Belgranodeutsch

Belgranodeutsch or Belgrano-Deutsch is a macaronic mixture of German and Spanish spoken in Buenos Aires, specifically in the neighborhood of Belgrano.[1]

It was spoken by the German community living in both Belgrano "R" (residential) and Belgrano "C" (commercial). There were two main schools in the neighborhood, the Goethe Schule and the Pestalozzi Schule. Around the Second World War there was a certain division of political and religious origin between the two schools.

Belgranodeutsch still survives today and can be compared to "Spanglish," a blend of Mexican Spanish and American English spoken in the United States.

Examples

  • Leihst du mir mal deine goma? (Can I borrow your eraser / rubber?)
  • Traducierst du das mal? (Could you translate this?)
  • Das ist ein asco. (That is disgusting)
  • Lechen (to milk) - from German melken and Spanish leche (milk)[2]

Notes

  1. ^ Vecoli, Rudolph J.; Judy Galens; Anna Jean Sheets; Robyn V. Young (1995). Gale Encyclopedia of Multicultural America. Gale Research. ISBN 0-8103-9164-3.
  2. ^ Rodriguez, Julio. "Argentinean Americans". Multicultural America. everyculture.com.

References

  • Schirp, Kerstin E. (2001). Die Wochenzeitung "Semanario Israelita": Sprachrohr der Deutsch-jüdischen Emigranten in Argentinien. Berlin-Hamburg-Münster: LIT Verlag. p. 76. ISBN 3-8258-5678-X.
  • Thierfelder, Franz; Judy Galens; Anna Jean Sheets; Robyn V. Young (1956). Die deutsche Sprache im Ausland: Bd. 1-2. Decker. p. 203.
Argentina

Argentina (Spanish: [aɾxenˈtina]), officially the Argentine Republic (Spanish: República Argentina), is a country located mostly in the southern half of South America. Sharing the bulk of the Southern Cone with Chile to the west, the country is also bordered by Bolivia and Paraguay to the north, Brazil to the northeast, Uruguay and the South Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Drake Passage to the south. With a mainland area of 2,780,400 km2 (1,073,500 sq mi), Argentina is the eighth-largest country in the world, the fourth largest in the Americas, and the largest Spanish-speaking nation. The sovereign state is subdivided into twenty-three provinces (Spanish: provincias, singular provincia) and one autonomous city (ciudad autónoma), Buenos Aires, which is the federal capital of the nation (Spanish: Capital Federal) as decided by Congress. The provinces and the capital have their own constitutions, but exist under a federal system. Argentina claims sovereignty over part of Antarctica, the Falkland Islands (Spanish: Islas Malvinas), and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands.

The earliest recorded human presence in modern-day Argentina dates back to the Paleolithic period. The Inca Empire expanded to the northwest of the country in Pre-Columbian times. The country has its roots in Spanish colonization of the region during the 16th century. Argentina rose as the successor state of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata, a Spanish overseas viceroyalty founded in 1776. The declaration and fight for independence (1810–1818) was followed by an extended civil war that lasted until 1861, culminating in the country's reorganization as a federation of provinces with Buenos Aires as its capital city. The country thereafter enjoyed relative peace and stability, with several waves of European immigration (mainly Italians and Spaniards) radically reshaping its cultural and demographic outlook. The almost-unparalleled increase in prosperity led to Argentina becoming the seventh wealthiest nation in the world by the early 20th century.Following the Great Depression in the 1930s, Argentina descended into political instability and economic decline that pushed it back into underdevelopment, though it remained among the fifteen richest countries for several decades. Following the death of President Juan Perón in 1974, his widow, Isabel Martínez de Perón, ascended to the presidency. She was overthrown in 1976 by a U.S.-backed coup which installed a right-wing military dictatorship. The military government persecuted and murdered numerous political critics, activists, and leftists in the Dirty War, a period of state terrorism that lasted until the election of Raúl Alfonsín as President in 1983. Several of the junta's leaders were later convicted of their crimes and sentenced to imprisonment.

Argentina is a prominent regional power in the Southern Cone and Latin America, and retains its historic status as a middle power in international affairs. Argentina has the second largest economy in South America, the third-largest in Latin America, and membership in the G-15 and G-20 major economies. It is also a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, World Trade Organization, Mercosur, Union of South American Nations, Community of Latin American and Caribbean States and the Organization of Ibero-American States. Despite its history of economic instability, it ranks second highest in the Human Development Index in Latin America.

Belgrano, Buenos Aires

Belgrano is a leafy, northern barrio or neighborhood of the city of Buenos Aires, Argentina.

German Argentine

German Argentines (German: Deutschargentinier, Spanish: germano-argentinos) are Argentine citizens of German ancestry. They are descendants of Germans who immigrated to Argentina from Germany and elsewhere in Europe. Some German Argentines originally settled in Brazil, then later immigrated to Argentina. Germany as a political entity was founded only in 1871, but immigrants from earlier dates are also considered German Argentines due to their shared ethnic heritage, language and culture. German Argentines today make up the fourth-largest ethnic group in Argentina, with over two million Volga Germans alone.German Argentines have founded German schools such as the Hölters Schule and German-language newspapers such as the Argentinisches Tageblatt ("Argentine Daily"). The five provinces with the largest numbers of inhabitants of German descent are, in order of largest German population: Córdoba, Entre Ríos, Buenos Aires, Misiones and La Pampa.

Languages in censuses

Many countries and national censuses currently enumerate or have previously enumerated their populations by languages, native language, home language, level of knowing language or a combination of these characteristics.

Spanish dialects and varieties

Some of the regional varieties of the Spanish language are quite divergent from one another, especially in pronunciation and vocabulary, and less so in grammar.

While all Spanish dialects adhere to approximately the same written standard, all spoken varieties differ from the written variety, to different degrees. There are differences between European Spanish (also called Peninsular Spanish) and the Spanish of the Americas, as well as many different dialect areas both within Spain and within Latin America.

Prominent differences of pronunciation among dialects of Spanish include:

the maintenance or lack of distinction between the phonemes /θ/ and /s/ (distinción vs. seseo and ceceo);

the maintenance or loss of distinction between phonemes represented orthographically by ll and y (yeísmo);

the maintenance of syllable-final [s] vs. its weakening to [h] (called aspiration, or more precisely debuccalization), or its loss; and

the tendency, in areas of central Mexico and of the Andean highlands, to reduction (especially devoicing), or loss, of unstressed vowels, mainly when they are in contact with voiceless consonants.Among grammatical features, the most prominent variation among dialects is in the use of the second-person pronouns. In Hispanic America the only second-person plural pronoun, for both formal and informal treatment, is ustedes, while in most of Spain the informal second-person plural pronoun is vosotros with ustedes used only in the formal treatment. For the second-person singular familiar pronoun, some Latin America dialects use tú (and its associated verb forms), while others use either vos (see voseo) or both tú and vos (which, together with usted, can make for a possible three-tiered distinction of formalities).

There are significant differences in vocabulary among regional varieties of Spanish, particularly in the domains of food products, everyday objects, and clothes; and many Latin American varieties show considerable lexical influence from Native American languages.

Varieties of German spoken outside Europe
Africa
North America
South America
Asia and the Pacific
Multiple
languages
English
Arabic
Chinese
Dutch
French
French Sign
Language
German
Greek
Hebrew
Italian
Japanese
Javanese
Malay
Portuguese
Russian
Spanish
Ukrainian
Yiddish
Official languages
Regional languages
Indigenous
languages
Minority languages
Dialects of Spanish
Sign languages

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.