Betty Washington Lewis

Elizabeth "Betty" Washington Lewis (June 20, 1733 – March 31, 1797) was the younger sister of George Washington and the only sister to live to adulthood. She was the first daughter of Augustine Washington and Mary Ball Washington. She is considered a "founding mother" of America.[1]

She was born in Westmoreland County, Colony of Virginia, and married Fielding Lewis in 1750. Their children included Lawrence Lewis, who married Eleanor Parke Custis, a granddaughter of Martha Washington, and Robert Lewis. They built a house in Fredericksburg, Kenmore House, in 1770, and owned The Lewis Store until 1776. In later life, she stayed close with her mother. She died in 1797 while visiting her daughter, Betty Lewis Carter, at the Western View Plantation in Culpeper, Virginia, and is buried there.

She and her husband are commemorated with street names in the nearby Ferry Farm subdivision (Fielding Circle and Betty Lewis Drive).

Elizabeth "Betty" Washington Lewis
Betty Washington Lewis
BornJune 20, 1733
DiedMarch 31, 1797 (aged 63)
Spouse(s)Fielding Lewis
Children11

Marriage and family

Fielding Lewis married Catharine Washington on October 18, 1746. She was his second cousin, the daughter of John Washington (a first cousin to George Washington) and Catharine Whiting. They had three children before Catharine died on February 19, 1750.

A few months later, on May 7, 1750, Lewis married Betty Washington (1733-1797), the sister of George Washington and another second cousin. She was 17 years old. They had 11 children together. Betty outlived Lewis by 16 years, dying in 1797.

  • Fielding Lewis, II (1751 – 1803); married Anne Alexander, had issue. Married Nancy Alexander, had issue.
  • Augustine Lewis (January 22, 1752 – 1756); died as a child.
  • Warner Lewis (June 24, 1755 – 1756); died in infancy.
  • George Washington Lewis (March 14, 1757 – November 15, 1831); married Catherine Daingerfield, had issue (grandparents of Princess Catherine Murat).
  • Mary Lewis (April 22, 1759 – December 25, 1759); died in infancy.
  • Charles Lewis (October 3, 1760 – 1793)
  • Samuel Lewis (May 14, 1762 – December 31, 1810)
  • Elizabeth Lewis (February 23, 1765 – August 9, 1830); married distant cousin Charles Carter, had issue.
  • Lawrence Lewis (March 4, 1767 – November 20, 1839); married half-cousin Eleanor Parke Custis, George Washington's step-granddaughter, had issue.
  • Robert Lewis (June 25, 1769 – January 17, 1829); married cousin Judith Carter Browne, had issue.
  • Howell Lewis, Sr. (December 12, 1771 – December 26, 1822); married Ellen Hackley Pollard, had issue, Henry Howell Lewis.

References

  1. ^ Harry Clinton Green and Mary Wolcott Green, The Pioneer Mothers of America, pages 72 through 78 (1912: G.P. Putnam's sons), found at Google books. Accessed February 19, 2008.

External links

  • Pamela Gould, George W., sister, have birthday tea, The Free Lance-Star, February 18, 2008, found at Fredericksburg.com news site. Accessed February 19, 2008.
1796 State of the Union Address

The 1796 State of the Union Address was given by George Washington, the first President of the United States, on Wednesday, December 7, 1796. It was given in Congress Hall, Philadelphia. He gave it directly to Congress. He began with, "In recurring to the internal situation of our country since I had last the pleasure to address you, I find ample reason for a renewed expression of that gratitude to the Ruler of the Universe which a continued series of prosperity has so often and so justly called forth." He ended with, "God's providential care may still be extended to the United States, that the virtue and happiness of the people may be preserved, and that the Government which they have instituted for the protection of their liberties may be perpetual."

Ancestry of George Washington

The Washington immigrant ancestor and great-grandfather of President George Washington was John Washington, who was born in Tring, Hertfordshire, England, in 1631 and arrived in the Colony of Virginia in 1657 after being shipwrecked.George Washington's immediate ancestry entirely traces back to England, save for at least two lines. A paternal great-great-great-grandfather, Nicolas Martiau, was a Huguenot from Île de Ré, France and naturalized Englishman, who arrived at Virginia aboard the Francis Bonaventure in 1620.Furthermore, Washington's maternal great-grandmother, Mary Doodes, was baptized as "Maritje Meinerts" on December 14, 1645, at the Nieuwe Kerk of Amsterdam, Noord-Holland. In Virginia, she was referred to as "Mary Minor", the English equivalent of her Dutch first name and her patronym. Mary was the daughter of Maritje Gerrits and Meinert Doedes (Doodes), a sailor from Wieringen, who arrived in Nansemond County, Virginia, with his wife and children sometime before April 20, 1656. Meinert was naturalized by Acts of Assembly in 1673.

Augustine Washington

Augustine Washington Sr. (November 12, 1694 – April 12, 1743) was the father of the first U.S. President George Washington. He belonged to the Colony of Virginia's landed gentry and was a planter and slaveholder.

Augustine Washington Jr.

Augustine Washington Jr. (1720–1762) was an American soldier, planter, and politician. He was the second and youngest son of Augustine Washington and Jane Butler, and George Washington's half-brother.Augustine Washington Jr. married Anne Aylett at "Nominy Plantation." She was the daughter and coheiress of William Aylett of Westmoreland County, Virginia. The couple had four children.

According to the will of Augustine Washington Sr., the land now known as Mount Vernon first was willed to Lawrence Washington (brother of Augustine Jr.). However, the will instructed that in the case Lawrence should die without an heir the property would go to Augustine Jr. if he would be willing to give the Popes Creek property, known as "Wakefield", to George Washington. Augustine decided instead to keep the Popes Creek property and so George got the property now known as Mount Vernon.

Augustine Jr. was a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses from Westmoreland County from 1754 to 1758. He also was a member of the Ohio Company.In 1753, he inherited his brother Lawrence's share in Accokeek Furnace near Stafford, Virginia.

Charles Washington

Charles Washington (May 2, 1738 – September 16, 1799) was the youngest brother of United States President George Washington. He was a son of Augustine Washington and his second wife, Mary Ball Washington.

Esther Maria Lewis Chapin

Esther Maria "Lili" Lewis Chapin (June 17, 1871 – June 21, 1959) was an American socialite. She was a direct descendant of Betty Washington Lewis, the sister of George Washington. An evening gown she wore in 1888 set a world auction record when sold in 2001.

George Washington (Trumbull)

George Washington is a 1780 portrait of George Washington by American artist John Trumbull which is in the collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York.

The oil on canvas painting measures 36 inches (0.91 m) x 28 inches (0.71 m). It depicts Washington standing near the Hudson River with his servant Billy Lee behind him. West Point can be seen in the distance.

Trumbull painted the picture from memory some five years after serving on Washington's staff during the American War of Independence.

The work is on view in the Metropolitan Museum's Gallery 753.

John Augustine Washington

John Augustine Washington (1736–1787) was a member of the fifth Virginia Convention and a founding member of the Mississippi Land Company. During the American Revolution he was a member of Westmoreland County's

Committee of Safety and the Chairman of the County Committee for Relief of Boston.

John Washington

John Washington (1631–1677) was an English planter, soldier, and politician in colonial Virginia in North America. He was a lieutenant colonel in the local militia. Born in Hertfordshire, England, he settled in Westmoreland County, Virginia. He was the colonist paternal English ancestor and great-grandfather of George Washington, general of the Continental Army and first president of the United States of America.

Kenmore (Fredericksburg, Virginia)

Kenmore, also known as Kenmore Plantation, is a plantation house at 1201 Washington Avenue in Fredericksburg, Virginia. Built in the 1770s, it was the home of Fielding and Betty Washington Lewis and is the only surviving structure from the 1,300-acre (530 ha) Kenmore plantation. Betty was the sister of George Washington, the first president of the United States.

The house is architecturally notable for the remarkable decorative plaster work on the ceilings of many rooms on the first floor. In 1970 the property was declared a National Historic Landmark.Kenmore is owned and operated as a house museum by The George Washington Foundation (formerly George Washington's Fredericksburg Foundation), and is open daily for guided tours. The Foundation also owns nearby Ferry Farm, where George Washington lived as a child.

Lawrence Lewis (1767–1839)

Lawrence Lewis (April 4, 1767 – November 20, 1839) was a nephew of George Washington who married Nelly Custis, a granddaughter of Martha Washington.

Lawrence Washington (1659–1698)

Lawrence Washington (1659 – February 1698), a colonial-era American who is principally remembered as the paternal grandfather of George Washington. He was the owner of a substantial Virginia plantation that he inherited from his father, John Washington, as the firstborn son under the law of primogeniture.

Washington was sent to England to finish his education. In addition to being a landowner and planter, he was a lawyer, soldier, and a politician in colonial Virginia.

Lewis Store

The Lewis Store, also known as the Fielding Lewis Store, is a historic commercial building located at Fredericksburg, Virginia. It was built in 1749, and is a two-story, front-gable, three-bay Georgian style brick store. The second story addition was built in 1808. The building was rehabilitated between 2000 and 2006. The first story consists of a "sales room" on the front and a "counting room" on the rear. The building functioned as a store until 1823, after which it was used as a residence. It was built by John Lewis and operated by him and his son, Fielding Lewis, who was married to George Washington's sister Betty Washington Lewis. Fielding and Betty Lewis built the nearby Kenmore. The Lewis family sold the store in 1776.It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2013. It is located in the Fredericksburg Historic District.

Mary Ball Washington

Mary Ball Washington, born Mary Ball (born sometime between 1707 to 1709 – August 25, 1789), was the second wife of Augustine Washington, a planter in Virginia, and the mother of George Washington, the first President of the United States, and five other children.

Mary Ball Washington House

The Mary Washington House, at 1200 Charles Street in Fredericksburg, Virginia, is the house in which George Washington's mother, Mary Ball Washington, resided towards the end of her life. It is now operated as an 18th-century period historic house museum, one of several museums in Fredericksburg operated by Washington Heritage Museums. Today it displays 18th-century furniture, and her personal possessions, such as her "best dressing glass."

Newburgh letter

On May 22, 1782, the Newburgh letter was sent to George Washington who was camped at Newburgh, New York; written for the army officers by Colonel Lewis Nicola, it proposed that Washington should become the King of the United States. Washington reacted very strongly against the suggestion, and was greatly troubled by it.The letter could in many ways have been a turning point in American history. Nicola's proposal, while never fully formed, would not be suggesting tyranny (he rejected how others equated monarchy and tyranny) but instead a constitutional monarchy. The letter can be considered part of the Newburgh Conspiracy and the first grievance that Nicola highlights is the lack of adequate payment for troops.

River Farm

River Farm (25 acres/10.1 ha), home to the American Horticultural Society (AHS) headquarters, is a historic landscape located at 7931 East Boulevard Drive, Alexandria, Virginia. The estate takes its name from a larger plot of land which formed an outlying part of George Washington's Mount Vernon estate.

Samuel Washington

Samuel Washington (November 27, 1734 [O.S. November 16, 1734] – September 26, 1781) was a colonial American officer and politician who was the brother of United States President George Washington.

Washington Monument (West Point)

The Washington Monument at West Point is an equestrian monument to George Washington at the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York. The bronze replica of a sculpture that was originally designed by Henry Kirke Brown and erected in Union Square, New York City, in 1856— the first equestrian sculpture cast in the United States— was obtained for West Point by Clarence P. Towne and dedicated in 1916. It formerly sat at the north end of the Plain. After expansion of Washington Hall in 1971, it was moved to its current location outside the hall's front entrance.

Ancestors of Betty Washington Lewis
16. Lawrence Washington
8. John Washington
17. Amphyllis Twigden
4. Lawrence Washington
18. Nathaniel Pope
9. Anne Pope
19. Lucy (Luce) Fox
2. Augustine Washington
20. Augustine Warner
10. Augustine Warner Jr.
21. Mary Towneley
5. Mildred Warner
22. George Reade
11. Mildred Read
23. Elizabeth Martian (Martiau)
1. Betty Washington Lewis
24. William Ball
12. William Ball
25. Dorothy Tuttle
6. Joseph Ball
26. Thomas Atherold
13. Hannah Atherold
27. Mary Harvey
3. Mary Ball
28. Peter Montague
14. Peter Montague
29. Cicely Matthews
7. Mary Montague
30. Meindert Doodes
15. Mary Doodes
31.Mary Garrett (or Geret)
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