Berehove

Berehove or Beregovo (Ukrainian: Берегове; Russian: Берегово; Hungarian: Beregszász; Yiddish: בערעגסאזBeregsaz, Rusyn: Берегово) is a city located in Zakarpattia Oblast (province) in western Ukraine, near the border with Hungary. Population: 24,038 (2016 est.)[1]. It's the cultural centre of the Hungarian ethnicity living in Ukraine.

Serving as the administrative center of Berehove Raion (district), the city itself is also designated as a city of oblast significance, with a status equal to a separate raion. It was the capital of the Kingdom of Hungary's Bereg County until 1919 and between 1938–1944. From 1919 until 1938 it was part of Czechoslovakia.

Berehove/Берегове
Beregovo

Берегове (in Ukrainian)
Берегово (in Russian)
Beregszász (in Hungarian)
Flag of Berehove/Берегове Beregovo

Flag
Coat of arms of Berehove/Берегове Beregovo

Coat of arms
Berehove is located in Zakarpattia Oblast
Berehove
Berehove
Location of Berehovo
Berehove is located in Ukraine
Berehove
Berehove
Berehove (Ukraine)
Coordinates: 48°12′20″N 22°38′50″E / 48.20556°N 22.64722°ECoordinates: 48°12′20″N 22°38′50″E / 48.20556°N 22.64722°E
Country Ukraine
Oblast Zakarpattia Oblast
RaionCity of Berehove
Incorporated1945
Government
 • MayorZoltán Babiák
Area
 • Total19 km2 (7 sq mi)
Elevation
115 m (377 ft)
Population
(2016)
 • Total24,038
 • Density1,371.05/km2 (3,551.0/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
90200
Area code(s)+380-3141
ClimateCfb
Websitehttp://www.bereg.net.ua/

Name

Листівки - Берегове гребель в 1900 році
The dam in Berehove Postcard 1900

The city has many different variations of spelling its name: Romanian: Bereg, Rusyn: Берегово (translit. Berehovo), Russian: Берегово (translit. Beregovo), Czech and Slovak: Berehovo, Yiddish: בערעגסאז‎, Beregsaz, German: Bergsaß, Polish: Bereg Saski.

Residents of Berehovo voted on October 31, 2010 in a referendum on renaming the town to Beregszász, its Hungarian-language name.[2][3] Voter turnout was less than 52%, with 4,688 voting for renaming, 4,358 against, and 1,016 invalid ballots.[4]

Administrative division

Beregszasz city limit sign rovas script
City limit sign, in three scripts, two languages

Part of the city is also a near adjacent village of Zatyshne of 504 people that has its representation in the city's council.

Hungarian has been made a regional language in Berehovo in September 2012; meaning it will now be used in the town's administrative office work and documents.[5] This was made possible after new legislation on languages in Ukraine was passed in the summer of 2012.[5]

Climate

Berehove has an oceanic climate (Köppen: Cfb).

Demographics

In 1910, out of 12,933 inhabitants 12,432 were Hungarians (96.1%), 221 Ukrainians (Ruthenians) and 140 Germans.[7]

The current estimated population is around 26,100 (as of 2005).

In 2001, ethnic groups included:[8]

Prior to World War II, the city had a significant Jewish population, estimated at 8,000 persons. Only four returned, following the war.[9]

Notable citizens

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Berehove is twinned with:

References

  1. ^ "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 19 July 2016.
  2. ^ Information by Fedir Shandor, the Head of the Carpathian Polling Research Center according to Ukrainian Radio website
  3. ^ Берегсас вместо Берегово (GLAVRED: Beregszász instead of Berehove) November 5, 2010
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ a b Romanian becomes regional language in Bila Tserkva in Zakarpattia region, Kyiv Post (24 September 2012)
  6. ^ "Climate: Berehove". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 18 April 2014.
  7. ^ (Hungarian) Szarka László. "A városi magyar népesség a Magyarországgal szomszédos országokban (1910-2000)" (PDF). p. 201. Retrieved 2008-06-25.
  8. ^ "Ukraine population census 2001". Rebek.
  9. ^ Jim Bawden, "Auschwitz twin confronts past". Toronto Star, March 5, 2001: C7.
  10. ^ Andrea BOCSKOR, European Parliament
  11. ^ a b (in Ukrainian) A citizen of Ukraine has become a Member of European Parliament, Ukrayinska Pravda (3 July 2014)

External links

Bereg County

Bereg (Rusyn: Береґ; German: Berg) was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now in northeastern Hungary and western Ukraine. The capital of the county was Beregszász ("Berehove" in Ukrainian, Berehovo in Rusyn, Bergsaß in German, Beregovo in Russian, Bereg in Romanian).

Berehove, Yalta municipality

Berehove (Ukrainian: Берегове; Russian: Береговое; Crimean Tatar: Kastropol) is an urban-type settlement in the Yalta Municipality of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, a territory recognized by a majority of countries as part of Ukraine and annexed by Russia as the Republic of Crimea.Berehove is located on Crimea's southern shore at an elevation of 77 metres (253 ft). The settlement is located 10.5 km (6.5 mi) west from Simeiz, which it is administratively subordinate to. Its population was 478 in the 2001 Ukrainian census. Current population: 374 (2014 Census).

Berehove Raion

Berehove Raion (Ukrainian: Берегівський район, Hungarian: Beregszászi járás) is a district (raion) in Zakarpattia Oblast (province) in the westernmost corner of Ukraine. The administrative center is Berehove, which does not belong to the raion and is incorporated separately as a city of oblast significance. For many centuries the territory of the district was part of Bereg County. Population: 51,391 (2016 est.).

Football Federation of Zakarpattia

Football Federation of Zakarpattia is a football governing body in the region of Zakarpattia Oblast, Ukraine. The federation is a member of the Football Federation of Ukraine.

Géza Kalocsay

Géza Kalocsay (30 May 1913 – 26 September 2008) was a footballer and manager from Hungary, who played internationally for both Czechoslovakia (3 caps) and Hungary (2 caps).At the time of his death in September 2008 at the age of 95, he was the last surviving player to have represented either Czechoslovakia or Hungary before the Second World War.

Highway M23 (Ukraine)

Highway M23 is one of the shortest Ukrainian international highway (M-highway) which connects Berehove with Khust and runs in the southern portion of the region next to the Hungarian and Romanian borders. From Berehove to the little settlement of Vylok the M23 is part of European route E58 and European route E81 which drift of towards the Romanian border at the border checkpoint Okli on a regional route.

Highway M24 (Ukraine)

Highway M24 is a Ukrainian international highway (M-highway) connecting the city of Mukacheve to the southern village of Astei on the border with Hungary. The route is relatively short and located entirely within Zakarpattia Oblast.

Throughout most of its length on a segment between Mukacheve and Berehove, it is part of European routes European route E58 and European route E81. Before 2013 it was designated as P54.

Hugo Gryn

Hugo Gabriel Gryn (25 June 1930 – 18 August 1996) was a British Reform rabbi and a regular broadcaster and a leading voice in interfaith dialogue.

Hugo Gryn was born into a prosperous Jewish family in the market town of Berehovo in Carpathian Ruthenia, which was then in Czechoslovakia and is now in Ukraine. His parents, who married in 1929, were Geza Gryn (1900 – 1945), a timber merchant, and Bella Neufeld.Gryn’s family were deported to Auschwitz in 1944. Hugo and his mother survived but his ten-year-old brother, Gabriel, was gassed on arrival at Auschwitz, while his father died a few days after he and Hugo were liberated from Gunskirchen, a sub-camp of Mauthausen, in May, 1945.

Gryn moved to the United Kingdom in 1946 and later trained as a rabbi in America after which he spent several years in Bombay and New York before finally moving to London in 1964, where he served in one of the largest congregations in Europe, the West London Synagogue, initially as assistant rabbi and later as senior rabbi, for 32 years. Gryn became a regular radio broadcaster and appeared for many years on BBC Radio 4's Thought for the Day and The Moral Maze.

In 1989, Gryn returned to Berehovo together with his daughter Naomi to make a film about his childhood. After his death, Naomi Gryn edited his autobiography, also called Chasing Shadows, which deals movingly with his experiences as a Holocaust survivor.

He married Jacqueline Selby on 1 January 1957 and they had four children together: Gaby, Naomi, Rachelle and David.

He died on 18 August 1996 and is buried at Hoop Lane Cemetery in Golders Green, London. The grave lies in a relatively prominent location, just north-east of the main entrance.

He was described as "probably the most beloved rabbi in Great Britain" by Rabbi Albert Friedlander, who was also the author of the entry about Gryn in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.

Hungarians in Ukraine

The Hungarians in Ukraine number 156,600 people according to the Ukrainian census of 2001 and are the fifth largest national minority in the country. They are the seventh biggest Hungarian diaspora in the World. Hungarians are largely concentrated in the Zakarpattia Oblast (particularly in Berehove Raion and Berehove city) where they form the largest minority at 12.1% of the population (12.7% when native language is concerned). In the area along the Ukrainian border with Hungary (Tisza Valley), Hungarians form the majority.

Ishtvan Sekech

Ishtvan Sekech (Hungarian: Szekecs István, 3 December 1939, Beregszász (present-day Berehove, Ukraine) – 28 January 2019) was a Hungarian-born Russian football player and coach. As a player, Sekech appeared in 223 matches and scored 43 goals in the Soviet championships. He captained FC Chornomorets Odessa from 1969 to 1971. Following his retirement, he became a manager and led FC Pakhtakor Tashkent from 1980 to 1985.

Mykhailo Kutsyn

Mykhailo Mykolayovych Kutsyn (born 15 August 1957) is a former Chief of the General Staff and Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of Ukraine. He was appointed Chief of the General Staff by acting president Oleksandr Turchynov on 28 February 2014. Kutsyn was dismissed of this post by president Petro Poroshenko on 3 July 2014. Poroshenko thanked Kutsyn and stated he became shell-shocked on 2 July 2014 while combating the 2014 insurgency in Donbass. He had a concussion and was staying at a hospital.A graduate of tank school, Kutsyn served with the Soviet Army in Kharkiv, Belarus and Germany. He enlisted in the Ukrainian Ground Forces after the nation gained independence in 1991, and was head of the Western Operational Command for six years, before being appointed Deputy Minister of Defence in March 2010.

Mária Gulácsy

Mária Gulácsy (27 April 1941 – 13 April 2015) was a Hungarian fencer. She won a silver medal in the women's team foil event at the 1968 Summer Olympics.

Nandor Fodor

Nandor Fodor (May 13, 1895 in Beregszász, Hungary – May 17, 1964 in New York City, New York) was a British and American parapsychologist, psychoanalyst, author and journalist of Hungarian origin.

SC Beregvidek Berehove

SC Beregvidek Berehove is an amateur Ukrainian football club from Berehove, Zakarpattia Oblast. Berehvydeyk plays at Druzhba Stadium.

Shandor Vayda

Shandor Vayda (Ukrainian: Шандор Олександрович Вайда; born 14 December 1991 in Mátészalka, Hungary) is a professional Ukrainian football midfielder.

Vayda is the product of the different Zakarpattia Oblast sportive schools. His first trainer was Ivan Bilak.

Vary

Vary (Ukrainian: Вари, Hungarian: Vári or Mezővári) is a village in Zakarpattia Oblast (province) of western Ukraine. It is located around 17 kilometres (11 mi) southeast of Berehove at the confluence of the rivers Tisza and Borzsova, not far from the Ukrainian-Hungarian border. Administratively, the village belongs to the Berehove Raion, Zakarpattia Oblast. Historically, the name originates from the Hungarian word vár meaning castle. The village was first mentioned as Vári in 1320 and was previously known as Borsovavára.

Zakarpattia Lowland

Zakarpattia Lowland (Ukrainian: Закарпатська низовина / Transcarpathian Lowland) or Upper Tysa Lowland is a lowland in the southwestern portion of the Zakarpattia Oblast in the drainage basin of Tisza river and located on its right banks. The plain stretches along the Hungary-Ukraine border.

The lowland has an area of 2,000 km2 (770 sq mi). Average height is 102–120 m (335–394 ft), while maximum is 400 m (1,300 ft) (Berehove Hills).

The lowland contains most of the population of region and includes all its major cities such as Uzhhorod, Mukacheve, Berehove, Vynohradiv and others.

Zakarpattia Oblast

The Zakarpattia Oblast (Ukrainian: Закарпатська область, translit. Zakarpats’ka oblast’; see other languages) is an administrative oblast (province) located in southwestern Ukraine, coterminous with the historical region of Carpathian Ruthenia. Its administrative centre is the city of Uzhhorod. Other major cities within the oblast include Mukachevo, Khust, Berehove and Chop which is home to railroad transport infrastructure.

Zakarpattia Oblast was established on 22 January 1946, after the resignation of Czechoslovakia on the territory of Subcarpathian Ruthenia (Czech: Podkarpatská Rus), annexed forcibly by the Soviet Union and attached to the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, under a treaty between Czechoslovakia and the Soviet Union. Some scholars say that during the Ukrainian independence referendum held in 1991, Zakarpattia Oblast voters were given a separate option on whether or not they favoured autonomy for the region. Although a large majority favoured autonomy, it was not granted. However, this referendum was about self-government status, not about autonomy (like in Crimea).Situated in the Carpathian Mountains of western Ukraine, Zakarpattia Oblast is the only Ukrainian administrative division which borders upon four countries: Poland, Slovakia, Hungary and Romania. The Carpathian Mountains play a major part in the oblast's economy, making the region an important tourist and travel destination housing many ski and spa resorts.

With its almost 13,000 square kilometres (5,000 sq mi), the oblast is ranked 23rd by area and 15th by population as according to the 2001 Ukrainian Census, the population of Zakarpattia Oblast is 1,254,614. This total includes people of many different nationalities of which Hungarians, Romanians and Rusyns constitute significant minorities in some of the province's cities, while in others, they form the majority of the population (as in the case of Berehove).

Zsigmond Perényi (1783–1849)

Baron Zsigmond Perényi de Perény (November 18, 1783 – October 24, 1849) was a Hungarian politician, who served as Speaker of the House of Magnates in 1849. After defeat of the Hungarian Revolution of 1848 he was executed because his name appeared in the Hungarian Declaration of Independence which was declared by the Diet of Hungary in Debrecen on April 14, 1849.

His grandson was Zsigmond Perényi, Speaker of the House of Magnates and Minister of the Interior.

Climate data for Berehove
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) −2.4
(27.7)
−0.2
(31.6)
4.7
(40.5)
10.7
(51.3)
15.6
(60.1)
18.5
(65.3)
20.1
(68.2)
19.7
(67.5)
15.8
(60.4)
10.4
(50.7)
4.9
(40.8)
0.3
(32.5)
9.8
(49.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 45
(1.8)
38
(1.5)
39
(1.5)
46
(1.8)
69
(2.7)
86
(3.4)
74
(2.9)
68
(2.7)
48
(1.9)
44
(1.7)
51
(2.0)
58
(2.3)
666
(26.2)
Source: Climate-Data.org[6]
Raions
Cities

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