The Science and Philosophy of the Infinite is a popular mathematics book by American mathematician, computer scientist, and science fiction writer Rudy Rucker.

Insectes Sociaux

Insectes sociaux is a scientific journal dedicated to the study of social insects. It is the official journal of the International Union for the Study of Social Insects (IUSSI), and is published by Birkhäuser Verlag.

Journal of Evolutionary Biology

The Journal of Evolutionary Biology is a bimonthly peer-reviewed scientific journal covering the field of evolutionary biology. It is published by Wiley-Blackwell on behalf of the European Society for Evolutionary Biology. The founding editor-in-chief was Stephen C. Stearns. He was succeeded by Pierre-Henri Gouyon (1992–1995), Rolf Hoekstra (1996–1999), Peter van Tienderen (2000–2003), Juha Merilä (2004–2007), Allen Moore (2007–2010), and Michael G. Ritchie (2011-2017). The current editor is Wolf U. Blanckenhorn (University of Zurich).

Initially published by Birkhäuser, the journal switched to Blackwell Science in 1998. According to Stearns, this "happened because Birkhäuser, which had been acquired by Springer-Verlag, withheld information on its costs and profits. Revenue was not being shared as we thought we had agreed, and we had poor market penetration in North American and the UK. The change to Blackwell Science brought with it many more library subscriptions and a dramatic increase in revenue to the Society."

Metric Structures for Riemannian and Non-Riemannian Spaces

Metric Structures for Riemannian and Non-Riemannian Spaces is a book in geometry by Mikhail Gromov. It was originally published in French in 1981 under the title Structures métriques pour les variétés riemanniennes, by CEDIC (Paris).


The Modulor is an anthropometric scale of proportions devised by the Swiss-born French architect Le Corbusier (1887–1965).

It was developed as a visual bridge between two incompatible scales, the imperial and the metric system. It is based on the height of a man with his arm raised.

It was used as a system to set out a number of Le Corbusier's buildings and was later codified into two books.


Neurophysics (or neurobiophysics) is the branch of biophysics dealing with the development and use of physical techniques to gain information about the nervous system on a molecular level.The term is a portmanteau of neuron and physics, to represent an interdisciplinary science which applies the approaches and methods of experimental biophysics to study the nervous system.

Examples of techniques developed and used in neurophysics are magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), patch clamp, tomography, and two-photon excitation microscopy.

Peter Birkhäuser

Peter Birkhäuser (7 June 1911 – 22 November 1976) was a Swiss poster artist, portraitist, and visionary painter, noted for his paintings illustrating imagery from dreams in the context of analytical psychology.

Physics in Perspective

Physics in Perspective is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal published by Birkhäuser. It covers historical, philosophical, and social scientific perspectives of physics. The editors-in-chief are Joseph D. Martin (University of Cambridge) and Richard Staley (University of Cambridge).

Poincaré Seminars

The Poincaré Seminars, named for the mathematician and theoretical physicist Henri Poincaré, were founded in 2001. They are nicknamed Bourbaphy for their inspiration by the Bourbaki Seminars.

The goal of this seminar is to provide information on topics of current interest in physics. Its way of working is directly inspired by the Bourbaki Seminar in mathematics. A series of pedagogical talks aims at explaining a topic of current interest both from a theoretical and an experimental point of view, possibly complemented by a historical introduction. A booklet with the contributions of the speakers is distributed on the day of the seminar. The seminar aims at a general audience of mathematicians and physicists and does not require any specialized knowledge.

Raoul Bott

Raoul Bott, (September 24, 1923 – December 20, 2005) was a Hungarian-American mathematician known for numerous basic contributions to geometry in its broad sense. He is best known for his Bott periodicity theorem, the Morse–Bott functions which he used in this context, and the Borel–Bott–Weil theorem.

Scottish Book

The Scottish Book (Polish: Księga Szkocka) was a thick notebook used by mathematicians of the Lwów School of Mathematics in Poland for jotting down problems meant to be solved. The notebook was named after the "Scottish Café" where it was kept.

Originally, the mathematicians who gathered at the cafe would write down the problems and equations directly on the cafe's marble table tops, but these would be erased at the end of each day, and so the record of the preceding discussions would be lost. The idea for the book was most likely originally suggested by Stefan Banach, or his wife, Łucja, who purchased a large notebook and left it with the proprietor of the cafe.

Why We Nap

Why We Nap: Evolution, Chronobiology, and Functions of Polyphasic and Ultrashort Sleep (1992) is a book edited by Claudio Stampi, sole proprietor of the Chronobiology Research Institute. It is frequently mentioned by "polyphasic sleepers", as it is one of the few published books about the subject of systematic short napping in extreme situations where consolidated sleep is not possible.According to the book, in a sleep deprived condition, measurements of a polyphasic sleeper's memory retention and analytical ability show increases as compared with monophasic and biphasic sleep (but still a decrease of 12% as compared with free running sleep). According to Stampi, the improvement is due to an extraordinary evolutionary predisposition to adopt such a sleep schedule; he hypothesizes this is possibly because polyphasic sleep was the preferred schedule of ancestors of the human race for thousands of years prior to the adoption of the monophasic schedule.

According to EEG measurements collected by Dr. Stampi during a 50-day trial of polyphasic ultrashort sleep with a test subject and published in his book Why We Nap, the proportion of sleep stages remains roughly the same during both polyphasic and monophasic sleep schedules. The major differences are that the ratio of lighter sleep stages to deeper sleep stages is slightly reduced and that sleep stages are often taken out of order or not at all, that is, some naps may be composed primarily of slow wave sleep while rapid eye movement sleep dominates other naps.

ISBN 0-8176-3462-2 published by Birkhäuser, 1992, Boston

Zeitschrift für Angewandte Mathematik und Physik

The Zeitschrift für Angewandte Mathematik und Physik (English: Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics) is a bimonthly peer-reviewed scientific journal published by Birkhäuser Verlag. The editor-in-chief is Kaspar Nipp (ETH Zurich). It was established in 1950 and covers the fields of fluid mechanics, solid mechanics, differential equations/applied mathematics, and related topics. According to the Journal Citation Reports, the journal has a 2017 impact factor of 1.711.

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