Bhavnagar State Railway

Bhavnagar State Railway (BSR) was a metre gauge railway line in Bhavnagar State, now part of Gujarat in India.

Bhavnagar State Railway
IndustryRailways
Founded1880
Defunct1948
Area served
Bhavnagar State

History

In November 1878, on the instance of Maharaja Takthasinhji of Bhavnagar State, the Governor of Bombay Sir Richard Temple sanctioned the extension of a meter gauge railway line from Wadhwan to Bhavnagar, which was opened on 18 December 1880. Maharaja Takhtasinhji accorded sanction for construction of a railway from Bhavnagar to Wadhwan in the north and Dhoraji in the west with the line from Dhasa to Dhoraji funded by Gondal State. During 1863, Maharaja Jaswantsinhji received a proposal to start a Narrow Gauge line like in parts of Gaekwad Railway in Baroda. Maharaja was not inclined, as by that time another company called Ghogha Kathiawad Light Railway Company had been formed and it could be easily joined at Vartej, a mere 10 km away. But nothing materialized.

The Bhavnagar-Gondal Railway was a joint venture with funds from both states 1839. Bhavnagar contributed Rs. 86 lakhs and Rs.29 lakhs was Gondal's contribution. The Bhavnagar-Wadhwan line had a length of a 166 km; the Dhola-Dhasa-Dhoraji line had a length of 144 km. The work was carried out between 1878 and 1880. In March 1879, Mr. Alexander Izat was appointed as the Engineer-in-Chief. He was earlier the Chief Engineer of Daund-Manmad line (which had opened in 1878). Mr. R. Proctor Sims who was Bhavnagar's state Engineer had carried out the survey from Bhavnagar to Botad. The survey from Dhasa to Dhoraji was carried out under Mr. Ford who held analogous post in Gondal. An engineer from BB & CI, Mr. Hargreaves did the survey from Botad to Wadhwan. The earth-work was commenced as a famine work with all possible haste and finished within an astonishingly short time by May 1880. His Highness requested the Governor of Bombay Sir James Ferguson (who had succeeded Sir Richard Temple in March 1879) to inaugurate the line in December and declare it open for traffic.

On 17 December 1880 the Governor and his entourage arrived at Bhavnagar by a special steamer from Bombay named May Frere. Many guests, both European and native, were invited. On approach of the May Frere at port of Bhavnagar, Colonel Barton (the political Agent), Major Woodhouse (the Assistant Political Agent) and Diwan Sahib Samaldas went in a steam launch and brought the Governor and his party ashore. Takhtsinhji received the Governor at the landing steps and welcomed him. The Governor was then taken to the town and the evening spent in sight seeing and visiting the Gaurishankar Lake. Early next morning on 18 December 1880, the governor drove the last spike of the permanent way at the city station (now Bhavnagar Terminus) in the presence of a large gathering and declared the railway line from Bhavnagar to Wadhwan open, then went to a welcome at Limdi station.

The Bhavnagar State Railway along with other State Railways of Kathiawar & Saurashtra were in April, 1948 merged into Saurashtra Railway by Union of India, which itself was merged with BB&CI to form Western Railways.

Conversion to broad gauge

The BSR was converted to 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge in 2003.

External links

Bhavnagar Para railway station

Bhavnagar railway station is a small railway station in Bhavnagar district, Gujarat. Its code is BVP. It serves Bhavnagar city. The station consists of two platforms. The platforms are not well sheltered. It lacks many facilities including water and sanitation.

Bhavnagar State

Bhavnagar State was one of the 13-gun salute princely states of British India. It was part of Kathiawar Agency.It was in Saurashtra during the British Raj.The Principality of Bhavnagar covered an area of 2,961 sq. miles and a population of 618,429 in 1941.

Its last ruler signed the accession to the Indian Union on 15 February 1948.

Dhasa Junction railway station

Dhasa Junction railway station is a major railway station serving in Botad district of Gujarat State of India. It is under Bhavnagar railway division of Western Railway Zone of Indian Railways. Dhasa Junction railway station is 69 km far away from Botad Junction. Passenger and Superfast trains halt here.

Dhrangadhra Railway

Dhrangadhra Railway was a 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) metre gauge in the Dhrangadhra state in Gujarat during the 19th century.

Electric Loco Shed, Valsad

Valsad Electric Loco Shed is an electric engine shed located in Valsad, in the Indian state of Gujarat. It is located to south of Valsad railway station, it falls under the Mumbai WR railway division of Western Railway. It is the largest of locomotive sheds in the Western Railway zone.

Gaekwar's Baroda State Railway

Gaekwar's Baroda State Railway (GBSR) was a narrow gauge railway line owned by the Princely State of Baroda, which was ruled by the Gaekwar dynasty.

Gandhidham–Bhuj section

The Gandhidham–Bhuj section belongs to Western Railway of Kutch district in Gujarat state. It passes through Adipur and Anjar

Greater Nashik Metro

The Greater Nashik Metro is a proposed rapid transit system in the Indian city of Nashik. The system is proposed to reduce traffic congestion as well as provide direct connectivity to Nashik from its neighbourhood. The Greater Nashik Metro will connect suburbs like Deolali, Nashik Road, Upnagar, Nashik Airport, Sinnar and Igatpuri, Gangapur road

This project is implemented & operated by Maharashtra Metro Rail Corporation Limited (MAHA-METRO).

Maharashtra CM in an interview stated that feasibility report will be created soon. Greater Nashik Metro will be implemented by MahaMetro and funded by CIDCO.(2018)

Kathiawar State Railway

Kathiawar State Railway was a metre gauge railway built by the Kathiawar State. The railway opened in December 1880. The railway ran from Wadhwan on the south side of the Bhogavo River (facing Surendranagar) to the docks at Bhavnagar. It was also known as the Surendranagar–Bhavnagar Railway. This railway later merged with Bhavnagar State Railway.

Limbdi railway station

Limbdi railway station is a railway station serving in Surendranagar district of Gujarat State of India. It is under Bhavnagar railway division of Western Railway Zone of Indian Railways. Limbdi railway station is 28 km far away from Surendranagar Junction. Passenger, Express and Superfast trains halt here.

Mumbai Port Trust Railway

Mumbai Port Trust Railway was commissioned on 1 January 1915. The railway line was being utilized for grain and fuel depots and feeding the containers at the Bombay Port.The port trust lines were not just used for conveying cargo, but also carry passengers and troops during World War II. In the 1920s and 1930s, the Ballard Pier Mole station on the Mumbai Port Trust Railway line was a starting point for the Frontier Mail which is now known as the Golden Temple Mail.

Palitana railway station

Palitana railway station is a railway station serving in Bhavnagar district of Gujarat State of India. It is under Bhavnagar railway division of Western Railway Zone of Indian Railways. Palitana railway station is 48 km away from Bhavnagar Terminus. Four passenger and one Superfast trains start from here.

Railways in Kathiawar

Kathiawar is a peninsula which today forms part of the Indian state of Gujarat. The peninsula covers an area of 23,345 sq. miles (60,720 sq. km) and in 1901 had a population of 2,645,805.Kathiawar in the late 19th century was governed by 193 small Princely States, ruled by local potentates who acknowledged British control in return for local sovereignty. These states comprised the "Kathiawar Agency". The rest of the peninsula, chiefly in the east along the Gulf of Cambay, were districts ruled directly by the British as part of British India's Bombay Presidency, which included part of the peninsula.In 1872, the Bombay, Baroda and Central India Railway (BB&CIR) railway extension from Viramgam reached Wadhwan. This started a period of growth in railways financed and operated by the Native states. The problem was that there were many small states which were crossed. Only the three larger states could afford to build such constructions which led to problems and many partners leading to appeals for compensation from the local Durbar Governments.Below were three major railways:

Kathiawar State Railway

Bhavnagar State Railway

Gondal State Railwaywhich worked together with other minor railways:

Morvi Railway

Junagadh State Railway

Porbandar State Railway

Dhrangadhra Railway

Jetalsar–Rajkot Railway

Jamnagar and Dwarka RailwayThese railways merged, with others, in 1948 to form the Saurashtra Railway. Saurashtra Railway later along with others became part of Western Railway of Indian Railways.

Ranpur railway station

Ranpur railway station is a railway station serving in Botad district of Gujarat State of India. It is under Bhavnagar railway division of Western Railway Zone of Indian Railways. Ranpur railway station is 28 km far away from Botad Junction. Passenger and Superfast trains halt here.

Saurashtra Railway

Saurashtra Railway came into being in April, 1948 with the amalgamation of state railways like Bhavnagar State Railway, Gondal Railway, Porbandar Railway, Jamnagar & Dwarka Railway, Morvi Railway, Dhrangadhra Railway, Okhamandal State Railway, Junagadh State Railway, Baria State Railway, Rajpipla Railway etc.Upon the independence of India and the merger of various Princely States into the Union of India, it became necessary to merge various State Railways owned by these Princely States into one. As the various states of Saurahstra and Kathiawar were merged to make Saurashtra State, the Government of India, similarly merged the various State Railways of Gujarat into a separate entity called Saurashtra Railway.

On 5 November 1951, Saurashtra Railway along with Bombay, Baroda and Central India Railway, Rajputana Railway, Jaipur State Railway & Cutch State Railway were merged and Western Railway came into existence.

Songadh railway station

Songadh railway station is a railway station serving in Bhavnagar district of Gujarat State of India. It is under Bhavnagar railway division of Western Railway Zone of Indian Railways. Songadh railway station is 28 km far away from Bhavnagar Terminus. Passenger, Express and Superfast trains halt here.

Surendranagar–Bhavnagar line

The Surendranagar–Bhavnagar line was located in Gujarat state of India.

Viramgam–Okha line

The Viramgam–Okha line is a railway passing through Gujarat State.

Wankaner–Surendra Nagar section

The Wankaner–Surendranagar section belongs to Western Railway of Rajkot Division in Gujarat State.

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