Bing (search engine)

Bing is a web search engine owned and operated by Microsoft. The service has its origins in Microsoft's previous search engines: MSN Search, Windows Live Search and later Live Search. Bing provides a variety of search services, including web, video, image and map search products. It is developed using ASP.NET.

Bing, Microsoft's replacement for Live Search, was unveiled by Microsoft CEO Steve Ballmer on May 28, 2009, at the All Things Digital conference in San Diego, California, for release on June 1, 2009.[3] Notable new features at the time included the listing of search suggestions while queries are entered and a list of related searches (called "Explore pane") based on semantic technology from Powerset,[4] which Microsoft had acquired in 2008.[5]

In July 2009, Microsoft and Yahoo! announced a deal in which Bing would power Yahoo! Search.[6] All Yahoo! Search global customers and partners made the transition by early 2012.[7] The deal was altered in 2015, meaning Yahoo! was only required to use Bing for a "majority" of searches.[8]

In October 2011, Microsoft stated that they were working on new back-end search infrastructure with the goal of delivering faster and slightly more relevant search results for users. Known as "Tiger", the new index-serving technology had been incorporated into Bing globally since August that year.[9] In May 2012, Microsoft announced another redesign of its search engine that includes "Sidebar", a social feature that searches users' social networks for information relevant to the search query.[10]

As of October 2018, Bing is the third largest search engine globally, with a query volume of 4.58%, behind Google (77%) and Baidu (14.45%). Yahoo! Search, which Bing largely powers, has 2.63%.[11]

Bing
Bing logo (2016)
Bing logo as of January 2016
Bing screenshot
The Bing homepage features an image or video that changes daily
Type of site
Search Engine
Available in40 languages
OwnerMicrosoft
Created byMicrosoft
RevenueBing Ads
Websitewww.bing.com
Alexa rankPositive decrease 41 (February 2019)[1]
CommercialYes
RegistrationOptional (Microsoft account)
LaunchedJune 1, 2009
Current statusActive
Written inASP.NET[2]

History

MSN Search

MSN Search screenshot 2002
MSN Search homepage in 2002
MSN Search screenshot
MSN Search homepage in 2006

Microsoft originally launched MSN Search in the third quarter of 1998, using search results from Inktomi. It consisted of a search engine, index, and web crawler. In early 1999, MSN Search launched a version which displayed listings from Looksmart blended with results from Inktomi except for a short time in 1999 when results from AltaVista were used instead. Microsoft decided to make a large investment in web search by building its own web crawler for MSN Search, the index of which was updated weekly and sometimes daily. The upgrade started as a beta program in November 2004, and came out of beta in February 2005.[12] This occurred a year after rival Yahoo! Search rolled out its own crawler too. Image search was powered by a third party, Picsearch. The service also started providing its search results to other search engine portals in an effort to better compete in the market.

Windows Live Search

WLSearch
Windows Live Search homepage

The first public beta of Windows Live Search was unveiled on March 8, 2006, with the final release on September 11, 2006 replacing MSN Search. The new search engine used search tabs that include Web, news, images, music, desktop, local, and Microsoft Encarta.

In the roll-over from MSN Search to Windows Live Search, Microsoft stopped using Picsearch as their image search provider and started performing their own image search, fueled by their own internal image search algorithms.[13]

Live Search

Live Search New
Live Search homepage, which would help to create the Bing homepage later on

On March 21, 2007, Microsoft announced that it would separate its search developments from the Windows Live services family, rebranding the service as Live Search. Live Search was integrated into the Live Search and Ad Platform headed by Satya Nadella, part of Microsoft's Platform and Systems division. As part of this change, Live Search was merged with Microsoft adCenter.[14]

A series of reorganisations and consolidations of Microsoft's search offerings were made under the Live Search branding. On May 23, 2008, Microsoft announced the discontinuation of Live Search Books and Live Search Academic and integrated all academic and book search results into regular search, and as a result this also included the closure of Live Search Books Publisher Program. Soon after, Windows Live Expo was discontinued on July 31, 2008. Live Search Macros, a service for users to create their own custom search engines or use macros created by other users, was also discontinued shortly after. On May 15, 2009, Live Product Upload, a service which allowed merchants to upload products information onto Live Search Products, was discontinued. The final reorganisation came as Live Search QnA was rebranded as MSN QnA on February 18, 2009, however, it was subsequently discontinued on May 21, 2009.[15]

Rebrand as Bing

Bing logo
First Bing logo used until September 2013
Bing logo (2013)
Second Bing logo used from 2013 until 2016

Microsoft recognised that there would be a problem with branding as long as the word "Live" remained in the name.[16] As an effort to create a new identity for Microsoft's search services, Live Search was officially replaced by Bing on June 3, 2009.[17]

The Bing name was chosen through focus groups, and Microsoft decided that the name was memorable, short, easy to spell, and that it would function well as a URL around the world. The word would remind people of the sound made during "the moment of discovery and decision making."[18] Microsoft was assisted by branding consultancy Interbrand in their search for the best name for the new search engine.[19] The name also has strong similarity to the word 'bingo', which is used to mean that something sought has been found or realized, as is interjected when winning the game Bingo. Microsoft advertising strategist David Webster originally proposed the name "Bang" for the same reasons the name Bing was ultimately chosen (easy to spell, one syllable, and easy to remember). He noted, "It's there, it's an exclamation point [...] It's the opposite of a question mark." This name was ultimately not chosen because it could not be properly used as a verb in the context of an internet search; Webster commented "Oh, 'I banged it' is very different than 'I binged it'".[20]

According to the Guardian "[Microsoft] hasn't confirmed that it stands recursively for Bing Is Not Google, but that's the sort of joke software engineers enjoy."[21] Qi Lu, president of Microsoft Online Services, also announced that Bing's official Chinese name is bì yìng (simplified Chinese: 必应; traditional Chinese: 必應), which literally means "very certain to respond" or "very certain to answer" in Chinese.[22]

While being tested internally by Microsoft employees, Bing's codename was Kumo (くも),[23] which came from the Japanese word for spider (蜘蛛; くも, kumo) as well as cloud (; くも, kumo), referring to the manner in which search engines "spider" Internet resources to add them to their database, as well as cloud computing.

Legal challenges

On July 31, 2009, The Laptop Company, Inc. stated in a press release that it would challenge Bing's trademark application, alleging that Bing may cause confusion in the marketplace as Bing and their product BongoBing both do online product search.[24] Software company TeraByte Unlimited, which has a product called BootIt Next Generation (abbreviated to BING), also contended the trademark application on similar grounds, as did a Missouri-based design company called Bing! Information Design.[25]

Microsoft contended that claims challenging its trademark were without merit because these companies filed for U.S. federal trademark applications only after Microsoft filed for the Bing trademark in March 2009.[26]

Yahoo! search deal

On July 29, 2009, Microsoft and Yahoo! announced that they had made a ten-year deal in which the Yahoo! search engine would be replaced by Bing, retaining the Yahoo! user interface. Yahoo! will get to keep 88% of the revenue from all search ad sales on its site for the first five years of the deal, and have the right to sell advertising on some Microsoft sites.[27][28] All Yahoo! Search global customers and partners made the transition by early 2012.[7]

Features

Interface features

  • Daily changing of background image. The images are mostly of noteworthy places in the world, though it sometimes displays animals, people, and sports. The background image also contains information about the element(s) shown in the image
  • Video homepage for HTML5 enabled browsers on occasional events, similar to the daily background images
  • Images page shows the main picture from that day and four searches that refers to that image with three preview pictures per search term
  • Left side navigation pane. Includes navigation and, on results pages, related searches and prior searches
  • Right side extended preview which shows a bigger view of the page and gives URLs to links inside of the page
  • Sublinks – On certain search results, the search result page also shows section links within the article (this is also done on other search engines, including Google)
  • Enhanced view where third party site information can be viewed inside Bing
  • On certain sites, search from within the website on the results page
  • On certain sites, Bing will display the Customer Service number on the results page

Media features

  • Video thumbnail Preview – where, by hovering over a video thumbnail, the video automatically starts playing
  • Image search with continuous scrolling images results page that has adjustable settings for size, layout, color, style, and people[29]
  • Advanced filters or advanced (query) operators – allow users to refine search results based on properties such as image size, aspect ratio, color or black and white, photo or illustration, and facial features recognition
  • Video search with adjustable setting for length, screen size, resolution, and source

Instant answers

  • Sports – Bing can directly display scores from a specific day, recent scores from a league or scores and statistics on teams or players.
  • Finance – When entering a company name or stock symbol and either stock or quote in the search box Bing will show direct stock information like a stockchart, price, volume, and p/e ratio[30] in a webslice that users can subscribe to.
  • Conversion of units (e.g., 1 oz in tbs, 1 cup in oz)
  • Mathematical calculations – (e.g., 2 *pi *24).[31] Users can enter mathematical expressions in the search box using a variety of operators and trigonometric functions[32] and Bing will provide a direct calculation of the expression.
  • Advanced computations – Using the Wolfram Alpha computational engine, Bing can also give results to advanced mathematical problems (e.g. "lim x/2x as x->2") and other Wolfram Alpha-related queries (e.g., asking the number of calories in a typical pizza).
  • Package tracking and tracing – When a user types the name of the shipping company and the tracking number, Bing will provide direct tracking information
  • Dictionary – When "define", "definition", or "what is" followed by a word is entered in the searchbox Bing will show a direct answer from the Oxford English Dictionary
  • Spell check – Will change frequently misspelled search terms to the more commonly spelled alternative.
  • Best match (plus similar sites)
  • Product shopping and "Bing cashback"
  • Health information
  • Flight tracking
  • Translate – Auto translation of certain search phrases, often with phrases including "translate" or "in English". For example, to translate me llamo from Spanish to English the user would simply type "translate me llamo in English" and he or she would be redirected to a search results page with Bing Translator with the translation from Spanish to English

Local info

  • Current traffic information
  • Business listing
  • People listing
  • Collections
  • Localized searching for restaurants and services
  • Localized searching for coupons and deals
  • Restaurant reviews
  • Movies played in an area – When a current movie title is entered in the search box Bing will provide listings of local theaters showing the movie. When a city is added to the search box, Bing provides the movie listings localized for that city.
  • City hotel listings – When "hotels" and a city name is entered in the search box Bing can provide hotel listings with a map. The listing leads to a detail search page with the hotels listed that holds extended information on the hotels and contains links to reviews, directions reservations and bird-eye view of the hotel. On the page with the listings the list can be refined by settings on ratings, pricing, amenities, payment, and parking

Third-party integration

Facebook users have the option to share their searches with their Facebook friends using Facebook Connect.[33]

On June 10, 2013, Apple announced that it would be dropping Google as its web search engine in favour of Bing.[34] This feature is only integrated with iOS 7 and higher and for users with an iPhone 4S or higher as the feature is only integrated with Siri, Apple's personal assistant.

Integration with Windows 8

Windows 8.1 includes Bing "Smart Search" integration, which processes all queries submitted through the Windows Start Screen.[35] The Bing integration captures a variety of features, one of the most prominent and advertised: Hero Search. This feature allows users to browse for popular and well-known places, objects or people. Searching France, for example, will show popular search items, such as population, calling code and date founded. The current weather and location are also directly accessible using Bing Weather and Bing maps. The "Hero" result will go further to provide attractions using Bing Images and popular websites relating to France, such as France Wikipedia and France's official website. Searching an artist will display similar results with the option to play music using the Windows 8-integrated Groove Music application.

Translator

Bing Translator is a user facing translation portal provided by Microsoft to translate texts or entire web pages into different languages. All translation pairs are powered by the Microsoft Translator, a statistical machine translation platform and web service, developed by Microsoft Research, as its backend translation software. Two transliteration pairs (between Chinese (Simplified) and Chinese (Traditional)) are provided by Microsoft's Windows International team.[36] As of April 2019, Bing Translator offers translations in 60 different language systems.[37]

Bing Translator can translate phrases entered by the user or acquire a link to a web page and translate its entirely. When translating an entire web page, or when the user selects "Translate this page" in Bing search results, the Bilingual Viewer is shown, which allows users to browse the original web page text and translation in parallel, supported by synchronized highlights, scrolling, and navigation.[38] Four Bilingual Viewer layouts are available: side by side, top and bottom, original with hover translation and translation with hover original.

International

Bing is available in many languages and has been localized for many countries.[39] Even if the language of the search and of the results are the same, Bing delivers substantially different results for different parts of the world.[40]

Languages in which Bing can find results

Languages in which Bing can be displayed

Search products

In addition to its tool for searching web pages, Bing also provides the following search offerings:[41]

Service Description
Advertising Formally known as adCenter, Bing Ads allows publishers to purchase pay per click advertising on Bing.[42]
Dictionary Bing Dictionary enables users to quickly search for definitions of English words. Bing Dictionary results are based on the Oxford English Dictionary. In addition, Bing Dictionary also provides an audio player for users to hear the pronunciation of the dictionary words.
Events Bing Events allow users to search for upcoming events from Zvents, and displays the date and time, venue details, brief description, as well as method to purchase tickets for the events listed. Users can also filter the search results by date and categories.
Finance Bing Finance enables users to search for exchange listed stocks and displays the relevant stock information, company profile and statistics, financial statements, stock ratings, analyst recommendations, as well as news related to the particular stock or company. Bing Finance also allow users to view the historical data of the particular stock, and allows comparison of the stock to major indices. In addition, Bing Finance also features a JavaScript-based Stock screener, allowing investors to quickly filter for value, contrarian, high-yield, and bargain investment strategies.
Health Bing Health refines health searches using related medical concepts to get relevant health information and to allow users to navigate complex medical topics with inline article results from experts. This feature is based on the Medstory acquisition.
Images Bing Images enables the user to quickly search and display most relevant photos and images of interest. The advance filters allow refining search results in terms of properties such as image size, aspect ratio, color or black and white, photo or illustration, and facial features recognition.
Local Bing Local searches local business listings with business details and reviews, allowing users to make more informed decisions.
Maps Bing Maps enables the user to search for businesses, addresses, landmarks and street names worldwide, and can select from a road-map style view, a satellite view or a hybrid of the two. Also available are "bird's-eye" images for many cities worldwide, and 3D maps which include virtual 3D navigation and to-scale terrain and 3D buildings. For business users it will be available as "Bing Maps For Enterprise".
News Bing News is a news aggregator and provides news results relevant to the search query from a wide range of online news and information services.
Recipe Bing Recipe allow users to search for cooking recipes sourced from Delish.com, MyRecipes.com, and Epicurious.com, and allow users to filter recipe results based on their ratings, cuisine, convenience, occasion, ingredient, course, cooking method, and recipe provider.
Reference Bing Reference semantically indexes Wikipedia content and displays them in an enhanced view within Bing. It also allow users to input search queries that resembles full questions and highlights the answer within search results. This feature is based on the Powerset acquisition.
Social Bing Social allow users to search for and retrieve real-time information from Twitter and Facebook services. Bing Social search also provides "best match" and "social captions" functionalities that prioritises results based on relevance and contexts. Only public feeds from the past 7 days will be displayed in Bing Social search results.
Translator Bing Translator lets users translate texts or entire web pages into different languages.
University Bing University allow users to search for and view detailed information about United States universities, including information such as admissions, cost, financial aid, student body, and graduation rate.
Videos Bing Videos enables the user to quickly search and view videos online from various websites. The Smart Preview feature allows the user to instantly watch a short preview of an original video. Bing Videos also allow users to access editorial video contents from MSN Video.
Visual Search Bing Visual Search (Announced Sept 2009, deprecated – July 2012[43]) allowed users to refine their search queries for structured results through data-grouping image galleries that resembles "large online catalogues", powered by Silverlight[44]
Weather Bing Weather allow users to search for the local weather for cities around the world, displaying the current weather information and also extended weather forecasts for the next 10 days. Weather information are provided by Intellicast and Foreca.
Wolfram Alpha Bing Wolfram Alpha allow users to directly enter factual queries within Bing and provides answers and relevant visualizations from a core knowledge base of curated, structured data provided by Wolfram Alpha. Bing Wolfram Alpha can also answer mathematical and algebraic questions.

Webmaster services

Bing allows webmasters to manage the web crawling status of their own websites through Bing Webmaster Center. Additionally, users may also submit contents to Bing via the Bing Local Listing Center, which allows businesses to add business listings onto Bing Maps and Bing Local.

Mobile services

Bing Mobile allow users to conduct search queries on their mobile devices, either via the mobile browser or a downloadable mobile application.

Developer services

Bing Application Programming Interface enables developers to programmatically submit queries and retrieve results from the Bing Engine. http://www.bing.com/developers

To use the Bing API developers have to obtain an Application ID, http://www.bing.com/developers/createapp.aspx

Bing API can be used with following protocols:

  • XML
  • JSON
  • SOAP

Query examples:

  • http://api.bing.net/xml.aspx?AppId=YOUR_APPID&Version=2.2&Market=en-US&Query=YOUR_QUERY&Sources=web+spell&Web.Count=1
  • http://api.bing.net/json.aspx?AppId=YOUR_APPID&Version=2.2&Market=en-US&Query=YOUR_QUERY&Sources=web+spell&Web.Count=1
  • http://api.bing.net/search.wsdl?AppID=YourAppId&Version=2.2

Software

Toolbars

The Bing Bar, a browser extension toolbar that replaced the MSN Toolbar, provides users with links to Bing and MSN content from within their web browser without needing to navigate away from a web page they are already on. The user can customize the theme and color scheme of the Bing Bar as well as choose which MSN content buttons to present within the user interface. Bing Bar also displays the current local weather forecast and stock market positions.[45]

The Bing Bar features integration with Microsoft Bing search engine. In addition to the traditional web search functions, Bing Bar also allows search on other Bing services such as Images, Video, News and Maps. When users perform a search on another search engine, the Bing Bar's search box will automatically populate itself, allowing the user to view the results from Bing, should it be desired.

Bing Bar also links to Outlook.com, Skype and Facebook.[46]

Desktop

Bing Desktop screenshot
Bing Desktop 1.3.475.0

Microsoft released a beta version of Bing Desktop, a program developed to allow users to search Bing from the desktop, on April 4, 2012.[47] The initial release followed shortly on April 24, 2012, supporting Windows 7 only.[48] With the release of version 1.1 in December 2012 it supported Windows XP and higher.[49]

Bing Desktop allows users to initiate a web search from the desktop, view news headlines, automatically set their background to the Bing homepage image, or choose a background from the previous nine background images.[50]

Live Search Gadgets
The discontinued Live Search versions of the Windows Sidebar gadgets

A similar program, the Bing Search gadget, was a Windows Sidebar Gadget that used Bing to fetch the user's search results and render them directly in the gadget. Another gadget, the Bing Maps gadget, displayed real-time traffic conditions using Bing Maps.[51] The gadget provided shortcuts to driving directions, local search and full-screen traffic view of major US and Canadian cities, including Atlanta, Boston, Chicago, Denver, Detroit, Houston, Los Angeles, Milwaukee, Montreal, New York City, Oklahoma City, Ottawa, Philadelphia, Phoenix, Pittsburgh, Portland, Providence, Sacramento, Salt Lake City, San Diego, San Francisco, Seattle, St. Louis, Tampa, Toronto, Vancouver, and Washington, D.C.

Prior to October 30, 2007, the gadgets were known as Live Search gadget and Live Search Maps gadget; both gadgets were removed from Windows Live Gallery due to possible security concerns.[52] The Live Search Maps gadget was made available for download again on January 24, 2008 with the security concern addressed.[53] However around the introduction of Bing in June 2009 both gadgets have been removed again for download from Windows Live Gallery.

Market share

Before the launch of Bing, the market share of Microsoft web search pages (MSN and Live search) had been small. By January 2011, Experian Hitwise show that Bing's market share had increased to 12.8% at the expense of Yahoo! and Google. In the same period, comScore's "2010 U.S. Digital Year in Review" report showed that "Bing was the big gainer in year-over-year search activity, picking up 29% more searches in 2010 than it did in 2009".[54] The Wall Street Journal notes the 1% jump in share "appeared to come at the expense of rival Google Inc".[55] In February 2011, Bing beat Yahoo! for the first time with 4.37% search share while Yahoo! received 3.93%.[56]

Counting core searches only, i.e., those where the user has an intent to interact with the search result, Bing had a market share of 14.54% in the second quarter of 2011 in the United States.[33][57][58][59]

The combined "Bing Powered" U.S. searches declined from 26.5% in 2011 to 25.9% in April 2012.[60] By November 2015, its market share had declined further to 20.9%.[61] As of October 2018, Bing is the third largest search engine in the US, with a query volume of 4.58%, behind Google (77%) and Baidu(14.45%). Yahoo! Search, which Bing largely powers, has 2.63%.

Marketing and advertisements

Live Search

Since 2006, Microsoft had conducted a number of tie-ins and promotions for promoting Microsoft's search offerings. These include:

  • Amazon's A9 search service and the experimental Ms. Dewey interactive search site syndicated all search results from Microsoft's then search engine, Live Search. This tie-in started on May 1, 2006.
  • Search and Give – a promotional website launched on January 17, 2007 where all searches done from a special portal site would lead to a donation to the UNHCR's organization for refugee children, ninemillion.org. Reuters AlertNet reported in 2007 that the amount to be donated would be $0.01 per search, with a minimum of $100,000 and a maximum of $250,000 (equivalent to 25 million searches).[62] According to the website the service was decommissioned on June 1, 2009, having donated over $500,000 to charity and schools.[63]
  • Club Bing – a promotional website where users can win prizes by playing word games that generate search queries on Microsoft's then search service Live Search. This website began in April 2007 as Live Search Club.
  • Big Snap Search – a promotional website similar to Live Search Club. This website began in February 2008, but was discontinued shortly after.[64]
  • Live Search SearchPerks! - a promotional website which allowed users to redeem tickets for prizes while using Microsoft's search engine. This website began on October 1, 2008 and was decommissioned on April 15, 2009.

Debut

Bing's debut featured an $80 to $100 million online, TV, print, and radio advertising campaign in the US. The advertisements do not mention other search engine competitors, such as Google and Yahoo!, directly by name; rather, they attempt to convince users to switch to Bing by focusing on Bing's search features and functionality.[65] The ads claim that Bing does a better job countering "search overload".[66]

"Decision engine"

Bing has been heavily advertised as a "decision engine",[67] though thought by columnist David Berkowitz to be more closely related to a web portal.[68]

Bing Rewards

Bing Rewards was a loyalty program launched by Microsoft in September 2010. It was similar to two earlier services, SearchPerks! and Bing Cashback, which were subsequently discontinued.

Bing Rewards provided credits to users through regular Bing searches and special promotions.[69] These credits were then redeemed for various products including electronics, gift cards, sweepstakes, and charitable donations.[70] Initially, participants were required to download and use the Bing Bar for Internet Explorer in order to earn credits; but later the service was made to work with all desktop browsers.[71]

The Bing Rewards program was rebranded as "Microsoft Rewards" in 2016,[72] at which point it was modified to only two levels, Level 1 and Level 2. Level 1 is similar to 'Member' and Level 2 is similar to 'Gold' of the previous Bing Rewards.

The Colbert Report

During the episode of The Colbert Report that aired on June 8, 2010, Stephen Colbert stated that Microsoft would donate $2,500 to help clean up the Gulf oil spill each time he mentioned the word "Bing" on air. Colbert mostly mentioned Bing in out-of-context situations, such as Bing Crosby and Bing cherries. By the end of the show, Colbert had said the word 40 times, for a total donation of $100,000. Colbert poked fun at their rivalry with Google, stating "Bing is a great website for doing Internet searches. I know that, because I Googled it."[73][74]

Search deals

Bing was added into the list of search engines available in Opera browser from v10.6, but Google remained the default search engine.[75] Mozilla Firefox made a deal with Microsoft to jointly release "Firefox with Bing", an edition of Firefox where Bing has replaced Google as the default search engine.[76][77] The standard edition of Firefox has Google as its default search engine, but has included Bing in its list of search providers since Firefox version 4.0.[78]

In addition, Microsoft paid Verizon Wireless US$550 million[79] to use Bing as the default search provider on Verizon's BlackBerry and have Verizon "turn off" (via BlackBerry service books) the other search providers available. Users could still access other search engines via the mobile browser.[80]

Bing It On

In 2012, a Bing marketing campaign asked the public which search engine they believed was better when its results were presented without branding, similar to the Pepsi Challenge in the 1970s.[81][82] This poll was nicknamed "Bing It On".[83][84] Microsoft presented a study of almost 1,000 people[85] which showed that 57% of participants in such a test preferred Bing's results, with only 30% preferring Google.[86]

Adult content

Bing censors results for "adult" search terms for some regions, including India, People's Republic of China, Germany and Arab countries[87] where required by local laws.[88] However, Bing allows users to change their country or region preference to somewhere without restrictions, such as the United States, United Kingdom or Republic of Ireland.

Criticism

Censorship

Microsoft has been criticized for censoring Bing search results to queries made in simplified Chinese characters which are used in mainland China. This is done to comply with the censorship requirements of the government in China.[89] Microsoft has not indicated a willingness to stop censoring search results in simplified Chinese characters in the wake of Google's decision to do so.[90] All simplified Chinese searches in Bing are censored regardless of the user's country.[91][92] The English-language search results of Bing in China has been skewed to show more content from state-run media like Xinhua News Agency and China Daily.[93] On 23 January 2019, Bing was blocked in China.[94] On 24 January, Bing was accessible again in China.[95]

On February 20, 2017, Bing agreed to a voluntary United Kingdom code of practice obligating it to demote links to copyright-infringing content in its search results.[96][97]

Performance issues

Bing has been criticized for being slower to index websites than Google. It has also been criticized for not indexing some websites at all.[98][99]

Allegedly copying Google's results

Bing has been criticized by competitor Google for utilizing user input via Internet Explorer, the Bing Toolbar, or Suggested Sites, to add results to Bing. After discovering in October 2010 that Bing appeared to be imitating Google's auto-correct results for a misspelling, despite not actually fixing the spelling of the term, Google set up a honeypot, configuring the Google search engine to return specific unrelated results for 100 nonsensical queries such as hiybbprqag.[100] Over the next couple of weeks, Google engineers entered the search term into Google, while using Microsoft Internet Explorer, with the Bing Toolbar installed and the optional Suggested Sites enabled. In 9 out of the 100 queries, Bing later started returning the same results as Google, despite the only apparent connection between the result and search term being that Google's results connected the two.[101][102]

Microsoft's response to this issue, coming from a company spokesperson, was: "We do not copy Google's results." Bing's Vice President, Harry Shum, later reiterated that the search result data Google claimed that Bing copied had in fact come from Bing's very own users. Shum wrote that "we use over 1,000 different signals and features in our ranking algorithm. A small piece of that is clickstream data we get from some of our customers, who opt into sharing anonymous data as they navigate the web in order to help us improve the experience for all users." [103] Microsoft stated that Bing was not intended to be a duplicate of any existing search engines.[104]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Bing.com Traffic, Demographics and Competitors - Alexa". www.alexa.com. Retrieved February 4, 2019.
  2. ^ Roger Chapman. "Top 40 Website Programming Languages". roadchap.com. Archived from the original on September 27, 2011. Retrieved September 6, 2011.
  3. ^ "Microsoft's New Search at Bing.com Helps People Make Better Decisions | News Center". news.microsoft.com. Retrieved November 23, 2016.
  4. ^ "Microsoft Bing rides open source to semantic search". The Register. Retrieved January 1, 2010.
  5. ^ "Microsoft to Acquire Powerset". Bing. Archived from the original on December 28, 2009. Retrieved January 1, 2010.
  6. ^ "Microsoft and Yahoo seal web deal". BBC News. July 29, 2009. Retrieved May 10, 2012.
  7. ^ a b "When will the change happen? How long will the transition take?". Yahoo!. December 1, 2011. Retrieved May 10, 2012.
  8. ^ Bright, Peter (April 16, 2015). "Microsoft loses exclusivity in shaken up Yahoo search deal". Ars Technica. Retrieved January 26, 2016.
  9. ^ "Bing Unleashing Tiger to Speed Search Results". Search Engine Watch. September 30, 2011. Retrieved October 3, 2011.
  10. ^ Goldman, David (May 10, 2012). "Bing fires at Google with new social search". CNN Money. Retrieved May 10, 2012.
  11. ^ "Net Marketshare, Market Share Statistics for Internet Technologies". netmarketshare.com.
  12. ^ https://searchenginewatch.com/sew/news/2048132/microsofts-msn-search-to-build-crawler-based-search-engine
  13. ^ Chris Sherman (September 11, 2006). "Microsoft Upgrades Live Search Offerings". Search Engine Watch. Archived from the original on October 16, 2006. Retrieved September 12, 2006.
  14. ^ Mary Jo Foley (March 21, 2007). "Microsoft severs Live Search from the rest of the Windows Live family". ZDNet. Retrieved May 10, 2012.
  15. ^ Doug Caverly (May 29, 2009). "Yahoo Answers Outlives MSN QnA". WebProNews. Archived from the original on January 14, 2012. Retrieved May 10, 2012.
  16. ^ Tamar Weinberg (June 3, 2008). "Keynote with Kevin Johnson at Microsoft". Search Engine roundtable. Retrieved May 10, 2012.
  17. ^ Ryan Singel (May 28, 2009). "Hands On With Microsoft's New Search Engine: Bing, But No Boom". Wired. Retrieved May 10, 2012.
  18. ^ "The sound of found: Bing!". Neowin.net. May 28, 2009. Archived from the original on May 31, 2009. Retrieved May 29, 2009.
  19. ^ "Interbrand Blog | Interbrand names Microsoft's new search engine Bing!". Interbrand.com. Archived from the original on January 7, 2010. Retrieved January 16, 2010.
  20. ^ Fried, Ina (March 29, 2010). "conversation with Microsoft's marketing strategist". News.cnet.com. Retrieved December 16, 2011.
  21. ^ Schofield, Jack (June 8, 2009). "Bing Is Not Google, but it might be better than you think". The Guardian. London.
  22. ^ Hal Crawford (May 29, 2009). "Binging on search by design". MSN. Archived from the original on April 2, 2012. Retrieved May 10, 2012.
  23. ^ "First screenshot of Microsoft's Kumo emerges". Neowin.net. March 3, 2009. Archived from the original on March 4, 2009. Retrieved May 29, 2009.
  24. ^ Wauters, Robin (July 31, 2009). "BongoBing Opposes Microsoft Trademark Application For "Bing"". Techcrunch.com. Retrieved January 16, 2010.
  25. ^ Johnson, Bobbie (December 21, 2009). "Microsoft sued over Bing trademark". The Guardian. London: Guardian News and Media Limited. Retrieved March 5, 2010.
  26. ^ Johnson, Bobbie (December 21, 2009). "Microsoft sued over Bing trademark". The Guardian. London. Retrieved January 16, 2010.
  27. ^ "Microsoft and Yahoo seal web deal". BBC News. July 29, 2009. Retrieved July 29, 2009.
  28. ^ Tiffany Wu; Derek Caney (July 29, 2009). "REFILE-UPDATE 1-Microsoft, Yahoo in 10-year Web search deal". Thomson Reuters. Retrieved July 29, 2009.
  29. ^ "Limit Image Results to Color or Black and White Images". Malek Tips. Retrieved May 10, 2012.
  30. ^ "Display Stock Quotes". Malek Tips. Retrieved May 10, 2012.
  31. ^ "Use Bing to Calculate, Perform Trigonometry, or Solve Your Algebra Homework". Malek Tips. Retrieved May 10, 2012.
  32. ^ "Mathematical notations you can use". Microsoft. Retrieved May 10, 2012.
  33. ^ a b Liedtke, Michael (May 10, 2012). "Bing to duel Google with Facebook-friendly format". San Jose Mercury News. The Associated Press. Retrieved October 26, 2013.
  34. ^ "Exciting New Chapter in Bing's Collaboration with Apple – Search Blog". Bing.com. February 22, 1999. Retrieved February 25, 2014.
  35. ^ "Bing – Explore".
  36. ^ "Translation powered by....Microsoft Translator!". Microsoft Translator (and Bing Translator) Official Team Blog. Microsoft Corporation. September 8, 2008. Retrieved October 21, 2010.
  37. ^ "Microsoft Translator- FAQ".
  38. ^ "About Bing Translator". Bing Translator. Microsoft. Retrieved December 20, 2014.
  39. ^ "Bing Preferences". Microsoft. Retrieved May 10, 2012.
  40. ^ Wilkinson, D.; Thelwall, M. (2013). "Search markets and search results: The case of Bing". Library & Information Science Research. 35 (4): 318. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.297.493. doi:10.1016/j.lisr.2013.04.006.
  41. ^ "Explore Bing". Microsoft. Retrieved May 10, 2012.
  42. ^ Foley, Mary Jo. "Microsoft gives Yahoo name top billing in Microsoft advertising rebrand". ZDnet. Retrieved September 10, 2012.
  43. ^ "Microsoft Kills Bing Visual Search Feature, Discontinues "Web Activities" From July 2012 | diTii.com – All About Technology". diTii.com. May 23, 2012. Retrieved December 20, 2012.
  44. ^ Shiels, Maggie (September 15, 2009). "Microsoft Bing adds visual search". BBC News. Retrieved September 15, 2009.
  45. ^ "The Bing Bar". LiveSide.Net. December 3, 2009. Archived from the original on April 3, 2010. Retrieved July 10, 2010.
  46. ^ Muchmore, Michael (February 18, 2011). "Bing Bar 7.0". PC Magazine. Ziff Davis. Retrieved May 26, 2011.
  47. ^ "Microsoft Launches Bing Desktop Beta". Redmond Pie. April 4, 2013. Retrieved January 23, 2013.
  48. ^ "Bing Desktop Brings Beauty and Convenience to Windows 7". Microsoft. April 24, 2012. Retrieved January 23, 2013.
  49. ^ "Microsoft updates Bing Desktop app for Windows XP and higher". Engadget. December 14, 2012. Retrieved January 23, 2013.
  50. ^ "So what is Bing Desktop?". gHacks. December 18, 2012. Retrieved January 23, 2013.
  51. ^ Chris Pendleton (February 11, 2008). "Traffic by Live Search Maps Vista Gadget Returns". Microsoft. Retrieved May 10, 2012.
  52. ^ Kip Kniskern (October 30, 2007). "Yes, the Live Search and Live Search Traffic gadgets are gone: security concerns cited". LiveSide.net. Archived from the original on October 11, 2008. Retrieved May 10, 2012.
  53. ^ Donavon (January 23, 2008). "The Traffic Gadget is Back!". LiveSide.net. Archived from the original on May 12, 2008. Retrieved May 10, 2012.
  54. ^ "Bing Search Volume Up 29% In 2010, Google Up 13%, comScore Says".
  55. ^ Wingfield, Nick (February 10, 2011). "Microsoft's Bing Gains Share". The Wall Street Journal.
  56. ^ "StatCounter: Bing Just Beat Yahoo Worldwide". Read, Write, Web. March 1, 2011. Archived from the original on March 2, 2011.
  57. ^ Jay Yarow, Kamelia Angelova (July 13, 2011). "CHART OF THE DAY: This Is What Microsoft Is Getting For Its Big Bing Investment". Business Insider.
  58. ^ Stephanie Lyn Flosi (July 13, 2011). "comScore Releases June 2011 U.S. Search Engine Rankings". comScore.
  59. ^ Leena Rao (January 11, 2012). "Microsoft Bing Search Queries Overtake Yahoo For The First Time In December". TechCrunch.
  60. ^ "Does Bing's 30% Market Share Really Matter? | Great Finds". Greatfinds.icrossing.com. May 23, 2012. Retrieved August 17, 2012.
  61. ^ "comScore Releases November 2015 U.S. Desktop Search Engine Rankings". ComScore.com. December 16, 2015. Retrieved December 28, 2015.
  62. ^ "Microsoft launches "Click for Cause" initiative to support UNHCR Net campaign". Reuters AlertNet. January 17, 2007. Archived from the original on March 20, 2007. Retrieved May 10, 2012.
  63. ^ "searchandgive.com". Microsoft. Archived from the original on June 27, 2009. Retrieved June 1, 2009.
  64. ^ Darren Davidson (February 25, 2008). "Microsoft challenges search users to game of snap". Brand Republic. Archived from the original on May 1, 2008. Retrieved May 10, 2012.
  65. ^ Abbey Klaassen (May 25, 2009). "Microsoft Aims Big Guns at Google, Asks Consumers to Rethink Search". Advertising Age. Retrieved May 10, 2012.
  66. ^ "Microsoft's Bing Ad Claims to Terminate 'Search Overload'". PC World. June 3, 2009. Retrieved January 16, 2010.
  67. ^ Greg R. Notess (June 8, 2009). "Microsoft's New Bing—The 'Decision Engine'". Newsbreaks.infotoday.com. Retrieved December 20, 2012.
  68. ^ Berkowitz, David (June 1, 2009). "Bing From Microsoft Is a Search Portal, not a Decision Engine". Adage.com. Retrieved December 20, 2012.
  69. ^ Sterling, Greg (September 22, 2010). "Microsoft Launches A New Loyalty Program: Bing Rewards". Search Engine Land. Retrieved May 11, 2011.
  70. ^ "Bing Rewards Shop". Retrieved May 11, 2011.
  71. ^ "FAQ – Bing Rewards Preview". Retrieved May 11, 2011.
  72. ^ Kniskern, Kip (September 1, 2016). "Bing Rewards replaced by Microsoft Rewards as the switchover begins". Win Beta. Retrieved September 16, 2016.
  73. ^ "Charity Begins at 11:30 – The Colbert Report – 2010-07-06 – Video Clip | Comedy Central". Colbertnation.com. Retrieved December 16, 2011.
  74. ^ Eaton, Nick (June 8, 2010). "Stephen Colbert makes Bing donate $100K for oil spill". Blog.seattlepi.com. Retrieved December 16, 2011.
  75. ^ "Microsoft hits search deal with Opera Software".
  76. ^ "Bing Introducing Firefox with Bing". Bing. Archived from the original on December 4, 2011. Retrieved December 16, 2011.
  77. ^ Mozilla. "Offering a Customized Firefox Experience for Bing Users". Mozilla. Retrieved December 16, 2011.
  78. ^ jsullivan. "Refreshing the Firefox Search Bar". Mozilla. Retrieved December 16, 2011.
  79. ^ See, Dianne (January 7, 2009). "Microsoft Beats Out Google To Win Verizon Search Deal". mocoNews. Retrieved December 16, 2011.
  80. ^ "As Verizon Implements Bing Default Search Deal, Company Sees User Backlash". Searchengineland.com. Retrieved December 16, 2011.
  81. ^ Joe Wilcox. "'Bing It On' is a real turn-off". Beta News. Retrieved September 9, 2012.
  82. ^ Salvador Rodriguez (September 6, 2012). "The Bing challenge: Microsoft pulls Pepsi trick on Google [Poll]". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 9, 2012.
  83. ^ Jeff Ward-Bailey (September 7, 2012). "Search engine wars: Microsoft invites Google to "Bing It On"". The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved September 9, 2012.
  84. ^ "Bing It On". Bing. Archived from the original on September 9, 2012. Retrieved September 9, 2012.
  85. ^ Mary Jo Foley (September 6, 2012). "Microsoft tells Google searchers to 'Bing it on'". CNET News. Retrieved September 6, 2012.
  86. ^ The Bing Team (September 5, 2012). "People Chose Bing Web Search Results Over Google Nearly 2:1 in Blind Comparison Tests – Really??". Bing. Archived from the original on September 10, 2012. Retrieved September 9, 2012.
  87. ^ "No sex for Indians on Microsoft Bing".
  88. ^ "Why You Can't Search The Word 'Sex' On Bing". Reuters. Archived from the original on June 7, 2009.
  89. ^ Kristof, Nicholas (November 20, 2009). "Boycott Microsoft Bing". The New York Times. Retrieved March 31, 2010.
  90. ^ "Activists applaud Google's censorship move, China grumbles". IT PRO. March 23, 2010. Retrieved January 30, 2012.
  91. ^ "Boycott Microsoft Bing". The New York Times. November 20, 2009.
  92. ^ "Bing's Chinese enigma". The Economist. February 12, 2014.
  93. ^ Liu, Charles (May 17, 2016). "Bing Goes Full-on Censorship in English Search Results Within China". The Nanfang. Archived from the original on January 7, 2018. Retrieved January 7, 2018.
  94. ^ "China blocks Microsoft's Bing search engine". Reuters. January 24, 2019.
  95. ^ Lanxon, Nate (January 24, 2019). "Microsoft's Bing accessible again in China after hours of outages". Bloomberg News. Retrieved January 25, 2019.
  96. ^ "Google and Bing to demote pirate sites in UK web searches". BBC News. Retrieved February 20, 2017.
  97. ^ "Google and Bing to deprecate piracy websites". The Guardian. Retrieved February 20, 2017.
  98. ^ Protalinski, Emil (January 17, 2010). "Microsoft has a plan to improve Bing's poor indexing". Arstechnica.com. Retrieved December 16, 2011.
  99. ^ "Microsoft Bing Says They Are "Fairly Slow"". Seroundtable.com. January 7, 2010. Retrieved December 16, 2011.
  100. ^ "Google accuses Bing of 'copying' its search results". BBC News. February 2, 2011.
  101. ^ Singhal, Amit (February 2, 2011). "Microsoft's Bing uses Google search results—and denies it". Google Blog. Retrieved February 2, 2011.
  102. ^ Sullivan, Danny (February 1, 2011). "Google: Bing Is Cheating, Copying Our Search Results". Search Engine Land. Retrieved February 2, 2011.
  103. ^ "Google: Bing's Search Results Are a "Cheap Imitation"". October 25, 2011. Retrieved October 25, 2011.
  104. ^ Shum, Harry (February 2, 2011). "Thoughts on search quality". Bing Search Blog. Retrieved February 2, 2011.

Further reading

External links

Barney Pell

Barney Pell (born March 18, 1968) is an American entrepreneur, angel investor and computer scientist. He is co-founder, Vice Chairman and Chief Strategy Officer of Moon Express; co-founder and Chairman of LocoMobi; and Associate Founder of Singularity University. He was co-founder and CEO of Powerset, a pioneering natural language search startup, search strategist and architect for Microsoft's Bing search engine, a pioneer in the field of General Game Playing in Artificial Intelligence, and the architect of the first intelligent agent to fly onboard and control a spacecraft.

Bing Health

Bing Health (previously Live Search Health) is a health-related search service as part of Microsoft's Bing search engine. It is a search engine specifically for health-related information through a variety of trusted and credible sources, including Medstory, Mayo Clinic, National Institutes of Health's MedlinePlus, as well as from Wikipedia.

Bing Mobile

Bing for mobile (formerly Live Search Mobile) is a search tool for handheld mobile devices from Microsoft as part of their Bing search engine. It is designed for mobile device displays. Bing Mobile is built into Windows Mobile and Windows Phone as proprietary software, accessed via the Search key on Windows Phone 7 and Windows Phone 8 devices. It is also available on Windows Phone 8.1 (and integrated with Microsoft Cortana where available), and can be downloaded for other platforms, including iOS and Android.

There are three ways Bing can be accessed on mobile devices:

Mobile browsing: m.bing.com

Bing mobile application

Bing 411

Bing News

Bing News (previously Live Search News)–a news aggregator powered by artificial intelligence–is a part of Microsoft's Bing search engine, which processes billions of global searches. Operating in the United States and other international markets, Bing News displays the latest news stories on Bing.com/News on desktop and mobile, the Bing Search app, and through enterprise streams such as the Outlook News Connector, PowerBI and Bing for business. Bing News also aggregates the most recent news articles in response to user search queries algorithmically on Bing.com.

Bing Predicts

Bing Predicts is a prediction engine developed by Microsoft that uses machine learning from data on trending social media topics (and sentiment towards those topics), along with trending searches on Bing. It predicts the outcomes of political elections, popular reality shows, and major sporting events. Predictions can be accessed through the Bing search engine.

Bing Product Upload

Bing Product Upload (codenamed Agora, formerly Windows Live Product Upload and Live Search Product Upload) was part of Microsoft's Bing search engine. It enabled online shoppers using Bing Shopping to find easily find merchant's products.

Product Upload helped merchants to upload their product catalogs in either text or XML file formats. It supported bulk uploads using FTP and browser-based uploads using HTTP. After the products were uploaded, they became visible to online shoppers using Bing Shopping. Shoppers were able to view prices, descriptions, and product images, and a direct link to the merchant's website to purchase their products. Merchants required a Windows Live ID to log in and sign up.

Bing Product Upload was discontinued on 15 May 2009.

Bing Videos

Bing Videos (previously MSN Video and Live Search Video) is a video search service and part of Microsoft's Bing search engine. The service enables users to search and view videos across various websites. Bing Videos was officially released on September 26, 2007 as Live Search Video, and rebranded as Bing Videos on June 1, 2009.

Bing Webmaster Tools

Bing Webmaster Tools (previously the Bing Webmaster Center) is a free service as part of Microsoft's Bing search engine which allows webmasters to add their websites to the Bing index crawler. The service also offers tools for webmasters to troubleshoot the crawling and indexing of their website, Sitemap creation, submission and ping tools, website statistics, consolidation of content submission, and new content and community resources.

Bing xRank

Bing xRank (previously Live Search xRank) was a search service as part of Microsoft's Bing search engine. It kept track of notable celebrities, musicians, politicians, and bloggers and ranked them in order of popularity from Bing search query results. As of October 2010, Bing xRank has been shut down.

Bingbot

Bingbot is a web-crawling robot (type of internet bot), deployed by Microsoft October 2010 to supply Bing. It collects documents from the web to build a searchable index for the Bing (search engine). It performs the same function as Google's Googlebot.

A typical user agent string for Bingbot is "Mozilla/5.0 (compatible; bingbot/2.0; +http://www.bing.com/bingbot.htm)". This appears in the web server logs to tell the webmaster who is requesting a file. Each webmaster is able to use the included agent identifier, "bingbot", to disallow or allow access to their site (by default access is allowed). If they don't want to grant access they can use the Robots Exclusion Standard to block it (relying on the assumed good behaviour of bingbot), or use other server specific means (relying on the web server to do the blocking).

Cortana

Cortana is a virtual assistant created by Microsoft for Windows 10, Windows 10 Mobile, Windows Phone 8.1, Invoke smart speaker, Microsoft Band, Surface Headphones, Xbox One, iOS, Android, Windows Mixed Reality, and Amazon Alexa.Cortana can set reminders, recognize natural voice without the requirement for keyboard input, and answer questions using information from the Bing search engine.

Cortana is currently available in English, Portuguese, French, German, Italian, Spanish, Chinese, and Japanese language editions, depending on the software platform and region in which it is used.

Facebook Graph Search

Facebook Graph Search was a semantic search engine that was introduced by Facebook in March 2013. It was designed to give answers to user natural language queries rather than a list of links. The Graph Search feature combined the big data acquired from its over one billion users and external data into a search engine providing user-specific search results. In a presentation headed by Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg, it was announced that the Graph Search algorithm finds information from within a user's network of friends. Additional results were provided by Microsoft's Bing search engine. In July it was made available to all users using the U.S. English version of Facebook. In December 2014, Facebook changed its search features, dropping partnership with Bing, and eliminating most of the search patterns.

Microsoft Development Center Serbia

Microsoft Development Center Serbia (MDCS) is one of the several Microsoft's development centers in the world. MDCS was established in 2005, and at the time of its establishment it was the fifth such center in the world. It is located in Belgrade, Serbia, and as of July 2018 it employs around 200 developers.

MDCS has several teams that are working on various Microsoft technologies, such as Microsoft SQL Server, Microsoft Office and Bing search engine.

Powerset (company)

Powerset was an American company based in San Francisco, California, that, in 2006, was developing a natural language search engine for the Internet. On July 1, 2008, Powerset was acquired by Microsoft for an estimated $100 million.Powerset was working on building a natural language search engine that could find targeted answers to user questions (as opposed to keyword based search). For example, when confronted with a question like "Which U.S. state has the highest income tax?", conventional search engines ignore the question phrasing and instead do a search on the keywords "state", "highest", "income", and "tax". Powerset on the other hand, attempts to use natural language processing to understand the nature of the question and return pages containing the answer.

The company was in the process of "building a natural language search engine that reads and understands every sentence on the Web". The company has licensed natural language technology from PARC, the former Xerox Palo Alto Research Center.On May 11, 2008, the company unveiled a tool for searching a fixed subset of English Wikipedia using conversational phrases rather than keywords.

Qi Lu (computer scientist)

Qi Lu (simplified Chinese: 陆奇; traditional Chinese: 陸奇; pinyin: Lù Qí; born September 3, 1961) is a Chinese-American software executive and engineer who is the head of Y Combinator China. He was the chief operating officer of Baidu until he stepped down in May 2018. Lu previously was the Executive Vice President at Microsoft, leading the company's work on the Bing search engine, Skype, and Microsoft Office, and before that was a software engineer and manager for Yahoo!'s search technology division.

Qwiki

Qwiki was a New York City based startup automated video production company. Qwiki released an iPhone app that automatically turns the pictures and videos from a user's camera roll into movies to share. The company's initial product, an iPad application that created video summaries of over 3 million search terms, was downloaded more than 3 million times and named by Apple as the best "Search and Reference" application of 2011.

After integrating this technology in the Bing search engine and launching video creation tools for major publishers in cooperation with ABC News, the company launched Qwiki for iPhone, which received Apple's Editor's Choice and was mentioned as an Honoree in the 2013 Webby's in two categories. Time Inc. named Qwiki one of “10 NYC Startups to Watch” for 2013. The company's investors include cofounders of Facebook, YouTube and Groupon. The co-founders of Qwiki Inc. are Louis Monier (founder of the AltaVista search engine) and Doug Imbruce.

Qwiki was acquired by Yahoo! on July 2, 2013 for a reported $50 million.

Tempuri

tempuri.org is the test default namespace URI used by Microsoft development products, like Visual Studio. It is available for XML Web services that are under development, but published XML Web services should use a more permanent namespace. The term is strictly a placeholder and all instances of it should be replaced with a more meaningful URI in production systems.

The World Wide Web Consortium recommends that XML namespaces be a Uniform Resource Identifier. "tempuri" is short for Temporary Uniform Resource Identifier.

An XML Web service should be identified by a namespace that is controlled by its company. For example, a company's Internet domain name could be used as part of the namespace. Although many XML Web service namespaces look like URLs, they need not point to actual resources on the Web. (XML Web service namespaces are URIs.)

For XML Web services created using ASP.NET, the default namespace can be changed using the WebService attribute's Namespace property. The WebService attribute is an attribute applied to the class that contains the XML Web service methods.

The tempuri.org domain is owned by Microsoft and redirects to their Bing search engine.

Tempuri.com also redirects to a search for Tempuri on Bing.

Bing
Services
Software applications
Discontinued services
People
Divisions
Estates
Products
Conferences
Campaigns
Criticism
Litigation
Acquisitions
Active
Inactive

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.