Bijnor

Bijnor is a city and a municipal board in Bijnor district in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. To boost its development, there is demand for the inclusion of Bijnor in the Delhi NCR. [2]

Bijnor
City
Bijnor is located in Uttar Pradesh
Bijnor
Bijnor
Location in U P India
Coordinates: 29°22′N 78°08′E / 29.37°N 78.13°ECoordinates: 29°22′N 78°08′E / 29.37°N 78.13°E
Country India
StateUttar Pradesh
DistrictBijnor
Elevation
225 m (738 ft)
Population
(2011)
 • Total115,381
Language
 • OfficialHindi[1]
 • Additional officialUrdu[1]
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationUP-20
Websitewww.bijnor.org

History

Early history

Chalcolithic (copper age).

Indus Valley Civilization

Alamgirpur, also called "Parasaram ka khera", is an archaeological site of the Indus Valley Civilization that thrived along Yamuna River (c. 3300–1300 BC) from the Harappan-Bara period, located in Meerut district, Uttar Pradesh, India.[3][4] It is the easternmost site of the civilization. It was partially excavated in 1958 and 1959 by Archaeological Survey of India, that found four cultural periods with intervening breaks; the earliest of them represented by a thickness of 6 feet, belonged to Harappan Culture. Although kiln burnt bricks were in evidence, no structure of this period was found, probably due to the limited nature of the excavations. Brick sizes were, 11.25 to 11.75 in. in length,5.25 to 6.25 in. in breadth and 2.5 to 2.75 in. in thickness; larger bricks averaged 14 in. x 8 in.x 4 in. which were used in furnace only.[4] Typical Harappan pottery was found and the complex itself appeared to be a pottery workshop. Ceramic items found included roof tiles, dishes, cups, vases, cubical dice, beads, terracotta cakes, carts and figurines of a humped bull and a snake.[4] There were also beads and possibly ear studs made of steatite paste, faience, glass, carnelian, quartz, agate and black jasper. Little metal was in evidence. However, a broken blade made of copper was found.[5]

Vedic history

During Vedic period, Bijnor district was related to Mahabharat, and there is a Vidur kuti in Bijnor.

Medieval history

During the time of Akbar, Bijnor was part of his Mughal Empire. During the early 18th century, the Rohilla Pashtuns established their independence in the this area called by them Rohilkhand. Around 1748, the Rohilla chief Ali Mohammed Khan made his first annexations in Bijnor, the rest of which soon fell under the Rohilla domination. The northern districts were granted by Ali Mohammed Khan to Khurshid Ahmed Baig, who gradually extended his influence west of the Ganges and at Delhi, receiving the title of Najib-ud-daula with the position of the paymaster of the Mughal forces. Marathas invaded Bijnor who were also instigated by enemies of Rohillas, leading to several battles. Rohilla chief, Najib, who sided with Ahmad Shah Abdali in Panipat, was made vizier of the empire.[6]

Colonial era

In 1772 the Nawab of Oudh made a treaty with the Rohillas, to expel the Marathas in return for a money payment. Nawab of Oudh carried out his part of the bargain; but the Rohilla chieftains refused to pay. In 1774 the Nawab concluded with the East India Company government of Calcutta a treaty of alliance, and he then called upon the British, in accordance with its terms, to supply a brigade to assist him in enforcing his claims against the Rohillas.This was done; in the Rohilla War, the Rohillas were driven beyond the Ganges to the east, and Bijnor was incorporated in the territories of the nawab, who in the same year (1774) ceded it to the British East India Company. During the rebellion of 1857 Bijnor was occupied by the nawab of Najibabad, a grandson of Zabita Khan, on 1 June. In spite of fighting between the Hindus and the Muslim Pashtuns, the Nawab succeeded in maintaining his position until the 21 April 1858, when he was defeated by the British at Nagina.

Demographics

As per 2011 census, Bijnor urban agglomeration had a population of 115,381 out of which males were 60,656 and females were 54,725. The literacy rate was 77.90 per cent.[7]

In popular culture

Education

Schools in Bijnor, whether using English or Hindi as a medium of instruction, are affiliated to one of the four bodies, Central Board of Secondary Education (C.B.S.E.), Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (C.I.S.C.E), University of Cambridge International Examinations and Uttar Pradesh Madhyamik Shiksha Parishad (U.P. Board).

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "52nd REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER FOR LINGUISTIC MINORITIES IN INDIA" (PDF). nclm.nic.in. Ministry of Minority Affairs. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 21 December 2018.
  2. ^ UP seeks to include 6 districts in NCR, Indian Express.
  3. ^ Ghosh, Amalananda (1991). An Encyclopedia of Indian Archaeology. Brill Academic Publishers. ISBN 978-9-00409-264-8.
  4. ^ a b c Amalananda Ghosh (ed.). "Excavations at Alamgirpur". Indian Archaeology, A Review (1958-1959). Delhi: Archaeological Survey of India. pp. 51–52.
  5. ^ Singh, Upinder (2008). A history of ancient and early medieval India: from the Stone Age to the 12th century. New Delhi: Pearson Education. p. 214. ISBN 9788131711200.
  6. ^  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bijnor" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 928–929.
  7. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-07-07.

External links

Bakht Khan

Bakht Khan (1797–13 May 1859) was commander-in-chief of Indian rebel forces in the Indian Rebellion of 1857 against the East India Company.

Barhapur (Assembly constituency)

Barhapur Assembly constituency (Hindi: बढ़ापुर) is one of the 403 constituencies of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly, India. It is a part of the Bijnor district and one of the five assembly constituencies in the Moradabad (Lok Sabha constituency). First election in this assembly constituency was held in 2012 after the "Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 2008" was passed in the year 2008.

Bijnor (Assembly constituency)

Bijnor Assembly constituency (Hindi: बिजनौर) is one of the 403 constituencies of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly, India. It is a part of the Bijnor district and one of the five assembly constituencies in the Bijnor (Lok Sabha constituency). First election in this assembly constituency was held in 1951 after the delimitation order (DPACO - 1951) was passed in 1951. The constituency was assigned identification number 22 after "Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 2008" was passed in the year 2008.

Bijnor (Lok Sabha constituency)

Bijnor Lok Sabha Constituency (Hindi: बिजनौर लोक सभा निर्वाचन क्षेत्र) is one of the 80 Lok Sabha (parliamentary) constituencies in Uttar Pradesh state in northern India

Bijnor district

Bijnor district is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh state of India. Bijnor city is the district headquarters. The Uttar Pradesh Government wants Bijnor to be included under National Capital Region (NCR) due to its close distance from Delhi.

Bijnor railway station

Bijnorrailway station is a railway station in India where Mussoori express,Garhwal express, Chandigarh Lucknow express trains are stopped. The only railway station is the Najibabad Junction Railway Station in Bijnor District where maximum trains stopped and starts and terminates. Its code is BJO. It serves Bijnor city. The station consists of three platforms. The platforms are not well sheltered. It lacks many facilities including water and sanitation.

Chandpur, Bijnor

Chandpur is a town and a municipal board (nagar palika parishad) in Bijnor district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, India.

Chandpur (Assembly constituency)

Chandpur Assembly constituency (Hindi: चांदपुर) is one of the 403 constituencies of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly, India. It is a part of the Bijnor district and one of the five assembly constituencies in the Bijnor (Lok Sabha constituency). First election in this assembly constituency was held in 1957 after the delimitation order (DPACO - 1956) was passed in 1956. The constituency was assigned identification number 23 after "Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 2008" was passed in the year 2008.

Dhampur (Assembly constituency)

Dhampur Assembly constituency (Hindi: धामपुर) is one of the 403 constituencies of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly, India. It is a part of the Bijnor district and one of the five assembly constituencies in the Nagina (Lok Sabha constituency). First election in this assembly constituency was held in 1957 after the delimitation order (DPACO - 1956) was passed in 1956. The constituency was assigned identification number 20 after "Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 2008" was passed in the year 2008.

Nagina (Assembly constituency)

Nagina Assembly constituency (Hindi: नगीना) is one of the 403 constituencies of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly, India. It is a part of the Bijnor district and one of the five assembly constituencies in the Nagina (Lok Sabha constituency). First election in this assembly constituency was held in 1957 after the delimitation order (DPACO - 1956) was passed in 1956. The constituency was assigned identification number 18 after "Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 2008" was passed in the year 2008.

Nagina (Lok Sabha constituency)

Nagina Lok Sabha constituency (Hindi: नगीना लोकसभा निर्वाचन क्षेत्र) is one of the 80 Lok Sabha (parliamentary) constituencies in Uttar Pradesh state in northern India. This constituency came into existence in 2008, as a part of delimitation of parliamentary constituencies based on the recommendations of the Delimitation Commission of India constituted in 2002.

Najibabad

Najibabad is a town and a municipal board in Bijnor district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It has a railway junction and is one of the administrative blocks of the Bijnor district. It is well connected to all major cities of India by roadways via NH 119 and NH 74 respectively and also by various trains.

Najibabad (Assembly constituency)

Najibabad Assembly constituency (Hindi: नजीबाबाद) is one of the 403 constituencies of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly, India. It is a part of the Bijnor district and one of the five assembly constituencies in the Nagina (Lok Sabha constituency). First election in this assembly constituency was held in 1957 after the delimitation order (DPACO - 1956) was passed in 1956. The constituency was assigned identification number 17 after "Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 2008" was passed in the year 2008.

Nangal Soti

Nangal Soti is a village in India. It is located in the Najibabad block, Bijnor district of the state of Uttar Pradesh. Nangal Soti belongs to the Moradabad division, which is located 39 km north of the district headquarters of Bijnor, 12 km from Najibabad, and 483 km from the state capital of Lucknow.

National Highway 709AD (India)

National Highway 709AD, commonly called Panipat-khatima Highway is a national highway in India.

It is a spur road of National Highway 9. NH-709AD traverses the states of Uttar Pradesh and Haryana passes through various

Cities and Town in Haryana and Western Uttar Pradesh like Shamli, Muzaffarnagar, Bijnor in India before its terminal at Nagina in Bijnor. Shamli acts as one of the major junction as two other major highways of the area (709A) and (709B) intersects with (709AD) at Shamli. The other major junction is Muzaffarnagar where this highway intersects with (334) Delhi-Rishikesh National Highway, UP State Highway 59 And UP State Highway 12A

Nehtaur (Assembly constituency)

Nehtaur Assembly constituency (Hindi: नेहतौर) is one of the 403 constituencies of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly, India. It is a part of the Bijnor district and one of the five assembly constituencies in the Nagina (Lok Sabha constituency). First election in this assembly constituency was held in 2012 after the "Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 2008" was passed in the year 2008.

Noorpur (Assembly constituency)

Noorpur Assembly constituency (Hindi: नूरपुर) is one of the 403 constituencies of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly, India. It is a part of the Bijnor district and one of the five assembly constituencies in the Nagina (Lok Sabha constituency). First election in this assembly constituency was held in 1967 after the delimitation order (Delimitation Commission (1964)) was passed in 1964. The constituency ceased to exist in 1976 when the delimitation order (DPACO 1976) was passed. In 2008, the constituency was again created when "Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 2008" was passed.

Prakash Mehra

Prakash Mehra (Hindi: प्रकाश मेहरा, 13 July 1939 – 17 May 2009) was an Indian film director and producer known for his blockbuster Hindi films. He was one of the pioneers of masala films, along with Nasir Hussain, Salim-Javed and Manmohan Desai. His collaborations with screenwriter duo Salim-Javed and the actor Amitabh Bachchan resulted in several box office blockbusters and classics, due to which Mehra was considered among the 'Golden Directors' of his time.

Syro-Malabar Catholic Eparchy of Bijnor

The Syro-Malabar Catholic Eparchy of Bijnor is a Syro-Malabar Catholic eparchy in Uttarakhand, India. Its current bishop is the Mar John Vadakel, of the Carmelites of Mary Immaculate (CMI) (born 17 August 1943), who was ordained bishop 22 October 2009.

With an area of 30,664 square kilometers, this eparchy has 46 Mission Stations, 25 Schools, 16 Health Centres and Dispensaries and 5 Boarding Houses. Personnel include 50 Priests, 189 Religious Sisters, and 28 Diocesan Brothers.

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