Oradea, capital of Bihor County
Location of Bihor County in Romania
|Capital city (Reședință de județ)||Oradea|
|• Type||County Board|
|• President of the County Board||Sándor Pásztor (UDMR)|
|• Prefect2||Claudiu Pop|
|• Total||7,544 km2 (2,913 sq mi)|
|Area rank||6th in Romania|
|Highest elevation||1,849 m (6,066 ft)|
|Lowest elevation||89 m (292 ft)|
|• Rank||11th in Romania|
|• Density||76/km2 (200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
|Area code(s)||+40 x594|
|ISO 3166 code||RO-BH|
|GDP||US$ 5.82 billion (2008)|
|GDP/capita||US$ 9,708 (2008)|
|GDP/capita at purchasing power parity||US$ 17,152 (2009)|
|1The developing regions of Romania have no administrative role. They were formed to attract funds from the European Union|
2 as of 2007, the Prefect is not a politician, but a civil servant. He (or she) is not allowed to be a member of a political party, and is banned from any political activity in the first six months after the resignation (or firing) from the civil service
3w, x, y, and z are digits that indicate the city, the street, part of the street, or even the building of the address
4x is a digit indicating the operator: 2 for the former national operator, Romtelecom, and 3 for the other ground telephone networks
5used on both the plates of the vehicles that operate only in the county limits (like utility vehicles, ATVs, etc.), and the ones used outside the county
The origin of the name Bihor is uncertain, except that it likely takes its name from an ancient fortress in the current commune of Biharia. It possibly came from vihor, the Serbian word for "whirlwind" (вихор), or Slavic biela hora, meaning "white mountain." Another theory is that Biharea is of Daco-Thracian etymology (bi meaning "two" and harati "take" or "lead"), possibly meaning two possessions of land in the Duchy of Menumorut. Another theory is that the name comes from bour, the Romanian term for aurochs (from the Latin word bubalus). The animal once inhabited the lands of northwestern Romania. Under this controversial theory, the name changed from buar to buhar and to Bihar and Bihor.
On 31 October 2011, Bihor had a population of 575,398 and the population density was 72/km2 (186/sq mi).<
99.4% of the county's population are Christian and of these:
This county has a total area of 7,544 km2 (2,913 sq mi). In the East side of the County there are the Apuseni Mountains with heights up to 1,800 m (5,906 ft). The heights decrease westwards, passing through the hills an ending in the Romanian Western Plain – the eastern side of the Pannonian plain.
Prior to World War I, the territory of the county belonged to Austria-Hungary and mostly was contained in the Bihar County of the Kingdom of Hungary. The territory of Bihor County was transferred to Romania from Hungary as successor state to Austria-Hungary in 1920 under the Treaty of Trianon. After the administrative unification law in 1925, the name of the county remained as it was, but the territory was reorganized.
In 1938, King Carol II promulgated a new Constitution, and subsequently he had the administrative division of the Romanian territory changed. 10 ținuturi (approximate translation: "lands") were created (by merging the counties) to be ruled by rezidenți regali (approximate translation: "Royal Residents") - appointed directly by the King - instead of the prefects. Bihor County became part of Ținutul Crișuri.
In 1940, part of the county was transferred back to Hungary with the rest of Northern Transylvania under the Second Vienna Award. Beginning in 1944, Romanian forces with Soviet assistance recaptured the ceded territory and reintegrated it into Romania. Romanian jurisdiction over the entire county per the Treaty of Trianon was reaffirmed in the Paris Peace Treaties, 1947. The county was disestablished by the communist government of Romania in 1950, and re-established in 1968 when Romania restored the county administrative system.
Bihor is one of the wealthiest counties in Romania, with a GDP per capita well above the national average. Recently, the economy has been driven by a number of construction projects. Bihor has the lowest unemployment rate in Romania and among the lowest in Europe, with only 2.4% unemployment, compared to Romania's average of 5.1%.
The predominant industries in the county are:
The main tourist attractions in the county are:
The coat of arms of Bihor County was adopted in 1998, and is a quarterly shield featuring a castle (for the Castle of Bihar), five wheat stalks with a ribbon, and a scroll with the text of Deșteaptă-te, române!, covered with a fess featuring three fish. It was subject to redesign in 2013 after it was discovered by a local teacher that the text on the scroll was erroneously written in Greek, rather than Cyrillic (the original alphabet used to write the poem's text) or the Latin alphabet. The county has no significant history with Greece.
|Party||Seats||Current County Council|
|National Liberal Party||17|
|Social Democratic Party||9|
|Democratic Alliance of Hungarians||7|
|Alliance of Liberals and Democrats||2|
Bihor County has four municipalities, six towns and 91 communes.
The Bihor County Prefecture building from the interwar period used until 1920.
|Capital city (Reședință de județ)||Oradea|
|• Total||7,467 km2 (2,883 sq mi)|
|• Density||68/km2 (180/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
According to the 1930 census data, the county population was 510,318, ethnically divided among Romanians (61.6%), Hungarians (30.0%), Jews (4.3%), Czechs and Slovaks (2.2%), as well as other minorities. By language the county was divided among Romanian (61.4%), Hungarian (33.8%), Czech (2.0%), Yiddish (1.5%), as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the population consisted of Eastern Orthodox (49.8%), Reformed (21.0%), Greek Catholics (10.7%), Roman Catholics (10.4%), Jews (5.4%), Baptists (2.2%), as well as other minorities.
The county's urban population consisted of 102,277 inhabitants, 54.8% Hungarians, 26.4% Romanians, 15.4% Jews, 1% Germans, as well as other minorities. As a mother tongue in the urban population, Hungarian (67.9%) predominated, followed by Romanian (24.9%), Yiddish (4.3%), German (1.2%) as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the urban population consisted of 31.5% Reformed, 20.6% Jewish, 19.3% Roman Catholic, 17.5% Eastern Orthodox, 9.1% Greek Catholic, 1.1% Lutheran, as well as other minorities.
Aușeu (Hungarian: Kisősi, Slovak: Aušeu) is a commune in Bihor County, northwestern Romania with a population of 3,033 people. It is composed of six villages: Aușeu, Cacuciu Vechi (Kiskakucs), Codrișoru (Szekatura), Gheghie (Körösgégény), Groși (Tőtös) and Luncșoara (Élesdlok).Brusturi, Bihor
Brusturi (Hungarian: Tataros) is a commune in Bihor County, northwestern Romania with a population of 3,469 people. It is composed of eight villages: Brusturi, Cuieșd (Kövesd), Loranta (Loránta), Orvișele (Orvisel), Păulești (Felsőtótfalu), Picleu (Szóvárhegy), Țigăneștii de Criș (Cigányfalva) and Varasău (Varaszótanya).Budureasa
Budureasa (Hungarian: Bondoraszó) is a commune in Bihor County, northwestern Romania with a population of 2,581 people. It is composed of five villages: Budureasa, Burda (Borda), Saca (Száka), Săliște de Beiuș (Belényesszeleste) and Teleac (Telek).
The Stâna de Vale resort is located in the commune.Cherechiu
Cherechiu (Hungarian: Kiskereki) is a commune in Bihor County, northwestern Romania with a population of 2,416 people. It is composed of three villages: Cherechiu, Cheșereu (Érkeserű) and Târgușor (Asszonyvására).Copăcel
Copăcel (Hungarian: Kiskopács) is a commune in Bihor County, northwestern Romania with a population of 2,297 people. It is composed of six villages: Bucuroaia (Bokorvány), Chijic (Kegyek), Copăcel, Poiana Tășad (Kopácsmező), Sărand (Szaránd) and Surduc (Élesdszurdok).Drăgești
For the villages in Bacău County, see Dămienești and Tătărăști. For the village in Vaslui County, see Todirești, Vaslui.
See also Drăghești.
"Tășad" redirects here. For Poiana Tășad village, see Copăcel.Drăgești (Hungarian: Drágcséke) is a commune in Bihor County, northwestern Romania with a population of 2,586 people. It is composed of five villages: Dicănești (Dékányos), Drăgești, Stracoș (Isztrákos), Tășad (Tasádfő) and Topești (Toposd).Girișu de Criș
Girișu de Criș (Hungarian: Körösgyéres) is a commune in Bihor County, northwestern Romania with a population of 3,588 people. It is composed of two villages, Girișu de Criș and Tărian (Köröstarján).Lazuri de Beiuș
Lazuri de Beiuș (Hungarian: Belényesirtás) is a commune in Bihor County, northwestern Romania with a population of 1,518 people. It is composed of four villages: Băleni (Balalény), Cusuiuș (Köszvényes), Hinchiriș (Henkeres) and Lazuri de Beiuș.Lăzăreni
Lăzăreni (Hungarian: Miklóirtás) is a commune in Bihor County, northwestern Romania with a population of 3,233 people. It is composed of eight villages: Bicăcel (Pusztabikács), Calea Mare (Magyargyepes), Cărăndeni (Nagykáránd), Cărănzel (Kiskáránd), Gepiș (Oláhgyepes), Gruilung (Hosszúliget), Lăzăreni and Miheleu (Méhelő).Nucet
Nucet (Romanian pronunciation: [nuˈt͡ʃet]; Hungarian: Diófás) is a town in Bihor County, western Transylvania, Romania. Its name means "walnut trees" both in Romanian and Hungarian. It administers two villages, Băița (Rézbánya) and Băița-Plai.Oșorhei
Oșorhei (Hungarian: Fugyivásárhely) is a commune in Bihor County, northwestern Romania with a population of 6,532 people. It is composed of five villages: Alparea (Váradalpár), Cheriu (Alkér), Felcheriu (Felkér), Fughiu (Fugyi) and Oșorhei.Popești, Bihor
Popești (Hungarian: Papfalva, Slovak: Popešť) is a commune in Bihor County, northwestern Romania with a population of 7,362 people. It is composed of seven villages: Bistra (Sebesújfalu), Budoi (Bodonos), Cuzap (Középes), Popești, Varviz (Várvíz), Vărzari (Füves) and Voivozi (Almaszeg).Stadionul Motorul (Oradea)
Stadionul Motorul is a multi-use stadium in Oradea, Romania. It is used mostly for football matches and is the home ground of CA Oradea youth squads. In the past was also the home of Motorul Oradea and FC Bihor Oradea youth squads. The stadium holds 1,000 people.Suplacu de Barcău
Suplacu de Barcău (Hungarian: Berettyószéplak, Slovak: Siplak) is a commune in Bihor County, northwestern Romania with a population of 4,356. It is composed of six villages: Borumlaca (Baromlak), Dolea (Dólyapuszta), Foglaș (Fogás), Suplacu de Barcău, Valea Cerului (Cserpatak) and Vâlcelele (Blágarét).Sânmartin, Bihor
Sânmartin (Hungarian: Váradszentmárton) is a commune in Bihor County, northwestern Romania with a population of 9,572 people. It is the site of two spas, Băile 1 Mai and Băile Felix.Tarcea
Tarcea (Hungarian: Értarcsa) is a commune located in Bihor County, Romania. It is composed of three villages: Adoni (Éradony), Galoșpetreu (Gálospetri) and Tarcea. At the 2011 census, it had 2,690 inhabitants, of whom 77% were Hungarians, 16.8% Romanians and 6.1% Roma. 51.7% were Reformed, 20% Roman Catholic, 12.6% Romanian Orthodox, 9.2% Greek-Catholic and 5.2% Baptist.Toboliu
Toboliu (Hungarian: Vizesgyán) is a commune located in Bihor County, Romania. Established in 2007 when it was split from Girișu de Criș Commune, it is composed of two villages, Cheresig (Körösszeg) and Toboliu.
At the 2011 census, 90.1% of inhabitants were Romanians, 6.6% Roma and 2.9% Hungarians.Vadu Crișului
Vadu Crișului (Hungarian: Rév) is a commune in Bihor County, northwestern Romania with a population of 4,009 people. It is composed of four villages: Birtin (Bertény), Topa de Criș (Köröstopa), Tomnatic (Tomnatek) and Vadu Crișului.Șimian, Bihor
Șimian (Hungarian: Érsemjén) is a commune in Bihor County, northwestern Romania with a population of 3,876 people. It is composed of three villages: Șilindru (Érselénd), Șimian and Voivozi (Érkenéz).
Bihor County, Romania