Bhimgoda Barrage

The Bhimgoda Barrage, also referred to as the Bhimgoda Weir or Bhimgoda Head Works, is a barrage on the Ganges River at Har ki Pauri near Haridwar in Haridwar district, Uttarakhand, India. Built as the headworks of the Upper Ganges Canal, an initial barrage was completed by 1854 and replaced twice; the final one completed in 1983. The primary purpose for the barrage is irrigation but it also serves to provide water for hydroelectric power production and control floods. The area behind the barrage is known as the Neel Dhara Bird Sanctuary and is a popular destination for various waterbirds and tourists.

Bhimgoda Barrage
Bhimgoda Barrage is located in Uttarakhand
Bhimgoda Barrage
Location of Bhimgoda Barrage in Uttarakhand
CountryIndia
LocationHaridwar
Coordinates29°57′23″N 78°10′49″E / 29.95639°N 78.18028°ECoordinates: 29°57′23″N 78°10′49″E / 29.95639°N 78.18028°E
StatusOperational
Construction began1979
Opening date1983
Dam and spillways
Length454 m (1,490 ft)
Spillway capacity19,300 m3/s (681,573 cu ft/s)
Reservoir
Catchment area23,000 km2 (8,880 sq mi)
Power Station
Operator(s)Uttaranchal Jal Vidyut Nigam Ltd.
Commission datePathri: 1955
Mohammadpur: 1952
TurbinesPathri: 3 x 6.8 MW Kaplan-type
Mohammadpur: 3 x 3.1 MW Kaplan-type
Installed capacityPathri: 20.4 MW
Mohammadpur: 9.3 MW

Background

Headworks ganges canal haridwar1860
View of Bhimgoda Barrage, the headworks of the Ganges Canal in Haridwar, 1860.

The initial barrage was constructed between 1840 and 1854 to supply the Upper Ganges Canal with water and control flooding. This was done during a significant period of infrastructure development in India. Lord Dalhousie, the Governor-General of India at the time inaugurated the project. A permanent barrage was later erected 3 km (2 mi) upstream of the barrage between 1913 and 1920 to support the canal better.[1] A new barrage was constructed downstream between 1979 and 1983 to replace the older barrage upstream.[2] The Pathri and Mohanpur Mohammadpur Power Plants along the canal's length were commissioned in 1955 and 1952, respectively.[3][4]

Design and operation

The barrage is 455 m (1,493 ft) long and sits at the head of a 23,000 km2 (8,880 sq mi) catchment area. It contains 15 spillways gates and 7 undersluice gates, all 18 m (59 ft) wide. The flood discharge of the barrage is 19,300 m3/s (681,573 cu ft/s).[5] Adjacent to it, on the right bank of the river, the barrage diverts water into the Upper Ganges Canal. The canal system is immense, consisting of 6,450 km (4,008 mi) of main canal and branches, providing irrigation for up to 2,023,000 ha (4,998,942 acres).[6] At a distance of 13 km (8 mi) down the main canal, water reaches the 20.4 MW Pathri Power Plant at 29°42′12″N 77°51′38″E / 29.70333°N 77.86056°E. It contains three 6.8 MW Kaplan turbine-generators and has a design hydraulic head of 9.75 m (32 ft).[3] Further down the main canal, and south of Manglaur, is the 9.3 MW Mohammadpur Power Plant at 29°42′12″N 77°51′38″E / 29.70333°N 77.86056°E. It contains three 3.1 MW Kaplan turbine-generators and has a design head of 5.79 m (19 ft). The design discharge of both power plants is about 255 m3/s (9,005 cu ft/s). Although both power plants are owned by Uttaranchal Jal Vidyut Nigam Ltd., canal flows are regulated by the Uttar Pradesh Irrigation Department.[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Bhimgoda canal Heal Works". Mer Yattra. Archived from the original on 22 May 2010. Retrieved 12 July 2011.
  2. ^ "Projects". Arvind Techno. Archived from the original on 2 July 2011. Retrieved 12 July 2011.
  3. ^ a b "Pathri Power Plant (3x6.8 MW)". Uttaranchal Jal Vidyut Nigam Limited. Archived from the original on 4 June 2009. Retrieved 12 July 2011.
  4. ^ a b "Mohammadpur Power Plant (3x3.1=9.3 MW)". Uttaranchal Jal Vidyut Nigam Limited. Retrieved 12 July 2011.
  5. ^ Thandaveswara, B.S. "Bhavani Type Stilling Basin". NPTEL. Retrieved 12 July 2011.
  6. ^ "Pilot Study on Water Use Efficiency of the Upper Ganga Canal (Chapter 1)" (PDF). Government of India Planning Commission. Archived (PDF) from the original on 10 July 2011. Retrieved 12 July 2011.
Ganges Canal

The Ganges or Ganga Canal is a canal system that irrigates the Doab region between the Ganges River and the Yamuna River in India.

The canal is primarily an irrigation canal, although parts of it were also used for navigation, primarily for its construction materials. Separate navigation channels with lock gates were provided on this system for boats to negotiate falls. Originally constructed from 1842 to 1854, for an original head discharge of 6000 ft³/s. The Upper Ganges Canal has since been enlarged gradually for the present head discharge of 10,500 ft³/s (295 m³/s). The system consists of main canal of 272 miles and about 4000 miles long distribution channels. The canal system irrigates nearly 9,000 km² of fertile agricultural land in ten districts of Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand. Today the canal is the source of agricultural prosperity in much of these states, and the irrigation departments of these states actively maintain the canal against a fee system charged from users.

There are some small hydroelectric plants on the canal capable of generating about 33MW if running at full capacity these are at

Nirgajini, Chitaura, Salawa, Bhola, Jani, Jauli and Dasna .

Haridwar

Haridwar (; local pronunciation , also spelled Hardwar, is an ancient city and municipality in the Haridwar district of Uttarakhand, India. According to popular legend, it was here that Goddess Ganga when Lord Shiva released the mighty river from the locks of his hair. The River Ganga, after flowing for 253 kilometres (157 mi) from its source at Gaumukh at the edge of the Gangotri Glacier, enters the Gangetic Plain for the first time at Haridwar, which gave the city its ancient name, Gangadwára.

Haridwar or Hardwar is regarded as one of the seven holiest places (Sapta Puri) to Hindus. According to the Samudra manthan, Haridwar along with Ujjain, Nashik and Prayagraj (Allahabad) is one of four sites where drops of Amrit, the elixir of immortality, accidentally spilled over from the pitcher while being carried by the celestial bird Garuda. This is manifested in the Kumbha Mela, which is celebrated every 12 years in Haridwar. During the Haridwar Kumbh Mela, millions of pilgrims, devotees, and tourists congregate in Haridwar to perform ritualistic bathing on the banks of the river Ganges to wash away their sins to attain Moksha. Brahma Kund, the spot where the Amrit fell, is located at Har ki Pauri (literally, "footsteps of the Lord") and is considered to be the most sacred ghat of Haridwar. It is also the primary center of the Kanwar pilgrimage, in which millions of participants gather sacred water from the Ganga and carry it across hundreds of miles to dispense as offerings in Śiva shrines.Haridwar is the headquarters and the largest city of the district. Today, the city is developing beyond its religious importance, with the fast developing industrial estate of State Industrial Development Corporation of Uttarakhand (SIDCUL), and the close by township of Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited as well as its affiliated ancillaries.

Haridwar presents a kaleidoscope of Indian culture and development. In the sacred writings it has been differently specified as Kapilsthan, Gangadwar and Mayapuri. It is additionally a passage indicate the Char Dham (the four principle focuses of journey in Uttarakhand viz, Badrinath, Kedarnath, Gangotri, and Yamunotri), subsequently, Shaivaites (adherents of Lord Shiva) and Vaishnavites (devotees of Lord Vishnu) call this place Hardwar and Haridwar individually, relating to Har being Shiv and Hari being Vishnu.

Haridwar district

Haridwar district (pronunciation ) also spelled as Hardwar is a district in the state of Uttarakhand, India. It is headquartered at Haridwar which is also its largest city. The district is ringed by the districts Dehradun in the north and east, Pauri Garhwal in the east and the Uttar Pradesh districts of Muzaffarnagar and Bijnor in the south and Saharanpur in the west.

Haridwar district came into existence on 28 December 1988 as part of Saharanpur Divisional Commissionary, On 24 September 1998 Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly passed the 'Uttar Pradesh Reorganisation Bill', 1998', eventually the Parliament also passed the Indian Federal Legislation – 'Uttar Pradesh Reorganisation Act 2000', and thus on 9 November 2000, Haridwar became part of the newly formed Uttarakhand (then Uttaranchal), the 27th state in the Republic of India.

As of 2011 it is the most populous district of Uttarakhand (out of 13). Important towns in the district are Haridwar, BHEL Ranipur, Roorkee, Manglaur, Dhandera, Jhabrera, Laksar, Landhaura and Mohanpur Mohammadpur.

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Bhagavan (2009 film)

Bhagavathipuram

Bhagirathi (film)

Bhagirathi River

Bhagwandas Bagla

Bhagwat Jha Azad

Bhagya Devathe

Bhagya Jyothi

Bhagyada Bagilu

Bhagyada Balegara (film)

Bhagyada Lakshmi Baramma

Bhagyadevatha

Bhagyamudra

Bhagyavantharu

Bhai Jiwan Singh

Bhaiyya Bhaiyya

Bhajarangi

Bhaji

Bhaji on the Beach

Bhakri

Bhakta Chetha (1961 film)

Bhakta Dhruva

Bhakta Kanakadasa

Bhakta Kuchela (1961 film)

Bhakta Kumbara

Bhakta Kumbara (film)

Bhakta Prahlada (1942 film)

Bhakta Prahlada (1958 film)

Bhakta Prahlada (1983 film)

Bhakta Ramadas (film)

Bhakta Vijaya

Bhaktavatsalu Naidu

Bhakthajanangalude Sradhakku

Bhale Adrushtavo Adrushta

Bhale Basava

Bhale Huchcha

Bhale Huduga

Bhale Jodi

Bhale Jodi (2016 film)

Bhale Raja

Bhalia Wheat

Bhalla (food)

Bhamidipati

Bhamidipati Kameswara Rao

Bhamidipati Radhakrishna

Bhang

Bhangra (dance)

Bhanu (Tamil militant)

Bhanuka Rajapaksa

Bhanumathi Ramakrishna

Bharago

Bharanakoodam

Bharani (music director)

Bharata Mataku Jejelu

Bharath Parepalli

Bharath Stores

Bharatha Lakshman Premachandra

Bharatha people

Bharatham

Bharathan Effect

Bharathchandran I.P.S.

Bharathi (1948 film)

Bharathi (Tamil actress)

Bharathi Kannan

Bharathi Puthakalayam

Bharathidasan

Bharella

Bharella Shah Nuruddin High School

Bhargavacharitham Moonam Khandam

Bhargavi Rao

Bharia language

Bhartiya Nritya Kala Mandir

Bharya (1962 film)

Bharya Athra Pora

Bharya Onnu Makkal Moonnu

Bharya Swantham Suhruthu

Bhashaposhini

Bhaskar (director)

Bhaskar the Rascal

Bhathiya Jayatilleka

Bhatika Tissa of Anuradhapura

Bhatikabhaya Abhaya of Anuradhapura

Bhatoora

Bhattakalanka Deva

Bhattam Srirama Murthy

Bhavageete

Bhavana Radhakrishnan

Bhavanam Venkatarami Reddy

Bhavani (state assembly constituency)

Bhavanisagar (state assembly constituency)

Bhavindu Adhihetty

Bhazon Kara

Bheema Sena Nala Maharaja

Bheema Theeradalli

Bheemakaaya

Bheeshanaye Athuru Kathawak

Bhelpuri

Bhendi fry

Bherunda Pakshiya

Bhesa ceylanica

Bhesa nitidissima

Bhi Bhiman

Bhikkhu Analayo

Bhikkhu Pāsādika

Bhilangna River

Bhimaneni Srinivasa Rao

Bhimgoda Barrage

Bhogaraju Pattabhi Sitaramayya

Bhogdoi River

Bhoodana

Bhookailasa (film)

Bhoolokadalli Yamaraja

Bhoomi Geetha

Bhoomi Thayiya Chochchala Maga

Bhoomige Banda Bhagavantha

Bhoomiyude Avakashikal

Bhoonja

Bhoopadathil Illatha Oridam

Bhoopal Reddy

Bhoopathi (2007 film)

Bhoopathi Ranga

Bhoothakkannadi

Bhootnath Road

Bhramaram

Bhujanga

Bhujangayyana Dashavathara

Bhujhangy Group

Bhujpur Thana

Bhujpur Union

Bhuma Nagi Reddy

Bhupathiraju Vijayakumar Raju

Bhurta

Bhutua

Bhuvan Mohan Roy

Bhuvana Natarajan

Bhuvanagiri (state assembly constituency)

Bhuvanaikabahu I of Dambadeniya

Bhuvanaikabahu II of Dambadeniya

Bhuvanaikabahu III of Dambadeniya

Bhuvanaikabahu IV of Gampola

Bhuvanaikabahu V of Gampola

Bhuvanaikabahu VI of Kotte

Bhuvanaikabahu VII of Kotte

Bhuvaneshwar Prasad Sinha

Biancaea sappan

Bibi Russell

Bibiladeniye Mahanama

Bibile

Bibile Divisional Secretariat

Bibile Electoral District

Bibilegama Maha Vidyalaya

Bibir Hat

Bible Rock

Bible translations into Kannada

Bible translations into Sinhala

Bible translations into Tamil

Bible translations into Telugu

Bibliography of Ganges

Bibliography of Sri Lanka

Bicycle Bride

Bicycle Hora

Bicycle Thieves (2013 film)

Biddyakut Union

Bidugade

Bidya Sinha Saha Mim

Bifiditermes pintoi

Big B (film)

Big Match

Bihar Museum

Bihar National College

Bihar State Road Transport Corporation

Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation

Bihari cuisine

Bihta

Bijibal

Bijou Thaangjam

Bijoy Giri

Bijoy Smarani University College

Bijoya Ray

Bijoynagar Upazila

Biju Narayanan

Bikaneri bhujia

Bikanervala

Bilawal Bhatti

Bili Hendthi

Biligiriya Banadalli

Bilin Township

Bilin, Mon State

Bilkees I. Latif

Bilu Island

Bimal Guha

Bimal Jayakody

Bimal Jayasekera

Bimal Rathnayake

Bimba Devi Alias Yashodhara

Bina Das

Bindeshwar Pathak

Bindeshwari Dubey

Bindi (decoration)

Bindu (2009 film)

Bindunuwewa massacre

Bingiriya Divisional Secretariat

Bingiriya Electoral District

Binoy Bashi Joldas

Binura Fernando

Biological Weapons Convention

Bioscope (film)

Birugaali

Biryani

Biscomaun Bhawan

Bishop of Colombo

Bishop of Kurunegala

Bishop's College (Sri Lanka)

Bisi Bele Bath

Bismil Azimabadi

Biswa Ranjan Nag

Biththi Hathara

Bithugalgama

Biyagama

Biyagama Divisional Secretariat

Biyagama Electoral District

Blachia umbellata

Black (2004 film)

Black Butterfly (2013 film)

Black Cat (2007 film)

Black Dog Scotch Whisky

Black July

Black Market (film)

Black Stallion (film)

Black Tigers

Black cardamom

Black pepper

Black-bearded tomb bat

Black-capped bulbul

Black-headed ibis

Black-throated munia

Blackfin gulper shark

Blackshirts (India)

Blake executive council of Ceylon

Blanaid Salkeld

Blanford's rat

Blenders Pride

Bloemendhal

Blood transfusion in Sri Lanka

Bloodsport III

Bloomfield Cricket and Athletic Club

Bloomfield Cricket and Athletic Club Ground

Blue Star SC

Blue Water Hotel

Blue-eared kingfisher

Blue-faced malkoha

Bluff Island (Andaman and Nicobar Islands)

Boake Gates

Boalkhali Municipality

Boalkhali Upazila

Board of Investment of Sri Lanka

Boat Mail

Bob Harvie

Bob Tisdall

Boban and Molly

Bobella

Boddepalli Rajagopala Rao

Bodhi Vamsa

Bodhiraja Buddhist Society

Bodhisattva statues of Sri Lanka

Bodhivansha caste

Bodikotuwa

Bodinayakkanur (state assembly constituency)

Bodu Bala Sena

Bodyguard (2010 film)

Bodyguard (2011 Kannada film)

Boeing Boeing (1985 film)

Bogahakumbura

Bogahapitiya

Bogambara

Bogambara Prison

Bogambara Stadium

Bogamuwa

Bogawantalawa

Bogawela

Boggut labeo

Bogibeel Bridge

Bogoda Premaratne

Bogoda Seelawimala Thera

Bogoda Wooden Bridge

Boiga barnesii

Boiga beddomei

Boiga ceylonensis

Bojja Bixamaiah

Bojjala Gopala Krishna Reddy

Bokalawela

Bokkawala

Bokpyin

Bokpyin Township

Bola Chittaranjan Das Shetty

Bolagandawela

Bolani

Bolawatta

Bolepe

Boli Khela

Boliscus decipiens

Bollimunta Sivaramakrishna

Bollywood Queen

Bollywood/Hollywood

Bolshevik Samasamaja Party

Bolshevik–Leninist Party of India, Ceylon and Burma

Bomba Saha Rosa

Bombaat

Bombat Hendthi

Bombay Boys

Bombay Brasserie

Bombay Dada

Bombay Jayashri

Bombay March 12

Bombay Mittayi

Bombay Velvet

Bombay mix

Bombay potato

Bombay rava

Bombure

Bomburu Ella

Bomiriya National School

Bompuka

Bomure

Bonda

Bonda Meedum (Teledrama)

Bonda Umamaheswara Rao

Bone Island

Bonikka (2015 film)

Boning Island

Boodee Keerthisena

Boom (film)

Boomi Malayalam

Boondi

Boossa

Bopana

Bopath Ella Falls

Bope-Poddala Divisional Secretariat

Bopegammedda

Bopitiya

Bora Diya Pokuna

Bora saul

Boragahamaditta

Boragodawaththa

Boralanda

Boralesgamuwa

Borassus flabellifer

Borboropactus asper

Borella

Borella Electoral District

Bori (food)

Boring Road

Born into Brothels

Boruwagama

Bosara maior

Boss (2006 film)

Boss (2011 film)

Botanical Garden and Eco-Park, Sitakunda

Bothale Ihalagama

Bothriochloa bladhii

Botota

Boulenger's keelback

Bouloussou Soubramanion Sastroulou

Boverianda Nanjamma and Chinnappa

Bovonto

Bowala (7°10'N 80°34'E)

Bowala (7°16'N 80°37'E)

Bowala (7°9'N 80°43'E)

Bowatenna Dam

Bowatta

Bowatura

Boxer (2015 film)

Boyagama

Boyagane Camp

Boyapati Srinu

Boyd Rankin

Boyi Bhimanna

Boyy Friennd

Br Lakshmanan

Brad Haddin

Brad Hodge

Brad Hogg

Bradby Shield Encounter

Bradley Kruger

Bradman Ediriweera

Bradman Weerakoon

Braemar, Colombo

Brahma Vishnu Maheshwara

Brahmanbaria

Brahmanbaria District

Brahmanbaria Government College

Brahmanbaria Sadar Upazila

Brahmanpara Upazila

Brahmaputra River

Brahmaputra Valley

Brahmarishi Hussain Sha

Brahmashri Narayana Guru Swamy

Brahmasthram (1989 film)

Brahmasthram (2010 film)

Brahmin Tamil

Brahui language

Brahui people

Brajkishore Prasad

Braunsapis cupulifera

Braunsapis flaviventris

Braunsapis mixta

Braunsapis picitarsis

Bread pakora

Breakaway (2011 film)

Breaking News (2012 film)

Breaking News Live

Brendan Taylor

Brendon Gooneratne

Brendon Kuruppu

Brendon McCullum

Brett Lee

Brettus adonis

Brian Rajadurai

Brian V. Jegasothy

Brick Lane (2006 film)

Brick Lane (2007 film)

Bride and Prejudice

Bridelia moonii

Brigadier (Sri Lanka)

Brignolia ambigua

Brignolia ratnapura

Brignolia sinharaja

Brignolia trichinalis

Brignoliella ratnapura

Brignoliella scrobiculata

Brihaspathi (film)

Brindavana

British Ceylon

British Garrison Cemetery

British International School, Phuket

British Market

British School in Colombo

British Sri Lankan Tamil

British Sri Lankans

British Tamil

British Tamils Forum

Britz (TV serial)

Broadlands Dam

Broche Varevaru Ra

Broken rice

Broker Bheeshmachari

Brooke Bond Taj Mahal

Brookside, Sri Lanka

Brother Andre High School

Brown-backed needletail

Brown-capped babbler

Bruce Burnside

Bruce Yardley

Brucea javanica

Brussels Agreement (1924)

Brussels Collision Convention

Brussels Convention on Assistance and Salvage at Sea

Buchanania lanzan

Budapuranam

Buddama Raja Maha Vihara

Buddha Colony

Buddha Dhatu Jadi

Buddha Smriti Park

Buddhadasa of Anuradhapura

Buddhadeb Bosu

Buddhanum Chaplinum Chirikkunnu

Buddhasravaka Bhiksu University

Buddhi Siriwardene

Buddhika

Buddhika Kurukularatne

Buddhika Mendis

Buddhika Pathirana

Buddhism amongst Tamils

Buddhism in Libya

Buddhism in Saudi Arabia

Buddhism in Sri Lanka

Buddhism in the Maldives

Buddhist Ladies' College

Buddhist Republican Party

Buddhist and Pali University of Sri Lanka

Buddhist flag

Buddhivantha

Buddika Janith

Buddika Sandaruwan

Buddika Sanjeewa

Buddy (2013 film)

Buddy Reid

Budhichandhiran

Buduruvagala

Buduruwagala Museum

Buff striped keelback

Buffalo curd

Buguri

Bukhara (restaurant)

Bukhari Sadaat

Buknu

Bulandi Bagh

Bulathgama

Bulathkohupitiya Divisional Secretariat

Bulathsinhala Divisional Secretariat

Bulathsinhala Electoral District

Bulatwelkandura

Bulbul (film)

Bulbul Chowdhury

Bulgur

Bullet (2008 film)

Bullet Basya

Bulugahapitiya

Bulugolla

Bulukohotenna

Bulumulla

Bulusu Sambamurti

Bun kebab

Bundala National Park

Bungarus

Bunium persicum

Buona Vista College

Bureau of South and Central Asian Affairs

Burgher Recreation Club

Burgher people

Burgs (fast-food chain)

Burichang Upazila

Buriganga River

Burkhard Pape

Burmese monarchs' family tree

Burning Birds

Burning of Jaffna Public Library

Bus Conductor (2005 film)

Businessman (film)

Butalanda

Butawatta

Butta Renuka

Buttala

Buttala Divisional Secretariat

Buttala Electoral District

Butter chicken

Butterflies (1993 film)

Butterflies of Sri Lanka

Butterfly (2018 film)

Button Islands (Andaman and Nicobar Islands)

Buwaneka Aluwihare

Buwelikada (7°13'N 80°34'E)

Buwelikada (7°17'N 80°39'E)

By the People

Byadagi chilli

Byreddy Rajasekhar Reddy

Byrsophyllum

Byrsophyllum ellipticum

Rivers
Lakes
Dams/ Barrages
Glaciers
Related topics
Hydrography of surrounding areas
Power stations
Related topics
Other states

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