Bing Xin

Xie Wanying (October 5, 1900 – February 28, 1999),[1] better known by her pen name Bing Xin or Xie Bingxin, was one of the most prolific Chinese writers of the 20th Century. Many of her works were written for young readers. She was the chairperson of the China Federation of Literary and Art Circles. Her pen name Bing Xin (literally "Ice Heart") carries the meaning of a morally pure heart, and is taken from a line in a Tang Dynasty poem by Wang Changling.

Bing Xin (Xie Wanying)
Bing Xin 1920s
Bing Xin in the 1920s.
Born5 October 1900
Died28 February 1999 (aged 98)
Alma materYenching University
Spouse(s)Wu Wenzao
ChildrenWu Qing
Parent(s)Xie Baozhang (謝葆璋)
Yang Fuci (楊福慈)
Awards1998 Lu Xun Literary Prize
Bing Xin
Chinese冰心
Literal meaningIce Heart
Transcriptions
Standard Mandarin
Hanyu PinyinBīngxīn
Xie Wanying
Traditional Chinese謝婉瑩
Simplified Chinese谢婉莹
Transcriptions
Standard Mandarin
Hanyu PinyinXiè Wǎnyíng

Life

Bing Xin was born in Fuzhou, Fujian, but moved to Shanghai with her family when she was seven months old, and later moved yet again to the coastal port city of Yantai, Shandong, when she was four. Such a move had a crucial influence on Bing Xin's personality and philosophy of love and beauty, as the vastness and beauty of the sea greatly expanded and refined young Bing Xin's mind and heart. It was also in Yantai Bing Xin first began to read the classics of Chinese literature, such as Romance of the Three Kingdoms and Water Margin, when she was just seven.

In 1913, Bing Xin moved to Beijing. The May Fourth Movement in 1919 inspired and elevated Bing Xin's patriotism to new high levels, starting her writing career as she wrote for a school newspaper at Yanjing University where she was enrolled as a student and published her first novel. Bing Xin graduated from Yanjing University in 1923 with a bachelor's degree, and went to the United States to study at Wellesley College, earning a master's degree at Wellesley in literature in 1926. She then returned to Yanjing University to teach until 1936.

In 1929, she married Wu Wenzao, an anthropologist and her good friend when they were studying in the United States. Together, Bing Xin and her husband visited different intellectual circles around the world, communicating with other intellectuals such as Virginia Woolf.

In 1940, Bing Xin was elected a member of the National Senate.[2]

Later in her life, Bing Xin taught in Japan for a short period and stimulated more cultural communications between China and the other parts of the world as a traveling Chinese writer. In literature, Bing Xin founded the "Bing Xin Style" as a new literary style. She contributed a lot to children's literature in China (her writings were even incorporated into children's textbooks), and also undertook various translation tasks, including the translation of the works of Indian literary figure Rabindranath Tagore.

Bing Xin's literary career was prolific and productive. She wrote a wide range of works—prose, poetry, novels, reflections, etc. Her career spanned more than seven decades in length, from 1919 to the 1990s.

Legacy

Selected works

  • Jimo (寂寞, Loneliness) (1922)
  • Chaoren (超人, Superhuman) (1923)
  • Fanxing (繁星, A Myriad of Stars) (1923)
  • Chunshui (春水, Spring Water) (1923)
  • Liu yi jie (六一姐, Six-one sister) (1924)
  • Ji xiao duzhe (寄小讀者, To Young Readers) (1926)
  • Nangui (南歸, Homeward South) (1931)
  • Bing Xin Quanji (冰心全集, The Collected Works of Bing Xin) (1932–1933)
  • Yinghua zan (櫻花讚, Ode to Sakura)
  • Wo men zheli meiyou dongtian (我們這裡沒有冬天, No Winter in My Hometown) (1974)
  • Wo de guxiang (我的故鄉, My Home) (1983)
  • Guanyu nuren (關於女人, About Females) (1999)

Works available in English

References

  1. ^ "Bingxin | Chinese author". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2017-10-19.
  2. ^ James Z. Gao: Historical Dictionary of Modern China (1800-1949)
  3. ^ Bing Xin Museum Receives Author's Household Estate, CCTV, 2004-03-24, archived from the original on 2011-07-07, retrieved 2010-04-28
  4. ^ "冰心儿童文学新作奖" [Bing Xin Children's Literature Award]. Baidu Baike.
  5. ^ Abrahamsen, Eric. "The Bing Xin Children's Literature Award". Paper Republic.
  6. ^ "List of Bing Xin Award Winning New Works of Children's Literature 2005-2011 2005年-2011年冰心儿童文学新作奖获奖篇目". Chinese-forums.com.
  7. ^ Bing Xin. "The Little Orange Lamp" (PDF). Translated by Gong Shifen.
  8. ^ "chinese-shortstories.com". www.chinese-shortstories.com.
  9. ^ "Bing Xin and The Little Orange Lantern". 29 December 2016.

Further reading

External links

1999

1999 (MCMXCIX)

was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1999th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 999th year of the 2nd millennium, the 99th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1990s decade.

1999 was designated as the International Year of Older Persons.

Bing Xin Children's Literature Award

The Bing Xin Children's Literary Award (Bing Xin ertong wenxue xinzuo jiang 冰心儿童文学新作奖) is named after the Chinese writer Bing Xin, whose work has made her a key figure in 20th-century Chinese literature. It is an annual award intended to "honor the creativity of Chinese Children's literature and in addition to discovering and fostering new authors, supporting and encouraging outstanding children's literature and publishing..." The first series of awards were announced in 2005.Bing Xin's daughter Wu Qing continues to be involved with the Bing Xin Children's Literature Award.

Ciqikou, Chongqing

Ciqikou (Chinese: 磁器口; pinyin: Cíqìkǒu; literally: 'Porcelain Port") is an ancient town in the Shapingba District of Chongqing Municipality, People's Republic of China. It was originally called Longyinzhen (simplified Chinese: 龙隐镇; traditional Chinese: 龍隱鎮; pinyin: Lóngyǐnzhèn) and was also known as Little Chongqing.

According to an old Chinese proverb: "One flagstone road, and one thousand years' Ciqikou". The name of the town can be traced back to porcelain production during the Ming (1368–1644) and Qing Dynasties. Formerly a busy port located at the lower reaches of the Jialing River, a thousand years after its foundation the town remains a symbol and microcosm of old Chongqing (Jiang Zhou).

List of Chinese women writers

The following is a list of Chinese women writers.

List of The X-Family characters

This is a character list of the Taiwanese television series The X-Family, which was aired between August 8 and October 23, 2007.

List of The X-Family episodes

This is the episode guide of The X-Family (終極一家). It aired on GTV.

Click here to visit the episode guides of the first series KO One (終極一班) and the third series K.O.3an Guo (終極三國).

Lu Yin (writer)

Lu Yin (1899–1934) was a 20th-century Chinese writer. Her books are not happy and they discuss the position of women in China in her stories. She was very well known in the 1920s and is best known for her novel The Ivory Ring. Bing Xin, Lin Huiyin and Lu Yin have been called the "three talented women in Fuzhou".

Martin Woesler

Martin Woesler (born 29 September 1969 in Münster, West Germany) is a German sinologist, cultural scientist and translator of Chinese literature.

Sanfang Qixiang

Sanfang Qixiang (Chinese: 三坊七巷; pinyin: sān fāng qī xiàng; Foochow Romanized: Săng-huŏng-chék-háe̤ng), literally Three Lanes and Seven Alleys, is a historic and cultural area in the city of Fuzhou. Its name is derived from the three lanes of Yijin (衣锦), Wenru (文儒), and Guanglu (光禄) and the seven alleys of Yangqiao (杨桥), Langguan (郎官), Ta (塔), Huang (黄), Anmin (安民), Gong (宫), Jipi (吉庇). Covering a total area of 38 hectares, it is celebrated as an architectural museum of Ming and Qing Dynasty buildings, including numerous National Designated Monuments like the historic residences of Yan Fu, Lin Congyi, Bing Xin and Lin Juemin.

Because of its more than 400 rich, famous and powerful residents, this port city was known as 'Beverly Hills' of imperial China.

Thanks to its fame as a living fossil of traditional Chinese urban wards of Li (里) and Fang (坊) that date back to as early as Tang Dynasty, it was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List in 2013, and later designated a National Historic and Cultural Street by the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development and State Administration of Cultural Heritage in 2015. Owing to the extraordinary efforts to protect the historic fabrics from Sanfang Qixiang Administration, it was awarded 2015 UNESCO Asia-Pacific Heritage Awards as Honourable Mention.

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Thum Ping Tjin

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Wellesley College

Wellesley College is a private women's liberal arts college in Wellesley, Massachusetts. Founded in 1870 by Henry and Pauline Durant, it is a member of the original Seven Sisters Colleges. Wellesley is home to 56 departmental and interdepartmental majors spanning the liberal arts, as well as over 150 student clubs and organizations. The college also allows its students to cross-register at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Brandeis University, Babson College and Franklin W. Olin College of Engineering. Wellesley athletes compete in the NCAA Division III New England Women's and Men's Athletic Conference.

As of 2018, Wellesley was ranked the third best liberal arts college in the United States by U.S. News & World Report. As of 2017, Wellesley is the highest endowed women's college in the world, with an endowment of nearly $2 billion, and had a Fall 2018 first-year student acceptance rate of 19%.The college's robust alumnae base has been widely viewed as the "most powerful women's network in the world", and its graduates are often recognized as among the most accomplished of any institution and most responsive to fellow alumnae. Notable alumnae include Hillary Rodham Clinton, Madeleine Albright, Katharine Lee Bates, Cokie Roberts, Diane Sawyer, Nora Ephron, Pamela Melroy, Marjory Stoneman Douglas, Soong Mei-ling and Bing Xin.

Written vernacular Chinese

Written vernacular Chinese (simplified Chinese: 白话文; traditional Chinese: 白話文; pinyin: báihuàwén; also known as Baihua) is the forms of written Chinese based on the varieties of Chinese spoken throughout China, in contrast to Classical Chinese, the written standard used during imperial China up to the early twentieth century. A written vernacular based on Mandarin Chinese was used in novels in the Ming and Qing dynasties, and later refined by intellectuals associated with the May Fourth Movement. Since the early 1920s, this modern vernacular form has been the standard style of writing for speakers of all varieties of Chinese throughout mainland China, Taiwan, Malaysia and Singapore as the written form of Modern Standard Chinese. This is commonly called Standard Written Chinese or Modern Written Chinese to avoid ambiguity with spoken vernaculars, with the written vernaculars of earlier eras, and with other written vernaculars such as written Cantonese or written Hokkien.

Wu Qing (politician)

Wu Qing (Chinese: 吴青; born 9 November 1937) is a Chinese feminist activist, English language professor, and a seven-term district-level congress member. In this capacity she not only sought to uphold the rule of law as per the Chinese constitution, but also promoted women's rights in China, particularly in rural areas. She said, "China is still a Third World country. To change China, you've got to change the countryside. To do that, you've got to change the status of the women there. If you educate a woman, it's like educating a whole family, even several generations of the family. If you educate a man, you are only educating one person." She is actively involved in running a school for rural women sponsored by the Xie Lihua's Rural Woman magazine, educates and persuades women to stand for village elections. In China, she is considered a model person for the Chinese women and politicians.In 2001, Wu won the Ramon Magsaysay Award for Public Service, which has been called "Asia's Nobel Prize"; she was the first Chinese woman to receive this honour. Her active role in women's welfare ensured that the Chinese women were represented at the 1995 UN Conference on Women held in Beijing.Wu Qing continues to be involved with the Bing Xin Children's Literature Award (named after her mother). She was selected as a member of the jury for the Hans Christian Andersen Award 2016, being the Chinese jury member for the award. Together with her husband, she translated Beatrix Potter's Peter Rabbit books into Chinese.

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Yenching University

Yenching University (Chinese: 燕京大學; pinyin: Yānjīng Dàxué), was a university in Beijing, China, that was formed out of the merger of four Christian colleges between the years 1915 and 1920. The term "Yenching" comes from an alternative name for old Beijing, derived from its status as capital of the state of Yan, one of the seven Warring States that existed until the 3rd century BC.

Zheng Chunhua

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Zhu Guangqian

Zhu Guangqian (朱光潛; 19 September 1897 – 6 March 1986) was one of the founder of the study of aesthetics in 20th-century China.

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