Bill Hewlett

William Redington Hewlett (/ˈhjuːlɪt/ HEW-lit; May 20, 1913 – January 12, 2001) was an American engineer and the co-founder, with David Packard, of the Hewlett-Packard Company (HP).

Bill Hewlett
William Hewlett
Born
William Redington Hewlett

May 20, 1913
DiedJanuary 12, 2001 (aged 87)
Alma materStanford University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Known forCo-founder of: Hewlett-Packard
Spouse(s)
Flora Lamson
(m. 1939; died 1977)

Rosemary Bradford (m. 1978–2001)
ChildrenEleanor, Walter, James, William and Mary
Scientific career
Academic advisorsFrederick Emmons Terman

Early life and education

Hewlett was born in Ann Arbor, Michigan, where his father taught at the University of Michigan Medical School. In 1916 the family moved to San Francisco after his father, Albion Walter Hewlett, took a similar position at Stanford Medical School, located at the time in San Francisco. He attended Lowell High School and was accepted at Stanford University as a favor to his late father who had died of a brain tumor in 1925.[1]

Hewlett received his Bachelor's degree from Stanford University in 1934, a Master of Science degree in electrical engineering from MIT in 1936, and the degree of Electrical Engineer from Stanford in 1939. He joined the Kappa Sigma fraternity during his time at Stanford.

Career

Hewlett-Packard

Hewlett attended undergraduate classes taught by Fred Terman at Stanford and became acquainted with David Packard. Packard and he began discussing forming a company in August 1937, and founded Hewlett-Packard Company as a partnership on January 1, 1939. A flip of a coin decided the ordering of their names.[2] Their first big breakthrough came when Disney purchased multiple audio oscillators designed by Hewlett for use in the production of the film Fantasia.[3]

The company incorporated in 1947 and tendered an initial public offering in 1957.[1] Bill Hewlett and Dave Packard were proud of their company culture which came to be known as the HP Way. The HP Way is a corporate culture that claimed to be not only centered on making money but also respecting and nurturing its employees. Hewlett was president of the Institute of Radio Engineers in 1954.[4]

He was president of HP from 1964 to 1977, and served as CEO from 1968 to 1978, when he was succeeded by John A. Young. He remained chairman of the executive committee until 1983, and then served as vice chairman of the board until 1987.

A young Steve Jobs, then age 12,[5] called Hewlett (whose number was in the phone book) and requested any available parts for a frequency counter he was building. Hewlett, impressed with Jobs' initiative, offered him a summer job assembling frequency counters.[6] Jobs then considered HP one of the companies that he admired, regarding it among the handful of companies (Disney and Intel were the others) that were built “to last, not just to make money”. [7]

Military service

Hewlett served in the Army during World War II as a Signal Corps Officer. He then led the electronics section of the Development Division, a new part of the War Department Special Staff. After the war he was part of a special team that inspected Japanese Industry.[8]

Other companies

Hewlett was a Director for Hexcel Products Incorporated (became Hexcel) from 1956-1965, and worked on their executive committee. Hewlett served as a Director of Chase Manhattan Bank (became JPMorgan Chase) from 1969-1980. Hewlett was also elected to the Board of Directors for Chrysler Corporation in 1966, a position he held until 1983.[9]

Philanthropy

Starting in the 1960s Hewlett committed much of his time and wealth towards numerous philanthropic causes. In 1966, William Hewlett and his wife Flora founded the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, which became one of the largest private foundations in the United States. Aside from the foundation Hewlett gave millions of dollars to universities, schools, museums, non-profits organisations and other organizations. Stanford University was a large recipient of his philanthropy.[9]

Personal life

In 1939 he married Flora Lamson, and the couple eventually had 5 children: Eleanor, Walter, James, William and Mary. There are 12 grandchildren. His wife died in 1977. In 1978, Hewlett married Rosemary Kopmeier Bradford.

Hewlett was a committed conservationist and avid outdoorsman. As an amateur photographer and botanist he took many photographs and samples of wildflowers. Some of these were donated to the California Academy of Sciences.[10]

He died of heart failure in Palo Alto, California, on January 12, 2001, and was interred at Los Gatos Memorial Park, San Jose, California.

Legacy

In 1999, the William R. Hewlett Teaching Center at Stanford was named in his honor. The building is located in the Science and Engineering Quad, adjacent to the David Packard Electrical Engineering Building.[11]

Awards

References

  1. ^ a b David Packard (1995). The HP Way. HarperBusiness. ISBN 0-88730-817-1.
  2. ^ "HP Garage Timeline". hp.com. Archived from the original on January 20, 2011. Retrieved November 29, 2010.
  3. ^ http://www.hp.com/hpinfo/abouthp/histnfacts/museum/earlyinstruments/0008/index.html HP Virtual Museum: Model 200b Audio Oscillator
  4. ^ "William R. Hewlett". IEEE Global History Network. IEEE. Retrieved August 10, 2011.
  5. ^ https://vimeo.com/48043894
  6. ^ Isaacson, Walter (2011). Steve Jobs. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster. pp. xix, 534. ISBN 9781451648539.
  7. ^ McMillan, Robert (October 25, 2011). "Steve Jobs: HP Implosion Was an iTragedy". Wired.
  8. ^ http://www8.hp.com/h20195/v2/GetPDF.aspx/4AA1-8324ENW.pdf Archived April 27, 2016, at the Wayback Machine Hewlett-Packard Enterprise Bill Hewlett Biography
  9. ^ a b http://www.oac.cdlib.org/findaid/ark:/13030/c8qr52p9/ Hewlett (William) Papers, Stanford University Special Collections and University Archives
  10. ^ CalPhotos, UCBerkeley
  11. ^ "William R. Hewlett Teaching Center". Stanford University. Retrieved November 11, 2011.
  12. ^ National Inventors Hall of Fame
  13. ^ The Heinz Awards, William R. Hewlett and David Packard profile

External links

Collections
Business positions
Preceded by
David Packard
President of Hewlett-Packard
1964–1977
Succeeded by
John A. Young
Chief Executive Officer of Hewlett-Packard
1971–1978
Compaq Portable series

Compaq's first computers were portable 'lunchbox' or 'luggable' computers, and as such belong to the Compaq Portable series. These computers measured approximately 1×1 foot on the side, and were approx. 2½ ft wide. As the products evolved, laptops and notebooks were created offing a new level of portability that caused the market to explode.

Some of the portables (the Portable and Portable II) had CRT monitors, while others (the Portable III and the Portable 386) had flat, single-color, usually amber, plasma displays. The portables came/could come with internal hard disk drives on .5" shock mount springs; diskette drives, usually 5​1⁄4" double- or quadruple-density drives; batteries; and/or a dual-ISA expansion chassis, about one full-drive-height wide. Later products included mono and color LCD screens and were battery powered.

Compaq Presario

Presario was a series of desktop computers and notebooks from Compaq. The Presario family of computers was launched for the consumer marketplace in September 1993. In the mid-1990s, Compaq began manufacturing PC monitors as part of the Presario brand. A series of all-in one units, containing both the PC and the monitor in the same case, were also released. Although HP acquired Compaq in 2002, the Presario name was used until the Compaq brand was discontinued in 2013 by HP, due to its marketability.

DXC Technology

DXC Technology is an American multinational corporation that provides B2B IT services.

David Packard

David Packard ( PAK-ərd; September 7, 1912 – March 26, 1996) was an American electrical engineer and co-founder, with William Hewlett, of Hewlett-Packard (1939), serving as president (1947–64), CEO (1964–68), and Chairman of the Board (1964–68, 1972–93) of HP. He served as U.S. Deputy Secretary of Defense from 1969 to 1971 during the Nixon administration. Packard served as President of the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USU) from 1976 to 1981. He was also chairman of the Board of Regents from 1973 to 1982. Packard was the recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1988 and is noted for many technological innovations and philanthropic endeavors.

Entrepreneur Walk of Fame

The Entrepreneur Walk of Fame was established to recognize the positive impact of entrepreneurs on job creation and technological progress. Seven honorees were unveiled in the inaugural year. These were Bill Gates, Bill Hewlett, Bob Swanson, David Packard, Mitch Kapor, Steve Jobs, and Thomas Edison.New honorees are unveiled each year in the fall.The stars are located near the outbound Kendall Square MBTA Red Line stop in Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Flora Hewlett

Flora Lamson Hewlett (August 14, 1914 – February 9, 1977) was an American philanthropist.

HPE Helion

HPE Helion is a portfolio of open-source software and integrated systems for enterprise cloud computing. It was announced by HPE Cloud in May 2014. HPE Helion grew from under US$300 million to over US$3 billion by 2016.HPE Helion is based on open-source technology, including OpenStack and Cloud Foundry.

HP Garage

The HP Garage is a private museum where the company Hewlett-Packard (HP) was founded. It is located at 367 Addison Avenue in Palo Alto, California. It is considered to be the "Birthplace of Silicon Valley." In the 1930s, Stanford University and its Dean of Engineering Frederick Terman began encouraging faculty and graduates to stay in the area instead of leaving California, and develop a high-tech region. HP founders William Hewlett and David Packard are considered the first Stanford students who took Terman's advice.The garage has since been designated a California Historical Landmark and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Though not open for public tours, the property can be viewed from the sidewalk and driveway.

HP Inc.

HP Inc. (also known as HP and stylized as hp) is an American multinational information technology company headquartered in Palo Alto, California, United States. It develops personal computers (PCs), printers and related supplies, as well as 3D printing solutions.

It was formed on November 1, 2015, renamed from the personal computer and printer divisions of the original Hewlett-Packard Company, with its enterprise products and services businesses becoming Hewlett Packard Enterprise. The split was structured so that Hewlett-Packard changed its name to HP Inc. and spun off Hewlett Packard Enterprise as a new publicly traded company. HP Inc. retains Hewlett-Packard's pre-2015 stock price history and its former stock ticker symbol, HPQ, while Hewlett Packard Enterprise trades under its own symbol, HPE.HP is listed on the New York Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the S&P 500 Index. It is the world's largest personal computer vendor by unit sales, having regained its position in 2017 since it was overtaken by Lenovo in 2013. HP ranked No. 58 in the 2018 Fortune 500 list of the largest United States corporations by total revenue.

HP Labs

HP Labs is the exploratory and advanced research group for HP Inc. HP Labs' headquarters is in Palo Alto, California and the group has research and development facilities in Bristol, UK. The development of programmable desktop calculators, inkjet printing, and 3D graphics are credited to HP Labs researchers.

HP Labs was established on March 3, 1966, by founders Bill Hewlett and David Packard, seeking to create an organization not bound by day-to-day business concerns.The labs have downsized dramatically; in August 2007, HP executives drastically diminished the number of projects, down from 150 to 30. As of 2018, HP Labs has just over 200 researchers, compared to earlier staffing levels of 500 researchers.With Hewlett Packard Enterprise being spun off from HP Inc. on November 1, 2015, the research lab also spun off Hewlett Packard Labs into Hewlett Packard Enterprise; the name HP Labs was then used for HP Inc.

HP Slate 500

The HP Slate 500 is a multi-touch capable Windows 7 tablet computer that was announced at CES 2010 and launched on 22 October 2010.

Hewlett-Packard

The Hewlett-Packard Company (commonly referred to as HP, and stylized as hp) or Hewlett-Packard ( HEW-lit PAK-ərd) was an American multinational information technology company headquartered in Palo Alto, California. It developed and provided a wide variety of hardware components as well as software and related services to consumers, small- and medium-sized businesses (SMBs) and large enterprises, including customers in the government, health and education sectors.

The company was founded in a one-car garage in Palo Alto by Bill Hewlett and David Packard, and initially produced a line of electronic test equipment. HP was the world's leading PC manufacturer from 2007 to Q2 2013, at which time Lenovo ranked ahead of HP. HP specialized in developing and manufacturing computing, data storage, and networking hardware, designing software and delivering services. Major product lines included personal computing devices, enterprise and industry standard servers, related storage devices, networking products, software and a diverse range of printers and other imaging products. HP directly marketed its products to households, small- to medium-sized businesses and enterprises as well as via online distribution, consumer-electronics and office-supply retailers, software partners and major technology vendors. HP also had services and consulting business around its products and partner products.

Hewlett-Packard company events included the spin-off of its electronic and bio-analytical measurement instruments part of its business as Agilent Technologies in 1999, its merger with Compaq in 2002, and the acquisition of EDS in 2008, which led to combined revenues of $118.4 billion in 2008 and a Fortune 500 ranking of 9 in 2009. In November 2009, HP announced the acquisition of 3Com, with the deal closing on April 12, 2010. On April 28, 2010, HP announced the buyout of Palm, Inc. for $1.2 billion. On September 2, 2010, HP won its bidding war for 3PAR with a $33 a share offer ($2.07 billion), which Dell declined to match.Hewlett-Packard spun off its enterprise products and services business as Hewlett Packard Enterprise on November 1, 2015. Hewlett-Packard held onto the PC and printer businesses, and was renamed to HP Inc.

Hewlett-Packard 9100A

The Hewlett-Packard 9100A (hp 9100A) is an early programmable calculator (or computer), first appearing in 1968. HP called it a desktop calculator because, as Bill Hewlett said, "If we had called it a computer, it would have been rejected by our customers' computer gurus because it didn't look like an IBM. We therefore decided to call it a calculator, and all such nonsense disappeared."Ad for 9100A in 1968 Science magazine contains earliest documented use (as of 2000) of the phrase personal computer.

Keysight

Keysight Technologies, or Keysight, is an American company that manufactures electronics test and measurement equipment and software. In 2014, Keysight was spun off from Agilent Technologies, taking with it the product lines focused on electronics and radio, leaving Agilent with the chemical and bio-analytical products.The name is a blend of key and insight, and was chosen to convey that the company "unlocks" "critical or key insights."

List of acquisitions by Hewlett-Packard

Hewlett-Packard, commonly referred to as HP, was an information technology corporation based in Palo Alto, California, which was split into two companies: Hewlett Packard Enterprise and HP Inc. The company was founded by Bill Hewlett and Dave Packard in a small garage on January 1, 1939. As of 2012, HP is the largest technology company in the world in terms of revenue, ranking 10th in the Fortune Global 500.

As of 2012, Hewlett-Packard has made a total of 129 acquisitions since 1986. Its first acquisition was the F.L. Moseley Company in 1958. This move enabled HP to enter the plotter business, which was the predecessor to its printer business of today. In 1989, HP purchased Apollo Computer for US$476 million, enabling HP to become the largest supplier of computer workstations. In 1995, the company bought another computer manufacturer, Convex Computer, for US$150 million. In 2000, HP spun off its measurement, chemical and medical businesses into an independent company named Agilent Technologies. The company's largest acquisition came in 2002, when it merged with Compaq, a personal computer manufacturer, for US$25 billion. The combined company overtook Dell for the largest share of the personal computer market worldwide in the second quarter.Within IT networking hardware and storage market segments, HP has made acquisitions worth over US$15 billion, the largest one being 3PAR and 3COM acquisitions made in 2010, totaling over $5 billion. The most recent acquisition in consumer networking segment is Aruba Networks in March 2015 for US$3 billion.

On the IT services and consulting side, the largest acquisition made so far is Electronic Data Systems, in 2008 for US$13.9 billion

In the software products market segment, a stream of acquisitions has helped strengthen HP's position . The largest software company purchased prior to 2011 was Mercury Interactive for US$4.5 billion. This acquisition doubled the size of HP's software business to more than US$2 billion in annual revenue.Between 2012 and 2013, HP had no acquisitions in any of its business segments as the firm was recouping an $8.8 billion write-off suffered as a result of acquisition of British software company Autonomy Corporation for $11 billion in 2011.

After this two-year gap, in 2014, HP returned to the acquisition market by acquiring Computer Networking Software company Shunra. The majority of companies acquired by HP are based in the United States.

At the end of 2014, HP announced that it will split into two companies, Hewlett Packard Enterprise and HP Inc. The former focuses on enterprise infrastructure and software solutions, whilst the latter focuses on consumer markets with PCs and printers. As of November 1, 2015, they are separate companies.

Neoware

Neoware was a company that manufactured and marketed thin clients. It also developed and marketed enterprise software, thin client appliances, and related services aimed at reducing the TCO of IT infrastructure.

Neoware owned one of the three available "OS Streaming" technologies that make it possible to remote boot diskless computers under Microsoft Windows and Linux.

On July 23, 2007, HP announced that it has signed a definitive merger agreement to purchase Neoware for $241 million. The acquisition was completed on October 1, 2007.

Rules of the garage

The rules of the garage are a set of eleven rules that attempt to encapsulate the work ethos that Bill Hewlett and David Packard when they founded Hewlett-Packard. Since Hewlett-Packard was one of the earliest success stories of the information technology sector, it also used to more broadly describe the work ethos of Silicon Valley.

Scitex Vision

Scitex Vision was an Israel-based company that specialized in producing equipment for large- and very-large-format printing on both paper and specialty materials. It was part of Scitex Corporation Ltd. The operations of Scitex Vision, together with rights to the name Scitex were acquired by Hewlett-Packard in 2005 (and renamed HP Scitex).

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Computer hardware products
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See also

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