Bell TV (French: Bell Télé; formerly known as Bell ExpressVu, Dish Network Canada, ExpressVu Dish Network, and now sometimes known as Bell Satellite TV to distinguish the service from Bell's IPTV Fibe TV service), is the division of BCE Inc. that provides satellite television service across Canada. It launched on September 10, 1997 and as of 2004 it has been providing "Bell TV for Condos", a VDSL service provided to select multidwelling units (condominiums and apartments) in Montreal, Ottawa and Toronto. Bell TV provides over 500 digital video and 100 HD and audio channels to, as of May 2010, over 1.8 million subscribers. Its major competitors include satellite service Shaw Direct, as well as various cable and communications companies across Canada, such as Rogers Cable, EastLink, Shaw Communications, Vidéotron and Cogeco.
|Founded||January 1, 1997|
|Products||Direct broadcast satellite|
ExpressVu was conceived in 1994, at the time of American DSS systems launch, as a consortium of Ontario-based Tee-Comm Electronics, Canadian Satellite Communications (Cancom), Vancouver-based Western International Communications (WIC) and Bell Canada Enterprises (BCE), with a projected startup date of late 1995. High technology development costs and delays placed Tee-Comm in a severe financial position, prompting the remaining partners to pull out in 1996. Instead, U.S. satellite-TV provider Echostar Dish Network was chosen to provide the receivers and uplink equipment. The Hughes DirecTV system had already been optioned to Power Broadcasting, in Canada; it has since been withdrawn. Tee-Comm on its own managed to launch the first DBS service in Canada, AlphaStar, in early 1997; however, in a matter of months the company went bankrupt and the service was discontinued, leaving thousands of consumers with useless receivers (although with some reconfiguration, could be used to receive unencrypted FTA channels). ExpressVu launched service in September 1997, initially as "Dish Network Canada", followed by "ExpressVu Dish Network", in both cases using the Echostar logo.
Bell took over full ownership of ExpressVu by 2000.
The ExpressVu name was retired in August 2008 along with the Today Just Got Better advertising campaign. Bell's television services as a whole are now simply called Bell TV. When disambiguation is required, the satellite service is called Bell Satellite TV.
Plans have been shelved for any additional ExpressVu satellite expenditures assuming pending CRTC and Industry Canada approval for Dish Network to use all 32 transponders on Nimiq 5. As a result of this, SES has announced that they will not be replacing the ill-fated AMC-14 now that Dish Network has cut this deal with Telesat & BCE for Nimiq 5 usage.
In 2009, Telus reached a deal to resell a re-packaged version of the Bell TV service in parts of Alberta and British Columbia known as Telus Satellite TV. The agreement was designed to allow Telus the ability to "instantly" offer a quadruple play of services in markets where it has not yet deployed its IPTV services, while also allowing Bell to increase its television market share in Western Canada. The Telus-branded service co-exists with the Bell-branded version of Bell TV, which is still offered in the markets that Telus Satellite TV is offered.
In 2012, Bell changed satellite plans in Ontario. They are now sold in packages called "Good", "Better" and "Best" similarly to its competitor Rogers Cable in that region. Channels in the "Best" tier can still be purchased in theme packages, and existing customers with older plans are grandfathered. This also does not affect other regions such as Quebec, where there are different types of plans. Along with these changes, Bell discontinued sales and rentals of its final standard-definition television (SDTV) receiver, the 4100 model. Customers who still have an older SDTV with an AV input (or peripheral modulator) can use an HD receiver, but the quality will be limited to 480i due to technical limitations.
Bell TV broadcasts from two geostationary satellites: Nimiq 4 and 6. Nimiq 4 was launched on September 19, 2008, and Nimiq 6 was launched on May 17, 2012. Both satellites follow an equatorial path, giving coverage to most of Canada. Nimiq is an Inuktitut word for "that which unifies" and was chosen from a nationwide naming contest in 1998. The two satellites are owned and operated by Telesat Canada. Bell's uplink site is located in North York, Toronto, Ontario.
Nimiq 4, located at 82° W primarily serves Bell's high-definition television content. Nimiq 6, located at 91.1° W primarily serves Bell's standard-definition television and radio content. Each satellite has 32 Ku-band transponders. A transponder usually has enough bandwidth to broadcast approximately 10 channels. Because HDTV requires more bandwidth, some transponders typically broadcast only 4-5 channels. LyngSat provides a listing of channels on Nimiq 4 and Nimiq 6 broken down by transponder.
Nimiq 1 was launched on May 20, 1999 and contains 32 Ku-band transponders. at 91° W. (From the time of service launch in 1997 to the switch to Nimiq in 1999, ExpressVu used the already crowded Anik E2.) Nimiq 2, launched on December 29, 2002, also includes 32 K-band transponders. Nimiq 2 provides HDTV, international programming, and all newly released channels. It occupies the 82° W slot. Nimiq 3 went online on August 23, 2004. Originally called DirecTV3, it is an old DirecTV satellite moved to a new orbital slot near Nimiq 1 to offload some of the transmitting work from the original satellite. In February 2006, Nimiq 3 was moved behind Nimiq 2 to support it, while another satellite, Nimiq 4i (formerly DirecTV2), took Nimiq 3's spot behind Nimiq 1. Nimiq 4i was replaced with Nimiq 4iR as it ran out of fuel on April 28, 2007 and was de-orbited. Both Nimiq 3 and Nimiq 4iR feature 16 Ku-band transponders. Nimiq 4 was launched by a Proton rocket which lifted off on September 19, 2008 at 21:48 UTC.
Bell TV satellite receivers are manufactured for Echostar by Sanmina-SCI in Guadalajara, Mexico. Two different high-definition television (HDTV) receivers are currently provided, with either optional or built-in personal video recorder (PVR) capabilities:
Bell has discontinued older receivers which either only supported standard-definition television (SDTV) or included a series of features that newer receivers no longer offer. Receivers discontinued by Bell include the 4100, Bell's last standard-definition television (SDTV) receiver sold until March 2012. It is compact and provides coaxial cable, composite video, S-Video and TOSLINK outputs. It had no built-in PVR capabilities, requiring an external device such as a videocassette recorder (VCR) or DVD recorder to record shows. Prior to this, Bell discontinued the 5900 single tuner SDTV PVR receiver with a built-in hard drive to record up to 80 hours of programming. Features absent in Bell's current receivers but available in older receivers include picture-in-picture (watching two channels simultaneously on one TV) and a tuner for over-the-air programming (OTA programming) support. Having an OTA tuner can potentially allow access to unavailable or optional channels such as those of American networks.
Current HD receivers support the 480i, 480p, 720p and 1080i resolutions. 1080p is not supported, despite claims to the contrary by Bell. To allow backward compatibility with older SDTVs and due to the fact that non-HD receivers are no longer sold, HD receivers are compatible with a composite video or S-Video connection. A separate adapter is required for legacy coaxial cable connections. All three methods only provide a 480i resolution due to technical limitations. The star (*) and PAGE UP buttons of the remote add a zoom, partial zoom, stretch or gray bars. The purpose of the latter is to prevent burn-in on plasma televisions.
Many types of remotes have been released over the years. Models 1000 and 2700 came out with very basic infrared (IR) remotes that could be used only to control the receivers themselves and would operate on all 16 remote addresses. Replacement remotes then came with universal functions allowing users to control the power and volume of their televisions along with VCRs and sound system receivers; these remotes can only operate on a single address at a time. Models equipped with a UHF antenna can respond to UHF remotes; these remotes use radio frequencies rather than IR signals to control the receivers. UHF signals can reach up to 30 meters, depending on the restrictions of building materials. All UHF-compatible receivers can simultaneously respond to IR signals except for model 4500. For this model, modification directions exist on the Internet to add IR receiving capability, in order for the receiver to respond to programmable universal remotes. Remote #2 of the 3200, 5200, 9200, and the remote for model 6100 are based on "UHF Pro". "UHF Pro" remotes are strictly compatible with the receivers they are provided with and do not function on regular UHF-compatible receivers. Additionally, "UHF Pro" remotes can only communicate with UHF frequencies and cannot control receivers via IR. To prevent interference with other UHF remotes in proximity, clients should change their remote addresses. All secondary remotes for dual tuners may also be converted to remote #1 by flipping the plastic bottom of the remote. This also switches its transmission mode from UHF Pro to regular UHF and IR, similar to how a 5900 remote operates.
Bell TV currently provides 50 cm (20") dishes to its customers. Canadians living in the territories and certain parts of British Columbia and northern mainland portion of Newfoundland and Labrador require larger dishes between 60 and 120 cm; these are used to compensate for the weaker satellite signal available to these regions. The 50 cm dish supports two LNBs. The size of the dish was increased from 18 to 20 inches in late 2001 to accommodate a second LNB to acquire signal from Nimiq 2 (BEV 82) satellite. At the end of the dish's arm, a Y-adapter is found which holds both LNBs. The BEV 91 LNB is in the centre of the dish while the BEV 82 LNB is offset to the left. Rotating the dish (i.e., modifying the skew angle) changes the position of the 82 LNB while maintaining position for BEV 91. A switchbox, typically an SW21 or SW44, is used to merge both satellite signals into receivers.
To authorize programming, a portable smartcard is used for older receivers. This includes the 1000, 2700, 2800, 3000, 3100, 3500, 3700, 4000, 4500, 4700, 5100, 5800, 5900 and the 6000. In some cases, Bell TV has switched back to using standard smartcards for the 6100 9200 and 9400 receivers.
In February 2008, Bell TV announced a second smartcard swap involving all its receivers with the exception of the 6141 and 9241 models. This was required due to the massive intrusion of ExpressVu signals that occurred with the Nagravision 2 encryption. The latter standard was implemented on May 27, 2005, to end the unlicensed access that occurred with the first Nagravision system.
Bell TV has upgraded to Nagravision 3 as the new encryption standard, to prevent unauthorized access to pay TV channels. The only means to view Bell TV illegally is through IKS (Internet Key Sharing) devices which include NFusion FTA and the Slinger. Both devices are not hacks but only means of a workaround. Bell TV is currently working towards shutting down these types of devices. No known hacks exist for the Nagravision 3 protocol.
Newer receivers incorporate smartchips instead, which are permanently installed inside the receiver. According to Bell Tech Support, a 4100 with smartchip will require a newer smartcard upgrade.
In 2009, Bell 6000 receiver owners received letters in the mail that state they must swap to a 6141 or face losing programming as Bell TV deployed MPEG-4 with 8PSK. The 6000 does support the use of 8PSK with an add-in module, but Bell TV decided not to send out these as the 6000 is old and most customers will be wanting to upgrade to a 6141 which can have a hard disk drive added to it to be used as a PVR. The guide for programming information is also updated and stores more information in its database than the 6000.
Later, starting in October 2011, Bell announced that it would replace all currently active MPEG-2 HD satellite receivers, specifically the 6100 and 9200 models, with MPEG-4 HD receivers. This is to allow current HD channels to be encoded in MPEG-4 instead of MPEG-2, providing free space for 43 additional local standard definition channels which will begin airing in September 2012. 6100 owners will receive the latest 6131 HD receiver, while 9200 owners will receive either a 9241 or a 9242. If the 9200 receiver was used for two televisions, Bell will provide either a 9241 with a 5900 or a 9242. Both setups permit the two televisions to watch Bell TV but recording and playback with the 5900 does not equal the 9200 for the second TV. About 240 000 receivers in 193 000 homes will be replaced.
3D television (3DTV) is available across Canada with Bell TV. The 2010 Masters Tournament on Bell TV was the first national 3D broadcast, making Bell TV the first Canadian satellite television service to broadcast in 3D. Content will be available free of charge to Bell HDTV subscribers, although a 3D HDTV and 3D glasses are required to view 3D programming.
Bell normally provides free installation to new customers for their first PVR in exchange of a two-year contract. There is still a one-time activation fee of no more than $50 to pay. On Bell Media television channels, Bell advertises this as "One phone call can get you set up as early as tomorrow."
One to four receivers are typically connected to a single satellite dish. Setting up a greater number of receivers is more complicated and costly, so Bell does not provide setup in such circumstances. Customers are free to set up more than four receivers at their own risk. This also applies to any self-installed equipment such as second-hand receivers. Bell's receiver limits can prove to be challenging for larger homes or multi-family residential units because landlords tend to prohibit the installation of more than one satellite dish.
Residential accounts are limited to a maximum of six (6) receivers per account, but each of them can be a dual tuner receiver; therefore up to 12 televisions can be served however the current receiver lineup offered by Bell does not support 2 televisions as the 9242 receiver was discontinued. Account stacking, which consists of having receivers on one account located in different locations, is contrary to the Bell TV Residential and Commercial Agreements. It is certainly not illegal, and in a worst-case scenario, service will be cancelled. This practice is detailed in CRTC Public Notice 2006-133 and 2006-134. There is no requirement whatsoever in the Regulations that prohibits a BDU (broadcast distribution undertaking) from providing service at more than one location via a single account. Bell has mostly focused on improving its satellite signal reception in Canada while seeking to prevent snowbirds from accessing this signal. The use of Bell TV services in the United States is not illegal, but it remains a controversial issue.
Current and many past receiver models support interactive services, branded as iTV, offering information services for weather and sports. When watching The Weather Network, for example, one can select their local city to receive detailed information about that city's weather conditions. For sports such as NFL Sunday Ticket or NHL Centre Ice, iTV allows fans to simultaneously keep track of multiple games. This means that when the watcher is concentrating on one single game, they will be notified if the score changes for other games.
Basic video games, lottery results and horoscopes were previously available as Bell TV interactive services. Pornography-themed video games were also offered in the past via Bell's sex industry brand, Venus. These services have been discontinued as part of the Today Just Got Better rebranding. Wireless game controllers, sold for use with Game Galaxy and Venus Games, have been cleared out for the price of $4.99 each at Bell-owned The Source.
Pay-per-view (PPV) events may be ordered either via the receiver itself with a remote control and phone line connection, via Bell's website, or via an automated phone system. Regular movies tend to cost less, while adult and sports programming have a higher cost. Channel 299 previously featured classic movies at 99 cents each, but this channel has been pulled off the air in 2011. Bell TV carries movies recently released on DVD along with major sporting events including boxing, WWE and Ultimate Fighting Championship. Red Carpet Vu! is a Pay-per-view movie service broadcast in a group of up to ten different channels where a daily featured movie starts every fifteen minutes.
Some customers have the misconception that the optional phone line, when plugged into the receiver, is used for software downloads and programming changes. In fact, the only information the line receives, if available from and supported by the phone line, consists of caller ID informations displayed in a pop-up notification for the viewer's convenience when a phone call is being received. The phone line simply automates the process of ordering pay-per-view by dialing out the Event ID and other information that would be requested by manually calling the pay-per-view phone system.
Bell TV provides technical support 24/7, however it will only support its products. Any type of picture troubleshooting must be done with a direct connection from the receiver to the television. For new customers, the first receiver is normally installed at no cost to the customer.
All labour for installations is only under warranty for three (3) months. Receivers are under warranty for as long as they are rented. Purchased equipment comes with a default warranty of one year with the option of taking an extended warranty. Only manufacturer's defects will warrant replacement of a dish under coverage, as a strict policy is in place regarding "Acts of God" and dish damage, which includes violent weather disabling a dish or mis-aligning it, as well as any physical modifications by the customer such as painting the dish.
The Bell Fibe TV service is an implementation of IPTV that uses VDSL to deliver television service via telephone lines. Early versions of this service was originally deployed as "Bell ExpressVu for Condos" to get around restrictions regarding the mounting of satellite dishes. The original service was trialled using "NextLevel Communications" (now part of Motorola) set-top boxes that receive television broadcasts over VDSL in ATM form. The network infrastructure can support large amounts of bandwidth (typically 25 Mbit/s, as of January 2012) and is available in certain cities, including Toronto, Ottawa, Montreal and Quebec City.
Since October 18, 2010, Bell Mobility allows smartphones and tablet computers on either its HSPA+ or LTE network to access Mobile TV. Virgin Mobile Canada customers can also access Mobile TV. Similar systems by Bell in the past used the phased-out CDMA network. Unlimited access via Wi-Fi was previously available, but has since been discontinued. The service is billed per hour, and customers do not pay any additional fees.
Bell TV currently features over 500 channels including all major Canadian & American networks, premium movie services, Vu! pay-per-view service, music radio, sports, international and adult programming. The company provides over 100 High Definition channels, which used to be the most in Canada, until Shaw Direct launched its new satellite Anik G1 on May 29, 2013, giving Shaw Direct customers access to over 210 HD channels. Bell TV's programming changes constantly.
Bell TV produced a monthly magazine called Show (the French version is called Extra). Show debuted in September 2007, and replaced Bell TV Magazine, the previous name for the customer publication from ExpressVu.
Show was delivered to over 800,000 Bell TV customers and showcases entertainment from Canada, Hollywood and around the world.
Show Magazine and Extra had been cancelled by Bell TV to save paper in early 2008.
AlphaStar Digital Television was a direct-to-home satellite broadcasting service for the United States market developed by Canadian firm Tee-Comm Electronics. It was the first direct-to-home satellite broadcasting service in the United States to use the internationally accepted DVB-S broadcasting standard and used 39" satellite dish receivers. AlphaStar service launched in July 1996 but was discontinued completely by September 1997 with 40,000 subscribers as the company went through bankruptcy proceedings. The American assets of AlphaStar continue to be used under the auspices of the Champion Telecom Platform which also continues to own the AlphaStar brand. AlphaStar would also have alleviated a shortage of Canadian satellite capacity by using foreign (US) satellite capacity to fill Canadian needs—indeed this was a requirement for the Canadian company to obtain its license from Canada to commence broadcasting. Tee-Comm, the parent company of AlphaStar had originally co-founded the partnership that created ExpressVu (later Bell TV) as technology supplier but later divested all interest in ExpressVu.CFMT-DT
CFMT-DT, UHF channel 47, is a television station that is the flagship of the Canadian multi-lingual network Omni Television, licensed to and serving the Toronto, Ontario, Canada television market. It is owned by the Rogers Media division of Rogers Communications as part of a triplestick (the only conventional television triplestick operated by the company) with sister Omni station CJMT-DT (channel 40) and City flagship owned-and-operated station CITY-DT (channel 57). All three stations share studio facilities located at Yonge-Dundas Square on 33 Dundas Street East in downtown Toronto; CFMT maintains transmitter facilities located atop the CN Tower in downtown Toronto.
On cable, the station is available on corporate sister Rogers Cable channel 4 and in high definition on digital channel 520; on satellite, the station is also available on Bell TV channel 215, and on Shaw Direct classic lineup channel 343 and advanced lineup channel 42, and in high definition on Bell TV channel 1055.CHEX-DT
CHEX-DT, virtual and VHF digital channel 12, is a Global owned-and-operated television station licensed to Peterborough, Ontario, Canada. The station is owned by Corus Entertainment. CHEX-DT's studios are located on Monaghan Road (near Rose Avenue) in the southern portion of Peterborough, and its transmitter is located on Television Hill, just outside Peterborough.
On cable, the station is available on Cogeco channel 2 in standard definition and digital channel 902 in high definition. On satellite, it is carried on Shaw Direct channel 48 on the advanced tier and channel 348 on the classic tier, and on Bell TV channel 217.
CHEX was originally a CBC affiliate, but after 60 years with the CBC it began airing CTV programming on August 31, 2015 under a programming supply agreement.On August 14, 2018, it was announced that CHEX's affiliation agreement with CTV would expire on August 27; the station subsequently became a Global owned-and-operated station, rebranding itself as Global Peterborough.CILQ-FM
CILQ-FM is a Canadian radio station, broadcasting at 107.1 FM in Toronto, Ontario. The station broadcasts an active rock format branded as Q107 and is also available through streaming audio and on Bell TV channel 954. The station is owned by Corus Entertainment. CILQ's studios are located at the Corus Quay building on Dockside Drive at Toronto's Harbourfront neighbourhood, while its transmitter is located atop the CN Tower, with backup facilities located atop First Canadian Place.CITO-TV
CITO-TV is the CTV owned-and-operated television station in Timmins, Ontario, Canada. It broadcasts an analogue signal on VHF channel 3 from a transmitter near Highway 101 (just west of Connaught Road) in Timmins with rebroadcasters in Kapuskasing (channel 10), Kirkland Lake (channel 11, also serving Rouyn-Noranda, Quebec), Hearst (channel 4) and Chapleau (channel 9).
Owned by Bell Media, it is part of the network's CTV Northern Ontario sub-system and its studios are located on Pine Street North (near Hendry Avenue) in Timmins. This station can also be seen on EastLink TV channel 4.
Effective November 29, 2012, Bell TV customers will also be able to view CITO-TV on channel 589.CIVT-DT
CIVT-DT, UHF channel 32, is a CTV owned-and-operated television station located in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. The station is owned by Bell Media, as part of a twinstick with Victoria-based CTV Two owned-and-operated station CIVI-DT (channel 53). CIVT maintains studio facilities located at 969 Robson Street (alternatively known as 750 Burrard Street; the former site of the Vancouver Public Library's central branch) at the intersection of Robson Street and Burrard Street in downtown Vancouver (which also houses the British Columbia operations of the CTV network itself, including the CTV News Vancouver bureau), and its transmitter is located atop Mount Seymour.
On cable, the station is available on Shaw Cable channel 9, Optik TV channel 101 and Rogers Cable channel 112. On satellite, the station is also available on Shaw Direct classic lineup channel 321 or advanced lineup channel 004 and (corporate sister through parent company Bell Canada) Bell TV channel 250. There is also a high definition feed on Shaw Cable digital channel 210, Optik TV digital channel 101 (HD) and channel 9101 (SD), Shaw Direct classic lineup channel 004 and advanced lineup channel 504, and Bell TV channel 1151.CJCO-DT
CJCO-DT, UHF channel 38, is an Omni Television owned-and-operated television station located in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. The station is owned by the Rogers Media division of Rogers Communications, as part of a twinstick with Citytv owned-and-operated station CKAL-DT (channel 5). The two stations share studios located on 7 Avenue and 5 Street Southwest in Downtown Calgary, CJCO's transmitter is located near Old Banff Coach Road/Highway 563.
This station can also be seen on Shaw Cable channel 4 and in high definition on digital channel 214; it is also available on Bell TV channel 645 and in high definition on channel 1135.CJEO-DT
CJEO-DT, virtual channel 56 (UHF digital channel 44), is an Omni Television owned-and-operated television station located in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. The station is owned by the Rogers Media division of Rogers Communications, as part of a twinstick with Citytv owned-and-operated station CKEM-DT (channel 17). The two stations share studios with Rogers' local radio stations on Gateway Boulevard, and its transmitter is located near Yellowhead Highway/Highway 16A.
This station can also be seen on Shaw Cable channel 11 and in high definition on digital channel 214. This station is also available on Bell TV channel 647. It is not currently carried by Shaw Direct and on Telus Optik TV channel 119 (HD) and channel 9119 (SD).CKLT-DT
CKLT-DT is the CTV owned-and-operated television station in Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada. It broadcasts a high-definition digital signal on VHF channel 9 from a transmitter located near Whitaker Lake in Petersville and also operates rebroadcast transmitters in Woodstock and Boiestown.
Owned by Bell Media, it is part of the CTV Atlantic regional system in the Maritimes. Although separately licensed, the station (along with its two rebroadcasters) is considered a full-time satellite of CKCW-DT in Moncton. Its studios are located In Brunswick Square in Saint John co-located with the local Bell Media community access channel, though nearly all operations are handled at CKCW's studios on Halifax and George Streets in Moncton. This station can also be seen on Rogers Cable channel 8 and Bell Aliant TV channel 6. There is a high definition feed offered on Rogers Cable digital channel 518. CKLT was the CTV Atlantic station carried by Bell TV until 2011.
Its programming is the same as that of CTV Atlantic flagship CJCH-DT in Halifax, with commercials provided from Moncton.CKNY-TV
CKNY-TV is the CTV owned-and-operated television station in North Bay, Ontario, Canada. It broadcasts an analogue signal on VHF channel 10 from a transmitter adjacent to Ski Hill Road (southwest of Highway 534) in Nipissing.
Owned by Bell Media, it is part of the network's CTV Northern Ontario sub-system and its studios are located on Oak and Wyld Streets (near the shoreline of Lake Nipissing) in Downtown North Bay. This station can also be seen on Cogeco Cable channel 9 and digital channel 909. Effective November 29, 2012, Bell TV customers will also be able to view CKNY-TV on channel 588.DVB-S
Digital Video Broadcasting – Satellite (DVB-S) is the original DVB standard for Satellite Television and dates from 1995, in its first release, while development lasted from 1993 to 1997. The first commercial application was by Galaxy in Australia, enabling digitally broadcast, satellite-delivered Television to the public.
It is used via satellites serving every continent of the world. DVB-S is used in both Multiple Channel Per Carrier (MCPC) and Single channel per carrier modes for Broadcast Network feeds as well as for direct-broadcast satellite services like Sky (UK & Ireland) via Astra in Europe, Dish Network and Globecast in the U.S. and Bell TV in Canada.
While the actual DVB-S standard only specifies physical link characteristics and framing, the overlaid transport stream delivered by DVB-S is mandated as MPEG-2, known as MPEG transport stream (MPEG-TS).
Some amateur television repeaters also use this mode in the 1.2 GHz amateur band.Investigation (TV channel)
Investigation is a Canadian French-language Category B specialty channel owned by Bell Media. Investigation airs programming focusing on forensics and police investigations in the form of primarily documentary and reality TV series. It launched on December 12, 2013 on Bell TV, Bell Fibe TV and Cogeco as Canal D/Investigation.
The channel was originally branded as a sister-channel to Canal D, which airs, among other programming, a significant amount of programming on the forensics and police investigations genre. It has now dropped the 'Canal D' moniker and is now known simply as Investigation.Knowledge Network
Knowledge Network, also branded as British Columbia's Knowledge Network, is a Canadian publicly funded educational cable television network serving the province of British Columbia. It is operated by the Knowledge Network Corporation, a Crown corporation of the Government of British Columbia, and began broadcasting on January 12, 1981. Rudy Buttignol is president and CEO of British Columbia's Knowledge Network.Knowledge Network’s broadcast licence is for satellite-to-cable programming. The network is available on the Bell TV satellite service, on channel 268, on Shaw Direct channel 354, and on TELUS Optik TV channel 117. It has also been broadcast over-the-air in remote locations throughout British Columbia, with these repeater sites being operated by local volunteers in the few areas of the province where cable television is not available. The network used the callsign CKNO, although the transmitters were assigned numeric callsigns with the prefix "CH" due to being low-powered.Knowledge receives funding both from the British Columbia government and from public donations. The station supports lifelong learning for children and adults by providing quality, commercial-free programming through its broadcast channel, websites and apps. Knowledge Network also invests in documentaries and children’s programs produced by independent filmmakers and helps to develop skills within the independent production community.NHL Centre Ice
For the American service, see NHL Center Ice.
NHL Centre Ice is a Canadian digital cable subscription out-of-market sports package controlled and distributed by Rogers Communications through Rogers Cable as of 2014. It is offered by three national satellite television service providers, Bell TV, TELUS Optik TV, Telus Satellite TV, and Shaw Direct and many digital cable television providers such as Eastlink, Shaw, Cogeco and more.
It offers NHL regular season and select playoff games that are played outside the local viewing area using American local and national television networks such as Fox Sports Net and other sports networks like NBC. It offers both standard and high definition games.Nimiq
The Nimiq satellites are a Canadian fleet of geostationary telecommunications satellites owned by Telesat and used by satellite television providers including Bell TV and EchoStar (Dish Network). 'Nimiq' is an Inuit word used for an object or a force which binds things together. A contest in 1998 was held to choose the name of these satellites. The contest drew over 36,000 entries.TVA Sports
TVA Sports is a Canadian French language Category C specialty channel. The channel is owned by the Groupe TVA, a publicly traded subsidiary of Quebecor Media. The channel is a general-interest sports network, and the first major competitor to RDS, the only other French-language sports channel in the country.
TVA Sports obtains much of its programming via sub-licensing and resource-sharing agreements with the English-language network Sportsnet and its owner Rogers Communications. As of the 2014-15 season, TVA Sports is the national French-language broadcaster of the National Hockey League and Major League Soccer in Canada (the latter including the league's expansion club, the Montreal Impact), and also carries coverage of the Canadian Hockey League, Toronto Blue Jays baseball, and other events.Telus TV
Telus TV is a product of Telus that provides IPTV and Satellite television service in the Canadian provinces of British Columbia, Alberta, and Quebec. Telus launched IPTV service in November 2005 to customers in select Alberta communities and Satellite TV service in 2009 to customers across British Columbia and Alberta. As of February 2011, Telus' IPTV service (Optik TV) is available in various communities throughout British Columbia and Alberta.Optik TV provides customers access to over 630 digital channels including more than 100 in HD, while Telus Satellite TV offers over 500 digital channels including over 100 in HD. As of February 2017, over 1 million customers are subscribed to the Telus TV service. Major competitors for Telus TV include satellite services Shaw Direct and Bell TV as well as various cable and communications companies across British Columbia and Alberta, such as Shaw, Novus and Eastlink.The Opening Bell on Fox Business
The Opening Bell on Fox Business was an American business news program airing on the Fox Business Network at 9:00am Eastern Time and was hosted by Alexis Glick until December 23, 2009. Jenna Lee and two other FBN anchors were in the running to fill the role until its abrupt cancellation on January 15, 2010, when it was replaced on the 18th by an extension of Imus in the Morning.Debuting on December 17, 2007, this program offered a daily glimpse of what is expected to happen on Wall Street for the business day, reaction to the opening of the markets, and covered the first 30 minutes of the trading day. Contributors and reporters included Robert Gray, Shibani Joshi, Connell McShane, Charles Payne, Nicole Petallides (NYSE), and Ashley Webster (London).Vu!
Vu!, also operating as Bell TV On Demand, is a Canadian English and French language pay-per-view and Video on Demand provider that launched in October 1999 and is owned by Bell TV. Vu! is the largest PPV service provider in Canada and is available on Telus Satellite TV, Bell TV, Bell Fibe TV, and Bell Aliant FibreOP. It not only offers pay-per-view content but also features pay-per-day, pay-per-month and pay-per-year on select programming.
Pay television providers in Canada
1More than 400,000 television service subscribers.
Digital television in North America
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2An additional 9.5% interest is held by the BCE Master Trust Fund (Bell's pension plan).
|Satellite radio / TV|
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