Billy Southworth

William Harold Southworth (March 9, 1893 – November 15, 1969) was an American right fielder, center fielder and manager in Major League Baseball (MLB). As a player in 1913 and 1915 and from 1918 to 1929 for five big-league teams, Southworth took part in almost 1,200 games, fell just short of 1,300 hits and batted .297 lifetime. Southworth managed in 1929 and from 1940 through 1951. He oversaw three pennant-winning St. Louis Cardinals teams, winning two World Series, and another pennant with the Boston Braves, the last National League title in Boston baseball history. As manager of the Cardinals, his .642 winning percentage is the second-highest in franchise history and the highest since 1900.

Late in life, Southworth served as a scout for the Braves. He endured a great deal of tragedy in his baseball career, first experiencing the stillbirth of his twin babies and the deaths of his wife and his adult son. He died in 1969. He was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 2008. Six years later, the Cardinals inducted him into the St. Louis Cardinals Hall of Fame Museum. He also belongs to the Alabama Sports Hall of Fame. Southworth had a son, Billy Southworth Jr., and a cousin, Bill Southworth, who both played professional baseball.

Billy Southworth
1915 Billy Southworth.jpeg
Right fielder / Manager
Born: March 9, 1893
Harvard, Nebraska
Died: November 15, 1969 (aged 76)
Columbus, Ohio
Batted: Left Threw: Right
MLB debut
August 4, 1913, for the Cleveland Indians
Last MLB appearance
July 9, 1929, for the St. Louis Cardinals
MLB statistics
Batting average.297
Home runs52
Runs batted in561
Managerial record1,044–704
Winning %.597
Teams
As player

As manager

Career highlights and awards
Member of the National
Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Baseball Hall of Fame Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg
Induction2008
Election MethodVeterans Committee

Early life and playing career

Southworth was born in Harvard, Nebraska, to Orlando and Mariah Southworth and raised in Columbus, Ohio. He had four older brothers who played baseball. Before he was old enough to play with them, Southworth would give his old socks to his brothers so they could create makeshift balls.[1] Southworth decided to play baseball against his father's wishes.[2] Orlando Southworth had wanted his son to attend college.[3] At the age of 19, he signed a contract with the Portsmouth team in the Ohio State League. He joined the Cleveland Indians in 1913, but only appeared in one game, entering as a replacement on defense.[4]

In 1914, Southworth married Lida Brooks. She was a minister's daughter and they had met while Southworth was playing for Portsmouth. The couple's son, William Brooks Southworth, was born during Southworth's early playing career.[5] Billy Southworth Jr. later became a professional baseball player for several seasons.[6] The elder Southworth returned to the Cleveland Indians in 1915 and appeared in 60 games.[4] He played for the Birmingham Barons in 1917 and part of 1918,[7] when he made the Pittsburgh Pirates and played in 64 major league games.[4]

Southworth played more regularly in 1919, appearing in 121 games and leading the league with 14 triples. With the exception of two seasons, Southworth played in at least that many games through 1926. In 1926, Southworth's offensive production increased and he finished the season with a .320 batting average, 16 home runs and 99 RBI.[4] He ran into difficulty with New York manager John McGraw that year, as Southworth's independent style became incompatible with McGraw's strict leadership. He was traded from the New York Giants to the St. Louis Cardinals in the middle of the season.[8] Southworth suffered a 1927 rib injury that limited his playing time. The Cardinals' leadership began to look for a role for Southworth beyond his playing career.

Early career as a manager

Southworth's managerial career began in 1928 with the Rochester Red Wings of the AA International League (IL), the top club in the Cardinals' farm system. In May, Southworth and his wife experienced the stillbirths of twins. Southworth returned home after losing the twins, but he quickly came back to Rochester. Late in the season, Southworth received word that Billy Jr. had been accidentally shot by a neighbor in Columbus.[9] His son recovered, but the experience shook the manager. The team won the IL championship that season.[10]

Southworth was promoted to St. Louis as player-manager for 1929, replacing Bill McKechnie, who won a National League pennant in 1928 and lost the World Series in four straight games to the New York Yankees. Southworth's Major League playing career reached the end of the road, as he appeared in only 19 games, five in the outfield, and batted only .188 with six hits. He finished with a .297 batting average in 1,192 MLB games played, 52 home runs, 91 triples, 173 doubles, 661 runs scored, and 561 RBI. He stole 138 bases in his career and had double-digit steal totals in eight seasons. As a big leaguer, Southworth had 1,296 hits in 4,359 at bats.[4]

His 1929 MLB managerial debut was not much more successful than his playing stint. Only one year removed from being a teammate of his charges, he attempted to impose discipline on the Cardinals, banning them from driving their own automobiles. The team did not respond to his hard line and won only 43 of their first 88 games. Southworth was sent back to Rochester on July 21, McKechnie was rehired, and the Cardinals finished in fourth place.

Although Southworth immediately resumed his successful minor league managerial career, the firing and personal tragedy — the death of his wife Lida at age 42[11] — began a downward spiral. Beset by struggles with alcoholism, he quit a coaching job with the 1933 Giants during spring training and left baseball for two seasons. After a recovery, he rejoined the Cardinals' minor league system in 1935 and by 1939 he was again enjoying success as Rochester's manager. He remarried in 1935, wedding the former Mabel Stemen, with whom he had a daughter.[3]

Return to the Cardinals

Billy Southworth Cardinals
Southworth as Cardinals manager

In June 1940, he received a second chance with the struggling Cardinals when owner Sam Breadon fired manager Ray Blades and promoted Southworth from Rochester. This time, the Cards flourished under him. With talented players such as Enos Slaughter, Marty Marion, Stan Musial, Walker Cooper, Mort Cooper, Whitey Kurowski and Johnny Beazley being harvested each spring from the club's farm system, the Cardinals entered a Golden Age in their history. Upon Southworth's appointment, they won 69 of 109 games and jumped from seventh to third place in 1940. The following season they won 97 games and finished second.

From 1942 to 1944, the Cardinals won 106, 105 and 105 games, three pennants and two World Series titles. His 1942 Cardinals, who breezed to the World Series championship in five games, were the only team (out of eight) to ever defeat Joe McCarthy's New York Yankees in a Fall Classic. In 1943, both teams met again in the World Series; but this time, the Yankees turned the tables on the Redbirds, winning in five games. The Cards' third successive National League pennant, in 1944, produced another world championship, a six-game triumph over the American League (AL) St. Louis Browns. With it, Southworth had presided over one of the most dominant three-year stretches in National League (NL) history.

However, another personal family tragedy struck when on February 15, 1945, his son, Billy Jr., by then a United States Army Air Forces major, died when his Boeing B-29 Superfortress crashed into Flushing Bay, New York after taking off from Mitchel Field, New York, on a training flight to Florida.

Still, Southworth began managing at the beginning of the 1945 season, which saw his Cardinals win 95 games but finished second, three games behind the Chicago Cubs.

Later managerial career

Johnny Sain and Warren Spahn
Pitchers Johnny Sain (left) and Warren Spahn

Southworth moved to the Boston Braves in 1946, signing a then-lucrative managing contract for a reported $50,000 per season,[2] and immediately led the Braves into the first division. Talented pitchers Johnny Sain and Warren Spahn had both returned from service in World War II that year.

In 1948, the Braves won their second NL pennant of the 20th century—and Boston's last National League title—but were defeated in six games by the Cleveland Indians in the 1948 World Series.[12] In that World Series, all of the games were close except for one, when the Braves beat pitcher Bob Feller by a score of 11-5.[13] Author John Rossi writes that Sain lost some respect for Southworth after the manager said the managing and not talent had won the 1948 pennant.[14] Sain had already become irritated with Southworth after the 1948 signing of unproven "bonus baby" pitcher Johnny Antonelli. Sain and Southworth rarely spoke after 1948.[15]

During the following season, 1949, Boston struggled on the field and was in chaos off the diamond. Southworth was rumored to be drinking heavily[16] and near nervous collapse.[17] Some players complained about his rules and regulations, and some, including starting shortstop Alvin Dark and second baseman Eddie Stanky, were critical of his drinking.[18] Meanwhile, others, like Sain, resented the amount of credit Southworth had received for the 1948 pennant. With Boston at 55–54 on August 16, Southworth turned the Braves over to coach Johnny Cooney for the remainder of 1949. A newspaper account at the time characterized the change as a leave of absence for health reasons.[19]

After some of the rebellious players (including Dark and Stanky) had been traded, Southworth returned to his post in 1950 and led the Braves back into the first division, but an aging team and declining attendance boded poorly for both Southworth's career and the Braves' future in New England. In 1951, Southworth's club was only 28–31 on June 19. He called the team's general manager, John Quinn, and asked to be allowed to resign,[10] and he was replaced by his former standout right fielder, Tommy Holmes.

Southworth's major league managerial win-loss record was 1,044–704.[20] His .597 winning percentage is second all-time among managers to McCarthy's .615.[21] Southworth was the first to win the World Series as a player and again as a manager.

Southworth remained with the Braves as a scout in the 1950s. He was acquitted of drunken driving charges after a 1955 arrest, and retired from scouting at the end of his contract following the 1956 season.[10] During his scouting days, he signed future all-time home run leader Hank Aaron,[3] who was playing for the Indianapolis Clowns of the Negro Leagues.

Managerial career

Team From To Regular season record Post–season record
W L Win % W L Win %
St. Louis Cardinals 1929 1929 43 45 .489
1940 1945 577 301 .657 9 7 .563
Boston Braves 1946 1949 313 256 .550 2 4 .333
1950 1951 111 102 .521
Total 1044 704 .597 11 11 .500
Reference:[20]

Later life

For the last couple of decades of his life, Southworth lived outside of Sunbury, Ohio.[11] By the summer of 1969, his health had begun to fail and he was confined to his home. He gave a final interview to a reporter for the St. Louis Post-Dispatch; he commented on how difficult it would be for the 1969 Cardinals to win a third straight championship, as the 1944 team had done.[22] Though he had quit smoking many years earlier,[10] Southworth died of emphysema that year in Columbus, Ohio, and was buried in Green Lawn Cemetery.[11]

Southworth's cousin, Bill Southworth, appeared in the major leagues in 1964.

Legacy

Southworth was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 2008. He had been eligible for election as a player in the 1940s, but he received few votes. After Southworth had been left off of the ballot as a manager in 2003, author Raymond Mileur had begun a campaign of letter writing, phone calls to the Hall of Fame, radio show comments and advocacy through his website known as "The Birdhouse". Southworth was elected after receiving 13 votes from the 16-member Veterans Committee.[23]

On the occasion of Southworth's election to the Hall of Fame, one of his former players on the 1948 Braves, Clint Conatser, paid tribute to his old manager. "He just had a gut feeling about the right thing to do in a situation", Conatser recalled. "The moves he would make would work for him — all the time, not occasionally. Leo Durocher was the same way. It's like some guys can pick horses out of nowhere. Southworth was a genius like that on the diamond."[24]

In January 2014, the Cardinals announced that Southworth was among 22 former players and personnel to be inducted into the St. Louis Cardinals Hall of Fame Museum for the inaugural class of 2014.[25] He is also a member of the Alabama Sports Hall of Fame.[7]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Skipper, p. 9.
  2. ^ a b Charlton, James; Shatzkin, Mike; Holtje, Stephen (1990). The Ballplayers: baseball's ultimate biographical reference. New York: Arbor House/William Morrow. p. 1022. ISBN 0-87795-984-6.
  3. ^ a b c Eisenbath, Mike (1999). The Cardinals Encyclopedia. Temple University Press. pp. 376–377. ISBN 1566397030.
  4. ^ a b c d e "Billy Southworth Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved March 8, 2014.
  5. ^ Skipper, p. 10.
  6. ^ "Billy Southworth". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved March 8, 2014.
  7. ^ a b "William Harold "Billy" Southworth". Alabama Sports Hall of Fame. Retrieved March 9, 2014.
  8. ^ Armour, Mark (2004). Paths to Glory. Potomac Books. pp. 131–132. ISBN 1612342817.
  9. ^ Skipper, p. 11.
  10. ^ a b c d Daly, Jon. "Billy Southworth". Society for American Baseball Research. Retrieved March 8, 2014.
  11. ^ a b c The Columbus Dispatch, July 27, 2008
  12. ^ Skipper, p. 146.
  13. ^ Rossi, p. 54.
  14. ^ Rossi, p. 65.
  15. ^ Skipper, p. 165.
  16. ^ Marshall, William, Baseball's Pivotal Era, page 281
  17. ^ Time, December 26, 1949
  18. ^ Durocher, Leo, with Linn, Ed, Nice Guys Finish Last. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1975, page 239
  19. ^ "Billy Southworth accepts leave of absence for rest of season". Schenectady Gazette. August 17, 1949. Retrieved March 8, 2014.
  20. ^ a b "Billy Southworth". Baseball Reference. Retrieved October 3, 2015.
  21. ^ "Southworth, Billy". Baseball Hall of Fame. Retrieved March 8, 2014.
  22. ^ Skipper, pp. 178-179.
  23. ^ Skipper, pp. 181-183.
  24. ^ Boston Braves Historical Association Newsletter, Spring Training 2008 edition; Bloomberg, Mort, "Billy Southworth #30", Billy Southworth.com
  25. ^ Cardinals Press Release (January 18, 2014). "Cardinals establish Hall of Fame & detail induction process". www.stlouis.cardinals.mlb.com. Archived from the original on January 26, 2014. Retrieved January 29, 2014.

References

External links

1926 New York Giants (MLB) season

The 1926 New York Giants season was the franchise's 44th season. The team finished in fifth place in the National League with a 74-77 record, 13½ games behind the St. Louis Cardinals.

1926 St. Louis Cardinals season

The 1926 St. Louis Cardinals season was the team's 45th season in St. Louis, Missouri and their 35th in the National League. The Cardinals went 89–65 during the season and finished first in the National League, winning their first National League pennant. In the World Series, they defeated the New York Yankees in 7 games, ending it by throwing out Babe Ruth at second base in the ninth-inning of Game 7 to preserve a 3–2 victory. This was Rogers Hornsby's only full season as manager for the team.

Catcher Bob O'Farrell won the MVP Award this year, batting .293, with 7 home runs and 68 RBIs. Led by RBI champion Jim Bottomley, the offense scored the most runs in the NL.

1929 Major League Baseball season

The 1929 Major League Baseball season.

1929 St. Louis Cardinals season

The 1929 St. Louis Cardinals season was the team's 48th season in St. Louis, Missouri and the 38th season in the National League. The Cardinals went 78–74 during the season and finished 4th in the National League.

1940 St. Louis Cardinals season

The 1940 St. Louis Cardinals season was the team's 59th season in St. Louis, Missouri and 49th season in the National League. The Cardinals went 84–69 during the season and finished 3rd in the National League.

1941 Major League Baseball season

The 1941 Major League Baseball season included the New York Yankees defeating the Brooklyn Dodgers in the World Series, Ted Williams batting .406, and Joe DiMaggio having a 56-game hitting streak; it has been called the "best baseball season ever".

1942 Major League Baseball season

The 1942 Major League Baseball season saw the St. Louis Cardinals defeat the New York Yankees in the World Series.

1945 St. Louis Cardinals season

The 1945 St. Louis Cardinals season was the team's 64th season in St. Louis, Missouri and the 54th season in the National League. The Cardinals went 95–59 during the season and finished 2nd in the National League. The Cardinals set a Major League record which still stands, for the fewest double plays grounded into during a season, with only 75.

1946 Boston Braves season

The 1946 Boston Braves season was the 76th season of the franchise.

1948 Boston Braves season

The 1948 Boston Braves season was the 78th season for the Major League Baseball franchise, and its 73rd in the National League. It produced the team's second NL pennant of the 20th century, its first since 1914, and its tenth overall league title dating to 1876.

Led by starting pitchers Johnny Sain and Warren Spahn (who combined for 39 victories), and the hitting of Bob Elliott, Jeff Heath, Tommy Holmes and rookie Alvin Dark, the 1948 Braves captured 91 games to finish 6​1⁄2 paces ahead of the second-place St. Louis Cardinals. They also attracted 1,455,439 fans to Braves Field, the third-largest gate in the National League and a high-water mark for the team's stay in Boston. The 1948 pennant was the fourth National League championship in seven years for Braves' manager Billy Southworth, who had won three NL titles (1942–44, inclusive) and two World Series championships (1942 and 1944) with the Cardinals. Southworth would be posthumously elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame as a manager in 2008.

However, the Braves fell in six games to the Cleveland Indians in the 1948 World Series, and would experience a swift decline in both on-field success and popularity over the next four seasons. Attendance woes—the Braves would draw only 281,278 home fans in 1952—forced the team's relocation to Milwaukee, Wisconsin, in March 1953. (It later moved to Atlanta in 1966.)

After playing .500 baseball in April and May 1948, the Braves vaulted into first place on the strength of a 39–21 record during June and July. Hampered by second baseman Eddie Stanky's broken ankle and center fielder Jim Russell's season-ending illness, the club slumped slightly in August, going only 14–17 and falling out of the lead August 29. But then it righted itself to win 21 of its final 28 games, regain the top spot September 2, and clinch the NL flag on the 26th. Meanwhile, the city's American League team, the Red Sox, ended their season in a first-place tie with the Indians and lost a playoff game to Cleveland at Fenway Park on October 4, ruining the prospect of what would have been the only all-Boston World Series in MLB history.

For both the Braves and Red Sox, the 1948 season was the first to be broadcast on television, with game broadcasts alternating between WBZ-TV and WNAC-TV with the same team as the Red Sox'.

1949 Boston Braves season

The 1949 Boston Braves season was the 79th season of the franchise.

1950 Boston Braves season

The 1950 Boston Braves season was the 80th season of the franchise. During the season, Sam Jethroe became the first black player in the history of the Braves.

Billy Southworth Jr.

William Brooks Southworth (June 20, 1917 — February 15, 1945), known also as Billy Southworth Jr., was an American professional baseball player (1936–1940) who became a decorated bomber pilot in the United States Army Air Forces during World War II. Rising to the rank of Major, Southworth was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross and Air Medal after completing 25 bombing missions in the European Theater of Operations in 1942 and 1943. He lost his life at age 27 while leading flight training for the Boeing B-29 Superfortress, when his aircraft crashed into Flushing Bay, off the Borough of Queens in New York City, in early 1945.

The son of Baseball Hall of Fame manager William Harold Southworth, he was born in 1917 in Portland, Oregon, where the elder Southworth was playing as an outfielder for the Portland Beavers of the Pacific Coast League. Southworth Jr. grew up in Columbus, Ohio. He graduated from East High School and attended Ohio State University. An outfielder like his father, Southworth signed with the St. Louis Cardinals, for whom Billy Sr. was then a minor league manager, in 1936. He played five seasons in the Cardinal and Philadelphia Athletics organizations, reaching the top minor league level for 15 games with the 1940 Toronto Maple Leafs of the International League.After the end of that season, on December 12, Southworth enlisted in the United States Army Air Corps and, according to the website Baseball in Wartime, he was the first U.S. professional baseball player to enlist in the armed forces prior to World War II, almost a year before the Bombing of Pearl Harbor.

Bob Keely

Robert William Keely (August 22, 1909 – May 20, 2001) was an American professional baseball coach and scout, and, for one full season and parts of two others, a player. He served as a coach in Major League Baseball for 12 seasons (1946–1957) with the Boston and Milwaukee Braves.

Born in St. Louis, Missouri, Keely stood 6' (183 cm) tall, weighed 175 pounds (79 kg), and threw and batted right-handed. Keely played one season of minor league baseball, 1937, with the Union City Greyhounds of the Class D KITTY League, but was a longtime semiprofessional catcher with the Belleville Stags. During World War II, he joined the St. Louis Cardinals as the club's bullpen catcher — an extra hand who caught relief pitchers and batting practice. He was activated for one game in 1944 and one game in 1945, going hitless in one at bat and handling two chances as a catcher without an error.

Keely formally became a major-league coach when he joined manager Billy Southworth in moving from the Cardinals to the Braves in 1946. He was the Braves' bullpen coach through the 1957 season, serving in both Boston and Milwaukee and under four different managers. He worked on the 1948 NL champions and the 1957 world champions with the club.

After leaving the Braves, Keely was a scout for the Cardinals through the mid-1970s. He died at age 91 in Sarasota, Florida.

Columbus Red Birds

The Columbus Red Birds were a top-level minor league baseball team that played in Columbus, Ohio, in the American Association from 1931 through 1954. The Columbus club, a member of the Association continuously since 1902, was previously known as the Columbus Senators — a typical appellation for a team based in a state (or national) capital. It was independently and locally owned through the 1920s.

The economic distress of the Great Depression was accompanied by the rise of the farm system — pioneered by the St. Louis Cardinals' Branch Rickey. The Cardinals purchased minor league teams at all levels to develop their talent as if on an assembly line, and when they needed a second top-level farm club (St. Louis already owned the Rochester Red Wings of the International League), they purchased the struggling Senators club and dubbed it the Red Birds, a popular nickname for the big-league club.

The first business manager of the Red Birds was a baseball novice named Larry MacPhail. A bold promoter, he supervised the building of Redbird Stadium, championed night baseball games, and tried to make baseball more fan-friendly. Attendance tripled between 1930 and 1932. MacPhail left Columbus after a dispute with the Cardinals' ownership, and moved up to Major League Baseball as the general manager of three teams between 1933 and 1947, and earned a place in the Baseball Hall of Fame. The 1933 Red Birds were recognized as one of the 100 greatest minor league teams of all time.Columbus produced a number of great players, including Hall of Famers Enos Slaughter and Billy Southworth. Slaughter (who batted .382 for the 1937 Red Birds with 245 hits), and won Association titles in 1933, 1934, 1937, 1941–43 and 1950. Southworth managed the 1932 Red Birds. In the early 1950s a series of losing teams, and the encroachment of television, depressed the Red Birds' attendance, and the club moved to Omaha, Nebraska, for the 1955 season and was re-christened the Omaha Cardinals.

Columbus immediately gained a new AAA team when the Ottawa A's franchise of the International League began playing there in 1955. This club, the Columbus Jets, moved to Charleston, West Virginia, in 1970. Ohio's capital was without baseball for seven years until 1977, when the Columbus Clippers joined the IL. The Clippers have played there ever since, most notably as the longtime AAA affiliate (1979–2006) of the New York Yankees. After a two-year stint as the Washington Nationals' top affiliate, in 2009 they became the AAA affiliate of the Cleveland Indians.

Ernie White

Ernest Daniel White (September 5, 1916 – May 22, 1974) was an American professional baseball player who pitched in the Major Leagues from 1940 to 1943 and from 1946 to 1948. A native of Pacolet Mills, South Carolina, he threw left-handed, batted right-handed, stood 5 ft 11 1⁄2 in (1.82 m) tall and weighed 175 pounds (79 kg).

White pitched for two National League clubs, the St. Louis Cardinals and Boston Braves, during his seven-year MLB career, and was a member of three pennant-winners and one World Series champion. In 108 games, he won 30 and lost 21 contests, with an earned run average of 2.78. All thirty victories came during his first four years in the league as a Cardinal.

White pitched a complete-game shutout in Game 3 of the 1942 World Series, defeating the New York Yankees 2–0 at Yankee Stadium, as the Cardinals beat New York in five games in the only World Series ever lost by the Yanks during Joe McCarthy's 15+-year term as manager. During the previous season, 1941, White enjoyed his best campaign, winning 17 of 24 decisions, compiling an ERA of 2.40, and finishing sixth in the NL Most Valuable Player poll.

White served in the U.S. Army during World War II missing the 1944–45 seasons. While in Europe he participated in the Battle of the Bulge.Because of a sore arm, White pitched in only one game and four innings for the 1947 Braves, and spent most of that campaign as a coach on the staff of Boston manager Billy Southworth. But he was able to return to the mound for 15 games and 23 innings with Boston's 1948 NL championship team before embarking on a 15-year (1949–62; 1964) career as a minor league manager in the farm systems of the Boston/Milwaukee Braves, Cincinnati Reds, Kansas City Athletics, Yankees and New York Mets, winning three league championships. His 1952 Columbia Reds won 100 regular-season games, but lost in the Sally League playoffs. White also spent one season, 1963, as pitching coach of the Mets on the staff of legendary Casey Stengel.

White died in Augusta, Georgia, at the age of 57 from complications following knee surgery.

Jack Berly

John Chambers "Jack" Berly (May 24, 1903 – June 26, 1977) was a Major League Baseball pitcher.

Berly was born in Natchitoches, Louisiana. He made his major league debut for the St. Louis Cardinals on April 22, 1924. Making four appearances, all in late relief, he gave up five runs over eight innings pitched. Berly would not return to the majors for seven seasons.

In 1928 Berly joined the Rochester Red Wings of the Triple-A International League, then managed by Billy Southworth. The Red Wings won three straight IL pennants in 1928–1930, and Berly went 33–22 in those seasons, winning the IL earned run average title in 1930 (2.49).

In 1931 the New York Giants acquired Berly. He had seven wins with eight losses in 27 games. In 1932–1933 he pitched for the Philadelphia Phillies, mostly in relief.

Berly returned to Rochester in 1934, beginning a period of eight years' service in the International League with the Red Wings, Baltimore Orioles and Toronto Maple Leafs. He returned to Rochester in late 1940, just in time to play on his fourth IL pennant winner. His IL career ended in 1941. Over 11 IL seasons he had a won-lost record of 101–84, with a 3.68 ERA in 1610 innings pitched.

Berly was inducted into the International League Hall of Fame in 1955. In 1977, he died in Houston, Texas.

List of Atlanta Braves managers

The Atlanta Braves are a professional baseball team based in Atlanta, Georgia. The Braves are members of the National League (NL) East division in Major League Baseball (MLB). Since the franchise started as the Boston Red Stockings (no relationship to the current Boston Red Sox team) in 1871, the team has changed its name several times and relocated twice. The Braves were a charter member of the NL in 1876 as the Boston Red Caps, and are one of the NL's two remaining charter franchises (the other being the Chicago Cubs). In baseball, the head coach of a team is called the manager, or more formally, the field manager. The duties of the team manager include team strategy and leadership on and off the field. The Braves franchise has employed 45 managers.The franchise's first manager was Hall of Famer Harry Wright, who managed the team for eleven seasons. Frank Selee was the next manager to have managed the team for eleven seasons, with a total of twelve with the formerly named Boston Beaneaters. The formerly named Boston Braves made their first postseason appearance under George Stallings in 1914, winning the World Series that year. Several other managers spent long tenures with the Braves. Bill McKechnie managed the Braves from 1930 to 1937, while Casey Stengel managed the team from 1938 to 1942. The franchise was known as the Boston Bees from 1936 to 1940, and was again named the Boston Braves until 1952. Stengel also managed the Braves in 1943.From 1943 to 1989, no managerial term lasted as long as five complete seasons. The Braves were managed by Billy Southworth from 1946 to 1949, and again from 1950 to 1951. Southworth led the team into the 1948 World Series, which ended the Braves' 34-year postseason drought; the World Series ended in a losing result for the Braves. In 1953, the team moved from Boston to Milwaukee, where it was known as the Milwaukee Braves. Its first manager in Milwaukee was Charlie Grimm, who managed the team from mid-season of 1952 to mid-season of 1956. Fred Haney took over the managerial position after Grimm, and led the team to the World Series in 1957, defeating the New York Yankees in a game seven to win the series.In 1966, the team moved from Milwaukee to its current location, Atlanta. Its first manager in Atlanta was Bobby Bragan, who managed the team for three seasons earlier in Milwaukee. Lum Harris was the first manager to have managed the team in Atlanta for more than four seasons. Harris led the team into the NL Championship Series (NLCS) in 1969, but failed to advance into the World Series. Joe Torre was the next manager to manage the Braves into the postseason, but like Harris, led the team into the NLCS with a losing result. Bobby Cox was the manager of the Braves from 1990 till 2010. Under his leadership the Braves made the postseason 15 times, winning five National League championships and one World Series title in 1995. Cox has the most regular season wins, regular season losses, postseason appearances, postseason wins and postseason losses of any Braves manager. He was named NL Manager of the Year three times, in 1991, 2004 and 2005.After Cox retired upon the conclusion of the 2010 season, Fredi González was hired to take over as manager.

Several managers have had multiple tenures with the Braves. John Morrill served three terms in the 1880s as the Braves manager, while Fred Tenney, Stengel, Bob Coleman, Southworth, Dave Bristol and Cox each served two terms. Ted Turner and Vern Benson's term each lasted only a single game, as they were both interim managers between Bristol's tenures.

List of Major League Baseball All-Star Game managers

The following is a list of individuals who have managed the Major League Baseball All-Star Game over the years (except 1945), since its inauguration in 1933. Chosen managers and winning pennant managers manage teams including American and National Leagues.

No official MLB All-Star Game was held in 1945 (cancelled April 24, 1945) including the official MLB selection of that season's All-Stars (Associated Press All-Star Game; game was not played). MLB played two All-Star Games from 1959 through 1962.

BBWAA Vote
Veterans Committee
J. G. Taylor Spink Award
Ford C. Frick Award
Buck O'Neil Lifetime Achievement Award
Pitchers
Catchers
First basemen
Second basemen
Third basemen
Shortstops
Outfielders
Designated hitters
Managers
Executives /
pioneers
Umpires
Inducted as a Cardinal
Inductees who played
for the Cardinals
Cardinals managers
Cardinals executives
Frick Award
Spink Award
Franchise
History
Ballparks
Culture
Lore
Rivalries
Key personnel
Minor league
affiliates
World Series
Championships
League pennants
Division titles
Wild card titles
All Star Games hosted

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