Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec

The Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec (lit. 'National Library and Archives of Quebec') or BAnQ is a Quebec government agency which manages the province's legal deposit system, national archives, and national library. Located at the Grande Bibliothèque in Montreal, the BAnQ was created by the merging of the Bibliothèque nationale du Québec and the Archives nationales du Québec in 2006.[1] The Bibliothèque nationale du Québec had previously merged with the Grande Bibliothèque du Québec in 2002.

Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec
Logo BAnQ noir
Grande bibliotheque du Quebec-exterior
The 33,000 square metre Grande Bibliothèque in Montreal, the main facility of the BAnQ
TypeNational library and archives
EstablishedApril 29, 2005
Location475 de Maisonneuve Blvd. E.
Montreal, Quebec, H2L 5C4
Service areaQuebec
Coordinates45°30′55″N 73°33′44″W / 45.51538°N 73.56234°WCoordinates: 45°30′55″N 73°33′44″W / 45.51538°N 73.56234°W
Other information
DirectorChristiane Barbe
Parent organizationMinistry of Culture and Communications, Government of Quebec


The National Archives of Quebec (French: Archives nationales du Québec, ANQ) were founded on 2 September 1920, with Pierre-Georges Roy as Quebec's first Head Archivist. The purpose of the institution was to process historical materials, more specifically public archives and the Quebec government's archives, and to collect documents pertaining to the history of Quebec. the ANQ were brought under the jurisdiction of the Department of Cultural Affairs in 1961, and renamed the Archives de la province de Québec in 1963.

On 12 August 1967, the National Assembly of Quebec legislated to establish the National Library of Quebec (French: Bibliothèque nationale du Québec, BNQ), an institution that would also come under the Department of Cultural Affairs. The BNQ held the collections and furniture of the Bibliothèque Saint-Sulpice, founded by the Sulpician Order in 1915 and managed by the Government of Quebec since 1941.

In 1968, the provincial regulation on legal deposit came into effect requiring that Quebec publishers deposit with the BNQ two copies of their printed works, including books, brochures, newspapers, magazines and journals, artists' books and musical scores. In 1992, a regulation of the National Assembly expanded legal deposit to original prints, posters, art work reproductions, postcards, sound recordings (microgroove vinyl records, compact discs, and more), software, electronic documents, and desktop publishing.

In 1997, the idea of creating a Grande Bibliothèque was born out of the desire to provide widespread availability to the materials of the BNQ and of the Montreal Public Libraries Network. The institution founded to create a major public library, called the Grande bibliothèque du Québec (GBQ), was merged with the BNQ in 2002. The new entity pursued the acquisition, preservation and promotion of the national collection, and the acquisition and promotion of the circulating collection for the general public. The construction work of the Grande Bibliothèque took place from 2001 to 2004 in downtown Montreal, and the collections of the Montreal Library, the circulating collections of the BNQ and the new acquisitions were placed on the shelves of the Grande Bibliothèque in Fall 2004. The Grande Bibliothèque was formally inaugurated on 29 April 2005, and it began its operations on 3 May 2005.

On 31 January 2006, the Bibliothèque nationale du Québec and the Archives nationales du Québec merged to become the Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec.


BNQ EspaceFractal
Jean-Pierre Morin's sculpture Espace Fractal outside Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec in Montreal Canada

The library's collection includes legal deposit copies of all works printed in Quebec, concerning Quebec, or written or contributed to by an author from Quebec.[2]


BAnQ carries out its mandate in twelve facilities which are open to the public: the Grande Bibliothèque, BAnQ Vieux-Montréal and BAnQ Rosemont–La Petite-Patrie in Montreal; BAnQ Gaspé, BAnQ Gatineau, BAnQ Québec, BAnQ Rimouski, BAnQ Rouyn-Noranda, BAnQ Saguenay, BAnQ Sept-Îles, BAnQ Sherbrooke and BAnQ Trois-Rivières.

Located in the Quartier Latin, in the heart of Montreal, the Grande Bibliothèque is the flagship library facility of the Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec. This major public library was specifically designed to encourage the discovery and exploration of BAnQ's collections with free and open access. Materials from the universal collection are available for circulation while rarer documents such as most of the legal deposit collection can be consulted on site. The building, each of its six levels fostering a different atmosphere, opened to the public in 2005. Its patrons include scholars and the general public alike. It welcomes close to 50,000 visitors each week.


The mission of Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec is to gather, permanently preserve and promote Quebec's published heritage materials, any Quebec-related material of cultural interest, and any Quebec-related material published outside Quebec. It aims to provide democratic access to the heritage material constituted by its collections, to culture and universal knowledge, and to act, in this respect, as a catalyst for the library and information institutions of Quebec, thus contributing to the fulfillment of its citizens.

BAnQ also aims to provide structure, support and advise public bodies regarding the management of their materials, ensure the preservation of public archives, make them more accessible and boost their visibility. The institution is also responsible for promoting the preservation and accessibility of private archives. To this end, BAnQ carries out the responsibilities provided under the Archives Act. In the archival field, the institution can also provide research support services and contribute to the development and international outreach of Quebec heritage materials and expertise.

BAnQ serves as the official representative of the Agence francophone pour la numérotation internationale du livre regarding the assignment of ISBN prefixes in Quebec and Canada.

National library

BAnQ is responsible for acquiring, processing, preserving and highlighting the heritage collections. These collections bring together the entire production of printed materials in Quebec, mostly through legal deposit, and of Quebec-related materials. The Preservation Branch (Direction générale de la conservation) which handles this aspect of the institution's mission, operates out of BAnQ Rosemont–La Petite-Patrie, in Montreal. Designed to ensure the long-term preservation of the materials stored there, the facility also houses BAnQ's head office. Patrons can access the heritage collections' materials in the reading room of the Collection nationale, located in the Grande Bibliothèque. The special collections, however, can be viewed on site at BAnQ Rosemont–La Petite-Patrie.

National archives

Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec carries out its activities in the archival field through 10 regional facilities: BAnQ Vieux-Montréal, BAnQ Québec, BAnQ Gaspé, BAnQ Gatineau, BAnQ Rimouski, BAnQ Saguenay, BAnQ Sherbrooke, BAnQ Trois-Rivières, BAnQ Rouyn-Noranda and BAnQ Sept-Îles.

The Montreal facility is housed in the Gilles Hocquart Building, formerly the HEC Montréal building, on Avenue Viger. The Quebec City facility is located in the Louis-Jacques-Casault pavilion on the Université Laval campus.

See also


  1. ^ Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ "Donating and Acquisition", BAnQ Web site, retrieved December 23, 2009
Achille Fortier

Achille Fortier (23 October 1864 – 19 August 1939) was a Canadian composer and music educator. His compositional output includes a modest amount of choral and chamber works, several songs and motets, and a small amount of symphonic music. A considerable portion of his compositions are religious in nature. Much of his work remains unpublished and some of his music is now lost as it was destroyed by a fire. The Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec holds more than 30 of his original scores in its collection.

Alphonse Piché

Alphonse Piché (14 February 1917 – 1 January 1998) was a Canadian poet. He won a 1976 Governor General's Awards.

André Roy (writer)

André Roy (born February 27, 1944) is a Canadian poet and arts critic from Quebec. He won the Governor General's Award for French-language poetry in 1985 for Action writing and was a shortlisted nominee for the award on three other occasions.

He has also published extensively as a film and literary critic, and was an editor of the cultural magazines Hobo-Québec and Spirale. An archive of his papers is held by the Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec. Several of his works have been translated into English by Daniel Sloate.He was one of Quebec's earliest openly gay writers.


BANQ may refer to:

Banq (term), a variant of the word "bank"

Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec (BAnQ), the National Library and Archives of Quebec


CHRC was a French language Canadian radio station located in Quebec City, Quebec. Known as Québec 800, the station had a news/talk/sports format. Founded in 1926, it was the oldest station in Quebec City at the time of its shutdown.

Owned and operated by the Quebec Remparts QMJHL franchise, it broadcast on 800 kHz with a power of 50,000 watts as a class B station from a site near the Chaudière River near Saint-Étienne-de-Lauzon in Lévis, using a very directional antenna (six towers) with the same directional pattern day and night to protect various other stations on the same frequency, including CJAD in Montreal (which is approximately 250 kilometres (160 mi) away). The station's studios were located at Colisée Pepsi in Quebec City.

It was previously part of the Radiomédia/Corus Québec network, which operated across Quebec.

On August 9, 2007, Corus announced a deal to sell the station to a group of local businessmen, namely Michel Cadrin, Jacques Tanguay and Patrick Roy, owners of the Remparts. The new owners plan on converting the station to a primarily sports-based format. This application was approved by the CRTC on June 26, 2008.CHRC's alumni include former Premier of Quebec René Lévesque, who was a substitute announcer for CHRC during 1941 and 1942.

CHRC announced it would cease operations at the end of the month of September 2012, at the same time discontinuing the last AM radio service from Quebec City. Sports broadcast rights would soon be transferred to CJMF-FM. CHRC fell silent late in the evening of September 30, 2012. Before leaving the air at 6:06 p.m., the station's final words broadcast were farewell messages from their staff. Parties interested in acquiring 800 included the Tietolman-Tétrault-Pancholy Media group and Bell Media Radio, though no deals were made since the station's closure.

CHRC's programming and document archives were since donated to the Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec.The CHRC callsign would later be reassigned to a new FM station in Clarence-Rockland, Ontario, as CHRC-FM.

Georges Beauchemin

Georges Beauchemin (June 17, 1891 – February 25, 1957) was a Canadian singer and veterinarian, who released records for both the Starr and His Master's Voice recording companies, as well as two recordings under the pseudonym Roger Mainville for the Duprex company. Beauchemin was one of the first musicians from Quebec to have his music mass marketed.

Grande Bibliothèque

The Grande Bibliothèque is a public library in Downtown Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Its collection is part of Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec (BAnQ), Quebec's national library.

Membership in the library is free to all residents of Quebec. With some 10,000 users per day and a record of 3,000,000 users in 2009—double the projected figure of 1.5 million. In 2011, it attracted 2.7 million visitors, and was the most frequented public library in both North America and the Francophonie.

Guy Berthiaume

Guy Berthiaume (born 1950) is a Canadian historian specialized in the study of Classical Antiquity. He served as Chair and Chief Executive Officer of Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec from June 22, 2009 to June 21, 2014. On April 13, 2014 he was appointed Librarian and Archivist of Canada, effective June 23, 2014.

Hélène Grenier

Hélène Grenier was a Canadian librarian born in 1900 who died in 1992.

Léon Trépanier

Léon Trépanier (June 29, 1881 – September 19, 1967) was a Quebec journalist, historian and politician. He was president of the Saint-Jean-Baptiste Society of Montreal from 1925 to 1929.The son of François Trépanier and d'Élise Huard, he was born in Quebec City and was educated at the University of Ottawa. He began his career as a journalist in Montreal at La Presse in 1901 and later worked at La Patrie and Le Devoir. Trépanier represented Lafontaine on Montreal city council from 1921 to 1938. As president of the Saint-Jean-Baptiste Society, he proposed the installation of the illuminated cross on Mount Royal and initiated the annual parades held on Saint-Jean-Baptiste Day in Montreal. He served as leader of the Montreal City Council from 1928 to 1930 and from 1932 to 1934. He led the preparations for the celebrations of the 300th anniversary of the founding of Montreal. While serving as alderman, he proposed the installation of the illuminated fountain in Montreal's La Fontaine Park.In 1906, he married Anne-Marie Gagnon.Later in life, he pursued a second career as a historian. He was a member of the Société des Dix and published biographies of several Montreal mayors.Trépanier was a member of the Cercle universitaire de Montréal and the Commission des monuments et des sites historiques du Québec.He died in 1967 at the age of 86.

Marie-Francine Hébert

Marie-Francine Hébert (born March 24, 1943) is a Canadian author from Quebec.Born in Montreal, she writes mainly for younger audiences. In a poll by Communication-Jeunesse, she was one of the five best-loved authors in Quebec. Besides books, Hébert also writes for the stage and for television.In 2015, she was chosen by the Centre québécois de ressources en littérature pour la jeunesse of the Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec as a candidate for the Astrid Lindgren Memorial Award.

Michel Beaulieu

Michel Beaulieuis (31 October 1941, Montréal - 10 July 1985) was a Quebec writer.

Montreal Public Libraries Network

The Montreal Public Libraries Network (French: Bibliothèques de Montréal, previously Réseau des bibliothèques publiques de Montréal) is the public library system on the Island of Montreal in Quebec, Canada. It is the largest French language public library system in North America, and also has items in English and other languages. Its central branch closed in March 2005 and its collections incorporated into the collections of the Grande Bibliothèque.

The municipally-run Montreal Public Libraries Network (as distinct from the provincial Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec, which is also located in Montreal) includes 67 libraries, including 44 libraries in the city of Montreal and 12 branches in other municipalities on the Island of Montreal. There are several additional branches which are privately funded public libraries within the system and which require a nominal membership fee.

Paul Chamberland

Paul Chamberland (born in Longueuil, Canada in 1939) is a poet and Quebec essayist. He is also considered as a humanist. He studied philosophy and literature. He participated in La Nuit de La poésie in the 27th of March 1970, with Gaston Miron, Claude Péloquin, Raôul Duguay, Michèle Lalonde, etc.

He worked as a professor of literature in the University of Québec between 1991 and 2004. He received the Prix de l'essai de la revue Spirale in 2000 for En nouvelle barbarie, and the Victor-Barbeau prize of the Académie des lettres du Québec in 2005 for his last essay for VLB Éditeur, Une politique de la douleur. In 2007, he got the Athanase-David prize. He also got recongnized for his sovereignist engagement and his pamphleteer texts on the subject.The archives of Paul Chamberland are kept at the Montreal archives center of Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec.

Picco Studio

Picco Studio was a photography studio located in Rouyn-Noranda, Quebec, Canada. For a time, the studio was home to Marcel Barbeau, a recipient of the Order of Canada.A collection of the works of the studio have been incorporated into the Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec as part of the Pistard Archives and the Eddy Mathon Fund. That particular archive is made up of over 100,000 photographic works including 61,372 photographs, 33,213 negatives of black and white film and an assortment of other various negatives and slides.

Pierre-Aurèle Asselin

Pierre-Aurèle Asselin (1881–1964) was a French Canadian furrier and tenor singer. Asselin came from a musical family; he was the brother of mezzo-soprano Marie-Anne Asselin and great uncle of pianist André Asselin.

Asselin was born in the town of Sainte-Famille on Île d'Orléans in 1881. He moved with his family to Montreal around 1901, and, in 1903, he married Cora Laviolette in Notre-Dame cathedral.

Saint-Sulpice Library

The Saint-Sulpice Library is an historic building located at 1700 Saint Denis Street in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. It was designated a Historic Monument of Quebec in 1988.Designed by architect Eugène Payette, the Saint-Sulpice Library is considered one of the finest examples of Beaux-Arts architecture in the province. Built between 1912 and 1914, the building opened as a private library operated by the Society of Saint-Sulpice in 1917. It was notably the first French-language library in the nation of Canada. In the 1960s the library folded due to waning membership. Its large collection was donated to the newly formed Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec in 1967 and the Ministry of Culture and Communications (Quebec) purchased the building.

In 2005 the Université du Québec à Montréal bought the building, but was forced to sell it back to the ministry of culture due to financial reasons in 2007. In 2008 plans were announced to turn the building into a music centre that will house Le Vivier, a group of 22 Quebec music groups. Le Vivier presented its first season of 15 concerts from September 2009 to May 2010. In 2016, it was announced the building will be used as a new technology incubator and library for teens.

Zyx (cartoonist)

Jacques Hurtubise (November 1950 – 11 December 2015) was a French-Canadian cartoonist and publisher. He was one of the founders of Croc magazine and is considered one of the most prominent figures in Quebec comics of the 1970s and 1980s.He was born in Ottawa. Hurtubise's earliest work appeared in his first attempt at a comics magazine was L'Hydrocéphale Illustré in November 1971, in collaboration with Gilles Desjardins and Françoise Barrette. It was not a success. Following it, he founded a group of young Canadian artists called the Coopérative des Petits Dessins. Throughout the 1970s he produced over 200 comic strips for the newspaper Le Jour. In these strips appeared the characters le Sombre Vilain and his sidekick Bill, the gluttonous boa constrictor who loved to eat pizza delivery men. These adventures continued in the humorous magazine Croc, which he founded in 1979 with Hélène Fleury and Roch Côté.

Hurtubise is one of only two Québécois cartoonists, with Albert Chartier, to appear in Le Dictionnaire mondial de la Bande Dessinée and The World Encyclopedia of Comics. In 2007 he won the Joe Shuster Award, an award for Canadian cartoonists. His works and letters are kept in the Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec.

Hurtubise was also the Rhinoceros Party candidate in 1979 for the Papineau riding. On 11 December 2015, he died in Montreal at the age of 65.

Émilien Allard

Émilien Allard (12 June 1915 – 18 November 1976) was a Canadian carillonneur, pianist, clarinetist, and composer. He composed more than 50 works for carillon and made more than 700 transcriptions of carillon music; many of which are still performed in Europe and North America. In 1958, he won the International Carillonneurs' Prize at the Brussels World's Fair. For RCA Victor he released the LP album Carols at the Carillon of Saint Joseph's Oratory for which he wrote the arrangements. His Marche du maréchal and his Marche H.I.C. were recorded by Howard Cable and his Notule No. 1 and Profil canadien no 2. were included on Gordon Slater's LP Bells and Brass. Many of his original manuscripts and papers are a part of the collection at the Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec.

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