Bhojpur District, Nepal

Bhojpur District (Nepali: भोजपुर जिल्लाListen ) is one of 14 districts of Province No. 1 of eastern Nepal. The district's area is 1,507 km² with a population of 182,459 (2011).[1] The administrative center is Bhojpur.

Bhojpur District

भोजपुर जिल्ला
Chandi Bazar: A famous spot of Kirat Rai Ubhauli festival in Balankha
Chandi Bazar: A famous spot of Kirat Rai Ubhauli festival in Balankha
Location of Bhojpur district
Location of Bhojpur district
Political division of Bhojpur
Political division of Bhojpur
Coordinates: 27°10′21″N 87°02′53″E / 27.17250°N 87.04806°E
CountryNepal
ProvinceProvince No. 1
Admin HQ.Bhojpur
Municipality
Government
 • TypeCoordination committee
 • BodyDCC, Bhojpur
 • HeadMr. Laxman Khadka
 • Deputy-HeadMrs. Anisha Khadka
 • Parliamentary constituencies1
 • Provincial constituencies2
Area
 • Total1,507 km2 (582 sq mi)
Highest elevation
4,153 m (13,625 ft)
Lowest elevation
153 m (502 ft)
Population
(2011)
 • Total182,459
 • Households
39,393
Demographics
 • Ethnic GroupsRai, Chetri, Tamang
 • Female 53%
 • Male /100 female89.96
Human Development Index
 • Income per capita (US dollars)$999
 • Poverty rate24.4
 • Literacy69%
 • Life Expectancy68.3
Time zoneUTC+5:45 (NPT)
Postal Codes
57000, 57001..., 57015
Telephone Code029
Main Language(s)Nepali, Rai, Tamang
Major highwaysMid-Hills Highway
Websiteddcbhojpur.gov.np

History

Traditionally, the inhabitants of this area have been the indigenous Rai ethnic group; the Newar ethnic group being the main people in the Bhojpur town.

In the northern part of this district lies the beautiful small city of Dingla. Various hill castes, Brahmin (bahun in Nepali), Kshetriya (Chhettri in Nepali), and ethnic groups like Rai reside within this beautiful area. This is the place where rudraksha trees grow naturally in the forest as well as individually on people's land. The religious leader, women's rights activist and poet Yogmaya Neupane was born in 1860 in Dingla.

Champe is the other small town where people from surrounding villages come and sell their products. This happens every 15 days and is called Hatiya.

Balankha (Walangkha) is one of the growing towns in the southwest area of Bhojpur. Another town Ghoretar, southeast of Bhojpur, has been a center point of trade, education and administration for a long time. It is famous as Hatuwa Gadi "a powerful fort of Kirat king Sunahang" in Kirat history.

Balankha borders with neighboring Khotang district's Bopung village. Balankha is slowly emerging as another hub of education, communication, health and trade. The most distinctive thing about Balankha is its famous Chhongkha Sakela celebration. It is the Kirat Rai festival when Rais go to 'Sakewa Than' at Dammarkhu village of Khotang (across the river Buwa Khola), pray for good harvest and rain. Then they flock back to the open space of Chandi bazar to dance and celebrate with great joy.

Geography and climate

Classified as a Hill District, Bhojpur actually spans five of Nepal's eight climate zones.[2] 3% of the district's area is below 300 meters elevation in the Lower Tropical zone and 31% is Upper Tropical from 300 to 1,000 meters. 50% of the land area belongs to the Subtropical Zone between 1,000 and 2,000 meters and 15% is Temperate (2,000 to 3,000 meters). 2% rises higher into the Subalpine Zone.

Climate Zone[3] Elevation Range % of Area
Lower Tropical below 300 meters (1,000 ft)  2.7%
Upper Tropical 300 to 1,000 meters
1,000 to 3,300 ft.
30.5%
Subtropical 1,000 to 2,000 meters
3,300 to 6,600 ft.
49.8%
Temperate 2,000 to 3,000 meters
6,400 to 9,800 ft.
15.1%
Subalpine 3,000 to 4,000 meters
9,800 to 13,100 ft.
 1.7%

Divisions

Bhojpur is divided into 2 urban and 7 rural municipalities:

No. Type Name Nepali Population (2011) Area Wards Website
1 Urban Bhojpur भोजपुर 28,107 159.51 12 [1]
2 Urban Shadanand षडानन्द नगरपालिका 31,612 241 14 [2]
3 Rural Hatuwagadhi हतुवागढी 20,404 142.61 9 [3]
4 Rural Ramprasad Rai रामप्रसाद राई 18,848 158.83 8 [4]
5 Rural Aamchok आमचोक 18,720 184.89 10 [5]
6 Rural Tyamke Maiyunm ट्याम्केमैयुम 17,911 173.41 9 [6]
7 Rural Arun Gaunpalika अरुण 17,687 154.76 7 [7]
8 Rural Pauwadungma पौवादुङमा 15,394 118.86 6 [8]
9 Rural Salpasilichho साल्पासिलिछो 13,111 193.33 6 [9]
District Bhojpur भोजपुर 1,507 81 ddcbhojpur.gov.np

Towns and villages (former VDC)

NepalBhojpurDistrictmap
Map of the VDC/s in Bhojpur District

Demographics

According to the census of Nepal 2011, the population of the district is 182,459, in which 53% comprises female. Major ethnicities in the district are Rai (32%), Chhetri (20%), Tamang (9%), Newar (8%), Bahun (6%) and others (25%). The literacy rate is 69 percent.

Most spoken language in the district is Nepali, 49% people speak Nepali. 20% people speak Bantawa and 8% speak Tamang language. [4]

2015 Nepal earthquake

The district was affected by an earthquake on 25 April 2015.[5]

See also

References

  1. ^ "National Population and Housing Census 2011(National Report)" (PDF). Central Bureau of Statistics. Government of Nepal. November 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-04-18. Retrieved November 2012. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  2. ^ The Map of Potential Vegetation of Nepal - a forestry/agroecological/biodiversity classification system (PDF), . Forest & Landscape Development and Environment Series 2-2005 and CFC-TIS Document Series No.110., 2005, ISBN 87-7903-210-9, retrieved Nov 22, 2013
  3. ^ The Map of Potential Vegetation of Nepal - a forestry/agroecological/biodiversity classification system (PDF), . Forest & Landscape Development and Environment Series 2-2005 and CFC-TIS Document Series No.110., 2005, ISBN 87-7903-210-9, retrieved Nov 22, 2013
  4. ^ "Bhojpur district in Nepal". www.nepalmap.org. Retrieved 6 March 2018.
  5. ^ "Nepal family finds starting over tough in wake of earthquake". nwi.com. The Times. 13 June 2015. Retrieved 21 June 2015.

Further reading

External links

Coordinates: 27°10′21″N 87°02′53″E / 27.17250°N 87.04806°E

Aamchok

Aamchok (Nepali: आमचोक) is a rural municipality (गाउँपालिका) out of seven rural municipality of Bhojpur District of Province No. 1 of Nepal. There are a total of 9 municipalities in Bhojpur in which 2 are urban and 7 are rural.

According to MoFALD, Aamchok has an area of 184.89 square kilometres (71.39 sq mi) and the total population of the municipality is 18, 720 as of Census of Nepal 2011. Wasingtharpu, Yoo, Dummana, Thidingkha, Pawala, Dewantar, Balankha and Pangcha VDCs were merged to form Aamchok Rural Municipality. Balankha is the Headquarter of this newly formed municipality.

Arun Rural Municipality

Arun (Nepali: अरुण) is a rural municipality (गाउँपालिका) out of seven rural municipalities of Bhojpur District of Province No. 1 of Nepal. There are a total of 9 municipalities in Bhojpur in which 2 are urban and 7 are rural.

According to MoFALD Arun has an area of 154.76 square kilometres (59.75 sq mi) and the total population of the municipality is 17, 687 as of Census of Nepal 2011. Champe, Yangpang, Pyauli, Charambi, Jarayotar and Yaku VDCs were merged to form Arun Rural Municipality. Pyauli is the Headquarter of this newly formed rural municipality.

Bhojpur, Nepal

Bhojpur (Nepali: भोजपुर) is one of two urban municipalities in Bhojpur District of Province No. 1 of Nepal. It was established on 18 May 2014 merging the existing Bhaisipankha, Bokhim, Bhojpur, Taksar Village Development Committees It is the district headquarters of Bhojpur District, a hilly/mountainous district in Province No. 1. At the time of the 2011 Nepal census it had a population of 27204 with an area of 159.51 square kilometres (61.59 sq mi).Bhojpur bazaar is famous for its metalwork, particularly khukuri knives. It is home to many Newar businessmen as well as skilled Newar craftsmen. Other major towns in the district include Dingla to the north, Ghoretar to the south, and Taksar near the airstrip, from where flights connect to Biratnagar and Kathmandu.

The design and construction of the 240 km Koshi Highway in east Nepal between Dharan on the Terai Plain and Num in the Middle Himalaya commenced in the early 1970s and was completed in 2012 when the first vehicles were able to drive to Num. Construction of this highway links Bhjopur to other major cities and towns like Hile, Dhankuta and Dharan.

Historically it is a part of Majh Kirat (middle Kirat/ Khambuwan), and used to be called "east number 4". Middle Kirat consists mainly of Bhojpur and Khotang districts, the traditional home of kirat Rai people, an indigenous ethnic group of Nepal. In addition to Rais, other ethnic groups include Magars, Gurungs, and Tamangs, as well as castes like Chhetris, Bahuns, and Dalits.

Bhojpur Airport

Bhojpur Airport (IATA: BHP, ICAO: VNBJ) is an airport serving Bhojpur, a town in the Bhojpur District in Province No. 1 in Nepal.

Bidhya Devi Bhandari

Bidhya Devi Bhandari (Nepali: विद्या देवी भण्डारी; born 19 June 1961) is a Nepalese politician who is the current President of Nepal and commander in chief of Nepalese Army. She is the first woman to hold the office. She was the vice-chairperson of the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist) and chair of the All Nepal Women Association before winning the presidential election on 28 October 2015. She was elected as President in a parliamentary vote, receiving 327 votes out of 549 and defeating Kul Bahadur Gurung. In 2016, Forbes placed her 52 in their list of the world's 100 most powerful women. She previously served as the Minister of Defence of the government of Nepal and was the first woman in Nepal to hold that post. She was also the minister for Environment and population in 1990s, and has been presenting many environmental awareness campaign and women rights concern till dated. On June 2017, she visited IUCN headquarters and Director General Inger Andersen in Gland, Switzerland to discuss opportunities for enhanced collaboration on nature conservation and sustainable development.

Changre

Changre is a village development committee in Bhojpur District in the Kosi Zone of eastern Nepal. At the time of the 1991 Nepal census it had a population of 3344 persons living in 585 individual households.

Charambi

Charambi is a village development committee in Bhojpur District in the Kosi Zone of eastern Nepal. At the time of the 1991 Nepal census it had a population of 3331 persons living in 604 individual households.

Hatuwagadhi

Hatuwagadhi (Nepali: हतुवागढी) is a rural municipality out of 7 rural municipalities of Bhojpur District of Province No. 1 of Nepal. There are a total of 9 municipalities in Bhojpur in which 2 are urban and 7 are rural.

Hatuwagadhi has an area of 142.61 square kilometres (55.06 sq mi) and the total population of the municipality is 20,543 as of Census of Nepal 2011. Hatuwagadhi was known as Majh Kirant before the unification of Nepal by Shah Kings. It was capital of Kirat Kingdom. The ruins of the ancient capital and forts still exist at Hatuwagadhi.

Nangsal Tamang

Nangsal Devi Tamang (born 28 February 1987) is a Nepalese badminton player. In 2014, she competed at the Incheon Asian Games in the women's singles event but was defeated by Bellaetrix Manuputty of Indonesia in the first round. In 2016, she won the mixed doubles title at the Pakistan International tournament with her siblings Ratnajit. She also was the third place in the women's singles. After won the Pakistan International, the siblings received the Zest honours. At the national event, she plays for the Tribuvan Army Club, and at the Pushpa Lal Memorial National Open Badminton Championships, she won the women's singles and doubles event.

Nepaledanda

Nepaledanda is a village development committee in Bhojpur District in the Kosi Zone of eastern Nepal. At the time of the 1991 Nepal census it had a population of 3325 persons living in 659 individual households.

Pauwadungma

Pauwadungma (Nepali: पौवादुङमा) is a rural municipality (गाउँपालिका) out of seven rural municipalities of Bhojpur District of Province No. 1 of Nepal. There are a total of 9 municipalities in Bhojpur in which 2 are urban and 7 are rural.

According to MoFALD Pauwadungma has an area of 118.86 square kilometres (45.89 sq mi) and the total population of the municipality is 15, 394 as of Census of Nepal 2011. To form this new Rural Municipality Sanodumma, Thulodumma, Bastim, Changre, Tiwari Bhanjyang and Shyamsila were merged, which previously were Village development committee (local level administrative villages). Fulfilling the requirement of the new Constitution of Nepal 2015, MoFALD replaced all old VDCs and Municipalities into 753 new local level body (Municipality).

Chyangre is the Headquarter of this newly formed rural municipality.

Ramprasad Rai

Ramprasad Rai (Nepali: रामप्रसादराई) is a rural municipality out of seven rural municipalities of Bhojpur District of Province No. 1 of Nepal. There are a total of nine municipalities in Bhojpur District in which two are urban and seven are rural.

The municipality is situated in south-west area of the district. The municipality got its name after Ram Prasad Rai who was a democratic warrior.Ramprasadrai has an area of 158.83 square kilometres (61.32 sq mi) and total population of the municipality is 18894 as of Census of Nepal 2011. The municipality is divided into eight wards.Okhre, Dhodalekhani, Bhulke, Dalgaun, Manebhanjyang, Baikunthe and Basikhola were Incorporated when this new local level body was forming. This new local level body was formed on 10 March 2017, fulfilling the requirement of the new Constitution of Nepal 2015, Ministry of Federal Affairs and Local Development replaced all old VDCs and Municipalities into 753 new local level body (Municipality).

Ratnajit Tamang

Ratnajit Tamang (born 1 January 1993) is a Nepalese badminton player. He was born in badminton family. His father Dil Bahadur Tamang was a former national player, and his sister Nangsal and Sara Devi also play badminton in the international event. In 2016, he became the first Nepalese that won the international tournament in Pakistan together with Nangsal in the mixed doubles event.

Salpasilichho

Salpasilichho (Nepali: साल्पासिलिछो) is a rural municipality (गाउँपालिका) out of seven rural municipalities of Bhojpur District of Province No. 1 of Nepal. There are a total of 9 municipalities in Bhojpur in which 2 are urban and 7 are rural.

According to MoFALD Salpasilichho has an area of 193.33 square kilometres (74.65 sq mi) and the total population of the municipality is 13, 111 as of Census of Nepal 2011. To form this new Rural Municipality Dobhane, Khatamma, Chaukidanda and Kulunga were merged, which previously were Village development committee (local level administrative villages). Fulfilling the requirement of the new Constitution of Nepal 2015, Ministry of Federal Affairs and Local Development replaced all old VDCs and Municipalities into 753 new local level body (Municipality).

Chaukidanda is the Headquarter of this newly formed rural municipality.

Shadanand

Shadanand (Nepali: षडानन्द) is an urban municipality located in Bhojpur District of Province No. 1 of Nepal. It was named after Bala Guru Shadanand.

The municipality was established on 2 December 2014 by merging the then Village Development Committees of Keurepani, Khartimchha, Kimalung, Mulpani and Tunggochha. It had an area of 101.5 km2 (39.2 sq mi) and had a combined population of 13,272 inhabitants.On 10 March 2017 more Village Development Committee Incorporated to Shadanand municipality and the total area of the municipality increased to 241.15 square kilometres (93.11 sq mi) and the total population of the municipality is now 31,610. VDCs which Incorporated to the municipality were:Nepaledanda, Kudak Kaule, Deurali, Sangpang and Boya The municipality is divided into total 14 wards and the headquarter of the municipality is situated in Dingla Bazar.

Shrawan Mukarung

Shrawan Mukarung is a poet of Nepal. He was born in Dilpa Village of Bhojpur District on 26th Jestha 2025 BS. Two books of poem, one book of songs, one book of drama and one album of songs published so far.

Mukarang received a Moti Award from the National Youth Service in 2003.

Thulo Dumba

Thulo Dumba is a village development committee in Bhojpur District in the Kosi Zone of eastern Nepal. At the time of the 1991 Nepal census it had a population of 2604 persons living in 537 individual households.

Tyamkemaiyum

Tyamkemaiyum (Nepali: ट्याम्केमैयुम) is a rural municipality (गाउँपालिका) out of seven rural municipality of Bhojpur District of Province No. 1 of Nepal. There are a total of 9 municipalities in Bhojpur in which 2 are urban and 7 are rural.

According to MoFALD Tyamkemaiyum has an area of 173.41 square kilometres (66.95 sq mi) and the total population of the municipality is 17, 911 as of Census of Nepal 2011. Timma, Chhinamukh, Annapurna, Nagi, Khawa, Kot, Gogane and Lekharka VDCs were merged to form Tyamkemaiyum Rural Municipality. Annapurna is the Headquarter of this newly formed municipality.

Yaku, Nepal

Yaku (याकु) is a village development committee in Bhojpur District in the Kosi Zone of eastern Nepal. It is inhabited mainly by Dhakal (श्रेष्ठ); a few other castes are found. Yaku is also known to be birta of the shresthas. It is a remote place and it has produced a number of well-known figures in Nepal, including academicians, bureaucrats and politicians.

At the time of the 1991 Nepal census it had a population of 3086 persons living in 537 individual households.

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