Bhandara

Bhandara (pronunciation ) is a city and municipal council that is the headquarters of Bhandara district in the state of Maharashtra, India.

Bhandara

Bhannara
City
District HQ/Municipal Council
Nickname(s): 
Brass City and Rice Bowl City Of India
Bhandara is located in Maharashtra
Bhandara
Bhandara
Location in Maharashtra, India
Coordinates: 21°10′N 79°39′E / 21.17°N 79.65°ECoordinates: 21°10′N 79°39′E / 21.17°N 79.65°E
Country India
StateMaharashtra
RegionVidarbha
DistrictBhandara
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Council
 • BodyBhandara Municipal Council
Elevation
244 m (801 ft)
Population
(2011)
 • Total91,845[1]
Demonym(s)Bhandarekar
Language
 • OfficialMarathi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
441904, 441905, 441906
Telephone code+91-7184
Vehicle registrationMH-36
Sex ratio979 per 1000 males /[1]
Websitehttp://www.bhandara.gov.in

Overview

Bhandara serves as an agricultural center for farmers in the region, who mostly grow rice. The city speaks the regional language of Marathi. Bhandara is split between two rivers, the Wainganga and the Sur Nadi, and crossed by National Highway No. 6. The city is surrounded by industries like Ashok Leyland, Sunflag Steel and an ordnance factory. The Wainganga is the principal river in the district and the only stream that does not dry up in the hot weather.

The Norgyaling Tibetan settlement, the only Tibetan community in Maharashtra, was established near Bhandara in 1972. About 1,000 Tibetans live in Norgyaling.[2]

History

According to local interpretation, the name Bhandara is a corruption of Bhanara. Reference to Bhanara is found in an inscription from 1100 AD in Ratanpur. The district was under regency administration from 1818 to 1830. Prior to 1820, the district was administered from Lanji; the headquarters of the district was shifted to Bhandara in 1820–1821. The area became British Territory in 1853. From 1947 to 1956 the district of Bhandara, along with the other districts of the Vidarbha region, continued to form a part of the central provinces. With the reorganization of states in 1956, Bhandara district was transferred from Madhya Pradesh to the Bombay State, which came into existence in the same year. In 1960 it became part of the newly formed state of Maharashtra. [3]

Geography

Bhandara is located at 21°10′N 79°39′E / 21.17°N 79.65°E in the north-east part of the state.[4] It has an average elevation of 244 metres (800 feet).

It is 60 km from the city of Nagpur. It falls on the major National Highway 6 joining Mumbai and Kolkata.

Climate

The weather is extreme in all seasons, with temperatures in the summer as high as 45°C and in winter as cool as 8°C.

Climate data for Bhandara
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 27.6
(81.7)
31.1
(88.0)
35.2
(95.4)
39.0
(102.2)
42.1
(107.8)
38.1
(100.6)
30.5
(86.9)
29.9
(85.8)
30.8
(87.4)
31.0
(87.8)
29.3
(84.7)
27.9
(82.2)
32.7
(90.9)
Average low °C (°F) 13.3
(55.9)
15.4
(59.7)
19.6
(67.3)
24.6
(76.3)
28.9
(84.0)
27.4
(81.3)
24.3
(75.7)
24.1
(75.4)
23.9
(75.0)
21.2
(70.2)
15.2
(59.4)
12.9
(55.2)
20.9
(69.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 11.9
(0.47)
34.8
(1.37)
17.0
(0.67)
17.3
(0.68)
15.5
(0.61)
215.1
(8.47)
413.3
(16.27)
387.9
(15.27)
207.3
(8.16)
44.5
(1.75)
15.5
(0.61)
8.1
(0.32)
1,388.2
(54.65)
Source: Government of Maharashtra

Demographics

As of 2011, according to the census,[5] Bhandara had a population of 91,845. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Bhandara has an average literacy rate of 80%, higher than the national average of 74.04%; with male literacy of 85% and female literacy of 75%. Eleven percent of the population is under 6 years of age. Bhandara is surrounded by five villages on its outskirts, Ganeshpur, Bela, Bhojapur, Khokarla, and Takli, which, combined with the city proper, yields a population of about 125000.

Religion

According to recent census of 2011, Hinduism is predominant religion in Bhandara city and its adherent are 77.23 percent of total population.

Languages

Marathi is spoken by majority of the population in Bhandara while Lodhi, Powari, Halbi, Koshti, Hindi and Kalaari are spoken by some communities. Marathi and English are official and co-official languages of the city, respectively. English is understood by many people and spoken by some of them fluently.

Transport

Bhandara falls on National Highway 6. It is directly connected to Nagpur and Raipur by private and government bus services. It is one of the divisions of the MSRTC. It has very good connectivity with neighboring Madhya Pradesh.

The Bhandara Road railway station (BRD) serves the city and surrounding region. Bhandara is directly connected to the state capital Mumbai, Raipur, Nagpur, and Kolkata by Indian Railway.

There is no air transportation in Bhandara. The nearest airport is at Nagpur.

Industries

Videocon International is starting a consumer electronics plant near Bhandara. Bhandara has a mixed economy including agriculture (especially rice), manufacturing, and forest resources. It is also a major hub for the production of hand-knitted silk products which is crafted by the Halba Koshti tribe.

References

  1. ^ a b "Bhandara Population Census 2011". Census 2011. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-04-28. Retrieved 2013-04-25.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ Bhandara - Census of India. Census of India, Govt. of India. 2011. p. 8.
  4. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Bhandara
  5. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
AH46

Asian Highway 46 (AH46) is a route of the Asian Highway Network within India, from Kharagpur in West Bengal to Dhule in Maharashtra. The route is part of old National Highway 6. This highway connects Dhule-Jalgaon-Akola-Amravati-Nagpur-Bhandara-Durg-Bhilai-Raipur-Saraipali-Bargarh-Sambalpur (Odisha)- Debagarh -

Kendujhar-Baharagora (Jharkhand)-Kharagpur (West Bengal).

Bhandara, Nepal

Bhandara (Nepali :भण्डारा ; bhandara) lies in Eastern part of Chitwan District in the Narayani Zone of southern Nepal. It Is a ward of Rapti Municipality(Nepali : राप्ती नगरपालिका ), Formally Village development committee.

At the time of the 2012 Nepal census it had a population of 37, 424 people living in 3795 individual households.The city is blooming as a commercial hub for shopping and eateries. There are more than 25 resorts in and around the city which is fully equipped with essentials to ensure the better holiday place for the local as well as foreign tourist.

With having more than 100 small and medium-sized restaurants and eateries, Bhandara is one of the best place to enjoy the authentic nepalese foods with Friends and family.

The location of this city is the best part for its tourism growth in recent years. It is situated below the mountain ranges and is a pure part of terai region. Ganesh Himal can be observed from this place. If you want to explore more you can take a roadtrip to Dhamili, which is situated at the top hill of Bhandara from where you can see the immense beauty of the hills as well as himalayas.

Bhandara (Lok Sabha constituency)

Bhandara Lok Sabha constituency was a former Lok Sabha (parliamentary) constituency in Maharashtra state in western India. With the delimitation of the parliamentary constituencies in 2008, based on the recommendations of the Delimitation Commission of India constituted in 2002, this constituency ceased to exist. A new constituency, Bhandara-Gondiya came into existence in place of it.

Bhandara Ghara Shrine

Bhandara Ghara Shrine (Lat- 200 15’ 53" N., Long- 850 51’ 40" E., Elev- 56 ft.) is located in the Kapilesvara temple precinct. It is a living temple facing towards east. It enshrines the chalanti pratima (movable deities) of Visnu and Siva. These deities are taken on procession on various festive occasions for public viewing. It was built around 16th century A.D.

Bhandara Halli

Bhandara Halli is a village in Belgaum district in the southern state of Karnataka, India.

Bhandara Road railway station

Bhandara Road Railway Station (Marathi: भंडारा रोड रेल्वे स्थानक) serves Bhandara City and surrounding areas in Bhandara District in Maharashtra, India.

Bhandara district

Bhandara District is an administrative district in the state of Maharashtra in India. The district headquarters are located at Bhandara. The district occupies an area of 4087 km² and has a population of 1,200,334 (605,520 males and 594,814 females), of which 19.48% are urban as of 2011. It is known as the "District of Lakes". Bhandara has a mixed economy with agriculture, industries and forest resources. Bhandara is known for its large production of rice. Tumsar, a tahsil town, is a noted rice market. Bhandara town is also known as "Brass City" owing to the presence of a large brass products industry. Bhandara has several tourist destinations, like Ambagad Fort, Brahmi, Chinchgad, and Dighodi.

The district is also known for the Ordnance Factory Bhandara of the Ordnance Factories Board, which manufactures products for the Indian Armed Forces. It is located on an estate which is commonly known as Jawaharnagar colony. This is the only Kendriya Vidyalaya in the Bhandara district. There is one Navodaya Vidyalaya (brain child of Late Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi) in Navegoan Bandh. Ashok Leyland, a Hinduja Group Company, has a production facility at Gadegaon near Bhandara. Sunflag Iron Steel company and Shivmangal Ispat Pvt. Ltd. are other major industrial undertakings in the district.

Bhandara–Gondiya (Lok Sabha constituency)

Bhandara–Gondia Lok Sabha constituency (Marathi: भंडारा-गोंदिया लोकसभा मतदारसंघ) is one of the 48 Lok Sabha (parliamentary) constituencies of Maharashtra state in western India. This constituency came into existence in 2008 as a part of the implementation of the Presidential notification on delimitation of parliamentary constituencies, based on the recommendations of the Delimitation Commission of India constituted in 2002 and Bhandara (Lok Sabha constituency) ceased to exist. Three of its assembly segments are in Bhandara district, while the other three are in Gondia district.Nana patole(Member of parliament) resigned recently (2014-2017).

Gobarwahi railway station

Gobarwahi Railway Station serves Gobarwahi a large village located north of Tumsar and nearby villages in Bhandara District in Maharashtra, India.

Guptipara Rathayatra

The Guptipara Rathayatra is being celebrated in Guptipara in Hooghly District of West Bengal since the 1730s. The chariot is a nabaratna-style wooden temple, where the presiding deity in the chariot is that of Radharaman Jiu. The Guptipara Rathayatra is second only to the Puri Rathayatra in terms of the distance covered. One of the unique events of Guptipara Rathayatra is the bhandara loot, which is held a day before the purnayatra or the ulto rath. A month long fair is held in Guptipara on the occasion of the festival. Every year thousands of devotees take part in the festival.

Holiya language

Holiya (Golari) is a southern Dravidian language closely related to Kannada.

It was spoken by about 3,614 persons in Nagpur and Bhandara districts of Maharashtra (Vidarbha) and Seoni and Balaghat districts of Madhya Pradesh as per 1901 census.

List of constituencies of the Maharashtra Legislative Assembly

The present Indian state of Maharashtra came into existence on 1 May 1960. The number of constituencies of the first Maharashtra Vidhan Sabha, the lower house of the Maharashtra state legislature in 1960 was 264. 33 constituencies were reserved for the candidates belonging to the Scheduled castes and 14 were reserved for the candidates belonging to the Scheduled tribes. The number of constituencies of the third Maharashtra Vidhan Sabha (1967–72) was raised to 270, out of which 15 constituencies were reserved for the candidates belonging to the Scheduled castes and 16 were reserved for the candidates belonging to the Scheduled tribes.

Madhukar Kukde

Madhukar Yashwantrao Kukde is an Indian politician and current member of Parliament. Since 2018, he represents the Bhandara-Gondiya Lok Sabha constituency in India, a seat he won as a member of the Nationalist Congress Party. He previously spent three terms (1995–2009) in the Maharashtra Legislative Assembly representing the Tumsar constituency but as a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party.

Nagpur division

Nagpur Division is one of six administrative divisions of Maharashtra State in India. Nagpur is the most eastern division in the state, with an administrative headquarters in the city of Nagpur. It covers 51,336 km² (19,821 mi²). The Amravati and Nagpur divisions make up the region of Vidarbha.

Nanabhau Patole

Nana Falgunrao Patole (Marathi: नाना फाल्गुनराव पटोले) (born 5 June 1963), popularly known as Nanabhau (Marathi: नानाभाऊ), is an Indian politician. A former Member of the Parliament of India (the 16th Lok Sabha), he represented the Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP). He represented the Bhandara-Gondiya constituency in Maharashtra. In 2017, he resigned from BJP and the Lok Sabha. On 11 January 2018 he joined Congress party.

Prasāda

Prasāda (Sanskrit pronunciation: [prəsaːdə], Sanskrit: प्रसाद), variantly spelled as Prasadam, Prasad and Prasada, is a material substance of vegetarian food that is a religious offering in both Hinduism and Sikhism. It is normally consumed by worshippers after worship. Mahaprasada (also called Bhandara) in Hinduism, similar to the langar in Sikhism, is the consecrated food offered to the deity in the temple which is then shared and eaten by the masses without discrimination. Sometimes this vegetarian offering will exclude the prohibited items such as garlic, onion, roots, etc.

Rajoli

Rajoli is a town situated at Sakoli tahsil in the District Of Bhandara in the Indian state of Maharashtra.

Before its independence Zamindari estate was under Muslim family rule from 1851 to 1947. The ruler was popularly known as Nawab of Rajoli. The Zamindari system was abolished in India after independence in 1947.The Rajoli estate is said to have been conferred on the ancestors of the present family about six generations ago for assistance given by them against the Gonds. A grant signed by the Bhonsla Raja in 1775 stated that it had been held by the family for many years. The family is believed to have been a branch of that of Rahim Ali Khan, the governor of Dongartal, who held the fort of Sangarhi in Bhandara, and granted these estates to some of his relatives.

Tumsar

Tumsar is a town in the Bhandara district in the Indian state of Maharashtra.

Tumsar is a city and municipal council in Bhandara district in the Indian state of Maharashtra. The city's name comes from a fish, "Tum", that was discovered in lakes of the area.

Tumsar is approximately 6 km from the Wainganga River, 30 km from Bhandara, 95 km From Nagpur, 65 km from Gondia and 300 km from Jabalpur (Madhya Pradesh). It is 700 km from Bhopal, 920 km from Delhi, 1000 km from Kolkata and 980 km from Mumbai and Indore.The town has several lakes. Tumsar once had a severe drinking water crisis, but later drinking water from the Vainganga was directed to the town.

Wainganga River

Wainganga (IAST: Wainagaṅgā) is a river in India, originating in the Mahadeo Hills in Mundara near village Gopalganj in Seoni Madhya Pradesh. It is a tributary of the Godavari River. The river flows south in a winding course through the states of Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra, roughly 579 km (360 mi). After joining the Wardha River, the united stream, which is known as the Pranahita River, empties into the Godavari River at Kaleshwaram, Telangana.

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