Bhopal Agency

The Bhopal Agency was a section of British India's colonial Central India Agency, a British political unit which managed the relations of the British with a number of autonomous princely states existing outside British India.[1]

Bhopal Agency
Agency of British India
1818–1947
Location of Bhopal Agency
Map of the Central India Agency with the Bhopal Agency in its central sector
History
 •  Established 1818
 •  Accession to the Indian Union 1947
Area
 •  1901 30,181 km2 (11,653 sq mi)
Population
 •  1901 1,157,697 
Density 38.4 /km2  (99.3 /sq mi)

History

The Agency was formed in 1818 at the conclusion of the Third Anglo-Maratha War,[2] and covered the princely states of Bhopal (largest and eponymous), Khilchipur, Kurwai, Narsingarh, Muhammadgarh, Pathari and Rajgarh surrounding Bhopal, as well as the districts of Bhilsa and Isagarh, which belonged to the Gwalior State and also the district of Sironj, which belonged to Tonk State in Rajputana.

The head of the Agency was appointed by the British Governor-General of India. In 1854 the Bhopal Agency became part of the newly created Central India Agency.[2] In 1895 the Gwalior districts of Bhilsa and Isagarh were transferred from Bhopal Agency to Gwalior Residency. In 1931 the princely states of Dewas Senior and Dewas Junior were added to the agency and in 1933 the state of Makrai was transferred from the Central Provinces and Berar.

Bhopal Agency ceased to exist at the stroke of midnight on 15 August 1947 when British India became independent, and all treaty relations between the princely states and the British ceased to exist. After the departure of the British, the rulers of these states all acceded to the Dominion of India, and all but Bhopal were incorporated into the new state of Madhya Bharat, while Bhopal became a Chief Commissioner's Province. Madhya Bharat and Bhopal were merged into Madhya Pradesh state on 1 November 1956.

States and territories

Until 1931 the agency included nine princely states, as well as a number of estates ruled by Thakurs and other minor territories.

Princely states

Four Salute states, by precedence :

  • Bhopal, title Nawab, Hereditary salute of 19-guns (21-guns local)
  • Narsinghgarh, title Raja, Hereditary salute of 11-guns
  • Rajgarh, title Raja, Hereditary salute of 11-guns
  • Khilchipur, title Raja, Hereditary salute of 9-guns

Non-salute states, alphabetically :

References

  1. ^ Great Britain India Office. The Imperial Gazetteer of India. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1908.
  2. ^ a b Wikisource Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bhopal" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 846.

Coordinates: 23°15′00″N 77°56′13″E / 23.2500°N 77.9369°E

1854 in India

Events in the year 1854 in India.

Agencies of British India

An agency of British India was an internally autonomous or semi-autonomous unit of British India whose external affairs were governed by an agent designated by the Viceroy of India. They varied in character from fully autonomous self-governing dependencies such as princely states, where the agent functioned mainly as a representative of the Viceroy, to tribal tracts which were integral parts of the British Empire and where the agent was completely in charge of law and order. The agent of a protected tract or princely state usually resided outside the territory in his charge, as opposed to a Resident who usually resided within his confines and was not infrequently the District Collector of the adjoining British district.

Civil and criminal justice in agencies were usually administered through locally made laws, and the Indian Penal Code was not applicable by default in these agencies.

Basoda State

Basoda State was a former princely state in Central India, part of the Bhopal Agency during the British Raj. It was situated in the Malwa Plateau. Basoda was a small state, its headquarters were at Ganj Basoda. The state had an area of 104 km², and a population of 4,897 in 1901.This state was also known as Nawab-Basoda or Haidargarh-Basoda in order to distinguish it from a place with the same name in Gwalior State.

Bhopal (disambiguation)

Bhopal may refer to:

Bhopal, a city in India, capital of Madhya Pradesh state

Bhopal District, a district in Madhya Pradesh, with the city of Bhopal as its headquarters

Bhopal Division, an administrative geographical unit of Madhya Pradesh state

Bhopal (state), the 18th century princely state in Central India

Bhopal Agency, an administrative section of British India's Central India Agency

Bhopal State (1949–56), a state of the Republic of India

Bhopal (play), a play by Rahul Varma based on the Bhopal disaster

Bhopal State

Bhopal State (pronounced [bʱoːpaːl] (listen)) was a tributary state in 18th-century India, a princely salute state with 19-gun salute in a subsidiary alliance with British India from 1818 to 1947, and an independent state from 1947 to 1949. Islamnagar was founded and served as the State's first capital, which was later shifted to the city of Bhopal.

The state was founded in 1707 CE by Dost Mohammad Khan, a Pashtun soldier in the Mughal army, who became a mercenary after the Emperor Aurangzeb's death and annexed several territories to his fiefdom. It came under the suzerainty of the Nizam of Hyderabad in 1723 shortly after its foundation. In 1737, Marathas defeated the Mughals and the Nawab of Bhopal in the Battle of Bhopal, and started collecting tribute from the state. After the defeat of the Marathas in the Third Anglo-Maratha War, Bhopal became a British princely state in 1818. Bhopal State was the second largest state in pre-independence India, with a Muslim leadership, first being Hyderabad State. The state was merged into the Union of India in 1949 as Bhopal.

Central India Agency

The Central India Agency was created in 1854, by amalgamating the Western Malwa Agency with other smaller political offices which formerly reported to the Governor-General of India. The agency was overseen by a political agent who maintained British relations with the princely states and influence over them on behalf of the Governor-General. The headquarters of the agent were at Indore.

Divisions of British India

The Divisions of British India were administrative units of the Government of the British Raj or Indian Empire.

Gwalior Residency

Gwalior Residency was a political office in the British Indian Empire, which existed from 1782 until the British withdrawal from India in 1947.

The Gwalior Residency was placed under the Central India Agency in 1854, and separated from it in 1921.

Khaniadhana State

Khaniadhana or Khaniyadhana was a princely state of British India ruled by the Judev dynasty of Bundela Rajputs. The capital of the State was Khaniadhana. It was part of the Bundelkhand Agency and later the Central India Agency.The princely state of Khaniadhana, was made of several small enclaves, bounded on the east by the British district of Jhansi but otherwise completely surrounded by the Narwar district of Gwalior State. Khaniadhana State was part of the Gwalior Residency. It was located to the west of Orchha State. It covered a total area of 101 sq m spread over 55 villages and the total population of the territory during the British rule was 20,124 as per census of 1941.

Khilchipur State

Khilchipur State was a princely state in India. The seat was in Khilchipur. It had an area of 710 square kilometres (273 sq mi), and a population of 31,143 in 1901. Its estimated revenue in 1911 was 70000 rupees, and it paid a yearly tribute to the Maharaja Scindia of Gwalior of 700 rupees.

Kurwai State

Kurwai State was a princely state of British India under the Bhopal Agency and centered on Kurwai town. The town of Kurwai was founded by Mohammed Diler Khan in 1715. The state was 368 km² in area and had a population of 30,631 in 1892.

Makrai

Makrai is a village in the Harda district of Madhya Pradesh, India. The village was the headquarters of the Makrai princely state during the British Raj.

Makrai State

Makrai State was a princely state in India during the time of the British Raj. The seat was in Makrai.

In 1892 the state covered an area of 401 square kilometres (155 sq mi) forming an enclave surrounded by the British territory of the Nerbudda Division of the Central Provinces. Makrai State had a population of 16,784, which was reduced by famine to 13,025 by 1901. The state's rulers were of Rajput lineage and bore the title Maharaja.

According to tradition the ruling family originally held the taluka of Kalibhit in [Harda] district.

Malwa Agency

Malwa Agency was an administrative section of British India's Central India Agency. The headquarters of the political agent was at Mandsaur (Mandasor) / Neemuch (Nimach). The other chief towns of the region were : Ratlam and Jaora.

Mohammadgarh State

Mohammadgarh State, also spelt as 'Muhammadgarh', was a former princely state in Central India, under the Bhopal Agency during the British Raj. It was situated in the Malwa Plateau. The state had an area of 29 square miles (75 km2), and a population of 2,944 (as of 1901). Its headquarters were at Mohammadgarh town.

Muhammadgarh, India

Mohammadgarh or Muhammadgarh (Hindi: मोहम्मदगढ़) is a town in Gyaraspur tehsil, Vidisha district, Bhopal division of Madhya Pradesh, India. It is located at an altitude of 432 m above sea level. The language of the local population is Hindi.

Narsinghgarh State

Narsinghgarh State is a former princely state of the British Raj in India. It formed an enclave within Rajgarh State and was placed administratively under the Bhopal Agency subdivision of the Central India Agency. The state covered an area of 1,920 square kilometres (740 sq mi) and had a population of 92,093 in 1901.The capital of state was town of the same name Narsinghgarh.

Pathari State

Pathari State was a former princely state of India, administratively under the Bhopal Agency subdivision of the Central India Agency. The state covered an area of 78 square kilometers and had a population of 6,293 in 1892. Its capital was at Pathari town.

Rajgarh State

Not to be confused with Raigarh State

Rajgarh State (Hindi Name: राजगढ़) was a Rajput princely state in India, named after its capital Rajgarh, Madhya Pradesh. It was part of the colonial Bhopal Agency of the Central India Agency during the British Raj.

Rajgarh had an area of 2,492 Square Kilometers (940 sq. miles) and a population of 88,376 in 1901. Estimated revenue, 33,000 rupees (1911); tribute (to Sindhia of Gwalior) 3,640. The state revenue reached 450,000, the princely privy purse later 140,000 rupees. Grain and opium were the principal articles of trade.

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