Bhavnagar district

Bhavnagar District is a district of southeastern Gujarat, India, on the Saurashtra peninsula. It is also known as Gohilwar as major portion of Bhavnagar district, in very old times, was ruled by Gohil Rajputs, [1] after whom the entire Gohelwad prant was still named during the British Raj. The administrative headquarters is in the town of Bhavnagar.

Bhavnagar district
district
Location of district in Gujarat
Location of district in Gujarat
Country India
StateGujarat
RegionSaurashtra
HeadquartersBhavnagar
Government
 • Member of ParliamentDr. Bhartiben Shiyal (BJP)
Area
 • Total10,034 km2 (3,874 sq mi)
Population
(2011)
 • Total2,880,365
 • Density290/km2 (740/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialGujarati, Hindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationGJ 4
Websitegujaratindia.com
Rajaparakhodiyarmandir
Main Gate of Shri Khodiyar Mandir
Map GujDist Saurastra
Districts of Saurastra, Gujarat

Geography

Bhavnagar District covers an area of over 8334 km². The coastal area is mostly alluvium.

Bhavnagar borders with Ahmedabad District to the northeast, Botad District to the northwest, the Gulf of Cambay to the east and south and Amreli District to the west.

History

Bhavnagar State was a salute state during the Raj,[1] ruled by the Gohil Rajputs, .[2]

Bhavnagar lost two talukas, Botad and Gadhada, to the creation in August 2013 of the new district of Botad.[3]

Administrative divisions

Bhavnagar District is divided into ten talukas : Bhavnagar, Sihor, Umrala, Gariadhar, Palitana, Mahuva, Talaja, Ghogha, Jesar and Vallbhipur.[4] There are close to 800 villages in this district.

Demographics

According to the 2011 census Bhavnagar district has a population of 2,880,365,[5] roughly equal to the nation of Jamaica[6] or the US state of Kansas.[7] This gives it a ranking of 133rd in India (out of a total of 640).[5] The district has a population density of 288 inhabitants per square kilometre (750/sq mi) .[5] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 16.53%.[5] Bhavnagar has a sex ratio of 931 females for every 1000 males,[5] and a literacy rate of 76.84%.[5]

Sites

Historical places

Among the many historical places in Bhavnagar District are:[8]

  • Buddhist caves in Taleja,
  • Statues of Seven Sisters in Rauhishala, and
  • Gandhi Memorial and Sardar Memorial at Cresent Circle in the town of Bhavnagar.

Natural heritage sites

Velavadar Blackbuck National Park is the only tropical grassland in India recognised as a National park. It is spread over an area of 34.08 km2. The park contains mainly blackbuck, antelopes, nilgai, wolves, jackals, hyenas, jungle cats, fox, and wild boar. Endangered birds such as Houbara Bustard, Lesser Florican, Sarus White Storks, White Pelican, Montagu, and Pallid harrier also call the park home. Raptors including the Greater Spotted Eagle, Juvenile Imperial Eagle, Bonelli's Eagle, Short-toed Snake Eagle, and Long-legged Buzzard are also seen in the park. The climate in Velavdar National Park makes it one of the best places for the migrating birds to breed.

Piram Island is an island approximately 6 km offshore off Ghogha. It is said that this island was created about 3.5 million years ago. It is well known for its diversity of life, including many vulnerable or endangered species. There is a ruined fort which was built in 1325.The island has mangrove vegetation and also nesting site for two endangered species of sea turtle; Olive ridley sea turtle and Green sea turtle, and around fifty species of birds, mostly seabirds.

Gopnath Mandir Bhavnagar
Gopnath Mandir at Gopnath Beach

Notes and references

  1. ^ a b "History". Bhavnagar District Panchayat, Gujarat Government. Archived from the original on 27 September 2013.
  2. ^ Singhji, Virbhadra (1994). "The Gohil Rajputs". The Rajputs of Saurashtra. Bombay, India: Popular Prakashan. p. 38. ISBN 978-81-7154-546-9.
  3. ^ "Maps of Gujarat's new 7 districts and changes in existing districts". Desh Gujarat. 13 August 2013. Archived from the original on 16 August 2013.
  4. ^ "Taluka Panchayat". Bhavnagar District Panchayat, Gujarat Government. Archived from the original on 20 July 2013.
  5. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
  6. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Jamaica 2,868,380 July 2011 est
  7. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-10-19. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Kansas 2,853,118
  8. ^ "Historical Places". Bhavnagar District Panchayat, Gujarat Government. Archived from the original on 26 June 2014.

Coordinates: 21°46′13″N 72°08′35″E / 21.77028°N 72.14306°E

Alang

Alang is a census town in Bhavnagar district in the Indian state of Gujarat. In the past three decades, its beaches have become a major worldwide centre for ship breaking. The longest ship ever built, Seawise Giant, was sailed to and beached here for demolition in December 2009.

Bhandaria, Bhavnagar

Bhandaria is a village and former princely state in Gujarat, western India.

Bhavnagar Para railway station

Bhavnagar railway station is a small railway station in Bhavnagar district, Gujarat. Its code is BVP. It serves Bhavnagar city. The station consists of two platforms. The platforms are not well sheltered. It lacks many facilities including water and sanitation.

Bhavnagar Terminus railway station

Bhavnagar Terminus railway station is a railway station serving Bhavnagar town, in Bhavnagar district of Gujarat State of India. It is under Bhavnagar railway division of Western Railway Zone of Indian Railways. Bhavnagar Terminus is well connected by rail to Kakinada Port, Kochuveli, Asansol Junction, Bandra Terminus, Surat, Delhi Sarai Rohilla, Surendranagar Junction, Botad Junction, Palitana, Mahuva Junction, Okha and Dhrangadhra Junction. Total 18 trains start from here.

Bhojavadar

Bhojavadar is a village and former Rajput princely state Umrala Taluka of Bhavnagar district, Gujarat, India.

Blackbuck National Park, Velavadar

Blackbuck National Park at Velavadar is situated in the Bhavnagar District of Gujarat state, India.

Established in 1976 in the Bhal region of Saurashtra, the park is located around 42 km from the district headquarters city of Bhavnagar. Hugging the coasts of the Gulf of Khambhat on the south, it is spread over an area of 34.08 km2, which was primarily a "vidi" (grassland) of the maharaja of the princely state of Bhavnagar for hunting the blackbucks with his famous hunting cheetahs. On the northern side, it is surrounded by wastelands and agriculture fields. The national park has been classified as 4B Gujarat-Rajwada biotic province of semi-arid bio-geographical zone.

Flat land, dry grasses and herds of antelope have always attracted visitors to this park which has a grassland ecosystem. Successful conservation programs for the blackbuck, wolf and lesser florican (a bustard) are ongoing. Considered to be an endemic Indian species, the lesser florican, which once lived throughout the country, has become endangered in recent decades. Today, the largest population is in this park. Local wolf numbers are increasing, as are striped hyena, with sightings quite frequent during daylight in winter 2012-2013.

Botad district

Botad District is a district of the state of Gujarat, India. It was created on 15 August 2013 from the southwestern part of Ahmedabad District and the northwestern part of Bhavnagar District.

Botad consist of four taluka Botad, Gadhada, Barvala, Ranpur. Botad city is the administrative headquarters of the district.This district is surrounded by Bhavnagar District to the southeast, Surendranagar District to the north and northwest, Amreli District to the southwest, Ahmedabad District to the northeast and Rajkot District to the west.Botad District consists of four talukas:

Botad,

Gadhada,

Barvala,

Ranpur

Chamardi

Chamardi (or Chamardi (Vacchani)) is a village and former petty Rajput princely state in Valabhipur Taluka of Bhavnagar district, Gujarat, western India.

Chok, Gujarat

Chok is a village in Jesar Taluka of Bhavnagar district, Gujarat, India. It is a former petty Rajput princely state.

Dhola, Gujarat

For homonyms, see DholaDhola is a census town and former petty Rajput princely state in Bhavnagar district, in the state of Gujarat, western India.

Dhola Junction railway station

Dhola Junction railway station is a major railway station serving in Bhavnagar district of Gujarat State of India.It serves Dhola town. It is under Bhavnagar railway division of Western Railway Zone of Indian Railways. Dhola Junction railway station is 49 km away from Bhavnagar Terminus. Passenger, Express and Superfast trains halt here.

Dungar Junction railway station

Dungar Junction railway station is a railway station on the Western Railway network in the state of Gujarat, India. Dungar Junction railway station is 22 km away from Mahuva Junction railway station. Passenger trains halt here.

Mahuva, Bhavnagar

Mahuva (Gujarati: મહુવા) is a town on the Arabian Sea coast in Bhavnagar District, in the state of Gujarat, India. Mahuva is known for its mild weather and green, lush surroundings, including many coconut tree plantations. Mahuva is also known as Kashmir of Saurashtra. It is a part of the Saurashtra region. Mahuva is also known for wooden toys, raw onions, groundnuts, and local Jamadar mango. Mahuva is home to a thriving agribusiness industry, with an emphasis on enterprises that dehydrate vegetables such as garlic and onions for use in processed foods.

Mahuva has a seaside beach, located near the historical Bhavani Temple.

Talgajarda, a village near Mahuva is the residence of the popular Hindu bard Morari Bapu.

A well known Gujarati Author Harkisan Mehta was from Mahuva. Mahuva is also native place of Smt. Asha Parekh, Veteran Indian Actress.

Mahuva Junction railway station

Mahuva Junction railway station is a main railway station in Bhavnagar district, Gujarat. Its code is MHV. It will serve Mahuva city. The station has two platforms. It is nearest railhead to Pipavav Port.

Palitana railway station

Palitana railway station is a railway station serving in Bhavnagar district of Gujarat State of India. It is under Bhavnagar railway division of Western Railway Zone of Indian Railways. Palitana railway station is 48 km away from Bhavnagar Terminus.

Four passenger and one Superfast trains start from here.

Paliyad

Pali(y)ad is a town and former non-salute princely state on Saurashtra peninsula in Gujarat, western India.

Sihor Junction railway station

Sihor Junction railway station is a railway station serving in Bhavnagar district of Gujarat State of India. It is under Bhavnagar railway division of Western Railway Zone of Indian Railways. Sihor Junction railway station is 20 km away from Bhavnagar Terminus. Passenger, Express, and Superfast trains halt here.

Songadh railway station

Songadh railway station is a railway station serving in Bhavnagar district of Gujarat State of India. It is under Bhavnagar railway division of Western Railway Zone of Indian Railways. Songadh railway station is 28 km far away from Bhavnagar Terminus. Passenger, Express and Superfast trains halt here.

Vala State

Vala State or Vallabhipura (Gujarati: વલ્લભીપુર, Hindi वाला) was a non-salute princely state in India during the British Raj until 1948. The centre was the city of Vallabhi. The last ruler of the state signed the state's accession to the Indian Union on 15 February 1948.

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