Benezit Dictionary of Artists

The Benezit Dictionary of Artists (in French, Bénézit: Dictionnaire des peintres, sculpteurs, dessinateurs et graveurs) is an extensive publication of bibliographical information on painters, sculptors, designers and engravers created primarily for art museums, auction houses, historians and dealers. It was published by Éditions Gründ in Paris but has been sold to Oxford University Press.

First published in the French language in three volumes between 1911 and 1923, the dictionary was put together by Emmanuel Bénézit (1854–1920) and a team of international specialists with assistance from his son the painter Emmanuel-Charles Bénézit (1887–1975), and daughter Marguerite Bénézit. After the elder Bénézit's death the editors were Edmond-Henri Zeiger-Viallet (1895–1994) and the painter Jacques Busse (1922–2004), the younger Bénézit having already left Paris and moved to Provence. The next edition was an eight-volume set published between 1948 and 1955, followed by a ten-volume set in 1976 and a 14-volume set in 1999. In 2006, an English-language edition was published for the first time. A 14-volume set, it has more than 20,000 pages, with over 170,000 entries.

Online biographies

Since 2011, for a fee, the content of the Benezit can be accessed online at Oxford Art Online.[1] Free access is available for members of some UK public libraries.



  • Benezit Dictionnaire des Peintres, Sculpteurs, Dessinateurs, et Graveurs. Oxford University Press. 2010. ISBN 978-0199773794. (14 volumes)
  • Dictionnaire critique & documentaire des peintres sculpteurs dessinateurs & graveurs. Gründ/Hilmarton Manor Press. 1999. ISBN 9782700030105. (14 volumes)
  • Dictionnaire critique et documentaire des peintres, sculpteurs, dessinateurs et graveurs de tous les temps et de tous les pays. Gründ. 1976. ISBN 9782700001495. (10 volumes)


  • Benezit Dictionary of Artists. Oxford University Press. 2010. ISBN 978-0199773787. (14 volumes)
  • Benezit Dictionary of Artists. Librairie Gründ. 2006. ISBN 978-2700030709. (14 volumes)

Notes and references

  1. ^ Oxford Art Online Subscription or UK public library membership required

External links

Angelica Le Gru Perotti

Angelica Le Gru Perotti (1719 – 1 September 1776) was an Italian painter and pastellist of the Rococo, active at first in Northern Italy and Venice. She was born into a family of painters, including her father, the portraitist Stefano Le Gru, and her three brothers, Giuseppe, Tommaso, and Lodovico. Le Gru trained with painter Rosalba Carriera in Venice. She married the painter Pietro Antonio Perotti. In 1768, the Perottis moved to London. Angelica Perotti worked mainly in pastel. She exhibited at least five works at the Royal Academy in 1772 and 1775. She is best known for pastel portraits she completed in London, similar to the voyages of Rosalba Carriera.

Antoine Toussaint de Chazal

Antoine Toussaint de Chazal (1770-1854) was a French settler established as a planter on the Isle de France (now Mauritius).

de Chazal was born on 15 December 1770, in Port Louis, Isle de France.

He was deputy of the district of Pamplemousses, in the colonial Assembly of the Isle de France.

He was an amateur painter and is known for his portrait of the British cartographer and Royal Navy captain, Matthew Flinders, painted in 1806-1807.

The fourth edition of the Benezit Dictionary of Artists confuses him with the painter Antoine Chazal (1793-1854).

He died in Moka, Isle de France, on 25 December 1822 and is an ancestor of Malcolm de Chazal.

Boris Solotareff

Boris Solotareff (October 23, 1889 – July 1966) was a Russian painter. He was active in Munich, Switzerland, and France, but spent the majority of his career in New York where he became a naturalized American citizen in 1949. Solotareff made use of a variety of styles; according to the Benezit Dictionary of Artists, his "work was in the mainstream of Eastern European Expressionism, with influences of Art Deco from the time when he lived in Paris." Solotareff's paintings have been exhibited widely, including the "Cinquantenaire Du Symbolisme" exhibition at the Bibliothèque Nationale (1936), the Vendome Galleries (New York, 1938), and the "Exhibition of oils and water colors" at the Charles Barzansky Galleries from October 1–20, 1940.

Emmanuel-Charles Bénézit

Emmanuel-Charles Bénézit (French: [benezi]; Paris, 28 November 1887 – 17 October Hyères, 1975) was a painter and art curator. He has been painting since the age of six, alongside Camille Pissarro and Alfred Sisley at home. His grandfather, Charles Bénézit a musician, was a close friend of Victor Hugo that he accompanied in exile in Jersey ; He was the son of Dr. Emmanuel Bénézit who as a child was jumping on the knees of the poet, has a gallery in Paris ; The art gallery owner and founder of the Bénézit Dictionary of Artists.His wife is Marie Salomé Sphener-Bénézit.

After return from the army on medical grounds in 1915 he left for Provence to cure a pulmonary infection. He lived at Gassin in the Var, then Bormes-les-Mimosas. In 1930 he left Bormes for Hyères where he lived till his death at the age of 88.

Emmanuel Bénézit

Charles Emmanuel Bénézit (French: [benezi]; Jersey, 1854 – Paris, 1920) was a French gallery owner, collector, art historian and editor of the Benezit Dictionary of Artists.

Forma 1

Forma 1, or simply Forma, was a group or school of young Italian artists formed in the years immediately after the end of the Second World War. It was formed in 1947, and was re-founded in 1961 as the group Continuità.

Georges Stein

Georges Stein was a late 19th and early 20th century French painter, best known for scenes of Parisian street life.

Sources conflict about Stein's dates of birth and death. The Benezit Dictionary of Artists gives the year of birth as "c. 1870". The auction house Christie's, among others, gives the dates 1855–1930, and the French National Library the dates 1870–1955. Moreover, the journal L'Éventail of 15 January 1918 mentions "the painter Georges Stein who recently died at Geneva".There is also some confusion as to the gender of Stein. While the Benezit Dictionary and L'Éventail refer to Stein as male, some gallery websites describe Stein as a female painter.

Grove Art Online

Grove Art Online is the online edition of The Dictionary of Art, often referred to as the Grove Dictionary of Art, and part of Oxford Art Online, an internet gateway to online art reference publications of Oxford University Press, which also includes the online version of the Benezit Dictionary of Artists. It is a large encyclopedia of art, previously a 34-volume printed encyclopedia first published by Grove in 1996 and reprinted with minor corrections in 1998. A new edition was published in 2003 by Oxford University Press.

Gyula Tornai

Gyula Tornai (1861 in Görgő – 1928 in Budapest) was a Hungarian painter, now featured in the Hungarian National Gallery. He was a noted painter in the Orientalist genre.

Jean-Charles-Alexandre Moreau

Jean-Charles-Alexandre Moreau (1762–1810) was a French history painter, decorative painter and architect. He was born in Rimaucourt near Neufchâteau, Vosges. He studied architecture in Paris with Louis-François Trouard and won the first prize in architecture in the Prix de Rome competition of 1785. He visited Rome four times during his career. Later he studied history painting with Jacques-Louis David. From 1797 to 1810, he exhibited at the Paris Salon. In 1798 he renovated the theatre of the Comédie-Française. According to his entry in the Benezit Dictionary of Artists, Moreau died in 1810 in Paris. However, the German Wikipedia cites a study published in 2014, which shows he is identical to a French architect, who in 1803 moved to Austria, where he was known as Karl Moreau, had a very productive career, and died in 1840 (see de:Charles de Moreau).

Jean Arcelin

Jean Arcelin is a French and Swiss teacher and painter born in Paris in June 1962.

He studied at Charpentier, a licensed art history school at the Sorbonne, where he developed an interest in seventeenth- and eighteenth-century painting. His paintings incorporate elements of false realism and figurative art, as well as some elements of Baroque.

His pictorial compositions are simply the results of his imagination without any cinematographic aids, using principally the oil canvas technique called “alla prima”, keen to the original impressionist painters, which cancels the initial undercoated and glazed steps.

Landscapes edge with the urban sea, and combine with portraitist gesture. He takes corners of Paris, cafe chairs piled up in the angle of view of a monument, or the dressing room of a theatre, and portrays them empty of all human presence.

He participated in the Ebel sponsored Art and Culture in Basel and in Villa Schwob, Switzerland from 1990 to 1995 and exhibited in 1989, 1990 and 1999 at the Institut de France.

He created paintings on order for several major companies including Ebel watches (1990), Dom Ruinart Champagne (1992), Natixis Bank (2000) or Tiffany & Co. (2012, 2013) and has exhibited regularly in France, Switzerland and the US since 1990. He lives in Paris.

In 2007, the town of Bergerac in the Dordogne devoted a retrospective exhibition of 40 of his works at the Rectory Saint Jacques.

He is referenced in the Benezit Dictionary of Artists as well as in the Swiss Who's Who.

Louis Bissinger

Louis Bissinger was a French painter born in Lyon on 24 April 1899. He died in 1978 in Rillieux-la-Pape.

Marie De Keyser

Marie Isabelle (Telghuys) De Keyser (1815–1879) was a Belgian artist known for her painting of genre scenes and History painting. She was born in Verviers and died in Antwerp. De Keyser was taught by Nicaise De Keyser, also an artist, and married him in 1840.

Marjorie May Bacon

Marjorie May Bacon, later Marjorie Macbeth-Raeburn (6 January 1902 – 9 February 1988) was a British printmaker and painter.

Mary Benwell

Mary Benwell (1739–after 1800), married name Codd, was an English artist, a miniaturist and pastellist.


Nise-e (似絵), or "likeness pictures," were a style of portraiture popular in the court circles of Japan's Kamakura period. Prior to the 12th century Japanese art was purely religious in character, but nise-e introduced the realistic depiction of lay figures such as courtiers and samurai. The popularity of nise-e even helped to end the taboo against artistic depictions of the emperor, with one of earliest nise-e to depict a living emperor being a portrait of Emperor Hanazono by Gōshin. The aim of a nise-e portrait was to capture a man's character with a few simple lines; and the work served as a veneration of his accomplishments.Fujiwara Takanobu is generally considered to have originated the nise-e style and technique. He innovated the use of jutting, angular outlines and dense swaths of color which came to characterize nise-e portraiture as a whole. Takanobu's influence is seen in the works of his son Fujiwara Nobuzane, and descendants Tametsugu, Korenobu, Tamenobu, and Gōshin, who continued to develop the nise-e school alongside others such as Shinkai and Tametaga. Nise-e portraiture also greatly influenced the 18th century portrait style nigao-e (likeness head), pioneered by Katsukawa Shunshō in response to a desire for actor portraits with realistic and expressive facial features.

Oxford Art Online

Oxford Art Online is an Oxford University Press online gateway into art research, which was launched in 2008. It provides access to several online art reference works, including Grove Art Online (originally published in 1996 in a print version, The Dictionary of Art), the online version of the Benezit Dictionary of Artists, and The Oxford Companion to Western Art. It also provides access to other Oxford art reference works, including the Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2nd edition), and The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms. The site was updated on 1 December 2017 to enhance page design, search tools, linking, and media capabilities.

Phoebus Levin

Phoebus Levin (fl. mid 1800s.) was a German painter working in London 1855-78 who is known for his 1864 painting of The Dancing Platform at Cremorne Gardens and other depictions of Cremorne Gardens and Covent Garden.Levin's date of birth and death are uncertain but, according to the Benezit Dictionary of Artists, he was a pupil at the Kunstakademie Berlin from 1836 to 1844, and participated in their exhibitions until 1868.

Éditions Gründ

Librairie Gründ, also known as "Les éditions Gründ " is a French publishing company. It was started in 1880 by Ernest Gründ and Émile Maguet as a bookstore in Paris in 1880, specialising in works about art.

It issued the Benezit Dictionary of Artists until it joined the French publishing group Editis in 2007. Oxford University Press issued the dictionary in 2007.Benezit has been called "the definitive international directory of artists" by The New York Times.Some of the authors published by this group include Pierre Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais, Sophie Rostopchine, comtesse de Ségur, Siri Reuterstrand, Jean-Francois Mesplède, Jean-Pierre Délarge, and classics by Rabelais, etc.

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.