Bethesda, Maryland

Bethesda is an unincorporated, census-designated place in southern Montgomery County, Maryland, United States, located just northwest of the U.S. capital of Washington, D.C. It takes its name from a local church, the Bethesda Meeting House (1820, rebuilt 1849), which in turn took its name from Jerusalem's Pool of Bethesda.[2] In Aramaic, beth ḥesda (ܒܝܬ ܚܣܕܐ) means "House of Mercy" and in Hebrew, beit ḥesed (בית חסד) means "House of Kindness". The National Institutes of Health main campus and the Walter Reed National Military Medical Center are in Bethesda, as are a number of corporate and government headquarters.

As an unincorporated community, Bethesda has no official boundaries. The United States Census Bureau defines a census-designated place named Bethesda whose center is located at 38°59′N 77°7′W / 38.983°N 77.117°W. The United States Geological Survey has defined Bethesda as an area whose center is at 38°58′50″N 77°6′2″W / 38.98056°N 77.10056°W, slightly different from the Census Bureau's definition. Other definitions are used by the Bethesda Urban Planning District, the United States Postal Service (which defines Bethesda to comprise the ZIP Codes 20810, 20811, 20813, 20814, 20815, 20816, and 20817), and other organizations. According to estimates released by the U.S. Census Bureau in 2013, the community had a total population of 63,374. Most of Bethesda's residents are in Maryland Legislative District 15.

Bethesda, Maryland
The intersection of Maryland Route 187 (Old Georgetown Road), Maryland Route 355 (Wisconsin Avenue), and Maryland Route 410 (East West Highway), near the Bethesda Metro station entrance, in downtown Bethesda.
The intersection of Maryland Route 187 (Old Georgetown Road), Maryland Route 355 (Wisconsin Avenue), and Maryland Route 410 (East West Highway), near the Bethesda Metro station entrance, in downtown Bethesda.
Boundaries of Bethesda CDP from U.S. Census Bureau
Boundaries of Bethesda CDP from U.S. Census Bureau
Location of Bethesda in Montgomery County, Maryland
Location of Bethesda in Montgomery County, Maryland
Coordinates: 38°59′5″N 77°6′47″W / 38.98472°N 77.11306°WCoordinates: 38°59′5″N 77°6′47″W / 38.98472°N 77.11306°W
Country United States
State Maryland
County Montgomery
Area
 • Total34.2 km2 (13.2 sq mi)
 • Land34.0 km2 (13.1 sq mi)
 • Water0.2 km2 (0.1 sq mi)
Elevation
97 m (318 ft)
Population
(2013[1])
 • Total63,374
 • Density1,623.9/km2 (4,205.8/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP Codes
20800–20899
Area codes301, 240
FIPS code24-07125
GNIS feature ID0583184

History

Bethesda is situated along a major thoroughfare that was originally the route of an Indian trail. Henry Fleet (1602–1661) was an English fur trader and the first European to travel to the area, which he reached by sailing up the Potomac River. He stayed with the Piscataway tribe from 1623 to 1627 as both a guest and a prisoner, then returned to England. He spoke of potential riches in fur and gold, and won funding for another American expedition.[3]

Most early settlers in Maryland were tenant farmers who paid their rent in tobacco, and colonists continued to push farther north in search of fertile land. Henry Darnall (1645–1711) surveyed a 710-acre (2.9 km2) area in 1694 which became the first land grant in Bethesda.[3] and tobacco farming was the primary way of life in Bethesda throughout the 1700s. The establishment of Washington, D.C. in 1790 deprived Montgomery County of its economic center at Georgetown, although the event had little effect on the small farmers throughout Bethesda.[3]

Between 1805 and 1821, Bethesda became a rural way station after development of the Washington and Rockville Turnpike, which carried tobacco and other products between Georgetown and Rockville, and north to Frederick. A small settlement grew around a store and tollhouse along the turnpike by 1862 known as "Darcy's Store", named after the store's owner William E. Darcy. The settlement was renamed in 1871 by postmaster Robert Franck after the Bethesda Meeting House, a Presbyterian church built in 1820. The church burned in 1849 and was rebuilt the same year about 100 yards (91 m) south, and its former location became the Cemetery of the Bethesda Meeting House.[4]

Bethesda did not develop beyond a small crossroads village through the 19th century, consisting of a blacksmith shop, a church and school, and a few houses and stores. In 1852, the postmaster general established a post office in Bethesda and appointed Rev. A. R. Smith its first postmaster.[5] A streetcar line was established in 1890 and suburbanization increased in the early 1900s, and Bethesda began to grow in population. Communities that were situated near railroad lines had grown the fastest during the 19th century, but mass production of the automobile ended that dependency and Bethesda planners grew the community with the transportation revolution in mind.[3] This included becoming a key stopping point for the B & O railroad on their Georgetown Branch line completed around 1910 that ran from Silver Spring to Georgetown, passing through Bethesda on the way. The branch had a storage yard there and multiple sidings that served the industries in Bethesda in the early 20th century. B & O successor CSX ceased train service on the line in 1985, so the county transformed it into a trail in the rails-to-trails movement. The tracks were removed in 1994 and the first part of the trail was opened in 1998; it has become the most used rail trail in the United States, averaging over one million users per year.[6]

Subdivisions began to appear on old farmland in the late 19th century, becoming the neighborhoods of Drummond, Woodmont, Edgemoor, and Battery Park. Farther north, several wealthy men made Rockville Pike famous for its mansions. These included Brainard W. Parker ("Cedarcroft", 1892), James Oyster ("Strathmore", 1899), George E. Hamilton ("Hamilton House", 1904; now the Stone Ridge School), Luke I. Wilson ("Tree Tops", 1926), Gilbert Hovey Grosvenor ("Wild Acres", 1928–29), and George Freeland Peter ("Stone House", 1930). In 1930, Dr Armistead Peter's pioneering manor house "Winona" (1873) became the clubhouse of the Woodmont Country Club on land that is now part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) campus. Merle Thorpe's mansion "Pook's Hill" (1927, razed 1948) became the home-in-exile of the Norwegian Royal Family during World War II.[4][7]

World War II and the subsequent expansion of government further fed the rapid growth of Bethesda. Both the National Naval Medical Center (1940–42) and the NIH complex (1948) were built just to the north of the developing downtown, and this drew government contractors, medical professionals, and other businesses to the area. In recent years, Bethesda has consolidated as the major urban core and employment center of southwestern Montgomery County.[4] This recent growth has been vigorous following the expansion of Metrorail with a station in Bethesda in 1984. Alan Kay built the Bethesda Metro Center over the Red line metro rail which opened up further commercial and residential development in the immediate vicinity.[8] In the 2000s, the strict height limits on construction in the District of Columbia led to the development of mid- and high-rise office and residential towers around the Bethesda Metro stop, effectively creating a major urban center.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 13.2 square miles (34 km2). 13.1 square miles (34 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (0.38%) is water.

The main commercial corridor that runs through Bethesda is Maryland Route 355 (known as Wisconsin Avenue in Bethesda and as Rockville Pike and Hungerford Drive in more northern communities), which, to the north, connects Bethesda with the communities of North Bethesda and Rockville, ending, after several name changes, in Frederick, Maryland. Toward the South, Rockville Pike becomes Wisconsin Avenue near the NIH Campus and continues beyond Bethesda through Chevy Chase, Friendship Heights and into Washington, D.C., ending in Georgetown.

The area commonly known as "Downtown Bethesda" is centered at the intersection of Wisconsin Avenue, Old Georgetown Road and East-West Highway. Other focal points of downtown Bethesda include the Woodmont Triangle, bordered by Old Georgetown Road (Maryland Route 187), Woodmont and Rugby Avenues, and the Bethesda Row, centered at the intersection of Woodmont Avenue and Bethesda Avenue. Much of the dense construction in that area followed the opening of the Bethesda station on the Red Line of the Washington Metro rapid transit system, also located at this intersection and the centerpiece of the Bethesda Metro Center development. The Medical Center Metro stop lies about 0.7 miles north of the Bethesda stop, Medical Center, which serves the NIH Campus, the Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, and the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
196056,527
197071,62126.7%
198062,736−12.4%
199062,9360.3%
200055,277−12.2%
201060,85810.1%
source:[9]

2000

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 55,277 people, 23,659 households, and 14,455 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 4,205.8 inhabitants per square mile (1,624.2/km²). There were 24,368 housing units at an average density of 1,854.1 per square mile (716.0/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 85.86% White, 2.67% Black or African American, 0.17% Native American, 7.92% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 1.23% from other races, and 2.11% from two or more races. 5.43% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 23,659 households out of which 28.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.4% were married couples living together, 6.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.9% were non-families. 32.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the CDP, the population was spread out with 21.8% under the age of 18, 4.6% from 18 to 24, 29.2% from 25 to 44, 27.1% from 45 to 64, and 17.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.0 males.

Bethesda is a very wealthy and well-educated area. According to the 2000 Census, Bethesda was the best-educated city in the United States of America with a population of 50,000 or more. 79% of residents 25 or older have bachelor's degrees and 49% have graduate or professional degrees. According to a 2007 estimate,[11] the median income for a household in the CDP was $117,723, and the median income for a family was $168,385. Males had a median income of $84,797 versus $57,569 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $58,479. About 1.7% of families and 3.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.8% of those under age 18 and 4.1% of those age 65 or over. Many commute to Washington, D.C. for work. The average price of a four bedroom, two bath home in Bethesda in 2010 was $806,817 (which ranks it as the twentieth most expensive community in America).[12]

Bethesda is often associated with its neighboring communities, Potomac, Chevy Chase, Great Falls, Virginia, and McLean, Virginia, for their similar demographics. In April 2009, Forbes ranked Bethesda second on its list of "America's Most Livable Cities".[13] In October 2009, based on education, income, health, and fitness, Total Beauty ranked Bethesda first on its list of the U.S.'s "Top 10 Hottest-Guy Cities."[14] In 2009, Self magazine ranked Bethesda as the second healthiest place for women in the country, a year after ranking it number one.[15] As of 2009, eight Pulitzer Prize winners live in Bethesda, as do several well-known political commentators (including George Will, David Brooks, and Thomas Friedman).[16] In 2014, it placed first on both Forbes' list of America's most educated small towns[17] and Time's list of top earning towns.[18]

Landmarks

NIH Clinical Research Center aerial
An aerial view of NIH in Bethesda, Maryland.

Important medical institutions located in Bethesda include the National Institutes of Health campus, Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, and the adjoining Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, as well as a number of other military medical and research institutions. Other federal institutions include the Consumer Product Safety Commission, and the Naval Surface Warfare Center Carderock Division.

The headquarters of defense conglomerate Lockheed Martin, managed health care company Coventry Health Care and hotel and resort chains Marriott International and Host Hotels & Resorts, Inc. are located in Bethesda. Software company Bethesda Softworks was originally located in Bethesda, but moved to Rockville, Maryland, in 1990. The Discovery Channel also had its headquarters in Bethesda before relocating to Silver Spring in 2004. On the professional services side, numerous banks (PNC, Capital One Bank) brokerage firms (SmithBarney, Merrill Lynch, Charles Schwab, Fidelity) and law firms (Ballard Spahr, JDKatz, Paley Rothman, Lerch Early & Brewer) maintain offices in Bethesda. Bethesda has two farmers markets, the Montgomery Farm Woman's Cooperative Market and the Bethesda Central Farmer's Market.

Bethesda ave night 20080730 224847 1
Bethesda Avenue at night

Federal Realty Investment Trust (FRIT) has developed much of the west side of downtown Bethesda into an area called Bethesda Row. The vibrant district includes an Apple Store, an Amazon Books location,[19] a cinema, and dozens of shops and restaurants. Also located in downtown Bethesda is one of the Madonna of the Trail monuments, erected by the National Old Trails Association working in concert with the Daughters of the American Revolution; President Harry S Truman presided over the dedication of the Bethesda monument, on April 19, 1929. Nearby is the Bethesda Post Office. Also starting in the heart of downtown Bethesda, is the Capital Crescent Trail which follows the old tracks of the B&O Railroad stretching from Georgetown, Washington, D.C., to Silver Spring, MD. Walter Reed Medical Center and the Bethesda Theater are two important Art Deco architectural structures in the suburbs surrounding Washington, D.C.

Bethesda is the home of Congressional Country Club, which is recognized as one of the most prestigious private country clubs in the world. Congressional has hosted four major golf championships, including the 2011 U.S. Open, won by Rory McIlroy. The AT&T National, hosted by Tiger Woods, has been played at Congressional four times. Bethesda is also home of the exclusive Burning Tree Club, Bethesda Country Club, and the Bethesda Community Baseball Club, which operates the Bethesda Big Train, a summer collegiate baseball team.

A number of ambassador residences are in Bethesda, including Bangladesh, Cape Verde, Guyana, Honduras, Lesotho, Morocco, Nicaragua, Uruguay, and Zimbabwe.[20]

Education

Public primary schools located in Bethesda include:

  • Ashburton Elementary School
  • Bannockburn Elementary School
  • Bethesda Elementary School
  • Bradley Hills Elementary School
  • Burning Tree Elementary School
  • Carderock Springs Elementary School
  • Seven Locks Elementary School
  • Westbrook Elementary School
  • Wood Acres Elementary School
  • Wyngate Elementary School

Public middle schools located in Bethesda include:

Public high schools located in Bethesda include:

Private schools located in Bethesda include:

Bethesda is also home to a federally funded and operated health science university, the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USU). The primary mission of USU is to prepare graduates for service in the Medical Corps of the U.S. Army, Navy, Air Force, and Public Health Service. The university consists of the F. Edward Hebert School of Medicine, a medical school, and the Graduate School of Nursing, a nursing school.

The Washington Japanese Language School (WJLS, ワシントン日本語学校 Washington Nihongo Gakkō), a supplementary weekend Japanese school, holds its classes at the Stone Ridge School of the Sacred Heart in Bethesda.[22][23] The WJLS maintains its school office in North Bethesda, adjacent to Garrett Park.[24][25][23] The institution, giving supplemental education to Japanese-speaking children in the Washington, D.C. area, was founded in 1958,[26] making it the oldest Japanese government-sponsored supplementary school in the U.S.[27]

The Writer's Center in Bethesda publishes Poet Lore, the longest continuously running poetry journal in the United States.[28]

Economy

Notable companies based in Bethesda include:

Management

Downtown Bethesda is managed by Bethesda Urban Partnership, a non-profit organization established in 1994 by Montgomery County.

Transportation

Washington Metro's Red Line services two primary locations in Bethesda: the downtown area at the Bethesda, and the area near the National Institutes of Health and the Walter Reed Medical Center at the Medical Center Washington Metro stations. The Maryland Transit Administration's Purple Line, a light-rail rail currently under construction, will provide a direct connection from Bethesda to Silver Spring, the University of Maryland, College Park, and New Carrollton.[29] The Purple Line will allow riders from Bethesda to move between the Red, Green, and Orange lines of the Washington Metro transportation system, as well as to MARC and Amtrak trains, without needing to ride into central Washington, D.C.[30]

Local buses include:

  • WMATA's Metrobus
  • The Montgomery County Ride On bus system also has several routes through Bethesda.
  • Bethesda Circulator, a free loop bus that operates Monday-Saturday and covers most of downtown Bethesda.

Long-distance buses include Vamoose Bus and Tripper Bus,[31] both of which provide service from downtown Bethesda to the proximity of Penn Station in Midtown Manhattan, New York City.

In popular culture

Notable natives and residents

See also

References

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  2. ^ "Where Are You From? - Credo Reference". credoreference.com.
  3. ^ a b c d "History of Bethesda". Fox Hill Residences. Retrieved October 13, 2015.
  4. ^ a b c Offutt, William; Sween, Jane (1999). Montgomery County: Centuries of Change. American Historical Press. pp. 161–162.
  5. ^ "Maryland New Post-Office". The Baltimore Sun. January 7, 1852. p. 2.
  6. ^ "In Bethesda, railroad track remnants show downtown's former industrial side", The Washington Post, August 29, 2012
  7. ^ "Norway Buys Pooks Hill For Crown Prince's Home", The New York Times, August 2, 1941, p. 6
  8. ^ Bernstein, Alan, "Alan I. Kay, Washington area real estate magnate and philanthropist, dies at 75", The Washington Post, June 19, 2010
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-10-01. Retrieved 2007-03-19.
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  11. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau: Bethesda CDP".
  12. ^ Clabaugh, Jeff (2010-09-22). "Bethesda ranks #20 on expensive homes list".
  13. ^ Greenburg, Zack O'Malley (2009-04-01). "America's Most Livable Cities". Forbes. Retrieved 2009-06-03.
  14. ^ "Top 10 Hottest-Guy Cities". Retrieved 2009-10-22.
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  21. ^ "Little Flower School".
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  25. ^ "2010 CENSUS - CENSUS BLOCK MAP: North Bethesda CDP, MD" (Archive). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on April 30, 2014.
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  29. ^ Di Caro, Martin (August 28, 2017). "Everything You Need To Know About The Purple Line". WAMU. Retrieved 2018-01-04.
  30. ^ "Project Overview - Maryland Purple Line". www.purplelinemd.com. Retrieved 2018-01-04.
  31. ^ "Tripper Bus Service - Bus Pick-Up Locations".
  32. ^ "Tripper Bus Service - Bus Pick-Up Locations". Tripperbus.com. Retrieved 2017-06-25.
  33. ^ . 2009-03-30 https://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/03/29/AR2009032902355.html. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  34. ^ Lee, Youyoung (2013-10-28). "Saul Gets The Pink Slip". Huffington Post.
  35. ^ "Red Auerbach Dies at 89".
  36. ^ "The Deane of amateurs wins again".
  37. ^ "Hoax emergency message sends police to Wolf Blitzer's house in Bethesda".
  38. ^ "Our Sports Authority".
  39. ^ "Q&A: Preston Burpo".
  40. ^ "Washington Business Report – Nov. 23, 2014".
  41. ^ F. Paul Driscoll (December 2015). "Sound Bites: Andrea Carroll". Opera News.
  42. ^ "10 Things You May Not Know About Me: Michael Cerveris of 'Fun Home'". Archived from the original on 2015-07-02. Retrieved 2015-08-21.
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  44. ^ "Tight end Colin Cloherty '09 has a 'crazy ride' as an NFL rookie".
  45. ^ "CNN's new anchor Candy Crowley is not your typical broadcaster".
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  47. ^ "Gregg Easterbrook".
  48. ^ http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts
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  51. ^ Andrew Metcalf, Obama Nominates Bethesda Resident Merrick Garland to Serve on U.S. Supreme Court, Bethesda Magazine (March 16, 2016).
  52. ^ "The Pivotal, Behind-the-Scenes Story of How the "Game Change" Guys Get Sources to Talk".
  53. ^ http://www.nbcwashington.com/on-air/about-us/Steve_Handelsman.htm
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  57. ^ —Spike Jonze. "Spike Jonze - Film Actor, Screenwriter, Actor, Director, Producer, Television Producer". Retrieved 2017-06-25.
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  63. ^ "Allison Macfarlane in the hot seat".
  64. ^ "Class Act".
  65. ^ "5 Things You Should Know About Martin O'Malley".
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  68. ^ "15 Celebrities Who Grew Up Here".
  69. ^ "13 Questions for Alexandra Robbins".
  70. ^ Drew, Jonathan (January 6, 2019). "Soccer star Wayne Rooney charged with public intoxication". Associated Press. documents, which list Rooney as living in the capital suburb of Bethesda, Maryland...
  71. ^ "About Actor Richard Schiff".
  72. ^ "Quickish founder Dan Shanoff joins the USA TODAY Sports Media Group".
  73. ^ "David Simon of 'The Wire': Former high school muckraker".
  74. ^ "Gordon Smith finds happiness in private sector, has no plans to seek office".
  75. ^ "Famous Faces from Montgomery County".
  76. ^ "Michael Wilbon: sports writer turned TV star".

External links

1997 U.S. Open (golf)

The 1997 United States Open Championship was the 97th U.S. Open, held June 12–15 at the Blue Course of Congressional Country Club in Bethesda, Maryland, a suburb northwest of Washington, D.C.. Ernie Els won his second U.S. Open, the second of his four major championships, one stroke ahead of runner-up Colin Montgomerie.

AC Hotels

AC Hotels by Marriott owns and operates a chain of hotels in Austria, Brazil, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Poland, Spain, Turkey, United Kingdom and North America. The company's amenities include accommodation, dining, corporate programs, meeting and conference rooms, and facilities for weddings. It serves business and leisure travelers. The company was known as AC Hoteles S.A. until it changed its name to AC Hotels by Marriott on June 8, 2011. The Spanish corporation is known as Belagua 2013. The company was founded in 1998 in (Madrid), Spain. As of June 8, 2011, AC Hotels by Marriott operates as a subsidiary of Marriott International, Inc. and is now based at their headquarters in Bethesda, Maryland. Antonio Catalán is the CEO.

On June 3, 2013, Marriott International announced that it would bring AC Hotels to the North American market, with the first hotel likely to open by the end of 2014. Marriott executives said the launch of AC Hotels in North America, the first select-service brand Marriott launched in the U.S. in 15 years, would target Generation Y consumers seeking a hotel experience with a "design-led sensibility". The first AC Hotel in the United States, the AC Hotel New Orleans Bourbon, opened to the public on December 8, 2014, and was followed by properties in Miami Beach, Washington, Kansas City, Irvine, Atlanta, and Tucson. The first AC Hotel in Canada, the AC Marriott Montreal Downtown, opened to the public on April 25th, 2018 and is managed by Rimap Hospitality Services.

Chip Roy

Charles Eugene "Chip" Roy (born August 7, 1972) is an American attorney, political aide, and politician who serves as the U.S. Representative for Texas's 21st congressional district. He is a member of the Republican Party.

Chris Frazier

Christopher Ridgeway Frazier (born 7 September 1967 in Bethesda, Maryland, United States) is a musician who has been a world-class drummer, and known in the professional ranks since he started recording and touring with guitar virtuoso Steve Vai from 1985 through 2001. Frazier was the touring drummer with classic rock icon, Eddie Money from 2003 through 2006, when he was approached to become the drummer of veteran rock band Whitesnake.

Frazier was called up by David Coverdale in May 2006, Coverdale took an instant liking to him. Frazier had done work extensive with Whitesnakes guitar player, Doug Aldrich in the past. Frazier was with Whitesnake through December, 2010.

Before Whitesnake, Frazier worked with Eddie Money (2003–2006), Edgar Winter and TMG (Tak Matsumoto Group), which featured Jack Blades and Eric Martin as well. Chris had worked with Whitesnake guitarist Doug Aldrich on his solo albums, and with guitar virtuoso Steve Vai.

Frazier is currently the drummer for the iconic rock band Foreigner, having joined in September 2012.

Colleen Haskell

Colleen Marie Haskell (born December 6, 1976) is a former American reality show contestant, television producer, and actress. She was a contestant on the first season of the American reality show Survivor in 2000.

Dalecarlia Reservoir

Dalecarlia Reservoir is the primary storage basin for drinking water in Washington, D.C., fed by an underground aqueduct in turn fed by low dams which divert portions of the Potomac River near Great Falls and Little Falls.

The reservoir is located between Spring Valley and the Palisades, two neighborhoods in Northwest Washington, and Brookmont, a neighborhood in Montgomery County, Maryland.

The 50-acre (200,000 m2) reservoir was completed in 1858 by the United States Army Corps of Engineers as part of the Washington Aqueduct project. It began providing water on January 3, 1859. Initially the reservoir provided water to the city from the adjacent Little Falls Branch until the aqueduct construction was completed. Regular water service from the Potomac River source through the aqueduct commenced in 1864. The reservoir was modified in 1895 and 1935 to improve water quality and increase water supply.The Capital Crescent Trail runs adjacent to the reservoir and through the center of the pumping campus. The boundary between Maryland and the District of Columbia passes through the reservoir. A historic D.C. boundary marker (Northwest No. 5) is located in a woodland east of the reservoir. Another (Northwest No. 4) is located a short distance east of the Capital Crescent Trail, near the Dalecarlia water purification facility.

The reservoir is maintained by the Washington Aqueduct division of the Army Corps of Engineers.

David Hearn (canoeist)

David Carter "Davey" Hearn (born April 17, 1959 in Bethesda, Maryland) is a former slalom canoeist who competed from the late 1970s to the early 2000s (decade). He won seven medals in the C1 event at the ICF Canoe Slalom World Championships with two golds (1985, 1995) and five silvers (1979, 1981, 1983, 1987, 1989). He also won six consecutive world championship gold medals in the C1 team event (1979-1989).

Hearn competed in three Summer Olympics, earning his best finish of ninth in the C1 event in Atlanta in 1996.

Hearn's sister, Cathy, and his ex-brother-in-law, Lecky Haller, also competed in canoe slalom for the United States.

Holton-Arms School

Holton-Arms is an independent college-preparatory school for girls in grades 3–12, located in Bethesda, Maryland. As of the 2013-14 school year, there were 655 students and 94 faculty. Since 2007, Susanna Jones has been Head of School.

The school has three divisions, Lower School (grades 3–6), Middle School (7–8), and Upper School (9–12). Tuition for 2018-19 is $42,975 for grades 3-6 and additional expenses for grades 7-12. In 2017-2018, the financial aid budget was $4.4 million.

Honest Tea

Honest Tea (U.S.) is a bottled organic tea company based in Bethesda, Maryland. It was founded in 1998 by Seth Goldman and Barry Nalebuff. The company is a wholly owned subsidiary of The Coca-Cola Company.

Keith Gary

Keith Gary (born September 14, 1959) is a former American football defensive end. Gary was selected in the first round by the Pittsburgh Steelers out of the University of Oklahoma in the 1981 NFL Draft, but didn't sign and went to play two seasons with the Montreal Alouettes of the CFL. He then played six seasons with the Steelers.

He may perhaps be best known for committing one of the most vicious facemask penalties in NFL history. During a Week 6 game against the Cincinnati Bengals in 1983, he grabbed quarterback Ken Anderson, ripping his facemask off and knocking Anderson out of the game with a severe neck sprain.

Landon School

Landon School is a private, nonsectarian, college preparatory school for boys in grades 3–12, with an enrollment of approximately 680 students, in Bethesda, Maryland, just outside Washington, D.C.

Mater Dei School (Bethesda, Maryland)

Mater Dei is an elementary school for boys grades 1 through 8, conducted by Catholic laymen, in Bethesda, Maryland.

North Bethesda, Maryland

North Bethesda is an unincorporated, census-designated place in Montgomery County, Maryland, United States, located just north-west of the U.S. capital of Washington, D.C. Among its 14 neighborhoods, the centrally-located, urbanizing district of White Flint is the commercial and residential hub of North Bethesda. The WMATA White Flint metro station and Grosvenor-Strathmore metro station serve the region. Four of the National Institutes of Health as well other federal agencies, including the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, the Health Resources and Services Administration, and the United States Public Health Service Commissioned Corps, are headquartered in North Bethesda. A number of corporate headquarters are headquartered in North Bethesda, as well as nonprofits such as the American Kidney Fund, the Society of American Foresters and United States Pharmacopeia (USP).

The region is also known for a number of its long-standing institutions, such as the Neo-Georgian Mansion at Strathmore and the Georgetown Preparatory School. The Music Center at Strathmore is also located in North Bethesda.

Robert Llewellyn Wright House

The Robert Llewellyn Wright House is a historic home located at 7927 Deepwell Drive in Bethesda, Maryland, USA. It is an 1800-square foot two-story concrete-block structure designed by architect Frank Lloyd Wright in 1953, and constructed in 1957 for his sixth child, Robert Llewellyn Wright, who worked at the Justice Department.The Usonian house was designed using intersecting and concentric segments of a circle, or "hemicycles". Initial designs were scrapped after the construction was too costly.The house can be seen from Deepwell Drive on a sloping lot that overlooks a stream. It is also visible from the Cabin John Stream Valley Trail, which follows the Cabin John Creek below it. In 1960, the grounds were landscaped by the son of the architect, Lloyd Wright.

As of 2010, the house was inhabited by Tom Wright, grandson of Frank Lloyd and volcano specialist.It is one of only two Wright-designed structures in Maryland; the other is the Joseph Euchtman House in Baltimore County.

Small Press Expo

The Small Press Expo (SPX) is a registered 501(c)(3) that was created in 1994. Every year since its inception, SPX has put on a festival, known as The Expo, that provides a forum for artists, writers and publishers of comic art in its various forms to present their creations to the public and to expose the public to comic art not normally accessible through normal commercial channels. The annual SPX festival, typically held in the fall in Bethesda, Maryland, rivals the Alternative Press Expo as the premiere convention for alternative comics creators and fans. SPX is unique amongst the various comic conventions as it does not allow retailers to have a formal presence at the convention. Only creators and publishers are allowed to set up at the festival, although retailers can and do attend the show with the general public through paid admissions.

SPX is the home of the Ignatz Awards, which have been presented there annually since 1997. As one of the few festival awards rewarded in comics, they are voted on by attendees.

SPX is closely associated with the Comic Book Legal Defense Fund (CBLDF). A portion of the profits from the annual SPX festival including raising activities that take place during the convention weekend, go to the CBLDF. Since 1997, SPX has been held in conjunction with the International Comics and Animation Festival (ICAF) many times.

Stone Ridge School of the Sacred Heart

Stone Ridge School of the Sacred Heart (previously known as Stone Ridge Country Day School) is a prestigious, highly selective private school for girls in the Washington, D.C. area. The 35-acre campus is located in Bethesda, Maryland.

Ranked as one of the most academically challenging schools in the DC Metropolitan area, one hundred percent of Stone Ridge graduates go to college, with alumnae attending schools such as Harvard University, Georgetown University, Princeton University, and the University of Pennsylvania. Notable alumnae include Katie Ledecky, Cokie Roberts, Maria Shriver, Joanna Sturm, and Kathleen Kennedy Townsend.

Founded in 1923 by the Society of the Sacred Heart, Stone Ridge is a member of the Network of Sacred Heart Schools with 23 school and affiliates in the United States and over 200 schools worldwide.

Catherine Ronan Karrels, the first lay head and a 1986 graduate, has served as head of school since the fall of 2008. The Stone Ridge mascot is Gerty the Gator.

Upper school tuition for 2018-2019 is $35,500.

United States National Library of Medicine

The United States National Library of Medicine (NLM), operated by the United States federal government, is the world's largest medical library.Located in Bethesda, Maryland, the NLM is an institute within the National Institutes of Health. Its collections include more than seven million books, journals, technical reports, manuscripts, microfilms, photographs, and images on medicine and related sciences, including some of the world's oldest and rarest works.

The current director of the NLM is Patricia Flatley Brennan.

Walt Whitman High School (Maryland)

Walt Whitman High School is a public secondary institution serving roughly the western part of Bethesda—an unincorporated suburban area of Washington, D.C., in Montgomery County, in Maryland. The school is named in honor of the American poet, Walt Whitman. Thomas W. Pyle Middle School feeds into Walt Whitman High School.

Westfield Montgomery

Westfield Montgomery (formerly Montgomery Mall) is a shopping complex in Bethesda, Maryland. Anchor stores include Macy's, Macy's Home, and Nordstrom.

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