Beyşehir

Beyşehir (pronounced [ˈbejʃeˌhiɾ]) is a large town and district of Konya Province in the Akdeniz region of Turkey. The town is located on the southeastern shore of Lake Beyşehir and is marked to the west and the southwest by the steep lines and forests of the Taurus Mountains, while a fertile plain, an extension of the lake area, extends in the southeastern direction. According to 2000 census, the population of the district is 118,144 of which 41,312 live in the town of Beyşehir.[3][4]

Beyşehir
Town
Taşköprü ("Stone Bridge"), a historical regulator dam and bridge in Beyşehir.
Taşköprü ("Stone Bridge"), a historical regulator dam and bridge in Beyşehir.
Beyşehir is located in Turkey
Beyşehir
Beyşehir
Location of Beyşehir
Coordinates: 37°41′N 31°44′E / 37.683°N 31.733°E
Country Turkey
RegionAkdeniz
ProvinceKonya
Government
 • MayorMurat ÖZALTUN (AKP)
Area
 • District2,116.29 km2 (817.10 sq mi)
Elevation
1,205 m (3,953 ft)
Population
 (2012)[2]
 • Urban
35,872
 • District
69,739
 • District density33/km2 (85/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
42700
Licence plate42
ClimateCsa
Websitewww.beysehir.bel.tr
Eflatunpinar
Hittite monument at Eflatun Pınar inside the national park.

History

The Hittite monument situated in Beyşehir's depending locality of Eflatunpınar, at a short distance to the northeast from the town, proves that the Hittite Empire had reached as far as the region, marking in fact, in the light of present knowledge, the limits of their extension to the southwest. Evidence points out that an earlier settlement, perhaps dating back to the Neolithic Age, was also located in Eflatunpınar. Another important early settlement was located in Erbaba Höyük, situated 10 km (6 mi) to the southwest of Beyşehir, and which was explored by the Canadian archaeologists Jacques and Louise Alpes Bordaz in the 1970s, leading to finds from three neolithic building layers.

The Beyşehir region corresponds to classical antiquity's Pisidia. At the location of the town itself there was in all likelihood a Greek city, which in one view was probably named Karallia, which was one of the two urban centers that surrounded the lake at the time, and in Roman times was known as Claudiocaesarea (Greek: Κλαυδιοκαισάρεια, Klaudiokaisareia), and Mistheia (Greek: Μίσθεια) in Byzantine times. Another theory is that Beyşehir's site corresponds to that of Casae (Κἀσαι), the seat of a Christian diocese of the Roman province of Pamphylia, which under Roman rule included large parts of Pisidia.[5][6] The names of some of its bishops are given in documents concerning church councils held from 381 to 879.[7][8] No longer a residential bishopric, Casae in Pamphylia is today listed by the Catholic Church as a titular see.[9]

The state of desolation into which the ancient city, whatever it was called, had fallen by the first decades of the 13th century is suggested by the name "Viranşehir" that the Seljuk Turks had given to the town, meaning "the desolate city". The Seljuk Sultans of Rum based in Konya nevertheless built their summer residence nearby, in an agglomeration situated on the southwestern lake shore at a distance of 80 km (50 mi) from Beyşehir city, and which came to be known as Kubadabad Palace. While the most precious finds of Kubadabad site date from the reign of Alaeddin Keykubad (1220–1237), it was a seasonal settlement area chosen by and for the sultans already in the late 12th century.

After the fall of the Seljuks, Viranşehir was renamed for a time as Süleymanşehir in honor of one of the beys of the region's ruling dynasty, the Eshrefids, who made the town into his capital. Since the beys of Eshrefids resided here, the present name of Beyşehir was gradually adopted for the town. The Great Mosque of Beyşehir built by the dynasty between 1296–1299, also called Eşrefoğlu Mosque, is considered one of the masterpieces of the intermediate period of Anatolian beyliks between the Seljuk and Ottoman architecture styles.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
  3. ^ Turkish Statistical Institute. "Census 2000, Key statistics for urban areas of Turkey" (in Turkish). Archived from the original (XLS) on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2008-03-23.
  4. ^ GeoHive. "Statistical information on Turkey's administrative units". Archived from the original on 2007-10-19. Retrieved 2015-04-08.
  5. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica, "Pamphylia"
  6. ^ Charles Anthon, A Classical Dictionary (Harper and Bros. 1845), p. 1067
  7. ^ Michel Lequien, Oriens christianus in quatuor Patriarchatus digestus, Paris 1740, Vol I, coll. 1005-1006
  8. ^ Pius Bonifacius Gams, Series episcoporum Ecclesiae Catholicae, Leipzig 1931, p. 450
  9. ^ Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 860

References

External links

Coordinates: 37°40′35″N 31°43′34″E / 37.67639°N 31.72611°E

Ali Sarı

Ali Sarı (born November 24, 1986) is a Turkish taekwondo practitioner competing in the heavyweight division. Ali Sarı is a student of civil engineering at Selçuk University.

Beyşehir bleak

The Beyşehir bleak (Alburnus akili), known in Turkish as gökçe balığı, was a species of freshwater fish in the family Cyprinidae, now presumed extinct.

The Beyşehir bleak was endemic to Lake Beyşehir in Central Anatolia, Turkey. It declined after the introduction of Sander lucioperca (zander or pikeperch) into the lake in 1955, and the introduction of A. escherichii. Overfishing also seems to have contributed to the extinction. The fish was last seen in 1998 and is now listed as extinct by the IUCN.

This was a short-lived species, growing to 13–16 cm long.

The Turkish name gökçe balığı means "heavenly fish".

Beyşehir gudgeon

The Beyşehir gudgeon (Gobio microlepidotus) is a species of gudgeon, a small freshwater in the family Cyprinidae. It is endemic to Lake Beyşehir in Turkey.

Eflatun Pınar

Eflatun Pınar (Turkish: Eflatunpınar, "Plato's Spring") is the name given to a spring, which rises up from the ground, and the stone-built pool monument built at the time of the Hittite Empire. The spring lies inside the Lake Beyşehir National Park, 85 km (53 mi) west of Konya, and drains into Lake Beyşehir in central Anatolia at ancient Pisidia region. During the Late Bronze Age, a sacred pool monument was built here in trachyte ashlar masonry dedicated to the sacred spring cult of ancient Hittites. The monument was interpreted as a shrine to Plato during the medieval (Seljuk) period.

Eşrefoğlu Mosque

Eşrefoğlu Mosque is a 13th-century mosque in Beyşehir, Konya Province, Turkey

It is situated 100 metres (330 ft) north of the Beyşehir Lake

Konya Province

Konya Province (Turkish: Konya ili) is a province of Turkey in central Anatolia. The provincial capital is the city of Konya. By area it is the largest province of Turkey. Its traffic code is 42.

The Kızören solar power plant in Konya will be able to produce 22.5 megawatts of electricity in an area of 430,000 square meters.

Kubadabad Palace

Kubadabad Palace or Kubad Abad Palace (Turkish: Kubadabad Sarayı) was a complex of summer residences built for sultan Kayqubad I (1220–1236), ruler of the Sultanate of Rum. The palace is located on the southwestern shores of Lake Beyşehir in south-west Central Anatolia, Turkey, just over 100 kilometers west of the Seljuq capital at Konya.

Lake Beyşehir

Lake Beyşehir (Turkish: Beyşehir Gölü; anciently, Carallis or Karallis (Ancient Greek: Κάραλλις), or Caralis or Karalis (Κάραλις)) is a large freshwater lake in Konya provinces, southwestern part of Turkey. It is located at around 37°47′0″N 31°33′0″E and is the largest freshwater lake in Turkey. It has an area of 650 km² and is 45 km long and 20 km wide. It carries the same name as the principal urban centre of its region, Beyşehir. Anciently, it was considered part of ancient Isauria.The lake is fed by streams flowing from the Sultan Mountains and the Anamas Mountains. The water level in the lake often fluctuates by year and by season. Lake Beyşehir is used for irrigation and aquaculture, although it is also a national park. There are thirty-two islets in varying sizes in the lake. Lake Beyşehir is also an important site for many bird species.

The maximum depth is 10 metres.

Water in the lake was at its lowest level during the period 1960-1990 in October 1975 at 1121.96 metres, with 64,500 hectares of water surface. The highest water level in the same period was 1125.50 metres in March 1981, with a surface area of 74,600 hectares.

Lake Beyşehir National Park

Lake Beyşehir National Park (Turkish: Beyşehir Gölü Milli Parkı), established in 1993, is a national park in Konya Province, central Turkey.

List of populated places in Konya Province

Below is the list of populated places in Konya Province, Turkey by the districts. The first three districts (Karatay, Meran and Selçuklu) are parts of the city of Greater Konya. In the following lists, the first place in each district list is the administrative center of that district.

Mistea

Mistea or Misthia, also known as Claudiocaesarea and Klaudiokaisareia, was a town of ancient Lycaonia, inhabited in Hellenistic, Roman, and Byzantine times. Misthia was the seat of an archbishop; no longer residential, it remains a titular see of the Roman Catholic Church.Its site is located near Beyşehir, Asiatic Turkey.

Selçuk University

Selçuk University (Turkish: Selçuk Üniversitesi) is state-owned higher educational institution, which was founded 1975 in Konya, Turkey.

Sultan Mountains

The Sultan Mountains (Turkish: Sultandağ), also known as Sultan Dagh range or Sultan Dag, is a short mountain range on the western edge of the Anatolian Plateau, Turkey with highest elevation of 1,980 m (6,500 ft).

The town of Sultandağı is their namesake.

They are made up of metamorphic rocks dating from the Lower Cambrian to the Carboniferous period.West slopes of Sultan Mountains are part of the Lake Beyşehir drainage basin.

Taşköprü (Beyşehir)

Taşköprü (literally:Stone bridge) is a combined regulator dam and bridge located in Beyşehir district of Konya Province, central Turkey.It was constructed as a flood barrier as part of the irrigational Konya Plain Project on the ground of a ruined 8–10 arched bridge between 1908 and 1914. Its completion was delayed due to repeated flooding at the Lake Beyşehir. The dam was commissioned by Ottoman Grand Vizier Mehmed Ferid Pasha of Vlorë (in office 1903–1908), (Turkish: Avlonyalı Ferid Paşa). Regulated water draining off the lake contributed to the rise of the formerly droughty and quaggy Konya Plain into a "granary".Taşköprü is situated over the Beyşehir-Soğla-Apa Canal close to the Lake Beyşehir. The 42 m (138 ft)-long and 6.35 m (20.8 ft)-wide ashlar-masonry combined dam-bridge structure has two level of 15 arches and floodgates. The bridge was initially open to motorized traffic. After the building of a new road bridge west of it, Taşköprü is used today as a pedestrian bridge only.With effect on July 12, 1980, the historic monumental structure was put under protection by the Cultural and Natural Heritage Protection Board.

Tiberiopolis

Tiberiopolis (Ancient Greek: Τιβεριούπολις; sometimes in sources, Tiberiapolis, and Pappa-Tiberiopolis; formerly Pappa) was a town in the Roman province of Phrygia Pacatiana, mentioned by Ptolemy, Socrates of Constantinople and Hierocles. At various times, it was considered as part of Phrygia, Isauria, and the late Roman province of Pisidia.It struck its own coins at least from the time of Trajan.

It was situated at the modern village of Yunuslar, Beyşehir district, in Konya Province, Turkey. At Tiberiopolis the famous Roman sarcophagus showing the Twelve Labours of Hercules now displayed at the Konya Archaeological Museum was recovered.It must have been Christianised at an early date. Nicephorus, a presbyter at Tiberiopolis was martyred in 361 or 362, and later cannonised. His feast is celebrated on 28 November.

Trembling aspen (Konya)

Trembling aspen (Turkish: Titrek Kavak) is an old aspen tree in Konya Province, central Turkey. It is a registered natural monument of the country.

The trembling aspen is located inside the Yakamanastır Nature Park at Bademli village in Beyşehir district of Konya Province. Its distance to Bademli village is 3 km (1.9 mi) and to Beyşehir town 8 km (5.0 mi). It is a quaking aspen (Populus tremula). The tree is 20 m (66 ft) high, has a circumference of 8 m (26 ft) at 2.50 m (8.2 ft) diameter. Its age is dated to be about 100 years old. Lateral shoots of the old tree are broken by wind.The tree was registered a natural monument on September 27, 1994. The protected area of the plant covers 2,490 m2 (26,800 sq ft).

Turkish Lakes Region

The Turkish Lake District or Turkish Lakeland is an area with a series of shallow tectonic lakes within the folds of the Taurus Mountains in Southwestern Anatolia, Turkey

The major lakes are Acıgöl (Sanaos), Akşehir (Philomela), Beyşehir (Koralis), Burdur (Ascanius), Eğirdir (Akrotiri), and the smaller ones are Akgöl, Lake Çavuşçu (Ilgın), Eber, Işıklı (Çivril), Karamık, Karataş, Kovada, Salda (Aulindenos), Suğla (Trogitis) and Yarışlı.

Yunus Sarı

Yunus Sarı (born January 21, 1991) is a Turkish taekwondo practitioner competing in the welterweight division. He is a member of Ulaştırmaspor, a club of the Ministry of Transport.Athlete is student of physical education and sports at Selçuk University in Konya. His two brothers Ali and Talha are also successful taekwondo practitioners.He won the silver medal in the welterweight division at the 2011 World Taekwondo Championships held in Gyeongju, South Korea. At the 2013 Mediterranean Games held in Mersin, Turkey, he won the bronze medal in the 80 kg event.

Beyşehir in Konya Province of Turkey
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