Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh

Bilaspur is a city and a municipal council in Bilaspur district in the state of Himachal Pradesh, India.

Bilaspur
city
Bilaspur is located in Himachal Pradesh
Bilaspur
Bilaspur
Location in Himachal Pradesh, India
Bilaspur is located in India
Bilaspur
Bilaspur
Bilaspur (India)
Coordinates: 31°20′N 76°45′E / 31.33°N 76.75°ECoordinates: 31°20′N 76°45′E / 31.33°N 76.75°E
Country India
StateHimachal Pradesh
DistrictBilaspur
Government
 • Zonal HeadquartersMandi
Elevation
673 m (2,208 ft)
Population
(2011)
 • Total13,654
 • Rank13 in Himachal Pradesh
Demonym(s)Bilaspuri
Languages
 • OfficialHindi
 • RegionalPahari
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
174001
Telephone code01978
Vehicle registrationHP-23, HP-24, HP-69
Websitehpbilaspur.nic.in

History

Bilaspur flag
Princely flag of Bilaspur

Bilaspur was the capital of a state of the same name founded in the 7th century, also known as Kahlur. The ruling dynasty were Chandela Rajputs, who claimed descent from the rulers of Chanderi in present-day Madhya Pradesh. The town of Bilaspur was founded in 1663. The state later became a princely state of British India, and was under the authority of the British province of Punjab.

On 13 May 1665, Guru Tegh Bahadur went to Bilaspur to attend the mourning and funeral ceremonies for Raja Dip Chand of Bilaspur. Rani Champa of Bilaspur made an offer to the Guru of a piece of land in her state, which the Guru accepted at the cost of 500 rupees. The land consisted of the villages of Lodhipur, Mianpur, and Sahota. Guru Tegh Bahadur broke ground on a new settlement on 19 June 1665, which he named Nanaki after his mother.

In 1932, the state became part of the newly created Punjab States Agency, and in 1936 the Punjab Hill States Agency was separated from the Punjab States Agency. On 12 October 1948 the local ruler, Raja Sir Anand Chand, acceded to the Government of India.

Bilaspur became a separate state of India under a chief commissioner, and on 1 July 1954, Bilaspur State was made a district of Himachal Pradesh state by an act of the Indian Parliament. When the Sutlej River was dammed to create the Govind Sagar, the historic town of Bilaspur was submerged, and a new town was built upslope of the old.[1]

Geography

Bilaspur is located at 31°20′N 76°45′E / 31.33°N 76.75°E,[2] with an average elevation of 673 m (2,208 ft). It lies at the foot of the Bandla Hills, near the reservoir of Govind Sagar on the Sutlej River. It is the first major town after entering Himachal Pradesh on the way to Manali.

Climate

Bilaspur experiences warm summers and cool winters but is protected from the temperature extremes of the surrounding mountains by its situation in a valley. The monsoon, from July to September, is a period of high rainfall. From October to November, the lake is completely full. The highest temperature months are May and June when the temperature is typically around 37 °C (99 °F) and 38 °C (100 °F), sometimes exceeding 40 °C (104 °F).

Demographics

As of the 2001 Indian census,[3] Bilaspur had a population of 13,058. Males constituted 56.25% of the population and females 43.75%. Bilaspur has an average literacy rate of 91%, higher than the national average of 74%. 10% of the population is under 6 years of age. Most people live in villages and are farmers or government employees.

Transportation

Buses are the only mode of public transport to the district and run from all major towns within the state as well as from those outside it. Bilaspur lies on the Chandigarh-Manali NH-205 highway. It is 86 km (53 mi) away from Shimla, the state capital, and 405 km (252 mi) from Delhi. The nearest major airport with daily scheduled flights from major cities is in Chandigarh, which is 141 km (88 mi). Manali, a major tourist attraction in Himachal Pradesh, is located 195 km (121 mi) from Bilaspur. Mandi, 70 km (43 mi) away, contains the Zonal headquarters of the district. Most of the long route buses that service Bilaspur are run by the state owned HRTC; local routes are operated by private bus operators.

Landmarks

BilaspurCityHimachal
Panoramic view of Bilaspur.
Bilaspur in Rain
View of Bilaspur with Govind Sagrar Lake completely full.
  • Naina Devi Temple: The Temple of Shri Naina Devi Ji is situated on a hilltop in Bilaspur. The temple is connected with National Highway No. 21. The temple at the top of the hill can be reached via road (that curves around the hill up to a certain point) and then by concrete steps (that finally reach the top). There is also a cable car facility that moves pilgrims from the base of the hill all the way to the top. The hills of Naina Devi overlook the Gobind Sagar lake, which was created by the Bhakra-Nangal Dam. Several religious stories are associated with the establishment of the temple.
  • Gobind Sagar: A reservoir that was formed by the Bhakra Dam.
  • Rukmani Kund: A rock water body, It can be accessed by taking Bhager-Gehrwin route via Hirapur.
  • Bhakar Dam: Bhakra Dam is a concrete gravity dam across the Satluj River in Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh in northern India. The dam, located at a gorge near the (now submerged) upstream Bhakra village in Bilaspur district of Himachal Pradesh of 226 m. India's tallest dam is "Tehri dam "of 265 m. The length of the dam (measured from the road above it) is 518.25 m and the width is 9.1 m. Its reservoir known as "Gobind Sagar" stores up to 9.34 billion cubic metres of water. The 90 km long reservoir created by the Bhakra Dam is spread over an area of 168.35 km2. In terms of quantity of water, it is the third largest reservoir in India, the first being Indira Sagar Dam in Madhya Pradesh with capacity of 12.22 billion cu m and second Nagarjunasagar Dam. Described as "New Temple of Resurgent India" by Jawaharlal Nehru,[2] the first prime minister of India, the dam attracts tourists from all over India. Bhakra dam is 15 km from Nangal city and 20 km from Naina Devi town.
  • Nahar Singh Dhaulra : The temple of Baba Nahar Singh exists at Dholra in the Bilaspur Town. The people all over Bilaspur worship Baba Nahar Singh. Baba is also known as ‘Bajia’, ‘Peepal Wala’, ‘Dalian Wala’. Baba Ji is known as apparent (Prtyaksh) god. Baba Nahar Singh was the god of Naggar the capital of Kullu Riyasat. Raja Deep Chand (1650-1665) of Bilaspur married princess of Kullu Lai Dei (she is now known as Naggar Dei also). When the princess now known as Rani of Bilaspur reached Bilaspur she had frequent attacks of unconsciousness. The devoted persons of Bilaspur tried to find out the reason for this. They all came to the conclusion that Baba Nahar Singh has accompanied Rani and the God needs to be established with all religious rituals. Raja Deep Chand did the same and established the god in Dholra. ‘Kharaun’ (the wooden slippers) of Baba Nahar Singh symbolizes him and are placed in the temple. In the month of ‘Jeth’ (mid May to mid June) on every Tuesday fairs are organized in the temple.
  • Vyaas Gufa: The oldest and the most famous religious place which lies on the left bank of river Satluj. It is about 610 m above sea level. It is situated between the old and new Bilaspur Township. There is a common belief that Vyas Rishi of Mahabharata fame lived in this Gufa in penance. The name of the present Bilaspur town traces its origin to Rishi Vyas which was originally known as Vyaspur. It is a place of pilgrimage. It is about 0.5 km from district headquarters.
  • Laxmi Narayan Temple: A temple where Laxmi Narayan is worshiped.
  • Baba Balak Nath: Babal Balak Nath is a Punjabi and Hindu deity worshiped in the northern Indian states of Punjab and Himachal Pradesh. His main temple is in Hamirpur, Himachal Pradesh. The base city is known as Shahtalai. Women are not allowed to enter the main garbagriha because was a Brahmachari and could not have any females near him.
  • Markandey: Temple: Located on Ghagus-Brahmpukhar road. It is named after Rishi Markandey. As per the history, Rishi Markandey had no children and thus, he worshiped in this temple to have a child. As a result, Lord Shiva blessed him with one son but warned that the boy will live up to the age of 12 years only. So Rishi named his son as Markandeya. Later on, the child Markandey worshiped Lord Shiva at this place and lastly when his claimed age was about to approach, he received the blessings from Lord Shiva in the form of a grant of his wishes.
  • Hadimba Devi Temple: Hadimba Devi Temple is located atop a hill in Chalehli Village in Bilaspur district, Himachal Pradesh, at a distance of 5 km from Harlog on the Harlog-Hawaan Road. The shrine is dedicated to Goddess Durga, extensively known as Hadimba Devi, the symbol of Shakti.
  • Badol Devi Temple: Badol Devi Temple is located atop a hill in Badol Village in Bilaspur district, Himachal Pradesh, at a distance of 3 km from Gehrwin on the Gehrwin-Dhanathar Road. The shrine is dedicated to Goddess Durga, extensively known as Badol Devi, the symbol of Shakti.
  • Gugga Gehrwin Temple: A temple dedicated to Gugga situated on the plateau of Gehrwin which is about 36  km ahead of Bilaspur.
  • Kandrour Bridge: A bridge located 8 kilometres from Bilaspur on National Highway No-88, across the river Satluj. Its construction was started in April 1959 and was completed in 1965. The total cost of construction came to Rs. 28,12,998. The span of the bridge is about 280 meters with a breadth of about seven meters and the height above the lowest river bed below is about 80 meters.The pillars supporting the bridge are hollowed. The bridge was opened by Shri Raj Bahadur, Minister of Transport in 1965.

Notable people from Bilaspur

See also

References

  1. ^ History of the PUNJAB Hill States, Volume 2, J. Hutchinson and J. Ph. Vogel, P - 513, 1933, by Superintendent, Government Printing, Lahore, Punjab
  2. ^ a b Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Bilaspur
  3. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.

External links

Bhakra Dam

Bhakra Dam is a concrete gravity dam on the Sutlej River in Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh in northern India. The dam forms the Gobind Sagar reservoir.

The dam, located at a gorge near the (now submerged) upstream Bhakra village in Bilaspur district of Himachal Pradesh of height 226 m. The length of the dam (measured from the road above it) is 518.25 m and the width is 9.1 m. Its reservoir known as "Gobind Sagar" stores up to 9.34 billion cubic metres of water. The 90 km long reservoir created by the Bhakra Dam is spread over an area of 168.35 km2. In terms of quantity of water, it is the third largest reservoir in India, the first being Indirasagar dam in Madhya Pradesh with capacity of 12.22 billion cu m and second Nagarjunasagar Dam.

Described as "New Temple of Resurgent India" by Jawaharlal Nehru, the first prime minister of India, the dam attracts tourists from all over India. Bhakra dam is 15 km from Nangal city and 20 km from Naina Devi town.

Nangal Dam is another dam in Punjab downstream of Bhakra Dam. However, sometimes both the dams together are called Bhakra-Nangal Dam though they are two separate dams.

Bhandari Ram

Bhandari Ram VC (24 July 1919 – 19 May 2002) was an Indian recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

Bilaspur (Himachal Pradesh Assembly constituency)

Bilaspur (Vidhan Sabha constituency) is one of the 68 assembly constituencies of Himachal Pradesh a northern state of India. Hamirpur is also part of Hamirpur Lok Sabha constituency.

Bilaspur–Manali–Leh line

Bilaspur(Himachal Pradesh) –Manali–Leh line is a proposed high-elevation all-weather 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge railway

track that is planned to connect Bilaspur in Himachal Pradesh to Leh in Ladakh region of Jammu and Kashmir state of India. It would link to the Indian railway network via an extension of the Kangra Valley Railway to Mandi, which would be converted to 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge.The total expected length of Bilaspur(Himachal Pradesh) –Manali–Leh line is 498 km (309 miles). It would become the highest railway track in the world, overtaking the current record of the Qinghai–Tibet Railway. The Railway Budget 2011-2012 announced that the project would be taken up in the next year's budget. The next year's Railway Budget announced that the project was sent to the Planning Commission for appraisal. As of September 2016, Northern Railways has begun the process of acquiring land for setting up office in Leh.

Jagat Prakash Nadda

Jagat Prakash Nadda (born 2 December 1960) is an Indian politician. He is currently the Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare and member of Rajya Sabha from Himachal Pradesh and Parliamentary Board Secretary of Bharatiya Janata Party. Earlier, he was a Minister in Himachal Pradesh Government.

Kahlur

Bilaspur State or Kahlur was a princely state in the Punjab Province during the era of British India, ruled by a Hindu Rajput dynasty.

The state was initially known as Kahlur and was later renamed Bilaspur. It covered an area of 1173 km², and had a population of 100,994 according to the 1931 Census of India. The last ruler of Bilaspur State signed the accession to join the Indian Union on 12 October 1948.Bilaspur State remained Bilaspur Province in independent India until 1950 when the province was briefly renamed "Bilaspur State" before it was merged with Himachal Pradesh state as a district in 1954.

Kapal Mochan

Kapal Mochan is an ancient place of pilgrimage for both Hindus and Sikhs, 17 km north-east of Jagadhari town, on the Bilaspur road in Yamunanagar district. It is also called Gopal Mochan and Somsar Mochan. As per Legend, Brāhmanahatya i.e. killing of Brahmin is considered as a major sin, but one who kills a Brahmin and bath here, his Brāhmanahatya sins will be washed.

Nearby Bilaspur, Haryana (not to be confused with Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh) in Yamuna Nagar District which takes its name from the corrupted form of "Vyas Puri", was the ashram of Ved Vyasa rishi where he wrote the Mahabharta on the banks of Sarasvati river near Adi Badri where Sarasvati river leaves Himalayas and enters the plains.It is one of the most ancient vedic religious site in Haryana along with 48 kos parikrama of Kurukshetra and Dhosi Hill.

Kirpa Ram

Naik Kirpa Ram (1916 – 12 September 1945) was a posthumous recipient of the George Cross, the highest British (and Commonwealth) medal for gallantry not in the face of the enemy.

Born in 1916, Kirpa volunteered to join the Indian Army in 1935. During the Second World War he was a member of 8th Battalion, 13th Frontier Force Rifles. He served in the Burma Campaign and his unit then returned to India.On 12 September 1945, during a field firing exercise at a rest camp at Thondebavi, Bangalore a rifle grenade misfired and fell only eight yards from Kirpa's section. The 28-year-old soldier rushed forward, shouting at his men to take cover and attempted to throw it to a safe distance. It exploded in his hand, wounding him fatally, but his self-sacrifice meant that only two men of the section were slightly wounded. The posthumous award of the George Cross was announced on 15 March 1946, the citation read:

St. James's Palace, S.W.1, 15th March, 1946.

The KING has been graciously pleased to approve the posthumous award of the GEORGE CROSS, in recognition of most conspicuous gallantry in carrying out hazardous work in a very brave manner, to:-

No. 15634 Naik KIRPA RAM, 8th Battalion, 13th Frontier Force Rifles, Indian Army.

In 2002 Kirpa's GC was among the contents of a trunk stolen from his widow's house at Bhapral, Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh. Although investigations were made at the time, no trace was found until the medal was presented for auction in London in late 2009. The medal was due to go under the hammer on 2 December 2009, but after the widow, Brahmi Devi, was alerted to the sale, steps were taken to suspend the sale. Finally, on 11 May 2015, Kirpa's GC was returned to his widow by the British government.

Lohgarh (Bilaspur)

Lohgarh (Hindi: लोहगढ़) is a historic town in Bilaspur tehsil of Yamunanagar district of Haryana in India. It was the capital of the Sikh state under Banda Singh Bahadur from 1710 to 1716.

Luhnu Cricket Ground

Luhnu Cricket Ground is a cricket ground in Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh, India. The first recorded match on the ground came when Himachal Pradesh Under-16s played Jammu and Kashmir Under-16s in 1999. The ground held its first first-class match in 2001 when Himachal Pradesh played Delhi in the 2001/02 Ranji Trophy. The following season a further first-class match was held when Himachal Pradesh played Hyderabad in the 2002/03 Ranji Trophy. No further major matches have been staged there.

Meena Kumari (sport shooter)

Meena Kumari is an Indian shooter. She along with T Sawant won a bronze medal in at the 2010 Commonwealth Games. She is from Bilaspur district of Himachal Pradesh.In the Commonwealth Games 2014, Meena finished sixth with a score of 615.3 points in the women's 50-metre rifle prone finals at the Barry Buddon Shooting Centre. She finished fourth with a score of 586 at the 2010 Asian Games held at the Aoti Range in Guangzhou.

Ram Lal Thakur

Ram Lal Thakur (ex-cabinet minister (from Himachal Pradesh) for Industries, I.T. and Youth Services and Sports), son of Paras Ram Thakur, was born on 7 June 1951 in the village Ghial in Bilaspur district. He has done B.A., LL.B. and Post Graduate Diploma in Personnel Management and Labour Welfare. He was educated at Himachal Pradesh University, Shimla. He married Kamlesh Thakur.He has remained an active sportsperson and represented the state in Kabaddi 6 times at the national level and remained its captain thrice. He was the member of Himachal Pradesh University Sports Council. He was also the General Secretary of Central Students’ Association, Himachal Pradesh University. He was adjudged as the best National Cadet Corps Cadet on All India level during Republic Day Parade and also as the best cadet from Punjab, Haryana, Chandigarh and Himachal Pradesh in 1971.

He also remained the General Secretary of-

Sports and Cultural Unit of Pradesh NSUI,

State Youth Congress since 1982He was the President of Youth Congress in Bilaspur from 1978 to 1982.

He got arrested during Jail Bharo Andolan of Congress Party in 1978. He is the member of All India Congress Committee.

He was elected to the Himachal Pradesh State Legislative Assembly first in 1985 and was re-elected again in 1993, 1998 and 2003. He remained the chairman of PUC from 1994 to 1995. He was the Minister of State for Law, Youth Services and Sports, Ayurveda and local self Government from 1985 to 1990. He was also the Health Minister (at Cabinet Rank) from 1996 to 1998. He is working as Cabinet Minister for Industries, I.T. and Youth Services and Sports from March, 2003 onwards.

Sanjay Kumar (soldier)

Subedar Sanjay Kumar, PVC (born 3 March 1976) is an Indian Army soldier, a Junior Commissioned Officer and recipient of the Param Vir Chakra, India's highest military award.

Shiva Institute of Engineering and Technology, Bilaspur

Shiva Institute of Engineering and Technology, Bilaspur (commonly referred to as SIET, Bilaspur) is a private coeducational college of engineering located in Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh, India.

Subhash Thakur

Subhash Thakur is an Indian member of the legislative assembly (MLA) from Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh. He defeated Bumber Thakur of Indian National Congress (INC) by 6862 votes.

Sunhani, Himachal Pradesh

Sunhani is a village located in Jhanduta tehsil of Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh, India. At the 2001 Census of India, it had a population of 2134 people and 452 families. It was the capital of the Kahlur kingdom from 1600-1650. Throughout history it has played an important role in the local area.

Swarghat

Swarghat is a stopover destination on the Chandigarh-Manali Highway in the Bilaspur district of Himachal Pradesh, Northern India.

Ulick Considine

Stanley George Ulick Considine, born at Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh on 11 August 1901 and died at Bath, Somerset on 31 August 1950, was a first-class cricketer who played as an amateur for Somerset in the 1920s.

Considine was also a rugby union player, appearing at stand-off half for Bath, Somerset and, once, for England in France in 1925, though in his one international appearance he played on the wing. He was badly injured in that match and, according to one report, his enthusiasm for sport of all kinds diminished after that.Educated at Blundell's School, Considine first played cricket for Somerset in 1919, and in 1921 and 1922 was a regular member of the side as a right-handed middle order batsman and a fine cover fielder. His one century was an unbeaten 130 in the match against Worcestershire at Taunton in July 1921. His best season was 1922, when he scored 973 runs and came third in Somerset's batting averages. Wisden wrote of him: "He is so young that if he can spare time to keep up the game he ought to have a bright future."Considine's appearances became less frequent and after the mid-1920s he rarely played though his final match was not until 1935. He was a solicitor in Bath, like several other Somerset amateurs of the time, such as Reggie Ingle and Bunty Longrigg. In the Second World War he was a squadron leader in the Royal Air Force.

Yami Gautam

Yami Gautam (born 28 November 1988) is an Indian film actress and model who predominantly appears in Hindi films. She has also appeared in a few Telugu, Kannada, Punjabi, Malayalam and Tamil films. In addition to acting, she is a prominent celebrity endorser for brands and products.

In 2012, Gautam made her Bollywood debut with the film Vicky Donor. Upon release, the film was a critical and commercial success, and Gautam gained positive reviews and several nominations for her performance.Her following projects included the films Action Jackson (2014), Badlapur (2015), Sanam Re (2016), Kaabil, (2017) and Uri: The Surgical Strike (2019).

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