Bengbu (Chinese: 蚌埠; pinyin: Bèngbù; Wade–Giles: Peng-pu) is a mid-sized city in northern Anhui Province, China. Its built-up (or metro) area made of 4 urban districts has nearly one million residents, though the Prefecture-level city under its jurisdiction had 3,164,467 registered residents at the 2010 census. Its name means "Oyster Wharf" in Chinese, echoing its former reputation as a freshwater pearl fishery.
In the near future, the city's urban agglomeration is likely to include Huaiyuan county, which is under its jurisdiction, as well as Fengyang county in Chuzhou. This contiguous built-up area would have approximately 2.6 million residents.
|Nickname(s): Pearl city (珠城)|
Location of Bengbu City jurisdiction in Anhui
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|Municipal seat||Longzihu District|
|• Mayor||Zhou Chunyu (周春雨)|
|• secretary of municipal Party committee||Chen Qitao (陈启涛)|
|• Prefecture-level city||5,952.14 km2 (2,298.13 sq mi)|
|• Urban||613.7 km2 (237.0 sq mi)|
|• Metro||613.7 km2 (237.0 sq mi)|
|Population (2010 census)|
|• Prefecture-level city||3,164,467|
|• Density||530/km2 (1,400/sq mi)|
|• Urban density||1,600/km2 (4,100/sq mi)|
|• Metro density||1,600/km2 (4,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
|ISO 3166 code||CN-AH-03|
|License Plate Prefix||皖C|
|Name||Chinese||Hanyu Pinyin||Post Code|
|Longzihu District||龙子湖区||Lóngzǐhú Qū||233000|
|Bengshan District||蚌山区||Bèngshān Qū||233000|
|Yuhui District||禹会区||Yǔhuì Qū||233000|
|Huaishang District||淮上区||Huáishàng Qū||233000|
|Huaiyuan County||怀远县||Huáiyuǎn Xiàn||233400|
|Wuhe County||五河县||Wǔhé Xiàn||233300|
|Guzhen County||固镇县||Gùzhèn Xiàn||233700|
Bengbu is located in the southeast of the North China Plain, on the Huai River. The built up urbanized area is divided into two parts: greater Bengbu on the south bank of the river and little Bengbu on the north bank. Dragon Lake is on the East side of the urbanized area. On the other side of the lake is the university district, containing four institutions of higher learning.
The area has a four-season humid subtropical climate with strong monsoon influences (Köppen climate classification Cwa), cool, sometimes cold, winters, and hot and humid summers. The area lies in a climatic transition zone, as it is on the Qin Ling−Huai River boundary between the climatic regimes of northern and southern China. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from 1.8 °C (35.2 °F) in January to 27.9 °C (82.2 °F) in July, and the annual mean is 15.43 °C (59.8 °F). A majority of the annual precipitation occurs from June to August. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 41% in March to 50% in August, the city receives 2,036 hours of bright sunshine annually.
|Climate data for Bengbu (1971−2000)|
|Record high °C (°F)||21.3
|Average high °C (°F)||6.5
|Daily mean °C (°F)||1.8
|Average low °C (°F)||−1.7
|Record low °C (°F)||−19.3
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||25.2
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)||5.9||7.4||9.9||8.6||9.3||10.3||13.8||10.2||8.2||7.6||6.6||5.0||102.8|
|Average relative humidity (%)||71||70||70||68||69||72||79||80||76||72||71||68||72|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||136.5||130.3||150.0||182.9||200.7||186.5||197.2||205.7||170.3||173.1||158.9||144.1||2,036.2|
|Percent possible sunshine||43||42||41||47||47||44||45||50||46||49||51||47||46|
|Source #1: China Meteorological Administration|
|Source #2: 富农路蚌埠农业投资频道 |
In ancient times, the Dongyi peoples inhabited this area and were collectively known as the Huaiyi after the Huai River. During the late Western Zhou Period and the early Spring and Autumn period, the Dongyi became increasingly sinicized. During the late Spring and Autumn period, the once-powerful Dongyi state of Xu was pressured from all directions and destroyed through a series of wars with its neighbors, such as the Chu State and the Wu State. Another Dongyi State was the small Zhongli State, which was a part of the Huaiyi Confederation led by the State of Xu. Tombs belonging to the royalty of the Zhongli State were discovered in excavations between 2005 and 2008 near Fengyang. Eventually, the Huaiyi peoples were either pushed south or assimilated.
Bengbu has always been a hub of water and land communications in Anhui province, and a major distribution centre for the Huai basin.
Bengbu is now a famous food city in Anhui province. Food-related industries account for 44% of the city's industrial production. The city's other industries include engineering works, textiles, glass making, chemicals, and electronics. The light textile holds an important position in the industrial structure.
Bengbu is teeming with oil, vegetables, meat and aquatic products. Bengbu is a large producer of peanuts. The pomegranates from Huaiyuan (a county of Bengbu), have a high reputation in China. In Wuhe (a county of Bengbu), the crabs are also famous.
Bengbu dishes are one of the three flavors of Anhui cuisine - Yanhuai cuisine. This flavor is represented by the dishes of Bengbu, Suxian region and Fuyang and is prevalent in north-central Anhui province.
Yanhuai cuisine is salty, plus slightly spicy, with coriander and peppers as seasonings. It’s famous for its briskness, crispness and saltiness. It has several cooking methods such as roast, fry and steam.
The city is on the Jinghu Railway, with hourly direct trains to Beijing, Shanghai and other large cities.
The new Bengbu South Railway Station is served by the high-speed Beijing-Shanghai Railway.
Bengbu Airport, which has been relocated from the city's central urban area around the turn of the 21st century, is presently operated only as a military airport.
A new commercial airport is currently under construction, due to open in 2019, in the district north of the Huai river.