Bijapur district, Chhattisgarh

Bijapur District, formerly known as Birjapur, is one of the 27[1] districts of the state of Chhattisgarh in central India. It is one of the two new districts created on May 11, 2007. As of 2011 it is the second least populous district of Chhattisgarh (out of 18), after Narayanpur. It is the second-least literate district in India, with a literacy rate of at 41.58%, according to the 2011 census. Madhya Pradesh[2]

The present collector of Bijapur is Shri Ayaj Tamboli.[3]

Bijapur district
Location of Bijapur district in Chhattisgarh
Location of Bijapur district in Chhattisgarh
CountryIndia
StateChhattisgarh
Administrative divisionBastar
HeadquartersBijapur
Tehsils4
Area
 • Total6,562.48 km2 (2,533.79 sq mi)
Population
(2011)
 • Total2,55,180
 • Density39/km2 (100/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy41.58%
 • Sex ratio982
Major highwaysNH-16
Average annual precipitation1517 mm
WebsiteOfficial website

History

Bijapur District was formerly part of the Dantewada district. It is currently a part of the Red Corridor.[4]

Geography

The Bijapur district occupies the South Western part of Chhattisgarh state. The district borders on the Narayanpur district to the north and the Dantewada district to the east. To the southwest, it borders on Telangana state, to the west on Maharashtra state.

Indravati River, a key geographical feature of the district, flows across the southern part of the district. The highest hill is Bailadila or the "Bullock's Hump". It is situated to the south of the Indravati River and tilts towards north-south.

This district occupies an area of 6555 km². Bijapur town is the administrative headquarters [5] In total, the district comprises 675 villages.[6]

Transport

The nearest airport is at Raipur and railway station is at Dantewada. The National Highway that passes Bijapur town is the NH16. It connects Bijapur to Jagdalpur towards the east and to Nizamabad in Andhra Pradesh in the west while passing through Maharashtra.

The NH 63 at Bhopalpatnam connects Bijapur to the NH 202 leading to Warangal and Hyderabad.

Missing links in NH 63[7]

Even though the NH63 purports to connect, among others Bijapur and Jagdalpur towns to Nizamabad in Telangana while passing through Maharashtra, the completed road has not been established due to two missing bridges. One of the missing bridge is on river Indravati near Bhopalpatnam in Bijapur district in Chhattisgarh as is evident from the road network map of the area. One has to cross the river through boat ferry to go to Sironcha taluq of Maharashtra.

As one goes further towards Maharashtra on the NH 16, there is another bridge missing on river Pranahita near Sironcha as is evident from the road network map of the area.

Flora and fauna

The district is rich in forest. The forest found in the district falls under the dry region comprising mixed forest range. The dry region consists of mixed forest is extensive and is interspersed between the moist and intermediate belt but more generally confined to the western half and southern parts of the district. A variety of trees are found for example, Dhawra (Anogeissus latifolia), Bhirra (Chloroxylon swietenia), Rhoni (Soymida febrifuga) and others like Char, Tendu, Aonia, Aonla, Harra and Haria.

In the rocky regions, the trees are generally stunted and deformed. Common trees in the rocky region are Salai, Hangu, Khair, Harra, Palas and Sesam. In the northern portions of the district, the forest trees are Teak (Tectona grandis), Sal (Shoraaro-busta), Sirsa (Dalbergia latifolia), Bijasal (Ptetocarpus marsupium), Kusum (Schleichera trijuga), Palas (Butea frondosa), Mahua (Bassia latifolia) Tendu (Diospyos melanoxylon), Harra (Terminalia chebula) Aonla (Phyllanthus emblica) Saja (Terminalla tomentosa), Kauha (T. arjuna), Salai (Boswellia serrata), Char (Buchanania latifolia) amongst others.

Palms fill an important place in the domestic economy of the people. The Palmyra palm (Borassua flabellifer), locally known as tar, grows extensively in the south-west. From this people extract tari. Also of importance is Sulphy (Caryota urens). Sulphy grows in the shady valleys of hills and depressions of undulating plains. It thrives best in the central regions of the district. The sulphi yields a sap, known by the same name, and provides a delicious juice. Other palm trees are the wild date palms (Phoenix Sylvestris) and P. acaulis, which are locally named as chhind and the buta chhind (P. farinifera). From the stem of this buta chhind is obtained a grub which is a delicacy for the tribes.

The district is famous for its rich wildlife as it has very thick cover of forest. Tigers and panthers are found throughout the district in the forest.

Demographics

According to the 2011 census Bijapur district, Chhattisgarh has a population of 255,180,[8] roughly equal to the nation of Vanuatu.[9] This gives it a ranking of 581st in India (out of a total of 640).[8] The district has a population density of 39 inhabitants per square kilometre (100/sq mi).[8] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 8.76%.[8] Bijapur has a sex ratio of 982 females for every 1000 males,[8] and a literacy rate of 41.58%.[8]

References

  1. ^ "Chhattisgarh carves out nine more districts". The Times Of India. 2012-01-01.
  2. ^ "Bijapur District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-11.
  3. ^ http://bijapur.gov.in
  4. ^ "83 districts under the Security Related Expenditure Scheme". IntelliBriefs. 2009-12-11. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
  5. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al (ed.) (2010). India 2010, A Reference Annual (PDF). New Delhi: Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of Indiaand. p. 1122. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
  6. ^ "2 new districts formed in Chhattisgarh". April 20, 2010.
  7. ^ http://www.hindustantimes.com/India-news/Maharashtra/Life-at-the-end-of-the-road/Article1-459545.aspx
  8. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
  9. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Vanuatu 224,564 July 2011 est.

Coordinates: 18°45′N 80°41′E / 18.750°N 80.683°E

Aaded

Aaded is a village in the central state of Chhattisgarh, India. It is located in the Bijapur taluk of Bijapur district.

Abujmarh

Abujmarh (Abujhmar) is a hilly forest area, spread over 1,500 square miles (3,900 km2) in Chhattisgarh, covering Narayanpur district, Bijapur district and Dantewada district. It is home to indigenous tribes of India, including Gond, Muria, Abuj Maria, and Halbaas. It was only in 2009 that the Government of Chhattisgarh lifted the restriction on the entry of common people in the area imposed in the early 1980s. Geographically isolated and largely inaccessible, the area continues to show no physical presence of the civil administration, and is also known as "liberated-zone" as it is an alleged hub of Naxalite-Maoist insurgency, the banned Communist Party of India (Maoist) and its military wing, People's Liberation Guerilla Army (PLGA), who run a parallel government in the area.In 2007 the area was proposed as a biosphere reserve by Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India.

Aded

Aded is a village in the central state of Chhattisgarh, India. It is located in the Bijapur taluk of Bijapur district.

Bastar (Lok Sabha constituency)

Bastar Lok Sabha constituency is one of the 11 Lok Sabha (parliamentary) constituencies in Chhattisgarh state in central India. This Lok Sabha constituency is reserved for the Scheduled Tribes (ST) candidates.

Bhogamguda

Bhogamguda is a village in the central state of Chhattisgarh, India. It is located in the Bijapur taluk of Bijapur district.

Bhopalpatnam

Bhopalpatnam is a tehsil, revenue division and development block in Bijapur district, Chhattisgarh, India. It is also ferry break point of Jagdalpur-Nizamabad highway [National Highway 63] where one has to take boat to cross the river Indravati. The National Highway 163 begins here and connects to Warangal, Hyderabad in Telangana. There are 30 village panchayats in Bhopalpatnam.Bhopalpatnam town lies 47 km west of the district headquarters in Bijapur.

Bijapur, Chhattisgarh

Bijapur is a town in Bijapur district, Chhattisgarh, India. It is the seat of the district and one of the 4 taluks in Bijapur district. The Bijapur taluk has an area of 928 km2 and 60,055 inhabitants (2001 census). It is situated on the National Highway 16 which connects Nizamabad in Telangana with Jagdalpur in southeastern Chhattisgarh.

Bijapur (disambiguation)

Bijapur is a city in the Indian state of Karnataka.

Bijapur may also refer to :

City facilities

Bijapur Airport

Bijapur railway stationAlso in Karnataka state

Bijapur Sultanate under the Adil Shahi dynasty (1490-1687)

Bijapur Subah, a Mughal imperial province

Bijapur district, Karnataka, a district in the state of Karnataka

Bijapur Taluka one of the five administrative subdivisions, of Bijapur District

Bijapur (Lok Sabha constituency), a Lok Sabha constituency in comprising Bijapur districtElsewhere in India

Bijapur district, Chhattisgarh, a district in Chhattisgarh state

Bijapur, Chhattisgarh, a town in the Bijapur district of Chhattisgarh

Bijapur, Rajasthan, a town in Pali district, Rajasthan

Bijapur District

Bijapur District may refer to:

Bijapur district, Karnataka

Bijapur district, Chhattisgarh

Cave research in India

Cave research, encompassing the study of speleology and biospeleology, is still in its infancy in India. Although there are thousands of caves in India, research expeditions occur in few states. The Siju Cave of state Meghalaya is the first limelighted natural cave from India. Several studies were carried out in this cave in the early 20th century. The Kotumsar Cave of Central India is one of the most explored caves of India, and biologists have classified many types of cavernicoles, i.e. trogloxenes, troglophiles and troglobites, from this cave.

The Indian institution mainly engaged in this particular field of research and conversational issues of Indian caves is the Raipur-based National Cave Research and Protection Organisation (founded and headed by Dr Jayant Biswas). The other notable organisation is Meghalaya Adventurer Association (founded and managed by Brian Dermot Kharpran Daly) which mainly involved in the caving and cave explorations of the existing caves of the state Meghalaya.

Dantewada district

Dantewada District, also known as Dantewara District or Dakshin Bastar District (South Bastar District), is a district in the Indian state of Chhattisgarh. Dantewada is the district headquarters. The district is part of Bastar Division. Until 1998, the Dantewada District was a tehsil of the larger Bastar District.

As of 2011 it is the third least populous district of Chhattisgarh (out of 18), after Narayanpur and Bijapur.The present collector of Dantewada is Shri Saurabh Kumar.

Dogoli

Dogoli is a village in Bijapur district, in the Indian state of Chhattisgarh.

Doli Gutta

Doli Gutta is a mountain peak in the northern part of the Deccan Plateau. It is located at the border of recently created Jayashankar Bhupalpally district in Telangana and Bijapur district in Chhattisgarh, India.

Eastern Highlands moist deciduous forests

The Eastern Highlands moist deciduous forests is a tropical moist broadleaf forest ecoregion of east-central India. The ecoregion covers an area of 341,100 square kilometers (131,700 sq mi), extending across portions of Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, and Telangana states.

Laxminarayan Payodhi

Laxminarayan Payodhi was born on 23 March 1957 in a small village called Ankisa in Maharashtra and grown in Bhopalpatnam (Bijapur district), Chhattisgarh.

He is a noted Indian poet of contemporary literary movement from modern Indian Hindi literature. He is best known for his early work Somaru, was even recognized as a bestseller and has been published three times (1992,1997,2005).

List of Indian journalists

This list of Indian journalists includes notable journalists working in India who write and speak in one of many official languages of India.

Rajendra Pambhoi

Rajendra Pambhoi is an Indian politician who was the member of Chhattisgarh Legislative Assembly from Bijapur Assembly constituency (no 71) then Dantewada district, ( now Bijapur district, Chhattisgarh ), during 2003–08. He resides at tehsil and post Bhopalpatnam. He is a member of Indian National Congress.

Sai Reddy

Sai Reddy (ca. 1962 – 6 December 2013) was an Indian journalist for the Hindi-language newspaper Deshandhu. He was murdered by the Maoists near a market in Basaguda, Bijapur district, Chhattisgarh. Both the Maoists and police were suspicious of Reddy's allegiance to the other side. Maoists believed he was assisting police to dislodge the Communist Party of India. The police arrested him for having close ties with the communists. Some journalists believed that Reddy was killed by other farmers. He was known for playing an active role in the people's movement in Basaguda over the last few decades.

Taliperu River

Taliperu is a river in the Godavari system originating in the Bijapur District of Chhattisgarh. It is a left-bank tributary of Godavari River, draining into it through a confluence located near Cherla in the Khammam District in Telangana.

The river has been harnessed for agricultural purposes through extensive canal systems developed in that region. A dam known as the Taliperu Project has been built on the river for this purpose. The water impounded by it is known as the Taliperu Reservoir, which is a medium irrigation project located at Cherla Village and Mandal, Khammam District, Telangana. This project utilizes about 5.0 TMC of water and creates 24500 Acres of Ayacut in both Cherla and Dummugudem Mandals, Khammam District.

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.