Bellingham, Northumberland

Bellingham (/ˈbɛlɪndʒəm/ BEL-in-jəm) is a village in Northumberland, to the north-west of Newcastle upon Tyne and is situated on the Hareshaw Burn at its confluence with the River North Tyne.

Bellingham
Bellingham Bridge, Northumberland (geograph 1695705)

Bellingham Bridge
Bellingham is located in Northumberland
Bellingham
Bellingham
Location within Northumberland
Population1,334 (2011)[1]
OS grid referenceNY835835
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townHEXHAM
Postcode districtNE48
Dialling code01434
PoliceNorthumbria
FireNorthumberland
AmbulanceNorth East
EU ParliamentNorth East England
UK Parliament

Features

Famous as a stopping point on the Pennine Way trail it is popular with walkers and cyclists. Nearby is the Hareshaw Linn, a waterfall and the site of early coke blast furnaces.[2]

The village's local newspaper is the Hexham Courant. There is also an 18-hole golf course which was established in 1893.[3]

Bellingham (North Tyne) Station 1786761 4685d47e
Until 1966 Bellingham had a railway station, seen here in 1962

The Heritage Centre is the local museum.[4] It has exhibitions on the Border Counties Railway, the Border reivers, mining, farming, the photography of W P Collier, and the Stannersburn Smithy. It has a database of local family names and one of old photographs. It also holds special exhibitions of historical or artistic interest, and readings and performances by poets, storytellers, musicians and dancers.

Hole, Northumberland
Hole Farm and Bastle

St Cuthbert's

The Grade-I listed St Cuthbert's Church (13th-century, substantially reconstructed in the early 17th century)[5] is described as 'almost unique in England'[6] owing to its stone barrel vault, which runs the length of the nave and extends into the south transept. Three miracles in Bellingham connected with the mediaeval cult of St Cuthbert are recorded in the twelfth-century Libellus[7] of Reginald of Durham.

Within the churchyard on the north side is "The Long Pack", purportedly the grave of a burglar who attempted to infiltrate a local house by hiding in a beggar's pack, but was discovered after he suffered an ill-timed coughing fit, and was promptly run through with the sword of the house's proprietor.

Adjacent to the church is St Cuthbert's Well, known locally as "Cuddy's Well", an ancient holy well.[8] The well is in the middle of a grassy path leading down to the river, on the other side of the churchyard wall.

From 1735 the parish rectors at Bellingham were under the patronage of the Governors of Greenwich Hospital. The Governors stipulated that the rectors were to be graduates of Oxford or Cambridge, and naval chaplains. Bellingham Rectory was one of six such rectories in the Simonburn area, the others being Falstone, Greystead, Thorneyburn, Wark on Tyne and Simonburn.[9]

Sports

The village football team competes in the Tyneside Amateur League First Division.[10]

Landmarks

Bellingham Bridge is a Grade II listed building built in 1834.[11] It crosses the North Tyne.[12]

Two miles north-east at Hole Farm is the sixteenth century Grade II* listed building, Hole Bastle, a well-preserved example of a bastle house.[13]

Shitlington Crags is a crag near Shitlington Hall, south of Bellingham. The crag is at an average altitude of 170 metres. The Pennine Way passes by the crag.

Notable residents

Governance

An electoral ward in the same name exists. This ward stretches north to the Scottish Border with a total population of 4,074.[14]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Parish population 2011". Retrieved 26 June 2015.
  2. ^ Hareshaw Linn
  3. ^ Bellingham Golf Club
  4. ^ Bellingham Heritage Centre
  5. ^ ‹The template Images of England is being considered for merging.›  Historic England. "Details from image database (239423)". Images of England. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
  6. ^ Tomlinson, W W, 1888. Comprehensive Guide to Northumberland
  7. ^ "Little Book of Miracles of the Blessed Cuthbert Performed in Recent Times"
  8. ^ ‹The template Images of England is being considered for merging.›  Historic England. "Details from image database (239427)". Images of England. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
  9. ^ Information in Bellingham Parish Church visited 2013.
  10. ^ Tyneside Amateur League Division One: League Table Archived March 14, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ ‹The template Images of England is being considered for merging.›  Historic England. "Details from image database (239386)". Images of England. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
  12. ^ "North Tyne - Bellingham Bridge". Bridges on the Tyne. Retrieved 15 January 2017.
  13. ^ ‹The template Images of England is being considered for merging.›  Historic England. "Details from image database (239410)". Images of England. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
  14. ^ "Ward population 2011". Retrieved 26 June 2015.

External links

2001 United Kingdom foot-and-mouth outbreak

The outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease in the United Kingdom in 2001 caused a crisis in British agriculture and tourism. This epizootic saw 2,026 cases of the disease in farms across most of the British countryside. Over 6 Britons were killed in an eventually successful attempt to halt the disease. Cumbria was the worst affected area of the country, with 893 cases.

With the intention of controlling the spread of the disease, public rights of way across land were closed by order. This damaged the popularity of the Lake District as a tourist destination and led to the cancellation of that year's Cheltenham Festival, as well as the British Rally Championship for the 2001 season, as well as delaying that year's general election by a month. By the time that the disease was halted in October 2001, the crisis was estimated to have cost the United Kingdom £8bn (US$16bn).

2009 New Year Honours

The New Year Honours 2009 were announced on 31 December 2008 in the United Kingdom, New Zealand, Cook Islands, Barbados, Grenada, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Belize, Antigua and Barbuda, and Saint Christopher and Nevis, to celebrate the year past and mark the beginning of 2009.

The recipients of honours are displayed here as they were styled before their new honour, and arranged by the country whose ministers advised The Queen on the appointments, then by honour, with grades i.e. Knight/Dame Grand Cross, Knight/Dame Commander etc. and then divisions i.e. Civil, Diplomatic and Military as and where appropriate.

Bellingham North Tyne railway station

Bellingham railway station served the village of Bellingham, Northumberland, England from 1861 to 1963 on the Border Counties Railway.

Black Middens Bastle House

Black Middens Bastle House lies about 7 miles (11 km) northwest of Bellingham, Northumberland. It is a two-storey fortified stone farmhouse from the 16th century. In times of trouble, which were common on the English-Scottish border, farmers could hide behind its thick walls. Livestock would be kept downstairs and the farmers' families upstairs.The original door was blocked over and three additional doors and an external staircase were eventually added, and the roof lost. Nearby on the property is an 18th-century stone cottage.The house, cottage, and grounds are owned and administered by English Heritage.

British Rail Class 438

The British Rail TC (Trailer Control) multiple units were unpowered fixed formations of 3 or 4 carriages with a driving position at each end of the set, converted by BR's Holgate Road carriage works from locomotive-hauled Mark 1 carriages in 1966-1967 and 1974. The units built on experience gained from the prototype 6TC unit. In time the 3 car units (3TC, numbered in the series 3xx) were reformed into four car units (4TC numbered in the series 4xx) to match the rest of the fleet and later classified as Class 442. This was later changed to Class 491, under which they spent the majority of their working lives. Shortly before withdrawal they were reclassified Class 438 and the units were renumbered to 8001-8034.

Countess Park railway station

Countess Park railway station served the village of Bellingham, Northumberland, England from 1859 to 1861 on the Border Counties Railway.

David Keir (historian)

Sir David Lindsay Keir (22 May 1895 – 2 October 1973) was a British historian and educator. From 1949 to 1965, he was Master of Balliol College, Oxford.

Earl of Winton

The title Earl of Winton was once created in the Peerage of Scotland, and again the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It is now held by the Earl of Eglinton.

The title was first bestowed on Robert Seton, 8th Lord Seton. His descendants held it until George Seton, 5th Earl of Winton was convicted of high treason in 1716, when his titles were forfeit. Lord Winton was also condemned to death, but he managed to escape the Tower of London, and went to Rome, where he later died.

In 1834 there were two claimants: the Earl of Eglinton, and George Seton as a descendant of Sir George Seton of Garleton.The title had a second creation for the thirteenth Earl of Eglinton, a kinsman of the last Earl from the first creation.

The Lords Seton were the Premier Barons of Scotland until the creation of the Earldom of Winton in 1600. Sir Richard Maitland of Lethington wrote in his History of the House of Seytoune to the Year 1559, that Sir William Seton, "... was the "First creatit and made Lord of Parliament in Scotland, and he and his posteritie to have ane voit yairin and be callit Lords" by King Robert II, where there were no Lords of Parliament before that time. Noted accordingly in the records of the Scottish parliament, held at Scone 26 March 1371, at the coronation of Robert II, William de Seton is named among the "Nobiles Barones", as "Dominus de Seton". As Knight-Baron's, the Seton's had previously sat in the original parliaments of Scotland from the earliest times, including those of David I, King Balliol, Robert I and David II. Anderson states George Seton accompanied Chancellor Crichton to France & Burgundy in 1448 and "was soon afterwards created a peer of parliament", which referred to the young Seton having finally come of age and being given his family's seat held by his grandfather, and not of the creation. The Complete Peerage cites a jury on which "Sir George de Seton of that Ilk" served on 22 March 1451 (1450/1), and states that "he was created, shortly after that date, a Lord of Parliament as Lord Seton [S]".

Grade II* listed buildings in Northumberland

There are over 20,000 Grade II* listed buildings in England. This page is a list of these buildings in the county of Northumberland, by former districts prior to the 2009 structural changes to local government in England.

Grade I listed buildings in Northumberland

There are over 9000 Grade I listed buildings in England. This page is a list of these buildings in the county of Northumberland, by former districts prior to the 2009 structural changes to local government in England.

Hesleyside Hall

Hesleyside Hall is a privately owned 18th-century country house and the ancestral home of the Border reiver Charlton family about 2 miles (3 km) west of Bellingham, Northumberland. It is a Grade II* listed building.The Charltons have been at Hesleyside since the 14th century. The present mansion, believed to be built on the site of a 14th-century pele tower, was built in 1719. The grounds were laid out by Capability Brown in 1776 and the east front was remodelled by architect William Newton in 1796.

Edward Charlton was created a Baronet in 1645. Later Charltons served as High Sheriff of Northumberland in 1721 and 1837, and as Deputy Lieutenant.

The adjacent stable block (a Grade II listed building) incorporates a 1747 date stoneThe Spur of the Charlton is a 16th-century spur located at the hall which was occasionally served to the head of the household on a platter, as an indication that food was low and it was necessary to go cattle raiding.Hesleyside Hall is currently managed by William and Anna Charlton, who have carried out extensive conservation and upgrade work and diversified the estate to include bed and breakfast shepherd's huts in the grounds.In 2015 Hesleyside Hall appeared on the television show, Tales from Northumberland with Robson Green.

Michael Murphy (VC)

Michael Murphy VC (c. 1837, Cahir, County Tipperary, Ireland – 4 April 1893, Darlington, County Durham, England) was an Irish recipient of the Victoria Cross (VC), the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

Murphy was born c. 1837 in Cahir, County Tipperary to Michael Murphy, a local blacksmith, and his (unknown) wife. He had at least one sibling, a younger sister named Mary. Little is known about his early life until 1855, when he started his army career.

National Camps Corporation

The National Camps Corporation was a British government-funded non-profit organisation established under the Camps Act 1939. The role of the corporation was to construct and administer camps in the countryside that could be used for educational experiences.

Preserved EMUs of Southern Railway

Preserved EMUs of Southern Railway. This is a list of preserved Southern Railway (UK) designated electric multiple units (EMUs).

Thomas Brodie

Major-General Thomas Brodie, CB, CBE, DSO (20 November 1903 – 1 September 1993) was a British Army soldier who saw service in World War II, Palestine and the Korean War. After retirement in 1955, he became involved with the British pressure group, the Economic League.

William Wood (ironmaster)

William Wood (1671–1730) was a hardware manufacturer, ironmaster, and mintmaster, notorious for receiving a contract to strike an issue of Irish coinage from 1722 to 1724. He also struck the 'Rosa Americana' coins of British America during the same period. Wood's coinage was extremely unpopular in Ireland, occasioning controversy as to its constitutionality and economic sense, notably in Jonathan Swift's Drapier's Letters. The coinage was recalled and exported to the colonies of British America. Subsequently, Wood developed a novel but ineffective means of producing iron, which he exploited as part of a fraudulent investment scheme.

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