Bicentennial Man (film)

Bicentennial Man is a 1999 American science fiction comedy-drama film starring Robin Williams, Sam Neill, Embeth Davidtz (in a dual role), Wendy Crewson, and Oliver Platt. Based on the novel The Positronic Man by Isaac Asimov and Robert Silverberg (which is itself based on Asimov's original novella of the same name), the plot explores issues of humanity, slavery, prejudice, maturity, intellectual freedom, conformity, sex, love, and mortality. The film, a co-production between Touchstone Pictures and Columbia Pictures, was directed by Chris Columbus. The title comes from the main character existing to the age of two hundred years, and Asimov's novella was published in 1976, the year the United States had its bicentennial.

Despite being a box office bomb, makeup artist Greg Cannom was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Makeup at the 72nd Academy Awards. The theme song of the film which was written by James Horner and Will Jennings and sung by Celine Dion is "Then You Look at Me".[1]

Bicentennial Man
Bicentennial man film poster
Promotional poster
Directed byChris Columbus
Produced byChris Columbus
Wolfgang Petersen
Gail Katz
Laurence Mark
Neal Miller
Mark Radcliffe
Michael Barnathan
Screenplay byNicholas Kazan
Based onThe Positronic Man
by Isaac Asimov
Robert Silverberg
The Bicentennial Man
by Isaac Asimov
Starring
Music byJames Horner
CinematographyPhil Méheux
Edited byNeil Travis
Production
company
Touchstone Pictures
Columbia Pictures
1492 Pictures
Laurence Mark Productions
Radiant Productions
Distributed byBuena Vista Pictures Distribution
(United States & Canada)
Columbia TriStar Film Distributors International
(International)
Release date
  • December 17, 1999
Running time
132 minutes
CountryUnited States
Canada
LanguageEnglish
Budget$100 million
Box office$87.4 million

Plot

The NDR series robot "Andrew" is introduced in 2005 into the Martin family home to perform housekeeping and maintenance duties. The family's reactions range from acceptance and curiosity, to outright rejection, and deliberate vandalism by their rebellious older daughter Grace who treats him as a mere robot and continues with her rebellious ways while growing up. This leads Andrew to discover that he can both identify emotions and reciprocate in kind. When Andrew accidentally breaks a figurine belonging to "Little Miss" Amanda, he carves a replacement out of wood, as way to apologize to her. The family is astonished by this creativity and “Sir” Richard Martin takes Andrew to his manufacturer, to inquire if all the robots are like him. The company's CEO Dennis Mansky sees this development as a problem and wishes to scrap Andrew. Angered, Richard takes Andrew home and allows him to pursue his own development, encouraging Andrew to educate himself in the humanities.

Years later, Martin again takes Andrew to NorthAm Robotics for repairs following an accident in which his thumb is accidentally cut off. Richard ensures first that Andrew's personality will remain un-tampered with. Andrew requests his face be altered to convey the emotions he feels but cannot fully express, while he is being repaired. Twelve years later, Andrew eventually asks for his freedom, much to Richard's dismay. He grants the request, but banishes Andrew so he can be 'completely' free. Andrew builds himself a home and lives alone. In 2048, Andrew sees Richard one last time on his deathbed, where he apologizes for banishing him.

Andrew goes on a quest to locate more NDR series robots to discover if others have also developed sentience. He meanwhile maintains contact with Amanda who grew up, married, had a son named Lloyd, got divorced, and now has a granddaughter named Portia. After nearly twenty years of failure, he finds Galatea, an NDR robot that has been given feminine attributes and personality. These, however, are simply aspects of her programming and not something which she spontaneously developed. Galatea is owned by Rupert Burns, the original NDR robot designer's son. Burns works to create more human-looking robots, but is unable to attract funding. Andrew agrees to finance Rupert's research and the two join forces to revolutionize robotics. After receiving human features, Andrew comes back home, sees Amanda has now aged, and Portia looks the same as her grandmother in her younger years. He initially has some troubles reintegrating into the family since now there's only Amanda who actually knows him, but he manages to befriend Portia.

Some time later, Amanda passes away, leaving Andrew to realise that everyone he knows will die one day. Accepting this fact, Andrew decides to become human. With Rupert's help, he creates a new type of mechanical organs that can be used both by him to become more human and used by humans as prosthetic organs. He gains a nervous system and other organs that make him able to eat, to feel emotions and sensations, and also to have sexual intercourse. Eventually, Andrew is human enough to fall in love with Portia to which Portia ultimately falls in love with Andrew.

Over the course of the next century, Andrew petitions the World Congress to recognize him as human, which would allow him and Portia to be legally married but is rejected; the Speaker of the Congress explains that society can tolerate an everlasting machine, but argues that an immortal human would create too much jealousy and anger. Andrew's medical inventions help Portia live as long as possible but Portia decides after some decades she'll one day refuse his treatments. Andrew decides to make Burns inject blood into his system, thereby allowing him to age and thus begins to grow old alongside Burns and Portia.

Several decades later, Andrew again attends the World Congress with Portia, both now old and frail, and again petitions to be declared a human being simply so he may live and die with dignity; the current Speaker of Congress is hesitant and needs time to deliver an answer. A few years later, Andrew and Portia, on their death bed each with a life support machine and Galatea (now as a recognizably-human android) as their nurse, watch the World Congress court's decision on television: Andrew is officially recognized as a human being (the oldest one in history at 200 years of age aside from "Methuselah and other Biblical characters") and validates his marriage with Portia. Andrew dies while listening to the broadcast despite his life support, to which Portia orders her life support unplugged by Galatea. After she whispers "See you soon" to him, Portia dies hand-in-hand with Andrew.

Cast

  • Robin Williams as Andrew Martin, an NDR android servant of the Martin family that seeks to become human.
  • Sam Neill as Richard "Sir" Martin, the patriarch of the Martin family.
  • Embeth Davidtz as Amanda "Little Miss" Martin (adult) as well as Portia Charney, the daughter of Lloyd and the granddaughter of Amanda.
  • Wendy Crewson as Rachel "Ma´am" Martin, the matriarch of the Martin family.
  • Oliver Platt as Rupert Burns, the son of the NDR creator that makes his androids look more human-like.
  • Kiersten Warren as Galatea, the NDR android servant of Rupert. She later becomes a servant of the Martin family.
  • Stephen Root as Dennis Mansky
  • Angela Landis as Grace "Miss" Martin (adult)
  • Bradley Whitford as Lloyd Charney (adult)
    • Igor Hiller as Lloyd Charney (age 10)
  • John Michael Higgins as Bill Feingold
  • George D. Wallace as the first President/Speaker of the World Congress
  • Lynne Thigpen as Marjorie Bota, the second President/Speaker of the World Congress

Production

Williams confirmed in a Las Vegas Sun interview that his character was not played by a body double and that he had actually worn the robot costume.[2]

Reception

The film holds a 36% approval rating on Rotten Tomatoes based on 96 critical reviews, with an average rating of 4.8/10. The website's critical consensus reads, "Bicentennial Man is ruined by a bad script and ends up being dull and mawkish."[3] The review aggregator Metacritic gives it a score of 42.[4]

Roger Ebert gave it two out of four stars:

Bicentennial Man begins with promise, proceeds in fits and starts, and finally sinks into a cornball drone of greeting-card sentiment. Robin Williams spends the first half of the film encased in a metallic robot suit, and when he emerges, the script turns robotic instead. What a letdown.[5]

William Arnold of the Seattle Post-Intelligencer said:

[The film] becomes a somber, sentimental and rather profound romantic fantasy that is more true to the spirit of the Golden Age of science-fiction writing than possibly any other movie of the '90s.

Todd McCarthy of Variety summed it up as "an ambitious tale handled in a dawdling, sentimental way."

Accolades

References

  1. ^ Broxton, Jonathan (December 17, 1999). "Bicentennial Man – James Horner". Movie Music UK. Retrieved January 15, 2018.
  2. ^ Neil, Dave (23 December 1999). "Robin Williams reveals the mechanics of making 'Bicentennial Man'". Las Vegas Sun. Retrieved 31 May 2018.
  3. ^ "Bicentennial Man (1999)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved February 15, 2018.
  4. ^ "Bicentennial Man". Metacritic. Retrieved January 15, 2018.
  5. ^ Ebert, Roger (December 17, 1999). "Bicentennial Man". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved January 15, 2018.
  6. ^ a b "Blockbuster Entertainment Award winners". Variety. May 9, 2000. Retrieved May 20, 2013.

External links

List of fictional immortals

This is a list of notable fictional immortals.

List of stories set in a future now past

This is a list of fictional stories that, when written, were set in the future, but the future they predicted is now present or past. The list excludes works that were alternate histories, which were composed after the dates they depict. The list also excludes contemporary or near-future works (e.g. set within a year or two), unless it deals with some notable futuristic event as with the 2012 phenomenon. It also excludes works where the future is passively mentioned and not really depicting anything notable about the society, as with an epilogue that just focuses on the fate of the main characters. Entries referencing the current year may be added if their month and day were not specified or have already occurred.

Then You Look at Me

"Then You Look at Me" is the theme song to the 1999 film Bicentennial Man. It was supposed to be released as the second single from Celine Dion's album All the Way... A Decade of Song, on 11 December 1999. "Then You Look at Me" was written by James Horner and Will Jennings, who wrote for Dion her 1997 hit "My Heart Will Go On", which was the theme for the film Titanic.

Waldo Grade

The Waldo Grade is a highway grade between the Golden Gate Bridge and Marin City along U.S. Route 101 and State Route 1. It is defined as the stretch of roadway between the Spencer Offramp and Marin City, within the city of Sausalito. This grade is traversed by a full freeway multi-lane highway facility. This portion of US 101/SR 1 is an important link in surface transportation connecting the city of San Francisco to Marin County and the North Bay. Nearby locations to the Waldo Grade include: the city of Sausalito, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Bay Model, The Marine Mammal Center and the Golden Gate National Recreation Area. It, and nearby Waldo Point along Richardson Bay between Sausalito and Mill Valley, is named after 1850s California politician William Waldo.

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