Bhiwandi

Bhiwandi ( pronunciation ) is a city in the Thane district of Maharashtra state in Konkan division, located 20 km to the north-east of Mumbai and 15 km to the north-east of Thane city. The exact location of Bhiwandi is 19°17′48″N 73°03′47″E / 19.296664°N 73.063121°E.[2] . Bhiwandi city, the headquarters of the taluka of Bhiwandi, comes under the administration of the Bhiwandi-Nizampur City Municipal Corporation. The city is part of the Greater Mumbai metropolitan agglomeration. According to the 2011 census, the total population of the Bhiwandi-Nizampur Municipal Corporation area was 709,665.[1]

Bhiwandi was initially inhabited by the kolis and konkanis who were fishermen and used to live near the konkan sea coast. Bhiwandi was once a trading town as it had its own port (bandargah) in bunder mohalla. The mughals built their eidgah in bhiwandi which is located till today at eidgah road.

Bhiwandi
Bheema Puri
Metro
Bhiwandi is located in Maharashtra
Bhiwandi
Bhiwandi
Bhiwandi is located in India
Bhiwandi
Bhiwandi
Coordinates: 19°17′48″N 73°03′47″E / 19.296664°N 73.063121°ECoordinates: 19°17′48″N 73°03′47″E / 19.296664°N 73.063121°E
Country  India
State Maharashtra
District Thane
Government
 • Mayor Javed G. Dalvi, Indian National Congress
 • Municipal Commissioner Dr.Yogesh Mhase(IAS)
Elevation 24 m (79 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 709,665[1]
Language
 • Official Marathi
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN 421 302, 421305, 421308
Telephone code 02522
Vehicle registration MH-04
Website bhiwandicity.com

History

Bhiwandi city's total population was about half a million in 2001. The bulk of the population forms the workforce for a number of textile and other industry. The first textile loom was set-up by Khan Saheb Samad Seth(ABDUS SAMAD MOMIN) in 1927. He said to the local people to sell gold and purchase iron. His slogan was"sona becho aur lokhand kharido" that means invest your money in power looms by selling the golds you have. Today the city of Bhiwandi has about half a million-power looms, though handlooms are few in number. No wonder Bhiwandi is known as 'Manchester of India'. The city of Kolis was known by the name Kolwan. The tribal people of the region of Konkan were called Kolis and they are traditional fishermen. Some of the traditional wooden fishing boats can be seen even today in the Bhiwandi area. The Kolis have their own customs and speak a different dialect of Marathi.[3]

Business

The city of Bhiwandi, known for its textile industry, has the largest number of Power looms in the country[4] and is dubbed as 'The Manchester of India'.[5][6] A major portion of the population is employed by the Power loom sector.[7] Bhiwandi has been developing as an Industrial hub for the textile industry in the past, and all industries and logistics sector in recent times. Bhiwandi is the next development region for MMRDA, which has developed other regions such as Bandra - Kurla Complex, Mumbai Metro & Monorail Project, Eastern freeway and many more. Close proximity to Mumbai, Thane and Development of region by MMRDA, make Bhiwandi an ideal place for businesses to locate. Also availability of 24hrs power supply, and availability of workers due to proximity to Industrial city of Bhiwandi, facilitates setting up of industrial unit. Availability of Transporters having country wide presence in proximity makes it an ideal location for warehousing.[8]

Transport

Bhiwandi is well connected to all parts of India through railways, roadways, airways. NH3 highway passes through the city of Bhiwandi which makes seamless connectivity to each corner of India. Taxi & Auto rickshaws are also available in city

Bus Bhiwandi is well connected through the neighbouring city's Mumbai, Thane, Kalyan and all other parts of Maharashtra.

TMT Buses ply every 20 minutes from Thane to Purna & Narpoli via Kasheli, Mulund(Mumbai) to Narpoli via Kasheli, Mulund(Mumbai) to BHIWANDI city via Mankoli Naka.

NMMT Buses ply every 15-20 minutes from Airoli(Navi Mumbai) to Purna Via Kasheli. Plans are also there to extend it routes till vashi.

KDMT Buses ply ever 20-30 minutes from Kalyan to Bhiwandi city

MSRTC Buses ply to all parts of central - wester - eastern part of Mumbai ever 20-30 minutes. Buses are also well connected to all parts of Maharashtra & also the neighbouring state.

"Railways" Bhiwandi Has 2 railway station known has Bhiwandi Road railway station & Kharbao railway station. This railway station comes under central railway administration. Local train ply form Panvel- diva- Dombivali to Vasai - Boisar connecting Bhiwandi. All express train stops at Bhiwandi railway station. The Metro Rail Corporation is going to connect the Thane-Bhiwandi-Kalyan line through metro by 2022

Airways The nearest airport is Chatrapati Shivaji international airport in Mumbai & the upcoming Airport is at Navi Mumbai

Demographics

According to the 2011 census, the total population of the Bhiwandi-Nizampur Municipal Corporation area is around 1 million.[2]

Climate

Climate data for Bhiwandi
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 34.4
(93.9)
35.3
(95.5)
37.6
(99.7)
39.5
(103.1)
42.8
(109)
39.6
(103.3)
33.5
(92.3)
33.2
(91.8)
34.5
(94.1)
37.6
(99.7)
36.7
(98.1)
34.5
(94.1)
62.8
(145)
Average high °C (°F) 29.2
(84.6)
30.5
(86.9)
32.4
(90.3)
34.2
(93.6)
34.4
(93.9)
31.2
(88.2)
29.1
(84.4)
28.6
(83.5)
29.4
(84.9)
33.3
(91.9)
32.4
(90.3)
31.2
(88.2)
31.3
(88.3)
Average low °C (°F) 15.1
(59.2)
16.5
(61.7)
19.5
(67.1)
22.7
(72.9)
25.2
(77.4)
25.1
(77.2)
24.2
(75.6)
23.7
(74.7)
22.8
(73)
22.3
(72.1)
19.4
(66.9)
16.3
(61.3)
−1.1
(30)
Record low °C (°F) 6.7
(44.1)
8.3
(46.9)
16.5
(61.7)
18.6
(65.5)
20.2
(68.4)
21.1
(70)
19.6
(67.3)
18.9
(66)
19.2
(66.6)
18.6
(65.5)
16.5
(61.7)
12.4
(54.3)
6.7
(44.1)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 3.6
(0.142)
1.0
(0.039)
1.3
(0.051)
2.0
(0.079)
21.3
(0.839)
502.4
(19.78)
1,015.7
(39.988)
584.2
(23)
336.3
(13.24)
95.3
(3.752)
12.9
(0.508)
2.0
(0.079)
2,578
(101.497)
Average rainy days 0 0 0 0 1 14 31 24 15 6 1 0 92
Mean monthly sunshine hours 269.4 259.3 272.9 286.4 295.6 143.3 73.2 71.2 157.5 234.5 245.6 254.2 2,563.1
Source: Government of Maharashtra

See also

*G.M. Momin Womens College K.M.E.S English Medium Junior College

References

  1. ^ a b http://www.census2011.co.in/census/city/364-bhiwandi.html
  2. ^ a b http://censusindia.gov.in/2011-prov-results/paper2/data_files/India2/Table_2_PR_Cities_1Lakh_and_Above.pdf
  3. ^ "We Welcome you to Bhiwandi Nizampur City Municipal Corporation website". www.bncmc.gov.in.
  4. ^ Katakam, Anupama (28 February – 12 March 2004). "Victims of 'new economy'". Frontline. The Hindu. 21 (5).
  5. ^ Subbu, Ramnath (8 August 2005). "Deluge takes heavy toll of industry". [The Hindu].
  6. ^ "The City Of No Joy". The Times of India. 2006-07-10.
  7. ^ "Redefining Industrial, Warehousing Spaces - Mahavir Complex". Mahavir Dev Group.
  8. ^ "Amazon.in to open second warehouse in India". intoday.in.

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