Bhowrah

Bhowrah (also spelt as Bhowra) is a neighbourhood in Dhanbad in Jharkhand state, India.

Bhowrah
Neighbourhood in Dhanbad
Bhowrah is located in Jharkhand
Bhowrah
Bhowrah
Location in Jharkhand, India
Bhowrah is located in India
Bhowrah
Bhowrah
Bhowrah (India)
Coordinates: 23°41′15″N 86°23′52″E / 23.6874°N 86.3978°ECoordinates: 23°41′15″N 86°23′52″E / 23.6874°N 86.3978°E
Country India
StateJharkhand
DistrictDhanbad
Elevation
153 m (502 ft)
Population
(2001)
 • Total44,654
Languages
 • OfficialHindi, Urdu
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
828302
Vehicle registrationJH
Websitedhanbad.nic.in

Geography

Bhowrah is located at 23°43′N 86°24′E / 23.72°N 86.40°E.[1] It has an average elevation of 153 m (502 ft).

The earlier census town was combined with other urban units to form Dhanbad Municipal Corporation in 2006.[2][3]

Bhowrah is part of Ward No. 41 of Dhanbad Municipal Corporation.[4]

Famous Anchor and Photographer Shivam Banerjee belongs to Bhowrah.

Demographics

As of 2001 India census,[5] Bhowrah had a population of 44,253. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Bhowrah has an average literacy rate of 65%, lower than the national average of 74.5%; with male literacy of 74% and female literacy of 54%. 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Economy

Collieries functioning in the Eastern Jharia Area of BCCL are: Bhowrah North, Bhowrah South, Bhowrah (OC 3 Pit), Amlabad, Sudamdih Incline, Sudamdih Shafts, Pathardih and C.O.C.R.[6]

Healthcare

BCCL has a 10-bedded hospital at Bhowrah. It caters to the needs of employees and their families, as well as outsiders as part of BCCL's corporate social responsibility programme. BCCL has a 100-bedded regional hospital at Jealgora in the same area.[7]

References

  1. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Bhowrah
  2. ^ "Dhanbad Municipal Corporation". DMC. Retrieved 15 October 2017.
  3. ^ "Dhanbad Dsitrict Map". Physical Map of Dhanbad. Jharkhand Government. Retrieved 15 October 2017.
  4. ^ "Dhanbad Municipal Corporation". प्रादेशिक निर्वाचन क्षेत्रों की सूची (in Hindi). Jharkhand Government. Retrieved 19 October 2017.
  5. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  6. ^ "Dhanbad - Coal Capital of India". List of Coal Mines in Dhanbad. Jharkhand Government. Retrieved 8 October 2017.
  7. ^ "Welfare". BCCL. Retrieved 6 October 2017.
Amlabad

Amlabad is a census town in Chandankiyari (community development block) in Chas subdivision of Bokaro district in the state of Jharkhand, India.

Baghmara (community development block)

Baghmara is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Dhanbad district, Jharkhand state, India.

Baliapur (community development block)

Baliapur is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Dhanbad district, Jharkhand state, India.

Coal mining in India

Coal mining in India began in 1774 when John Sumner and Suetonius Grant Heatly of the East India Company commenced commercial exploitation in the Raniganj Coalfield along the Western bank of Damodar river. Growth remained slow for nearly a century due to low demand. The introduction of steam locomotives in 1853 boosted demand, and coal production rose to an annual average of 1 million metric tons (1.1 million short tons). India produced 6.12 million metric tons (6.75 million short tons) of coal per year by 1900 and 18 million metric tons (20 million short tons) per year by 1920. Coal production rose steadily over the next few decades, and was boosted by demand caused by World War I. Production slumped in the interwar period, but rose to 30 million metric tons (33 million short tons) by 1946 largely as a result of World War II.

In the regions of British India known as Bengal, Bihar and Odisha, the Indians pioneered Indian involvement in coal mining from 1894. They broke the previous monopolies held by British and other Europeans, establishing many collieries. Seth Khora Ramji Chawda of Sinugra was the first Indian to break the British monopoly in the Jharia Coalfields. Other Indian communities followed the example of the Kshatriyas in the Dhanbad-Jharia-Bokaro fields after the 1930s. These included the Punjabis, Kutchis, Marwaris, Gujaratis, Sindhis and Hindustanis. Following independence, the Government of India introduced several 5-year development plans. Annual production rose to 33 million metric tons (36 million short tons) at the beginning of the First Five Year Plan. The National Coal Development Corporation (NCDC) was established in 1956 with the aim of increasing coal production efficiently by systematic and scientific development of the coal industry.

The Indira Gandhi administration nationalized coal mining in phases - coking coal mines in 1971-72 and non-coking coal mines in 1973. With the enactment of the Coal Mines (Nationalization) Act, 1973, all coal mines in India were nationalized on 1 May 1973. This policy was reversed by the Narendra Modi administration four decades later. In March 2015, the government permitted private companies to mine coal for use in their own cement, steel, power or aluminium plants. The Coking Coal Mines (Nationalization) Act, 1972 and the Coal Mines (Nationalization) Act, 1973 were repealed on 8 January 2018. In the final step toward denationalization, on 20 February 2018, the government permitted private firms to enter the commercial coal mining industry. Under the new policy, mines will be auctioned to the firm offering the highest per tonne price. The move broke the monopoly over commercial mining that state-owned Coal India has enjoyed since nationalisation in 1973.

India has the fifth largest coal reserves in the world, and is the fourth largest producer of coal in the world, producing 662.79 million metric tons (730.60 million short tons) in 2016-17. As on 31 March 2017, India had 315.14 billion metric tons (347.38 billion short tons) of the resource. The estimated total reserves of lignite coal as on 31 March 2017 was 44.70 billion metric tons (49.27 billion short tons). Due to high demand and poor average quality, India is forced to import high quality coal to meet the requirements of steel plants. India's coal imports have risen from 49.79 million metric tons (0.05488 billion short tons) in 2007-08 to 190.95 million metric tons (0.21049 billion short tons) in 2016-17. India's coal exports rose from 1.63 million metric tons (1.80 million short tons) in 2007-08 to 2.44 million metric tons (2.69 million short tons) in 2012-13, but subsequently declined to 1.77 million metric tons (1.95 million short tons) in 2016-17. Dhanbad city is the largest coal producing city

Dhanbad (community development block)

Dhanbad is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Dhanbad district, Jharkhand state, India.

Dhanbad Junction railway station

Dhanbad Junction Railway Station, station code DHN, is a railway station of the Indian railway serving the city of Dhanbad, the headquarters of Dhanbad district in the Indian state of Jharkhand. It is the largest railway station in Jharkhand, handling over 100 trains and 100,000+ passengers every day. Dhanbad is also the headquarters of the Dhanbad Rail Division of the East Central Railway zone. Grand Chord rail-line that connects Howrah and New Delhi passes through Dhanbad junction. Dhanbad is located at 23°47′32″N 86°25′42″E. It has an elevation of 235 metres (771 ft).

One of the largest and busiest railway junctions, it is arguably the most important station on the Grand Chord. In fact Dhanbad is the junction at which the Grand Chord really diverges from the CIC section. CIC rail line starts from Dhanbad and ends at Singrauli in Madhya Pradesh. Besides the CIC section there was a direct line to Ranchi which goes through Bokaro and Chandrapura. Most trains bound for Ranchi take this route. Dhanbad has a rail connectivity with the other major parts of the country such as Kolkata, Mumbai, Delhi, Chennai, Ahmedabad, Hyderabad, Kochi, Indore, Bhopal, Gwalior, Jabalpur, Jaipur, Nagpur, Pune, Guwahati, Jamshedpur, Daltonganj etc. Another rail line passing through the district, starts at Kharagpur and ends at Gomoh, this rail line comes under South Eastern Railway. Dhanbad is connected with most of the states through rail network. Every train passing through Dhanbad has a stop here.This Station is facing a serious problem of connectivity. And losing its importance after closure of Dhanbad-Chandrapura rail line. Platform 6-7 is fading away now. but Mahuda Junction is just 19 km by road become the substitution for Dhanbad and nearby places for different trains after closure of Chandrapura Dhanbad line.

There used to be another railway line from Dhanbad connecting it to Jharia and Pathardih. The line used to intersect the CIC section, requiring a Diamond Crossing. Now that the line has been dis-mantled, the Diamond Crossing is no longer operational.

Previously when there were much less trains from Ranchi and adjoining areas, Dhanbad along with Tatanagar railway station served as the main railway stations for the entire state of Jharkhand.

Dhanbad Municipal Corporation

Dhanbad Municipal Corporation is the civic body that governs Dhanbad, Jharia, Sindri, Katras and the surrounding areas in Dhanbad subdivision of Dhanbad district, Jharkhand, India.

Dhanbad–Chandrapura line

It was initially started as Dhanbad Katras rail line and was extended upto Chandrapura in 1930. The first train in this route ran from Dhanbad to Katrasgarh.Dhanbad–Chandrapura line was a railway passing through Railways in Jharia Coalfield lying between the Dhanbad line on the north and the Chandrapura in the south.

The rail line was laid late nineteenth century by extending the Grand Chord to Katrasgarh via Dhanbad in 1894. This line was opened in 1930.

The Netaji SC Bose Gomoh-Chandrapura-Dhanbad sector was electrified in 1986–87.

The line closed due to a mine fire had reached tracks, thus making it unsafe for use. The railway also suspended good traffic on the line which has nine loading side of Bharat Coking Coal Limited.

Jharia

Jharia is a neighbourhood in Dhanbad in Jharkhand state, India. Jharia was the fifteenth-largest town in the state of Jharkhand. (More than one town in India shares this name.) Jharia is famous for its rich coal resources, used to make coke. Jharia plays a very important role in the economy and development of Dhanbad City, and can be considered as a part of Dhanbad City.

Jharia (community development block)

Jharia is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Dhanbad district, Jharkhand state, India.

Jharia coalfield

Jharia Coalfield is a large coal field located in the east of India in Jharia, Jharkhand. Jharia represents the largest coal reserves in India having estimated reserves of 19.4 billion tonnes of coking coal.

Katras

Katras (also known as Katrasgarh) is a neighbourhood in Dhanbad in Jharkhand state, India.

Kutch Gurjar Kshatriya

Kutch Gurjar Kshatriya (also known as Mistri or Mestri) are a minority Hindu and one of the Socially and Educationally backward community of Gujarat in India, whom claim to be Kshatriyas. They are an artisan community related with Kadia works.They are also known as the Mistri a.k.a. Mistris of Kutch.

Mahuda Junction railway station

Mahuda Junction railway station is a railway station near NH 18 previously NH32, Mahuda Bazaar in Dhanbad district, Jharkhand state. It is operated by South Eastern Railway Adra division. Its code is MHQ. It is one of cleanest stations of Dhanbad despite its use for coal transportation. It is nearest to the Katras Baghmara and Dhanbad as it became the other substitute station for Dhanbad Junction. Ii is just 19 km from the area main junction. It is nearest to Bokaro Steel City. It is a good location both for Bokaro and Dhanbad. The important train is Nandan Kanan exp (ndls-puri). It is mainly in function for Washeries i.e. Mahuda, Moonidih .

The direct trains for major city like Ranchi, Rourkela, Nagpur, Kharagpur, Howrah, New Delhi, Kanpur, Fatehpur, Allahabad, Puri, Bhubaneswar, Cuttack, Surat, Bokaro, Adra, Gaya, Mughalsarai, Asansol, Malda

Moonidih

Moonidih is a village in Dhanbad district in the Indian state of Jharkhand

Pathardih

Pathardih is a neighbourhood in Dhanbad in Jharkhand state, India.

Railways in Jharia Coalfield

Jharia Coalfield has a series of railway lines covering the region lying between the Grand Chord line on the north and the Damodar in the south.

Sudamdih

Sudamdih is a neighbourhood in Dhanbad in Jharkhand state, India.

Topchanchi (community development block)

Topchanchi is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Dhanbad district, Jharkhand state, India.

Cities, towns, locations and neighbourhoods in Dhanbad district
Cities, municipal
and census towns
Locations
other than cities and towns
Neighbourhoods in
Dhanbad Municipal Corporation
Related topics

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