Betul, Madhya Pradesh

Betul is a district and municipality in southern Madhya Pradesh, India. It is the administrative center of its eponymous district and forms the southernmost part of the Bhopal Division in the Betul (Lok Sabha constituency).

Betul

Beitool
city
Betul is located in Madhya Pradesh
Betul
Betul
Coordinates: 21°54′18″N 77°54′07″E / 21.905°N 77.902°ECoordinates: 21°54′18″N 77°54′07″E / 21.905°N 77.902°E
CountryIndia
StateMadhya Pradesh
DistrictBetul
Area
 • Total18 km2 (7 sq mi)
Elevation
658 m (2,159 ft)
Population
(2011)
 • Total1,033,300
 • Density57,000/km2 (150,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialHindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
ISO 3166 codeIN-MP
Vehicle registrationMP 48
Websitewww.betul.nic.in

Name

During the early 20th century, Betul was known as Badnur.[1] It derives its present name from its surrounding district, which was named for its former headquarters at Betul Bazar, a small town about 5 km (3 mi) to its south. Betul—literally "without" (be) "cotton" (tool)—was named for its position outside the area's cottonfields.

History

Balajipuram BETUL
Balajipuram Temple in Betul

Nearby Kherla was formerly the seat of an independent kingdom in the medieval and early modern period.[2] Under Company Rule, its fort was permitted to fall into ruin.[3] Badnur became the headquarters of Betul District in 1822. Surrounded by hills on all sides, it was used by the British for the exportation of coal. It supported two bazaars; the larger, Kothi Bazar, held 2015 people in the 1870s.[2] At that time, the town had a circuit house, a dak bungalow, a caravanserai, jail, police station, pharmacy, and schools.[2] Its population c. 1901 was 3766.[1]

Following independence, Betul lay near the geographical center point of the new country, which is now marked by a stone at Barsali. Betul was connected to the Delhi–Chennai line of the Indian rail network in the early 1950s. It now serves as a junction point, providing the only access to the Chindwara District on broad-gauge rail.

Geography

Betul is located at 21°55′N 77°54′E / 21.92°N 77.9°E,[4] near the geographical center point of modern India. It has an average elevation of 658 m (2,159 ft).

Demographics

During the 2011 Indian census, Betul had a population of 103,330. Males constitute 52% of the population, females 48%. Betul has an average literacy rate of 76%, higher than the national average of 59.5%. 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.[5]

Economy

Betul District's economy is predominantly an agrarian one. Its dense woods also permit forestry. Its road and rail connections and good telecom services have led some to predict that Betul will become an advanced industrial district.

Currently, Betul District supports 7160 cottage industries capitalized at 1235.65 Lakhs and employing 17,682 people; 33 small-scale industries capitalized at 819.99 Lakhs and employing 667 people; and 5 medium- or large-scale industries with a total capitalization 1681.37 Lakhs and a workforce of 999 people. Of the 33 SSI's, 8 are agricultural, 13 are mineral-based, and 1 is forest-based. The five larger industrial plants are:

  • M/s. Betul Oils & Flours Ltd., Kosmi Industrial Area (130.12 Lakhs),
  • M/s. Madhyavarta Ex-oil Ltd., Kosmi Industrial Area (595.00 Lakhs),
  • M/s. Adhishwar Oil & Fats Ltd. Chouthia, Multai (348.73 Lakhs),
  • M/s. Betul Tyre & Tube Industry Pvt. Ltd., Sohagpur (302.25 Lakhs), and
  • M/s. Wearwell Tyre & Tube Industries, Panka, Amla (305.27 Lakhs).

Transport

Betul rali stn.
Betul railway station

Betul is connected to the broad-gauge Delhi–Chennai (Grand Trunk) line of the Indian rail network, which also communicates with Bhopal and Nagpur. Two new railway lines are also proposed - Betul - Chandur Bazar [6] and Betul -Harda -Indore. Betul Railway station has 94 trains, to various parts of country like Delhi, Chennai, Hyderabad, Bangalore, Jaipur, Lucknow, Kanpur, Bhopal, Indore, Harda, Jabalpur, Nagpur etc.

Betul is serviced by National Highway 46 and National Highway 47, also connecting it with Bhopal and Nagpur. National Highway 47 connects it to Harda Indore as well. There are daily buses to Bhopal, Nagpur, Harda and Indore, as well as Jabalpur, Hoshangabad, and other cities. Betul's RTO code is MP48.

The nearest airports are at Nagpur and Bhopal, about 180 km (112 mi) away. The tyre industry also uses the area's waterways for export to the United States, the UK, the Middle East, and Africa.

Education

In Betul, there are total 72 number of colleges. Some main colleges are as follows[7]

  • Govt Jaywanti Haksar P G College Betul
  • Bhimrao Ramrao Ambedkar College Of Education, Run By Shri Ram Shiksha Parishad, Chakkar Road Ambedk
  • Late Shri Nandkishore Singh Patel Memorial College, Near Link Road, Sadar, Betul
  • Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose College
  • Shri Ram Pharmacy College Jamthi Betul

Tourism

Waterfall at Muktagiri, Betul (M.P.)
A waterfall at Muktagiri
  • Muktagiri is scenic Jain temple approximately 120 km (75 mi) from Betul.
  • Balajipuram is a temple 8 km (5 mi) outside Betul built by NRI Mr Sam Verma. The temple was opened to the public in 2001. Every year Funfair is organized on the occasion of religious festival of Basant Panchami. This temple is 111 feet (34 m) high and covers 15 acres (6 ha).
  • Kukrukhamla is a scenic spot.
  • Multai is the origin of the Tapti River and a place of religious importance. It is situated on the Bhopal-Nagpur Highway about 50 km (31 mi) from Betul.
  • Sarniis the power hub of madhya Pradesh and also a tourist attraction. There is very famous Mathardev temple which is sorounded by beautiful hills of satpura mountains and there is satpura reservoir which is situated near satpura dam.

Other tourist spots include Sona Ghati, Kerpani, the Shapna Water Reservoir, rachana water fall, betul fort, churna Wildlife reserve, hanuman temple.

Notes

  1. ^ a b EB (1911).
  2. ^ a b c EB (1878), p. 228.
  3. ^ EB (1878), p. 229.
  4. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Betul
  5. ^ "Census of India 2011: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
  6. ^ https://st2.indiarailinfo.com/kjfdsuiemjvcya4/0/2802884/5/1458646120441surveymapcaocconstcr.pdf
  7. ^ "District Administration Betul" (PDF). District Administration Betul.

References

Betul-Bazar

Betul-Bazar is a town and a nagar panchayat in Betul district in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India. During the rule of the Maratha Empire Betul-Bazar was the district headquarters of the current Betul district. In 1822 the district administration shifted to current Betul town. Hence the Betul district and Betul-Bazar is rich in Marathi people and culture.

Betul (Vidhan Sabha constituency)

Betul (Vidhan Sabha constituency) is one of the 230 Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly) constituencies of Madhya Pradesh state in central India.

Betul district

Betul district is a district of Madhya Pradesh state in central India. The city of Betul serves as its administrative headquarters. The district is a part of Narmadapuram Division.

Betul railway station

Betul railway station is a railway station serving Betul town and district of Madhya Pradesh State of India. It is under Nagpur railway division of Central Railway Zone of Indian Railways. It is connected to the broad gauge Delhi–Chennai (Grand Trunk) line of the Indian rail network, which is between with new and old Capital of Madhya Pradesh, viz Bhopal and Nagpur.

It is located at 643 m above sea level and has three platforms. As of 2016, an electrified double broad gauge railway line exists and at this station, 89 trains stop with 2 originating and 2 terminating trains. Nagpur Airport is at distance of 155 kilometers.

Bhainsdehi

Bhainsdehi is a town and a nagar panchayat in Betul district in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India. Kukru is the second highest point of Mahadeo hills. Bhainsdehi holds the prestigious position of being the originating place of the river Purna, predominantly a tribal Tehsil. Bhainsdehi is surrounded the mountain ranges of Satpura.

Dada Dharmadhikari

Shankar Trimbak Dharmadhikari (18 June 1899 – 1 December 1985), better known Dada Dharmadhikari, was an Indian freedom fighter, and a leader of social reform movements in India. He was a strong adherent of Mahatma Gandhi's principles.

He died in Sevagram, Wardha on 1 December 1985.

Deepchand

Deepchand a.k.a. Laxmichand was an Indian politician from the state of the Madhya Pradesh.

He represented Betul Vidhan Sabha constituency of undivided Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly by winning General election of 1957.

Hemant Khandelwal

Hemant Khandelwal (born 9 September 1964) was a member of the 14th Lok Sabha of India. He represented the Betul constituency of Madhya Pradesh and is a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) political party.

He has studied law and businessman by profession.

He is married to Mrs Ritu, and has 1 daughter, named Surabhi Khandelwal and 1 son named Varad Khandelwal.

He was elected as MP from Betul in by-elections in 2008 after the death of his father and MP Vijay Kumar Khandelwal.

Inthaeron

Inthaeron is a genus of spiders in the Cithaeronidae family native to India. First described by Norman I. Platnick in 1991, it contains only one species, Inthaeron rossi. Females can be distinguished from those of its sister genus, Cithaeron, by the arrangement of cylindrical gland spigots on the posterior median spinnerets appearing in two rows rather than in clusters. The name is derived from merging "India" with "Cithaeron", the name of the other genus of Cithaeronidae.

Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Betul

Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Betul is a co-educational government residential school in Prabhat Pattan town in Betul district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. It was established in 1993 by Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti, an autonomous organization under the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Department of Secondary & Higher Education, Government of India.

Kherla

Kherla or Kherlá may refer to several places within the Republic of India:

Kherla, Madhya Pradesh, a town near Betul, Madhya Pradesh

Kingdom of Kherla, a medieval and early modern Gond kingdom based there

Kherla Sarkar, a former name of Betul District

Kherla, Haryana

Kherla Bujurg, Rajasthan

Kherla Gadali, Rajasthan

List of Armed Forces Hospitals In India

As of 2018, there are 112 Military Hospitals, 12 Air Force Hospitals and 9 Naval Hospitals in India.

List of Christian mission hospitals

The following is a list of Mission hospitals.

Malajpur temple

The Malajpur Temple located in the Malajpur(region) near Chicholi in Betul, madhya pradesh, India

Mokham Singh

Mokhamsingh a.k.a. Sabsingh was an Indian politician from the state of the Madhya Pradesh.

He represented Betul Vidhan Sabha constituency of undivided Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly by winning General election of 1957.

Muktagiri

Muktagiri is a Jain Pilgrimage centre, located on border of Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra in India. It comes under Bhainsdehi tehsil of Betul district or Baitul district in Madhya Pradesh, India. It is 14 km away from Paratwada, Dist. Amravati, Maharashtra. Muktagiri is 7 km away from Kharpi village on Paratwada - Baitul road.

Muktagiri is also called as 'Mendhagiri'. There are 52 temples on the mountain, surrounding a beautiful waterfall. The waterfall is generally visible only when there is enough rainfall in the area. One can plan trip to Muktagiri between June to September to see the waterfall. A lot of monkeys can be seen near the 10th Temple - Bhagwan Sheetalnath temple - near which the waterfall is located. The 10th Temple is called Medhagiri Temple is an ancient temple inside an ancient cave built in 10th century. The cave is prone to stonefall (which is generally said to happen only during night). Also, lot of honeybees are at a large distance from the cave. The 1st Temple, 10th Temple, 26th Temple and 40th Temple are the main temples.

Saliwada Camp, Betul, Madhya Pradesh

Saliwada Camp a very small village in the Chopna region in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh.

Vijay Kumar Khandelwal

Vijay Kumar Khandelwal (22 April 1936 – 12 November 2007) was a member of the 14th Lok Sabha of India. He represented the Betul constituency of Madhya Pradesh and was a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) political party.

He was also member of 11th 12th and 13th Lok Sabha from Betul.

He was survived by his wife Mrs Kanti, 1 daughter and two sons, one being Hemant Khandelwal who became MP from Betul in by-elections after his death.

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