Bhiwandi

Bhiwandi (pronunciation ) is a city in the Thane district of Maharashtra state in Konkan division, located 20 km to the north-east of Mumbai and 15 km to the north-east of Thane city. The exact location of Bhiwandi is 19°17′48″N 73°03′47″E / 19.296664°N 73.063121°E.[2] . Bhiwandi city, the headquarters of the taluka of Bhiwandi, comes under the administration of the Bhiwandi-Nizampur City Municipal Corporation. The city is part of the Greater Mumbai metropolitan agglomeration. According to the 2011 census, the total population of the Bhiwandi-Nizampur Municipal Corporation area was 709,665.[1]

Bhiwandi was initially inhabited by the kolis and konkanis who were fishermen and used to live near the konkan sea coast. Bhiwandi was once a trading town as it had its own port (bandargah) in bunder mohalla. The mughals built their eidgah in bhiwandi which is located till today at eidgah road.

Bhiwandi

Bheema Puri
Metro
Bhiwandi is located in Maharashtra
Bhiwandi
Bhiwandi
Bhiwandi is located in India
Bhiwandi
Bhiwandi
Coordinates: 19°17′48″N 73°03′47″E / 19.296664°N 73.063121°ECoordinates: 19°17′48″N 73°03′47″E / 19.296664°N 73.063121°E
Country India
StateMaharashtra
DistrictThane
Government
 • MayorJaved G. Dalvi, Indian National Congress
 • Municipal CommissionerDr.Yogesh Mhase(IAS)
Elevation
24 m (79 ft)
Population
(2011)
 • Total709,665[1]
Language
 • OfficialMarathi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
421 302, 421305, 421308
Telephone code02522
Vehicle registrationMH-04
Websitebhiwandicity.com

History

Bhiwandi city's total population was about half a million in 2001. The bulk of the population forms the workforce for a number of textile and other industry. The first textile loom was set-up by Khan Saheb Samad Seth(ABDUS SAMAD MOMIN) in 1927. He said to the local people to sell gold and purchase iron. His slogan was"sona becho aur lokhand kharido" that means invest your money in power looms by selling the golds you have. Today the city of Bhiwandi has about half a million-power looms, though handlooms are few in number. No wonder Bhiwandi is known as 'Manchester of India'. The city of Kolis was known by the name Kolwan. The tribal people of the region of Konkan were called Kolis and they are traditional fishermen. Some of the traditional wooden fishing boats can be seen even today in the Bhiwandi area. The Kolis have their own customs and speak a different dialect of Marathi.[3]

Business

The city of Bhiwandi, known for its textile industry, has the largest number of Power looms in the country[4] and is dubbed as 'The Manchester of India'.[5][6] A major portion of the population is employed by the Power loom sector.[7] Bhiwandi has been developing as an Industrial hub for the textile industry in the past, and all industries and logistics sector in recent times. Bhiwandi is the next development region for MMRDA, which has developed other regions such as Bandra - Kurla Complex, Mumbai Metro & Monorail Project, Eastern freeway and many more. Close proximity to Mumbai, Thane and Development of region by MMRDA, make Bhiwandi an ideal place for businesses to locate. Also availability of 24hrs power supply, and availability of workers due to proximity to Industrial city of Bhiwandi, facilitates setting up of industrial unit. Availability of Transporters having country wide presence in proximity makes it an ideal location for warehousing.[8]

Transport

Bhiwandi is connected to all parts of India through railways, roadways, airways.

Road

NH3 highway passes through the city of Bhiwandi which makes seamless connectivity to each corner of India. Taxi & Auto rickshaws are also available in city. Bhiwandi is connected through the neighbouring city's Mumbai, Thane, Kalyan and other parts of Maharashtra. TMT, NMMT, KDMT and MSRTC buses support the city.

Railways

Bhiwandi Has 2 railway station known has Bhiwandi Road railway station & Kharbao railway station. This railway station comes under central railway administration. Local train ply form Panvel- diva- Dombivali to Vasai - Boisar connecting Bhiwandi.

Airways

The nearest airport is Chhatrapati Shivaji international airport in Mumbai & the upcoming Airport is at Navi Mumbai.

Demographics

According to the 2011 census, the total population of the Bhiwandi-Nizampur Municipal Corporation area is around 1 million.[2]

Climate

Climate data for Bhiwandi
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 34.4
(93.9)
35.3
(95.5)
37.6
(99.7)
39.5
(103.1)
42.8
(109)
39.6
(103.3)
33.5
(92.3)
33.2
(91.8)
34.5
(94.1)
37.6
(99.7)
36.7
(98.1)
34.5
(94.1)
42.8
(109)
Average high °C (°F) 29.2
(84.6)
30.5
(86.9)
32.4
(90.3)
34.2
(93.6)
34.4
(93.9)
31.2
(88.2)
29.1
(84.4)
28.6
(83.5)
29.4
(84.9)
33.3
(91.9)
32.4
(90.3)
31.2
(88.2)
31.3
(88.3)
Average low °C (°F) 15.1
(59.2)
16.5
(61.7)
19.5
(67.1)
22.7
(72.9)
25.2
(77.4)
25.1
(77.2)
24.2
(75.6)
23.7
(74.7)
22.8
(73)
22.3
(72.1)
19.4
(66.9)
16.3
(61.3)
−1.1
(30)
Record low °C (°F) 6.7
(44.1)
8.3
(46.9)
16.5
(61.7)
18.6
(65.5)
20.2
(68.4)
21.1
(70)
19.6
(67.3)
18.9
(66)
19.2
(66.6)
18.6
(65.5)
16.5
(61.7)
12.4
(54.3)
6.7
(44.1)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 3.6
(0.142)
1.0
(0.039)
1.3
(0.051)
2.0
(0.079)
21.3
(0.839)
502.4
(19.78)
1,015.7
(39.988)
584.2
(23)
336.3
(13.24)
95.3
(3.752)
12.9
(0.508)
2.0
(0.079)
2,578
(101.497)
Average rainy days 0 0 0 0 1 14 31 24 15 6 1 0 92
Mean monthly sunshine hours 269.4 259.3 272.9 286.4 295.6 143.3 73.2 71.2 157.5 234.5 245.6 254.2 2,563.1
Source: Government of Maharashtra

See also

References

  1. ^ a b http://www.census2011.co.in/census/city/364-bhiwandi.html
  2. ^ a b http://censusindia.gov.in/2011-prov-results/paper2/data_files/India2/Table_2_PR_Cities_1Lakh_and_Above.pdf
  3. ^ "We Welcome you to Bhiwandi Nizampur City Municipal Corporation website". www.bncmc.gov.in.
  4. ^ Katakam, Anupama (28 February – 12 March 2004). "Victims of 'new economy'". Frontline. The Hindu. 21 (5).
  5. ^ Subbu, Ramnath (8 August 2005). "Deluge takes heavy toll of industry". [The Hindu].
  6. ^ "The City Of No Joy". The Times of India. 2006-07-10.
  7. ^ "Redefining Industrial, Warehousing Spaces - Mahavir Complex". Mahavir Dev Group.
  8. ^ "Amazon.in to open second warehouse in India". intoday.in.

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