Bhadbhada Dam

The Bhadbhada dam is a set of 11 sluice gates at the south-east corner of Upper lake in Bhopal. It was constructed in 1965.[1] The gates are used to control the outflow of water from the lake to Kaliasote river,[2] and are usually opened only when the city receives heavy rainfall during the monsoon season. It has a full tank level of 1666.80 feet.[3]

Bhadbhada dam
Official nameBhadbhada dam
LocationBhopal, Madhya Pradesh
Coordinates23°12′30″N 77°22′44″E / 23.20833°N 77.37889°ECoordinates: 23°12′30″N 77°22′44″E / 23.20833°N 77.37889°E
Opening date1965
CreatesUpper Lake (Bhopal)
Total capacity117.05×106 m3 (4.134×109 cu ft)


  1. ^ "EPCO Bhopal". Archived from the original on 2010-12-10. Retrieved 2009-08-31.
  2. ^ "Army to join in desilting of Upper Lake". Urban Development and Housing Department, Government of Madhya Pradesh. 30 January 2009. Archived from the original on 2009-12-11. Retrieved 2 December 2018.
  3. ^ "Bhopal records highest rainfall in 33 years". The Hindu. 15 August 2006. Retrieved 2009-08-31.
Bhoj Wetland

The Bhoj Wetland consists of two lakes located in the city of Bhopal, the capital of the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. The two lakes are the Bhojtal (Upper Lake) & the Lower Lake, which lie to the west of the city center. The Bhojtal has an area of 31 km², and drains a catchment or watershed of 361 km². The watershed of the Bhojtal is mostly rural, with some urbanized areas around its eastern end. The lower lake has an area of 1.29 km². Its catchment is 9.6 km² and is mostly urbanized; the Lower Lake also receives subsurface seepage from the Bhojtal.

The Bhojtal was created by Paramara Raja Bhoj (1005-1055), ruler of Malwa. He established Bhopal (also named after him) to secure the eastern frontier of his kingdom. The lake was created by constructing an earthen dam across the Kolans River. The Kolans was formerly a tributary of the Halali River; with the creation of the Bhojtal and a diversion channel, the upper reach of the Kolans River and the Bhojtal now drain into the Kaliasot River. Bhadbhada dam was constructed in 1965 at the southeast corner of the Bhojtal; it now controls the outflow to the Kaliasot river.

The Lower Lake was created in 1794 by Nawab Chhote Khan, Minister of Nawab Hayath Mohammad Khan, to beautify the city. It is also contained behind an earthen dam, and drains into the Halali River via the lower reach of the Kolans River, presently known as the Patra Drain. Both the Kaliasot and Halali Rivers are tributaries of the Betwa River.

The lakes are home to a diverse flora and fauna, including many waterbirds. They have been designated a wetland of international importance under the international Ramsar Convention since August 2002.


Bhojtal, formerly known as Upper Lake, is a large lake which lies on the western side of the capital city of Madhya Pradesh, Bhopal. It is a major source of drinking water for the residents of the city, serving around 40% of the residents with nearly 30 million imperial gallons (140,000 m3) of water per day. Bada talaab, along with the nearby Chhota Talaab, meaning small lake in Hindi, constitute Bhoj Wetland, which is now a Ramsar site.

List of dams and reservoirs in India

This page shows the state-wise list of dams and reservoirs in India. It also includes . Nearly 3200 major / medium dams and barrages had been constructed in India by the year 2012.

Related topics
Hydrography of surrounding areas

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