Bill Foster (baseball)

William Hendrick Foster (June 12, 1904 – September 16, 1978) was an American left-handed pitcher in baseball's Negro leagues in the 1920s and 1930s, and had a career record of 143-69.[1] He was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1996. Foster was the much-younger half-brother of Rube Foster, a Negro league player, pioneer, and fellow Hall of Famer.

Bill Foster
Pitcher
Born: June 12, 1904
Calvert, Texas
Died: September 16, 1978 (aged 74)
Lorman, Mississippi
Batted: Switch Threw: Left
Negro National League debut
1923, Memphis Red Sox
Last appearance
1937, Chicago American Giants
Career statistics
Win–loss record143–69
Earned run average2.40
Teams
Career highlights and awards
Member of the National
Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Baseball Hall of Fame Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg
Induction1996
Election MethodVeterans Committee

Early life

Foster was born in 1904 in Calvert, Texas. He had the same father as Rube Foster, who was a Negro league player, manager and owner. Rube Foster was a key figure in the founding of the Negro National League.[2] Bill Foster's mother died when he was four years old, so he was raised by his grandparents in Rodney, Mississippi.[3] He did not meet his older half-brother until he was a teenager.[4]

Professional career

Foster played for the Memphis Red Sox in 1923 and 1924, the Chicago American Giants from 1925 to 1930—and again from 1932 to 1935 and in 1937—the Homestead Grays and Kansas City Monarchs in 1931, and the Pittsburgh Crawfords in 1936.

Foster played for Chicago American Giants teams that won the Negro National League pennant and the Negro League World Series championship in 1926 and 1927, the Negro Southern League pennant in 1932, and the Negro National League pennant in 1933.[5] He was the player-manager of the team in 1930.[6]

In 1926, Foster won 23 games in a row and 26 overall, but his most amazing performance came the last day of the playoffs to determine the Negro National League title. Needing to win both games of a doubleheader against the Kansas City Monarchs, Foster hurled complete game shutouts in both games of a doubleheader against Bullet Joe Rogan and the Monarchs, 1–0 and 5–0, to put the Giants in the World Series.[7][8]

In 1931 Foster, as a pitcher for the Homestead Grays, recorded a 10–2 record against rival African-American teams.[9] His record against rival African-American teams increases to 11–3, if you count the games that were won and lost in Alcorn, Mississippi, when Syd Pollock's Cubans House of Davids visited Alcorn College prior to Foster joining the Grays. Foster finished the 1931 campaign with J. L. Wilkinson's Kansas City Monarchs where on October 4, 1931 he blew his fastball past a major league all-star team composed of such legendary men as Babe Herman, Joe Kuhel and both Waner brothers, Lloyd and Paul. In the game played at Kansas City's Muehlebach Field, Foster captured a 4–3 win. During the 1931 season Foster struck out ten men in a game on nine different occasions and posted a seasonal high of sixteen strikeouts in Vandergrift, Pennsylvania, on August 6. He also recorded four shutouts. Foster finished 1931 with a 23-5 record.

He was the top vote getter and the winning pitcher in the first East-West All-Star Game in 1933, and was on the All-Star team again in 1934.

Foster's pitch selection included a fastball, overhand curve, slider, sidearm curve, and a changeup.[10]

Baseball people often characterized Foster as one of the game's great players. Umpire Jocko Conlan said Foster had "the same perfect delivery of Herb Pennock, but was faster by far, with a sharp curve, and had what all great pitchers have – control." Charlie Gehringer once told Foster, "If I could paint you white I could get $150,000 for you right now." Negro league player and manager Dave Malarcher favorably compared him to Negro league legend Satchel Paige, saying, "Bill Foster was my star pitcher, the greatest pitcher of our time, not even barring Satchel."[11]

Later life

After retiring from professional baseball in 1936, Foster moved to Tarboro, North Carolina, where his childhood sweetheart Thelma Quigless lived. He also played semiprofessional baseball in 1940 in nearby Princeville, North Carolina. Foster and Quigless were married in 1941. Foster took a job in insurance policy sales with the North Carolina Mutual Life Insurance Company. He later divorced Quigless.[2]

Foster married again and returned to Mississippi. From 1960 to 1977, Foster was a dean and the baseball coach at his alma mater, Alcorn Agricultural and Mechanical College. In 1978 Foster died in Lorman, Mississippi.[2]

Legacy

The Foster Baseball Field at McGowan Stadium in Lorman, the home field for Alcorn State baseball, is named for him.[12]

Foster was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1996. He was elected to the Southwestern Athletic Conference Hall of Fame the next year.[13] In 2003, he was voted in to the Mississippi Sports Hall of Fame.[3]

Notes

  1. ^ Hogan 2006, pp. 404–05.
  2. ^ a b c Whirty, Ryan (September 24, 2013). "Baseball bonds Princeville, Hall of Fame pitcher Bill Foster". The News & Observer. Archived from the original on January 3, 2015. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
  3. ^ a b "Bill Foster". Mississippi Sports Hall of Fame. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
  4. ^ Heaphy, Leslie, ed. (2006). Black Baseball and Chicago: Essays on the Players, Teams and Games of the Negro Leagues' Most Important City. McFarland. p. 74. ISBN 0786426748. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
  5. ^ Clark and Lester 1994, pp. 164–65.
  6. ^ Riley 1994, p. 293.
  7. ^ Big Bill Foster – Negro Leagues Player Archived 2009-09-23 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ Bill Foster, by the Editors of Publications International, Ltd.
  9. ^ Dixon 2009.
  10. ^ James and Neyer 2004, p. 208.
  11. ^ The Hall: A Celebration of Baseball's Greats: In Stories and Images, the Complete Roster of Inductees. Baseball Hall of Fame. 2014. p. 257. ISBN 0316213039. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
  12. ^ "Alcorn State University holds plaque unveiling ceremony in honor of the McGowan Stadium/Fisher Field on May 6". Alcorn.edu. Alcorn State University. Archived from the original on January 31, 2012. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
  13. ^ "Southwestern Athletic Conference Hall of Fame classes". Southwestern Athletic Conference. Archived from the original on November 3, 2016. Retrieved January 2, 2015.

References

  • Clark, Dick; Lester, Larry (1994), The Negro Leagues Book, Cleveland, Ohio: Society for American Baseball Research
  • Dixon, Phil (2009). Phil Dixon's American Baseball Chronicles, Great Teams, The 1931 Homestead Grays Volume I. Xlibris. ISBN 1-4415-7471-9.
  • Hogan, Lawrence D. (2006), Shades of Glory: The Negro Leagues and the Story of African-American Baseball, Washington, D.C.: National Geographic, ISBN 0-7922-5306-X
  • James, Bill; Neyer, Rob (2004), The Neyer/James Guide to Pitchers, New York: Simon & Schuster, ISBN 0-7432-6158-5
  • Riley, James A. (1994), The Biographical Encyclopedia of the Negro Baseball Leagues, New York: Carroll & Graf, ISBN 0-7867-0959-6

External links

Bill Foster

Bill Foster may refer to:

Bill Foster (baseball) (1904–1978), Negro League baseball player

Bill Foster (basketball, born 1929) (1929–2016), college basketball head coach at Rutgers, Utah, Duke, South Carolina, and Northwestern

Bill Foster (basketball, born 1936) (1936-2015), college basketball head coach at Charlotte, Miami, Clemson, and Virginia Tech

Bill Foster (comics), fictional Marvel Comics superhero known variously as Black Goliath, Giant-Man, and Goliath

Bill Foster (director) (1932–2011), television director

Bill Foster (politician) (born 1955), U.S. Congressman (D-IL), physicist

Bill Foster (mayor) (born 1963), mayor of St. Petersburg, Florida

Bill Foster (performer) (1932–2000), entertainer, self-proclaimed world's fastest beer drinker, and band leader on The Man Show

Bill I. Foster (born 1946), American politician, Missouri state senator

Foster (surname)

The surname Foster (Forster, or Forester) derives from the ancient title and office bestowed upon those overseeing the upkeep and administration of hunting territories belonging to either the monarch, or bishop (where empowered to grant warren). The title begins to be adopted as a surname, in the historical record, from the 12th and 13th centuries onwards.

Foster Baseball Field at McGowan Stadium

William "Bill" Foster Baseball Field at Willie E. "Rat" McGowan Stadium is a baseball venue in Lorman, Mississippi, United States. It is home to the Alcorn State Braves baseball team of the NCAA Division I Southwestern Athletic Conference. The field is named for Bill Foster, former Negro League baseball player, member of the National Baseball Hall of Fame, and Alcorn State head baseball coach from 1960 to 1971. The stadium is named for Willie McGowan, head baseball coach from 1972 to 2009. In 38 years as Alcorn State's coach, McGowan won over 700 games. The field and stadium were officially dedicated on September 4, 2010. Plaques commemorating the dedications were added on May 6, 2011.The venue is located next to Henderson Stadium, the Alcorn State football program's home field from 1925 to 1992.

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