Bialik Institute (Hebrew: מוסד ביאליק, Mosad Bialik) is a research institution and publishing house, mostly dealing with the history and culture of the Hebrew language. It was established in 1935 by the World Zionist Executive and the Executive of the Jewish Agency and named after the Hebrew poet Hayyim Nahman Bialik. Its works are mostly published in Hebrew and in English.
Among the Bialik Institute's most notable publications are:
|Industry||Publishing House, Research Institution|
|Founder||World Zionist Organization and Jewish Agency in 1935|
|Products||Encyclopaedia Biblica, The Biblical Encyclopaedia Library|
Chaim Menachem Rabin (Hebrew: חיים מנחם רבין; 1915–1996) was a German, then British, and finally Israeli professor of Hebrew and Semitic languages.
Chaim Rabin was born in Giessen, Germany, 22 November 1915, the son of Israel and Martel Rabin. Having completed his school studies in April 1933 he spent the year 1933-1934 in Palestine, studying at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.He then emigrated to England, where he eventually became a British citizen. He enrolled as a student at the School of Oriental Studies of the University of London where he received his BA degree in 1937. In 1939 he was awarded his Ph.D with a thesis entitled Studies in Early Arabic Dialects at the now renamed School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), where from 1938 was employed as a lecturer.
In 1941 he moved to the University of Oxford, where he received his MA, then D.Phil in 1942, with a thesis entitled The Development of the Syntax of Post-Biblical Hebrew. In 1943 he was appointed Cowley Lecturer in Post-Biblical Hebrew there.
In 1956 with his wife, Batya, he emigrated to Israel, and took a post of Associate Professor, then full Professor of Hebrew Language at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, where he remained until his retirement in 1985.Following his early interest in Arabic dialects, Chaim Rabin's field was all aspects of Hebraic linguistics, in particular, translations of the language of the Bible, the Dead Sea Manuscripts, and the detailed study of mediaeval codices. He succeeded Moshe Goshen-Gottstein as chief editor of the Hebrew University Bible Project.Rabin was a pioneer in training Israeli translators. Together with Shoshana Bloom, he established the Hebrew University's Department of Scientific Translation.
Rabin was a member of the Academy of the Hebrew Language.
He died in Jerusalem on 13 May 1996.Chezib of Judah
Chezib, also known as Achziv of Judah (Hebrew: אכזיב; כזיב), is a biblical place-name associated with the birth of Judah's son, Shelah (Genesis 38:5), corresponding to the Achziv of the Book of Joshua (15:44), a town located in the low-lying hills of the plain of Judah, known as the Shefela. In I Chronicles 4:22, the town is rendered as Chozeba. The place is now a ruin.Dan Pagis
Dan Pagis (October 16, 1930 – July 29, 1986) was an Israeli poet, lecturer and Holocaust survivor.David Reubeni
David Reubeni (1490–1535/1541?) was a Jewish political activist, described by the Shengold Jewish Encyclopedia as "half-mystic, half-adventurer." Although some scholars are reluctant to believe his claims to nobility, citing suspicions of fraud behind such claims (in spite of Reubeni's unrelenting efforts to make an alliance between Christians and Jews against Muslims by the intermediation of the young king, John (João) of Portugal), in November of 1525 he was nevertheless given an audience with the king, accompanied with a letter of recommendation from Pope Clement VII, and had always insisted that he was the son of a deceased monarch (King Suleiman of Ḥabor), and that he was the Minister of that kingdom's War Department, now governed by his elder brother, King Joseph of Ḥabor. According to Reubeni's own story this kingdom had 300,000 "Israelite" subjects. The king of Portugal, impressed by the idea, had initially agreed to supply Reubeni with Portuguese arms, but after five months, Reubeni fell into ill-repute with the king of Portugal, who perhaps distrusted his motives, and was asked by the king to leave his kingdom.Devorah Baron
Devorah Baron (also spelled Dvora Baron and Deborah Baron) (27 November 1887 - 20 August 1956) was a pioneering Jewish writer, noted for writing in Modern Hebrew and for making a career as a Hebrew author. She has been labeled as the "first Modern Hebrew woman writer". She wrote about 80 short stories, plus a novella titled Exiles. Additionally, she translated stories into Modern Hebrew.Dvorah Barzilay-Yegar
Dvorah Barzilay-Yegar (born 1933) is an Israeli historian, who has carried out many years of scholarly research into the life and political activities of Chaim Weizmann, the first President of Israel.Emanuel Tov
Emanuel Tov (Hebrew: עמנואל טוב; born September 15, 1941, Amsterdam, Netherlands) is emeritus Professor in the Department of Bible at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.Encyclopaedia Biblica (Israel)
Encyclopaedia Biblica (Hebrew: אנציקלופדיה מקראית) is a scientific encyclopedia of the Hebrew Bible, published in Israel by Bialik Institute in the Hebrew language. The work is scientific, rather than religious, but because of its Jewish background, it only deals with the Hebrew Bible and some apocrypha, but not with the New Testament, which is considered a part of the Bible in Christianity.
The work on the encyclopedia started in 1942, before the establishment of the state of Israel. Biblical encyclopedias in several languages existed then, but there was no such in work in Hebrew, which by that time was already the living spoken and literary language of the Jewish community in Palestine (Yishuv). The initiative was started by the archaeologist Eleazar Sukenik, who proposed the idea to the Bialik Institute. The Institute supported it and created a commission of scholars to determine the format of the future work. Among those scholars were Naftali Herz Tur-Sinai, Leo Aryeh Mayer, Moshe Zvi Segal, Moshe David Cassuto, Shmuel Yevin, Fishel Lakhover, Benjamin Mazar (Maisler) and Menachem Solieli.
Initially, the work was supposed to include 6,700 articles in five volumes. According to the plan, the work on it was supposed to be completed in five years. The first example pages were published in 1947. The 1947–48 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine and the battles for Jerusalem disrupted the work on the encyclopedia. Eventually, the first volume was published in 1950, the scope of the work grew to eight volumes, and the final volume was only published in 1982.Habakkuk Commentary
The Habakkuk Commentary or Pesher Habakkuk, labelled 1QpHab (Cave 1, Qumran, pesher, Habakkuk) was among the original seven Dead Sea Scrolls discovered in 1947 and published in 1951. Due to its early discovery and rapid publication, as well as its relatively pristine preservation, 1QpHab is one of the most frequently researched and analyzed scrolls of the several hundred now known.Hedva Harechavi
Hedva Harekhavi, Israeli poet and artist, was born in 1941 in Kibbutz Degania Bet, one of the oldest kibbutzim in Israel. She had one child, Elisha, who died at a young age. She has lived most of her life in Jerusalem.Harekhavi is a graduate of the Bezalel Academy of Art in Jerusalem. Her art works have been exhibited in one-person shows in Israel and in many group shows in Israel and abroad.
Her first poems published in the Hebrew daily Al-Hamishmar (1967) were submitted for publication by the eminent Hebrew poet Leah Goldberg (1917–1970). Goldberg later selected and prepared for publication Harekhavi's first book of Hebrew poetry, Ki Hu Melech (Because He Is A King), 1974, which received the Rachel Newman Poetry Prize. Her poems have been translated into many languages including English, Arabic, Russian and German and have appeared in numerous publications and anthologies.
Her major collection of poetry, A Bird that is Inside Stands Outside: Poems, 1962-2008 was published in 2009 by the Kibbutz Ha Meuchad and the Bialik Institute in Jerusalem - two of Israel's major publishers of Hebrew poetry. Her most recent book, Rana, was published in 2014 by the Kibbutz Ha Meuchad Publisher.She is known for writing poems that are heavy in repetition, which implies that the reader is not listening, further exacerbating her emotions. She is considered to be a part of the feminist movement of poetry, taking the linguistics of ancient Hebrew texts and using them as inspiration for her poetry.She mainly paints in watercolor.
Harekhavi has won several prizes in poetry, among them the Prime Minister Prize for Poetry in 1982 and again in 1993; and the prestigious Yehuda Amichai Prize for Poetry in 2010. She is considered to be one of the great Israeli female poets.Jacob Pinkerfield
Jacob Pinkerfeld, also spelled Pinkerfield (1897–1956) (Hebrew: יעקב פינקרפלד) was an Israeli archaeologist and architect.Pausa
In linguistics, pausa (Latin for "break", from Greek "παῦσις" pausis "stopping, ceasing") is the hiatus between prosodic units.Shlomo Herberg
Shlomo Herberg (1884–1966) was an Israeli poet, writer translator, writer of Hebrew literature, and teacher of Lithuanian Jewish descent, who was born in what is now Kudirkos Naumiestis, Lithuania. He was one of the first professional Hebrew translators in the Land of Israel Tchernichovsky Prize Tchernichovsky Prize for Model Translations]] for the year 1960. He published a many of poems, books, songs, stories, and lists.Solomon's Pools
Solomon's Pools (Arabic: برك سليمان, Burak Suleīmān, Solomon's Pools, or in short el-Burak, the pools; Hebrew: בריכות שלמה, Breichot Shlomo) are three ancient reservoirs located in the south-central West Bank, immediately to the south of al-Khader, about 3.5 kilometres (2.2 mi) southwest of Bethlehem, near the road to Hebron. Although the site was traditionally associated with King Solomon, scholars today believe the pools to be much younger, with the oldest part dating to the 2nd century BCE.Tel Shikmona
Tel Shikmona (Šiqmônah, Hebrew: תל שִׁקְמוֹנָה, Tell as-Samakh), also spelt Sycamine, is an ancient tell (mound) situated near the sea coast on the modern city of Haifa, Israel, just south of the Israeli National Institute of Oceanography.Uri Zvi Greenberg
Uri Zvi Greenberg (Hebrew: אוּרִי צְבִי גְּרִינְבֵּרְג; September 22, 1896 – May 8, 1981) was an acclaimed Israeli poet and journalist who wrote in Yiddish and Hebrew.Yehoshua Bar-Yosef
Yehoshua Bar-Yosef (Hebrew: יהושע בר-יוסף, b. 1912 d. 1992) was an Israeli writer.
Bar-Yosef was born in Safed, Israel and was raised in a Haredi Jewish family. He later left Orthodox Judaism, and became a writer. He worked first as a newspaper editor, and then as a freelance journalist. His work includes novels, novellas, short stories, plays and historical epics about Safed. He received numerous literary awards, including the Bialik Prize in 1984.Yehuda L. Katzenelson
Yehuda Leib Katsnelson, (Russian: Лев (Иегуда Лейб Вениамин) Израилевич Каценельсон; 29 November 1846, (Hebrew Calendar 10 Kislev 5690), Chernigov – 1917, Petrograd), also known by his pen name 'Buki Ben Yogli', was a military doctor, writer and publicist of Hebrew Literature.Yitzhak Baer
Yitzhak Baer (Hebrew: יצחק בער; 20 December 1888 – 22 January 1980) was a German-Israeli historian and an expert on medieval Spanish Jewish history.