Bibionomorpha

The Bibionomorpha are an infraorder of the suborder Nematocera. One of its constituent families, the Anisopodidae, is the presumed sister taxon to the entire suborder Brachycera. Several of the remaining families in the infraorder (those shown without common names) are former subfamilies of the Mycetophilidae, which has been recently subdivided. The family Axymyiidae has recently been removed from the Bibionomorpha to its own infraorder Axymyiomorpha.

Most representatives of the Bibionomorpha are saprophages or fungivores as larvae with the Cecidomyiidae being predominantly gall-formers. Some Sciarids are common indoor pests, developing large populations in potting soil that has become moldy from overwatering. The larvae of the Bibionidae sometimes migrate in large, snake-like masses to minimize dehydration while seeking a new feeding site.

March flies and allies
Unidentified species schusch 015 20060429 509 part
March fly, Bibio marci
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Diptera
Suborder: Nematocera
Infraorder: Bibionomorpha
Families

Extinct families

The extinct bibionomorph fauna is as follows:

    • Cascopleciidae Middle? Cretaceous; Myanmar
    • Eopleciidae extinct (Lower Jurassic)
    • Oligophryneidae extinct (Upper Triassic)
    • Paraxymyiidae extinct (Middle Jurassic)
    • Protobibionidae extinct (Middle Jurassic)
    • Protopleciidae extinct (Pan Jurassic)
    • Protorhyphidae extinct (Upper Triassic)
    • Protoscatopsidae extinct (Middle Jurassic)
  • Superfamily Pleciodictyidea extinct
    • Pleciodictyidae - (Upper Triassic)
  • Superfamily Protoligoneuridea extinct
    • Protoligoneuridae - (Upper Triassic)
  • Superfamily Fungivoridea
    • Pleciofungivoridae extinct (Upper Triassic) (Lower and Middle Jurassic)
    • Palaeopleciidae extinct (Upper Triassic)
    • Pleciomimidae extinct (Lower and Middle Jurassic)
    • Archizelmiridae extinct (Middle Jurassic)
    • Fungivoritidae extinct (Middle and Upper Jurassic)
    • Tipulopleciidae extinct (Middle Jurassic)
    • Sinemediidae extinct (Middle Jurassic)

External links

Asphondylia

Asphondylia is a genus of gall midges in the family Cecidomyiidae. There are at least 60 described species in Asphondylia.

Axymyiidae

The Nematoceran family Axymyiidae is the sole member of the infraorder Axymyiomorpha, though it is often included within the infraorder Bibionomorpha in older classifications. It is known from only seven species in three genera, plus three fossil species.

Bibio marci

Bibio marci or St. Mark's fly or Hawthorn Fly is a species of fly from the family Bibionidae. It is found across much of Europe. Their common name comes from the fact that the adults usually emerge around St Mark's Day, 25 April.

Bibiodes

Bibiodes is a genus of March flies (Bibionidae).

Dilophus

Dilophus is a genus of March flies in the family Bibionidae. There are at least 200 described species in Dilophus.

Docosia

Docosia is a genus of fungus gnats in the family Mycetophilidae.

Ectrepesthoneura

Ectrepesthoneura is a genus of fungus gnats in the family Mycetophilidae. There are about 18 described species in Ectrepesthoneura.

Epidapus

Epidapus is a genus of fungus gnats in the family Sciaridae.

Exechia

Exechia is a genus of fungus gnats in the family Mycetophilidae. There are at least 170 described species in Exechia.

Gnoriste

Gnoriste is a genus of fungus gnats in the family Mycetophilidae. There are about 11 described species in Gnoriste.

Iteomyia

Iteomyia is a genus of gall midges in the family Cecidomyiidae.

Leia (fly)

Leia is a genus of fungus gnats in the family Mycetophilidae. There are more than 170 described species in Leia.

Mayetiola

Mayetiola are a genus of flies from the family Cecidomyiidae. Most species are pests of cereal crops

Mycetobia

Mycetobia is a genus of wood gnats in the family Anisopodidae. There are at least 20 described species in Mycetobia.

Pachyneuridae

Pachyneuridae is a family of gnats, gall midges, and March flies in the order Diptera. There are at least four genera and about five described species in Pachyneuridae.

Rabdophaga

Rabdophaga is genus of flies in the family of gall midges Cecidomyiidae. There are 105 species distributed through Africa, Asia, Europe and North America. Most species of Rabdophaga gall willows (Salix sp.); one exception is R. giraudiana which galls the stems of poplars (Populus sp.).

Rondaniella

Rondaniella is a genus of fungus gnats in the family Mycetophilidae. There are about eight described species in Rondaniella.

Sciaroidea

Sciaroidea is a superfamily in the infraorder Bibionomorpha. There are about 16 families and more than 15,000 described species in Sciaroidea. Most of its constituent families are various gnats.

Sylvicola

Sylvicola is a genus of wood gnats in the family Anisopodidae. There are at least 80 described species in Sylvicola.

Extant Diptera families

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