Belgorod

Belgorod (Russian: Белгород, IPA: [ˈbʲɛlɡərət]) is a city and the administrative center of Belgorod Oblast, Russia, located on the Seversky Donets River 40 kilometers (25 mi) north of the border with Ukraine. Population: 356,402 (2010 Census);[7] 337,030 (2002 Census);[13] 300,408 (1989 Census).[14]

Belgorod

Белгород
View of the central part of the city
View of the central part of the city
Flag of Belgorod

Flag
Coat of arms of Belgorod

Coat of arms
Anthem: none[2]
Location of Belgorod
Belgorod is located in Russia
Belgorod
Belgorod
Location of Belgorod
Belgorod is located in Belgorod Oblast
Belgorod
Belgorod
Belgorod (Belgorod Oblast)
Coordinates: 50°36′N 36°36′E / 50.600°N 36.600°ECoordinates: 50°36′N 36°36′E / 50.600°N 36.600°E
CountryRussia
Federal subjectBelgorod Oblast[1]
Founded1596[3]
Government
 • BodyCouncil of Deputies[4]
 • Mayor[6]Konstantin Polezhayev[5]
Area
 • Total153.1 km2 (59.1 sq mi)
Elevation
130 m (430 ft)
Population
 • Total356,402
 • Estimate 
(January 2015)[8]
384,425
 • Rank49th in 2010
 • Density2,300/km2 (6,000/sq mi)
 • Subordinated tocity of oblast significance of Belgorod[1]
 • Capital ofBelgorod Oblast[1], city of oblast significance of Belgorod[1]
 • Urban okrugBelgorod Urban Okrug[9]
 • Capital ofBelgorod Urban Okrug[9]
Postal code(s)[10]
308000–308002, 308004–308007, 308009–308020, 308023–308027, 308029, 308031–308034, 308036, 308099, 308700, 308880, 308890, 308899, 308940, 308960, 308961, 308967, 308971–308974, 308991–308994
Dialing code(s)+7 472[11]
City Day5 August[12]
Websitewww.beladm.ru

History

The name Belgorod (Белгород) in Russian literally means "White city", compounding the sememes "белый" (bely, "white, light") and "город" (gorod, "town, city"). The city thus acquired its name because the region was rich in limestone.[15] Etymologically, the name corresponds to other Slavic city-names of identical meaning: Belgrade, Belogradchik, Białogard, Biograd, Bilhorod, Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi etc.

Records first mention the settlement in 1237, when the Mongol-led army of Batu Khan ravaged it. It is unclear whether this Belgorod stood on the same site as the current city. In 1596 Tsar Feodor Ioannovich of Russia ordered its re-establishment as one of numerous forts set up to defend Muscovy's Southern borders from the Crimean Tatars.[3] In the 17th century Belgorod suffered repeatedly from Tatar incursions, against which Russia built (from 1633 to 1740) an earthen wall, with twelve forts, extending upwards of 200 miles (320 kilometres) from the Vorskla in the west to the Don in the east, and called the Belgorod line. In 1666 the Moscow Patriarchate established an archiepiscopal see in the town.[16]

Male Monastery in Belgorod
Men's Monastery in 1911

After the Russian border moved south following successful wars against the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth in the second half of the 17th century, the fortress fell into disrepair; the town became part of the Kursk Governorate.

Tsar Peter the Great visited Belgorod on the eve of the Battle of Poltava (1709). A dragoon regiment had its base in the town until 1917.

Ioasaph of Belgorod, an 18th-century bishop of Belgorod and Oboyanska, became widely venerated as a miracle worker and was glorified as a saint of the Russian Orthodox Church in 1911.

20th century

Общий вид старого Белгорода
View of Belgorod in 1912

Soviet power was established in the city on 26 October (November 8), 1917. On 10 April 1918, troops of the Imperial German Army occupied Belgorod. After the conclusion of the Brest-Litovsk peace treaty of 9 February 1918 the demarcation line passed to the north of the city. Belgorod became part of the newly proclaimed Ukrainian People's Republic (February to May 1918) and Ukrainian State headed by Hetman Pavlo Skoropadskyi.

On 20 December 1918, after the overthrow of German-backed Skoropadskyi, the Soviet Red Army regained control over the city, which became part of the RSFSR. From 24 December 1918 to 7 January 1919, the Provisional Workers' and Peasants' Government of Ukraine, then led by General Georgy Pyatakov, was based in Belgorod. The city served as the temporary capital of the Ukrainian People's Republic. From 23 June to 7 December 1919 the Volunteer Army occupied the town as part of White-controlled South Russia.

From September 1925 the territorial 163rd Infantry Regiment of the 55th Infantry Division of Kursk was stationed in Belgorod. In September 1939 it was deployed to the 185th Infantry Division.

On 2 March 1935, the Presidium of the Central Executive Committee of the Soviet Union decided to allocate the city of Belgorod, Kursk region, into an independent administrative unit directly subordinate to the Kursk Regional Executive Committee.

The German Wehrmacht occupied Belgorod from 25 October 1941 to 9 February 1943. The Germans re-captured it on 18 March 1943 in the final move of the Third Battle of Kharkov. On 12 July 1943, during the Battle of Kursk, the largest tank battle in world history took place near Prokhorovka, and Red Army definitively retook the city on 5/6 August 1943. The Belgorod Diorama is one of the World War II monuments commemorating the event.

In 1954 the city became the administrative center of Belgorod Oblast. From this time the rapid development of the city as a regional center began.[17]

Belgorod is an administrative, industrial and cultural center of Belgorod Oblast, established in 1954. The major educational centers of the city are Belgorod State University, the Belgorod Technological University, the Belgorod Agrarian University, and the Financial Academy.

Belgorod Drama Theater is named after the famous 19th-century actor, Mikhail Shchepkin, who was born in this region.

On 22 April 2013, a mass shooting occurred at approximately 2:20 PM Moscow time on a street in Belgorod. The shooter, identified as 31-year-old Sergey (Sergei) Pomazun (Russian: Сергей Помазун), opened fire with a semi-automatic rifle on several people at a gun store and on a sidewalk, killing all six people whom he hit: three people at the store and three passers-by, including two teenage girls. Pomazun was later apprehended after an extensive day-long manhunt; during his arrest, he wounded a policeman with a knife. He was sentenced to life in prison on 23 August 2013.

Administrative and municipal status

Belgorod view

Belgorod is the administrative center of the oblast.[1] Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is incorporated as the city of oblast significance of Belgorod—an administrative unit with status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the city of oblast significance of Belgorod is incorporated as Belgorod Urban Okrug.[9]

City divisions

For administrative purposes, Belgorod is divided into two city okrugs:

  • Vostochny ("Eastern"), population: 141,844 (2010 Census)[7]
  • Zapadny ("Western"), population: 214,558 (2010 Census)[7]

Climate

Belgorod's climate is humid continental (Köppen climate classification Dfb) featuring moderate precipitation. Winters are rather cold and changeable with often warmings which are followed by rains. Also sometimes temperature falls lower −15 °C (5 °F) which can proceed about one week and more. Summer is warm, in separate years — could be rainy or hot and droughty. Autumn is soft and rainy. The Belgorod reservoirs become covered with ice at the end of November — the beginning of December, the ice drift lasts from March to April.

  • average year temperature: + 7.7 °C
  • average humidity: 76%
  • average wind speed: 5–7 m/s
  • average precipitation 380–620 mm (14.96–24.41 in), mostly in summer.

Transportation

Belgorod bus 09
LiAZ-5293 CNG low-entry bus
Belgorod trolleybus 14
AKSM-420 Vitovt trolleybus

Since 1869, there has been a railway connection between Belgorod and Moscow.[20] Belgorod is served by the Belgorod International Airport (EGO).

Trolleybus

Length of trolley lines is over 120 km (75 mi). Trolleybus city park consists of 150 pieces of equipment, mainly Russian-made trolley ZiU-682V, 2 units ZiU-683, operated since 1990, and 3 units ZiU-6205, 30 units "Optima", and also has one trolley Skoda-VSW -14Tr, which started operation in 1996. In 2002, the city administration purchased 15 new trolleybuses ZiU-682G, and in 2005 bought another 20 new trolleybuses ZiU-682G, and in 2011 - 30 trolleybuses Trolza-5275.05 "Optima", and in 2013 - 20 new trolleybuses ACSM-420.

Bus

The city has two bus stations: Bus Belgorod, Belgorod- 2 Bus Terminal (located on the forecourt ), as well as bus stop complex Energomash. The Energomash bus station is mainly for commuting buses. From the bus station Belgorod-2 buses go mainly to nearby regional centers, and departure of buses in accordance with the arrival of trains.

Culture and art

Theaters

  • Belgorod Drama Theater
  • Belgorod Puppet Theater
  • Two monkeys, Belgorod clowning theater

Museums

  • Belgorod historical museum
  • Belgorod Art Museum
  • Belgorod Museum of Folk Culture
  • The Belgorod Diorama Of The Tank Battle of 1943

Festivals

  • White mask, a festival of street arts

Notable people

Twin towns and sister cities

Belgorod is twinned with:

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Law #248
  2. ^ According to Article 5 of the Charter of Belgorod, the symbols of Belgorod include a flag and a coat of arms but not an anthem.
  3. ^ a b Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 39. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9.
  4. ^ Charter of Belgorod, Article 26
  5. ^ Official website of Belgorod. Konstantin Alexeyevich Polezhayev, Head of the City Administration (in Russian)
  6. ^ Charter of Belgorod, Article 35
  7. ^ a b c d Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  8. ^ Belgorod Oblast Territorial Branch of the Federal State Statistics Service. Численность населения Белгородской области по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2015 года (in Russian)
  9. ^ a b c Law #159
  10. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  11. ^ http://www.dialingcode.com/country/russia-belgorod
  12. ^ Charter of Belgorod Oblast, Article 6
  13. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (21 May 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  14. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  15. ^ "History of Belgorod | Rusmania". rusmania.com. Retrieved 2018-07-05.
  16. ^  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Byelgorod" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 4 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 895.
  17. ^ "Belgorod :: Regions & Cities :: Russia-InfoCentre". russia-ic.com. Retrieved 2018-07-20.
  18. ^ "Belgorod oblast meteodata". Archived from the original on February 3, 2012.
  19. ^ "Belgorod Climate".
  20. ^ Train Station in Belgorod (in Russian) Archived September 29, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
  21. ^ "Wakefield's twin towns". Wakefield City Council. Archived from the original on October 17, 2013. Retrieved July 14, 2013.
  22. ^ "Miasta Partnerskie Opola". Urzad Miasta Opola (in Polish). Archived from the original on August 1, 2013. Retrieved 2013-08-01.

Sources

  • Белгородский городской Совет депутатов. Решение №197 от 29 ноября 2005 г. «О принятии Устава городского округа "Город Белгород"», в ред. Решения №262 от 22 июля 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в Устав городского округа "Город Белгород"». Вступил в силу 1 января 2006 г. (за исключением отдельных положений). Опубликован: "Наш Белгород", №50, 16 декабря 2005 г. (Belgorod City Council of Deputies. Decision #197 of November 29, 2005 On the Adoption of the Charter of the Urban Okrug of the "City of Belgorod", as amended by the Decision #262 of July 22, 2015 On Amending the Charter of the Urban Okrug of the "City of Belgorod". Effective as of January 1, 2006 (with the exception of certain clauses).).
  • Белгородская областная Дума. Закон №248 от 15 декабря 2008 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Белгородской области», в ред. Закона №213 от 4 июля 2013 г. «О внесении изменения в Закон Белгородской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Белгородской области"». Вступил в силу по истечении 10 дней со дня официального опубликования за исключением положений, для которых предусмотрены иные сроки вступления в силу. Опубликован: "Белгородские известия", №219-220, 19 декабря 2008 г. (Belgorod Oblast Duma. Law #248 of December 15, 2008 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Belgorod Oblast, as amended by the Law #213 of July 4, 2013 On Amending the Law of Belgorod Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Belgorod Oblast". Effective as of 10 days after the day of the official publication; except for the portions for which other effective dates are specified.).
  • Белгородская областная Дума. Закон №159 от 20 декабря 2004 г. «Об установлении границ муниципальных образований и наделении их статусом городского, сельского поселения, городского округа, муниципального района», в ред. Закона №244 от 4 декабря 2013 г. «О внесении изменения в статью 12 Закона Белгородской области "Об установлении границ муниципальных образований и наделении их статусом городского, сельского поселения, городского округа, муниципального района"». Вступил в силу по истечении 10 дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Белгородские известия", №218–220, 24 декабря 2004 г. (Belgorod Oblast Duma. Law #159 of December 20, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations and on Granting Them a Status of Urban, Rural Settlement, Urban Okrug, Municipal District, as amended by the Law #244 of December 4, 2013 On Amending Article 12 of the Law of Belgorod Oblast "On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations and on Granting Them a Status of Urban, Rural Settlement, Urban Okrug, Municipal District". Effective as of the day which is 10 days after the official publication.).

External links

Administrative divisions of Belgorod Oblast

Cities and towns under the oblast's jurisdiction:

Belgorod (Белгород) (administrative center)

city okrugs:

Vostochny (Восточный)

Zapadny (Западный)

Alexeyevka (Алексеевка)

Gubkin (Губкин)

Shebekino (Шебекино)

Stary Oskol (Старый Оскол)

Valuyki (Валуйки)

Districts:

Alexeyevsky (Алексеевский)

with 20 municipal okrugs under the district's jurisdiction.

Belgorodsky (Белгородский)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Oktyabrsky (Октябрьский)

Razumnoye (Разумное)

Severny (Северный)

with 21 municipal okrugs under the district's jurisdiction.

Borisovsky (Борисовский)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Borisovka (Борисовка)

with 8 municipal okrugs under the district's jurisdiction.

Chernyansky (Чернянский)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Chernyanka (Чернянка)

with 15 municipal okrugs under the district's jurisdiction.

Grayvoronsky (Грайворонский)

Towns under the district's jurisdiction:

Grayvoron (Грайворон)

with 12 municipal okrugs under the district's jurisdiction.

Gubkinsky (Губкинский)

Ivnyansky (Ивнянский)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Ivnya (Ивня)

with 13 municipal okrugs under the district's jurisdiction.

Korochansky (Корочанский)

Towns under the district's jurisdiction:

Korocha (Короча)

with 22 municipal okrugs under the district's jurisdiction.

Krasnensky (Красненский)

with 10 municipal okrugs under the district's jurisdiction.

Krasnogvardeysky (Красногвардейский)

Towns under the district's jurisdiction:

Biryuch (Бирюч)

with 13 municipal okrugs under the district's jurisdiction.

Krasnoyaruzhsky (Краснояружский)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Krasnaya Yaruga (Красная Яруга)

with 7 municipal okrugs under the district's jurisdiction.

Novooskolsky (Новооскольский)

Towns under the district's jurisdiction:

Novy Oskol (Новый Оскол)

with 17 municipal okrugs under the district's jurisdiction.

Prokhorovsky (Прохоровский)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Prokhorovka (Прохоровка)

with 17 municipal okrugs under the district's jurisdiction.

Rakityansky (Ракитянский)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Proletarsky (Пролетарский)

Rakitnoye (Ракитное)

with 11 municipal okrugs under the district's jurisdiction.

Rovensky (Ровеньский)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Rovenki (Ровеньки)

with 11 municipal okrugs under the district's jurisdiction.

Shebekinsky (Шебекинский)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Maslova Pristan (Маслова Пристань)

with 13 municipal okrugs under the district's jurisdiction.

Starooskolsky (Старооскольский)

Valuysky (Валуйский)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Urazovo (Уразово)

with 14 municipal okrugs under the district's jurisdiction.

Veydelevsky (Вейделевский)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Veydelevka (Вейделевка)

with 11 municipal okrugs under the district's jurisdiction.

Volokonovsky (Волоконовский)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Pyatnitskoye (Пятницкое)

Volokonovka (Волоконовка)

with 12 municipal okrugs under the district's jurisdiction.

Yakovlevsky (Яковлевский)

Towns under the district's jurisdiction:

Stroitel (Строитель)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Tomarovka (Томаровка)

Yakovlevo (Яковлево)

with 14 municipal okrugs under the district's jurisdiction.

Alexeyevka, Belgorod Oblast

Alexeyevka (Russian: Алексе́евка) is a town in Belgorod Oblast, Russia, located on the Tikhaya Sosna River (Don's basin) 306 kilometers (190 mi) east of Belgorod. Population: 39,026 (2010 Census); 39,312 (2002 Census); 36,641 (1989 Census).

Belgorod-Kharkov Offensive Operation

The Belgorod-Kharkov Strategic Offensive Operation, or simply Belgorod-Kharkov Offensive Operation, was a Soviet strategic summer offensive that aimed to recapture Belgorod and Kharkov (now Kharkiv)a , and destroy the German forces of the 4th Panzer Army and Army Detachment Kempf. The operation was codenamed Operation Polkovodets Rumyantsev (Russian: Полководец Румянцев), after the 18th-century Field Marshal Peter Rumyantsev and was conducted by the Voronezh and Steppe Fronts in the southern sector of the Kursk Bulge. The battle was referred to as the Fourth Battle of Kharkov by the Germans.The operation began in the early hours of 3 August 1943, with the objective of following up the successful Soviet defensive effort against the German Operation Citadel. The offensive was directed against the German Army Group South's northern flank. By 23 August, the troops of the Voronezh and Steppe Fronts had successfully seized Kharkov from German forces. It was the last time that Kharkov changed hands during the Soviet-German War. The operation led to the retreat of the German forces in Ukraine behind the Dnieper River and set the stage for the Battle of Kiev in autumn 1943.

Belgorod International Airport

Belgorod International Airport (Russian: Международный Аэропорт Белгород) (IATA: EGO, ICAO: UUOB) is an airport in Russia located 4 km north of Belgorod. It services narrow-body airliners (such as the Tupolev Tu-154, Tupolev Tu-204, Ilyushin Il-76, Boeing 737, Airbus A320, Boeing 757 etc.) and wide-body airliner Boeing 767. It conducts 24-hour flight operations. The airport was founded in 1954.

Belgorod Oblast

Belgorod Oblast (Russian: Белгоро́дская о́бласть, Belgorodskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). Its administrative center is the city of Belgorod. Population: 1,532,526 (2010 Census results).

Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi

Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi (Ukrainian: Білгород-Дністровський, Romanian: Cetatea Albă, Russian: Бе́лгород-Днестро́вский ), formerly known as Akkerman (see naming section below), is a city and port situated on the right bank of the Dniester Liman (on the Dniester estuary leading to the Black Sea) in Odessa Oblast of southwestern Ukraine, in the historical region of Bessarabia. Administratively, Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi is incorporated as a town of oblast significance. It also serves as the administrative center of Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi Raion, one of twenty-six districts of Odessa Oblast, though it is not a part of the district. It is a location of a big freight seaport. Population: 50,086 (2015 est.)

CEV Champions League

The CEV Champions League, or CEV DenizBank Volleyball Champions League is the top official competition for men's volleyball clubs of Europe and takes place every year.

Center-South

Center-South («Центр-Юг», "Tsentr-Yug") is a Russian passenger airline based in Belgorod.

Donets

The Seversky Donets (Russian: Северский Донец, Severskij Donec), Siverskyi Donets (Ukrainian: Сіверський Донець, Siverśkyj Doneć), usually simply called the Donets, is a river on the south of the East European Plain. It originates in the Central Russian Upland, north of Belgorod, flows south-east through Ukraine (Kharkiv, Donetsk and Luhansk Oblasts) and then again through Russia (Rostov Oblast) to join the Don River, about 100 km (62 mi) from the Sea of Azov. The Donets is the fourth longest river in Ukraine and the biggest in the Eastern Ukraine. It is an important source of fresh water in the east of the country. It gives its name to the Donets Basin, known commonly as the Donbass, an important coal mining region in Ukraine.

FC Energomash Belgorod

FC Energomash Belgorod (Russian: ФК "Энергомаш" Белгород) was a Russian football team based in Belgorod. It was founded in 2014 after the previous Belgorod team FC Salyut Belgorod went bankrupt. For 2015–16 season, it advanced to the professional level, the third-tier Russian Professional Football League. It was dissolved after the 2017–18 season. Following that, FC Salyut Belgorod entered professional competition once again.

FC Gubkin

FC Gubkin (Russian: ФК Губкин) is a Russian association football club from Gubkin, founded in 1995. It first played on the professional league level in 2006 in the Russian Second Division, where it plays until 2013, when it was dissolved. Until 2003 the team was called FC Lebedinets Gubkin.

FC Salyut Belgorod

FC Salyut Belgorod is a Russian association football club based in Belgorod. They play in the Russian Professional Football League.

Prokhorovka, Belgorod Oblast

Prokhorovka (Russian: Про́хоровка, IPA: [ˈproxərəfkə]) is an urban locality (a settlement) and the administrative center of Prokhorovsky District of Belgorod Oblast, Russia, located along the Psyol River southeast of the city of Kursk. Population: 9,761 (2010 Census); 10,007 (2002 Census); 8,093 (1989 Census).

Russian Volleyball Super League

The Russian Volleyball Super League (Russian: Волейбольная суперлига) is the top league of Russian volleyball. It was founded in 1992, and it is considered to be the continuer of the Soviet top league, founded in 1933.

Sergey Tetyukhin

Sergey Yuryevich Tetyukhin (Russian: Серге́й Юрьевич Тетюхин; born 23 September 1975) is a former Russian volleyball player. He was born in Fergana, Uzbekistan. He is 1.97 m tall, and plays as passer-attacker. Together with Samuele Papi and Sérgio Santos he is one of only three male volleyball players who have accumulated four Olympic medals in the course of their long sporting careers. Tetyukhin, however, has the distinction of being the only volleyball player in the world (male or female) with four Olympic medals who has all three types of those awards, including gold at London Olympics.

Stary Oskol

Stary Oskol (Russian: Старый Оскол, IPA: [ˈstarɨj ɐˈskol]) is a city in Belgorod Oblast, Russia, located 618 kilometers (384 mi) south of Moscow. Population: 221,085 (2010 Census results); 215,898 (2002 Census); 173,917 (1989 Census). It is called Stary Oskol (Old Oskol) to distinguish it from Novy Oskol (New Oskol) 60km south. Both are on the Oskol River.

Stary Oskol Airport

Stary Oskol Airport (also given as Staryy Oskol) (ICAO: UUOS) is an airport in Russia located 6 km northwest of Stary Oskol. It is a small civilian airport with a 1,800-metre (5,900 ft) runway.

VC Belogorie

VC Belogorie Belgorod (Russian: ВК Белогорье) is a Russian professional volleyball club based in Belgorod which is participating in the Russian Volleyball Super League. VC Belogorie won the Russian Champion and the Russian Cup eight times each. The club is a three-times CEV Champions League champion. Belogorie is ranked 7th (as of October 2016) in the Men's European clubs ranking.

Valuyki, Belgorod Oblast

Valuyki (Russian: Валу́йки) is a town in Belgorod Oblast, Russia, located at the confluence of the Valuy and Oskol Rivers, 150 kilometers (93 mi) east of Belgorod and 15 km north of Russia–Ukraine border. Population: 35,322 (2010 Census results); 35,790 (2002 Census); 34,863 (1989 Census); 27,000 (1969).

Climate data for Belgorod
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 6.6
(43.9)
12.3
(54.1)
19.4
(66.9)
25.6
(78.1)
34.4
(93.9)
35.7
(96.3)
38.9
(102.0)
36.3
(97.3)
33.5
(92.3)
27.6
(81.7)
17.4
(63.3)
8.9
(48.0)
38.9
(102.0)
Average high °C (°F) −3.0
(26.6)
−2.9
(26.8)
2.8
(37.0)
13.2
(55.8)
20.5
(68.9)
23.9
(75.0)
26.0
(78.8)
25.2
(77.4)
18.6
(65.5)
11.1
(52.0)
1.9
(35.4)
−2.6
(27.3)
11.3
(52.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) −6.1
(21.0)
−6.1
(21.0)
−0.4
(31.3)
8.9
(48.0)
15.5
(59.9)
19.4
(66.9)
21.8
(71.2)
21.2
(70.2)
15.1
(59.2)
8.0
(46.4)
−0.4
(31.3)
−5.6
(21.9)
7.7
(45.9)
Average low °C (°F) −10.0
(14.0)
−9.9
(14.2)
−4.0
(24.8)
−0.4
(31.3)
9.7
(49.5)
14.1
(57.4)
16.8
(62.2)
16.3
(61.3)
10.9
(51.6)
4.7
(40.5)
−2.8
(27.0)
−9
(16)
3.5
(38.3)
Record low °C (°F) −34.5
(−30.1)
−29.7
(−21.5)
−31.1
(−24.0)
−9.7
(14.5)
−3.1
(26.4)
2.9
(37.2)
8.7
(47.7)
7.1
(44.8)
−2.5
(27.5)
−6.2
(20.8)
−21
(−6)
−32.1
(−25.8)
−34.5
(−30.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 52
(2.0)
40
(1.6)
36
(1.4)
46
(1.8)
48
(1.9)
67
(2.6)
72
(2.8)
53
(2.1)
49
(1.9)
40
(1.6)
52
(2.0)
50
(2.0)
605
(23.8)
Average precipitation days 10 9 8 7 7 8 9 7 7 7 10 11 100
Source #1: belgorod-meteo.ru [18]
Source #2: world-climates.com [19]
Administrative districts
Cities and towns
Urban-type settlements

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