Beijing–Shanghai high-speed railway

The Beijing–Shanghai high-speed railway (or Jinghu high-speed railway, from its name in Mandarin) is a high-speed railway 1,318 kilometres (819 mi) long that connects two major economic zones in the People's Republic of China: the Bohai Economic Rim and the Yangtze River Delta.[2] Construction began on April 18, 2008,[3] with the line opened to the public for commercial service on June 30, 2011.[4] It is the world's longest high-speed line ever constructed in a single phase.[5][6][7] The line is one of the busiest high speed railways in the world, transporting over 180 million annual passengers in 2017,[8] more than the annual ridership of the entire TGV or Intercity-Express network. It is also China's most profitable high speed rail line, reporting a 6.6 billion yuan net operational profit in 2015.[9]

Under former Minister of Railways Liu Zhijun, the railway line was the first one designed for a maximum speed of 380 km/h in commercial operations. The non-stop train from Beijing South to Shanghai Hongqiao was expected to finish the 1,305-kilometre (811 mi) journey in 3 hours and 58 minutes,[10] averaging 329 kilometres per hour (204 mph), making it the fastest scheduled train in the world, compared to 9 hours and 49 minutes on the fastest trains running on the parallel conventional railway.[11] But following Liu Zhijun's dismissal in February 2011, several major changes were announced. First, trains would be slowed to a maximum speed of 300 km/h (186 mph), reducing operating costs. At this speed, the fastest trains would take 4 hours and 48 minutes to travel from Beijing South to Shanghai Hongqiao, making one stop at Nanjing South.[12] On September 21, 2017, 350 km/h operation was restored with the introduction of China Standardized EMU. This reduced travel times between Beijing and Shanghai to about 4 hours 18 minutes on the fastest scheduled trains, attaining an average speed of 291.9 km/h (181.4 mph) over a journey of 1,302 km (809 mi) making those services the fastest in the world.[13][14][15]

Beijing–Shanghai high-speed railway
京沪高速铁路
ChinaRailwayHighspeed
Overview
TypeHigh-speed rail
StatusOperational
LocaleBeijing, Hebei, Tianjin, Shandong, Jiangsu, Anhui, Shanghai
TerminiBeijing South
Tianjin West
Shanghai Hongqiao
Stations24
Ridership180 million per year (2017)
Operation
OpenedJune 30, 2011
OwnerChina Railway
Operator(s)China Railway High-speed
Rolling stockCRH380A CRH380AL CRH380B CRH380BL CRH380CL CR400AF CR400BF
Technical
Line length1,318 km (819 mi)
1,302 km (809 mi) (main line)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Minimum radiusmostly 7,000 meters, or
400 meters near Beijing South
Operating speed350 km/h (217 mph)
Maximum incline2%[1]
Jinghu high-speed railway
Simplified Chinese京沪高速铁路
Traditional Chinese京滬高速鐵路

Specifications

The Beijing–Shanghai High-Speed Railway Co., Ltd. was in charge of construction. The project was expected to cost 220 billion yuan (about $32 billion). An estimated 220,000 passengers are expected to use the trains each day,[2] which is double the current capacity.[16] During peak hours, trains should run every five minutes.[16] 1,140 km, or 87% of the railway is elevated. There are 244 bridges along the line. The 164-km long Danyang–Kunshan Grand Bridge is the longest bridge in the world,[17] the 114-km long viaduct bridge between Langfang and Qingxian is the second longest in the world, and the Cangde Grand Bridge between Beijing's 4th Ring Road and Langfang is the fifth longest. The line also includes 22 tunnels, totaling 16.1 km (10.0 mi). A total of 1,268 km (788 mi)of the length is ballastless.

According to Zhang Shuguang, then deputy chief designer of China's high-speed railway network, the designed continuous operating speed is 350 km/h (217 mph), with a maximum speed of up to 380 km/h (236 mph). The average commercial speed from Beijing to Shanghai was planned to be 330 km/h (205 mph), which would have cut the train travel time from 10 hours to 4 hours.[18] The rolling stock used on this line consists mainly of CRH380 trains. The CTCS-3 based train control system is used on the line, to allow for a maximum speed of 380 km/h of running and a minimum train interval of 3 minutes. With power consumption of 20 MW and capacity of about 1,050 passengers, the energy consumption per passenger from Beijing to Shanghai should be less than 80kWh.

History

Beijing–Shanghai High-Speed Railway and Beijing–Shanghai Railway
The Beijing–Shanghai high-speed railway (on the top) paralleled by the older Beijing–Shanghai Railway (on the bottom).

China's two most important cities, Beijing and Shanghai, were not linked by rail until 1912, when the Jinpu railway was completed between Tianjin and Pukou. With the existing railway between Beijing and Tianjin, which was completed in 1900, the Huning railway between Nanjing and Shanghai opened in 1908, interrupted by a ferry between Pukou and Nanjing across the Yangtze River. A weekly Beijing–Shanghai direct train was first introduced in 1913.

In 1933 a train ride from Beijing to Shanghai took around 44 hours, at an average speed of 33 km/h. Passengers had to get off in Pukou with their luggage, board a ferry named "Kuaijie" across the Yangtze, and get on another connecting train in Xiaguan on the other side of the river.

In 1933 the Nanjing Train Ferry was opened for service. The new train ferry, "Changjiang" (Yangtze), built by a British company, was 113.3 meters long, 17.86 meters wide, was able to carry 21 freight cars or 12 passenger cars. Passengers could remain on the train when crossing the river, and the travel time was thus cut to around 36 hours. The train service was suspended during the Japanese invasion.

In 1949 from Shanghai's North railway station toward Beijing (then Beiping) it took 36 hours, 50 minutes, at an average speed of 40 km/h. In 1956 the trip time was cut to 28 hours, 17 minutes. In the early 1960s the travel time was further cut to 23 hours, 39 minutes.

In October 1968, the Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge was opened. The travel time was cut to 21 hours, 34 minutes. As new diesel locomotives were introduced in the 1970s, the speed was increased further. In 1986, the travel time was 16 hours, 59 minutes.

China introduced six line schedule reductions from 1997 to 2007. In October 2001, train T13/T14 took about 14 hours from Beijing to Shanghai. On April 18, 2004, Z-series trains were introduced. The trip time was cut to 11 hours, 58 minutes. There were five trains departing around 7 pm every day, each 7 minutes apart, arriving at their destination the next morning.

The railway was completely electrified in 2006. On April 18, 2007, the new CRH bullet train was introduced on the upgraded railway as part of the Sixth Railway Speed-Up Campaign. A day-time train D31 served the route, departing from Beijing at 10:50 every morning, and arriving at Shanghai at 20:49 in the evening, travelling mostly at 160–200 km/h (up to 250 km/h in a very short section between Anting and Shanghai West). In 2008 overnight sleeper CRH trains were introduced, replacing the locomotive-hauled Z sleeper trains. With a new high-speed intercity line opening between Nanjing and Shanghai in the summer of 2010, the sleeper trains made use of the high-speed line in the Shanghai–Nanjing section, travelling at 250 km/h for a longer distance. The fastest sleeper trains took 9 hours, 49 minutes, with four intermediate stops, at an average speed of 149 km/h.

As the Nanjing Yangtze Bridge connected the two sections of the railway into a continuous line, the entire railway between Beijing and Shanghai was renamed the Jinghu Railway, with Jing (京) being the standard Chinese abbreviation for Beijing, and Hu (沪), short for Shanghai. The Jinghu Railway has served as China's busiest railway for nearly a century. Due to rapid growth in passenger and freight traffic in the last 20 years, this line has reached and surpassed capacity.

Dedicated high-speed rail proposal

The Jinghu high-speed railway was proposed in the early 1990s, because one quarter of the country's population lived along the existing Beijing-Shanghai rail line[16] In December 1990, the Ministry of Railways submitted to the National People's Congress a proposal to build the Beijing–Shanghai high speed railway parallel to the existing Beijing–Shanghai railway line.[19] In 1995, Premier Li Peng announced that work on the Beijing–Shanghai high-speed railway would begin in the 9th Five Year Plan (1996–2000). The Ministry's initial design for the high-speed rail line was completed, and a report was submitted for state approval in June 1998.[20] The construction plan was set in 2004, after a five-year debate on whether to use steel-on-steel rail track, or maglev technology. Maglev was not chosen due to its incompatibility with China's existing rail-and-track technology and its high price, which is two times higher than that of conventional rail technology.[21][22]

Technology debate

Although engineers originally said construction could take until 2015, the China's Ministry of Railways initially promised a 2010 opening date for the new line.[2] However, the Ministry did not anticipate an ensuing debate over the possible use of maglev technology.[23] Although more traditional steel-on-steel rail technology was chosen for the railway, the technology debate resulted in a substantial delay of the railway's feasibility studies, completed in March 2006. The current rolling stock is the CRH380AL, which is a Chinese electric high-speed train that was developed by China South Locomotive & Rolling Stock Corporation Limited (CSR). CRH380A is one of the four Chinese train series which have been designed for the new standard operating speed of 380 km/h (236 mph) on newly constructed Chinese high-speed main lines. The other three are CRH380B, CRH380C and CRH380D.

Engineering challenges

Beijing-Shanghai express railway2
Dashengguan Yangtze River Bridge under construction in Nanjing.

Testing began shortly thereafter on the main line section between Shanghai and Nanjing. This section of the line sits on the soft soil of the Yangtze Delta, providing engineers an example of the more difficult challenges they would face in later construction. In addition to these challenges, high speed trains use extensive amounts of aluminium alloy, with specially designed windscreen glass capable of withstanding avian impacts.

Construction

Construction work began on April 18, 2008. Track-laying was started on July 19, 2010, and completed on November 15, 2010.[24] On December 3, 2010, a 16-car CRH380AL trainset set a speed record of 486.1 km/h (302.0 mph) on the Zaozhuang West to Bengbu section of the line during a test run. On January 10, 2011, another 16-car modified CRH380BL train set a speed record of 487.3 km/h (302.8 mph) during a test run.[25] The overhead catenary work was completed on February 4, 2011 for the entire line. According to CCTV, more than 130,000 construction workers and engineers were at work at the peak of the construction phase.

According to the Ministry of Railways, construction has used twice as much concrete as the Three Gorges dam, and 120 times the amount of steel in the Beijing National Stadium. There are 244 bridges and 22 tunnels built to standardized designs, and the route is monitored by 321 seismic, 167 windspeed and 50 rainfall sensors.[26]

Start of service

Security check line at Beijing South Station
Security check line at Beijing South Station at opening of the Beijing–Shanghai high-speed railway

Tickets were put on sale at 09:00 on June 24, 2011, and sold out within an hour.[27] To compete with the new train service, airlines slashed the cost of flights between Beijing and Shanghai by up to 65%.[28] Economy air fares between Beijing and Shanghai fell by 52%.[1]

Sleeper bullet trains on the upgraded railway were cancelled at the beginning,[29] but later resumed. The new line will increase the freight capacity of the old line by 50 million tons per year between Beijing and Shanghai.[29][30]

In its second week in service, the system experienced three malfunctions in four days.[31] On July 10, 2011, trains were delayed after heavy winds and a thunderstorm caused power supply problems in Shandong.[31] On July 12, 2011, trains were delayed again when another power failure occurred in Suzhou. On July 13, 2011, a transformer malfunction in Changzhou forced a train to half its top speed, forcing passengers to take a backup train.[32] Within two weeks after opening, airline prices had rebounded due to frequent malfunctions on the line.[33] Airline ticket sales were only down 5% in July 2011 compared to June 2011, after the opening of the line.[34] A spokesman for the Ministry of Railways apologized for the glitches and delays, stating that in the two weeks since service had begun only 85.6% of trains had arrived on time.[35]

Finances

In 2006, it was estimated that the line would cost between CN¥130 billion (US$16.25 billion) and ¥170 billion ($21.25 billion).[36] The following year, the estimated cost had revised to ¥200 billion ($25 billion), or ¥150 million per kilometer.[37][38] Due to rapid rises in the costs of labor, construction materials and land acquisitions over the previous years, by July 2008, the estimated cost was increased to ¥220 billion ($32 billion). By then, the state-owned company Beijing–Shanghai high-speed railway, established to raise funds for the project, had raised ¥110 billion, with the remaining to be sourced from local governments, share offerings, bank loans and, for the first time for a railway project, foreign investment.[39] In the end, investment in the project totaled ¥217.6 billion ($34.7 billion).[40]

In 2016 it was revealed, that last year the Beijing–Shanghai High-Speed Railway Company has total assets of ¥181.54 billion ($28 billion), revenue ¥23.42 billion ($3.6 billion) and a net profit ¥6.58 billion ($1 billion), thus being labeled as the most profitable railway line in the world.[41][9]

Rolling stock

CR400AF-2006@BJN (20170908084025)
A CR400AF trainset waiting for departure at Beijing South railway station as G1 in September 2017; From September 21, 2017, 7 pairs of Beijing-Shanghai high-speed trains will run at 350 km/h, using CR400AF or CR400BF[42]

350km/h services utilize the CR400AF and CR400BF trainsets, 300 km/h services use CRH380AL, CRH380BL, and CRH380CL trainsets. while slower 250 km/h services used CRH2A/E and CRH5A trainsets until they were withdrawn on December 10, 2014.[26] First and Second Class coaches are available on all trains. On the shorter trains, a six-person Premier Class compartment is available. Available on the longer trains are up to 28 Business Class seats and a full-length dining car.

Operation and ridership

More than 90 trains a day run between Beijing South and Shanghai Hongqiao from 07:00 to until 18:00.

The line's average daily ridership in its initial two weeks of operation was 165,000 passengers daily, while 80,000 passengers every day continued to ride on the slower and less expensive old railway.[35] The figure of 165,000 daily riders is three-quarters of the forecast of 220,000 daily riders[2] and is consistent with a pattern where new rail services build ridership over a period of time after opening (see TGV, Ridership). On August 12, 2011, after several delays caused by equipment problems, 54 CRH380BL trains running on this line were recalled by their manufacturer.[43] They returned to regular service on November 16, 2011.

By March 2013, the line had carried 100 million passengers.[40]

This line is gradually gaining popularity through the years and it is reaching its capacity at weekends and holidays. With the introduction of the China Standardized EMU, the highest operation speed of the line was raised to 350 km/h on September 21, 2017. The fastest train will complete the journey in 4 hours 24 minutes (G7), while making two stops along the trip at Jinan and Nanjing.

Fares

G1 - Beijing South-Shanghai Hongqiao
Ticket for the first train from Beijing South to Shanghai Hongqiao.

On June 13, 2011, the list of fares was announced at a Ministry of Railways press conference. The fares from Beijing South to Shanghai Hongqiao in RMB Yuan are listed below:[44]

Speed 2nd-class seat 1st-class seat VIP Seat (Sightseeing Seat) Quickest Journey Time Daily services
G(350 km/h) 555 935 1748 4h24m 94

Note: *Only available on services using the CRH380AL, CRH380BL and CRH380CL trains

On June 14, 2011, the list of stop-by-stop fares was published on the Ministry of Railways' website.[45]

With tickets priced at ¥1750 one way in the sightseeing compartment at the ends of the trains, passengers can sit behind the driver .[46] Tickets at the same price all feature seats which recline in full. Holders of these tickets are additionally given free lounge access at major stations, are served a free meal onboard close to meal times, and are given unlimited refills of non-alcoholic drinks while on board.

Online ticketing service

The online ticket service opened when brick and mortar ticket service started. Passengers can buy tickets on the internet and pay the fare by debit or credit card. If the passenger uses a 2nd-generation PRC ID Card and does not want any documents printed, they can use their ID card directly as the ticket to pass the AFC, otherwise the passenger must change to a paper ticket prior to travel. Since late 2011, it has also been possible for users of these ID cards to print a ticket with the remark "Ticket Checked" after the end of the trip for reimbursement purposes.

Components

Section Description Designed
speed
(km/h)

Length
(km)

Construction
start date

Open date
Beijing–Shanghai
high-speed railway
HSR Corridor of East China 350 1433 2008-01-08 2012-10-16
Beijing–Shanghai Section
(Beijing–Shanghai high-speed railway)
Beijing-Shanghai Railroad
HSR from Beijing to Shanghai via Tianjin, Jinan, Xuzhou, Bengbu and Nanjing 350 1302 2008-04-18 2011-06-30[47]
Hefei–Bengbu section
(Hefei–Bengbu high-speed railway)
Spur off Jinghu HSR from Bengbu to Hefei 350 131 2008-01-08 2012-10-16[48]

Stations and service

There are 24 stations on the line. Cruise speeds are 300 and 350 km/h depending on services. Fare are calculated based on distance traveled regardless of speed and travel time. More than 40 pairs of daily scheduled train services travel end-to-end along this route, and hundreds more that only use a segment of it.

Station
Name
Chinese Total distance (km) Travel Time Rail
transfers*
Metro
transfers*
Platforms Tracks served
by platform
Location
350 km/h 300 km/h
Beijing South 北京南 0 0:00 0:00 Beijing–Tianjin intercity railway
Beijing–Shanghai railway
Beijing Subway  4  14  13 24 Beijing
Langfang 廊坊 59     2 2 Langfang Hebei
Tianjin West 天津西 Not on main line Beijing–Tianjin intercity railway
Tianjin–Qinhuangdao high-speed railway (through connection line with Tianjin railway station)
Tianjin–Baoding intercity railway
Beijing–Shanghai railway
Tianjin Metro (Tianjin Metro Group Co., Ltd.)  1  6  13 24 Tianjin
Tianjin South 天津南 131 0:31 0:34   Tianjin Metro (Tianjin Metro Group Co., Ltd.)  3  2 4
Cangzhou West 沧州西 219     2 4 Cangzhou Hebei
Dezhou East 德州东 327 Shijiazhuang–Jinan high-speed railway (part of the Qingdao–Taiyuan high-speed railway)   3 5 Dezhou Shandong
Jinan West 济南西 419 1:22 1:32 Shijiazhuang–Jinan high-speed railway (part of the Qingdao–Taiyuan high-speed railway) Jinan Metro Line 1, 2 8 15 Jinan
Taian 泰安 462     2 4 Tai'an
Qufu East 曲阜东 533     2 4 Qufu
Tengzhou East 滕州东 589     2 4 Tengzhou
Zaozhuang 枣庄 625     2 4 Zaozhuang
Xuzhou East 徐州东 688 Zhengzhou–Xuzhou high-speed railway (part of the Xuzhou–Lanzhou high-speed railway)   7 13 Xuzhou Jiangsu
Suzhou East 宿州东 767     2 4 Suzhou Anhui
Bengbu South 蚌埠南 844 Hefei–Bengbu high-speed railway   5 9 Bengbu
Dingyuan 定远 897     2 4 Dingyuan
Chuzhou 滁州 959     2 4 Chuzhou
Nanjing South 南京南 1018 3:13 4:05 Hefei–Nanjing Passenger Railway (part of the Shanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu high-speed railway)
Nanjing–Hangzhou Passenger Railway
Shanghai–Nanjing intercity railway (part of the Shanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu high-speed railway)
Nanjing Metro  1  3  S1  S7  15 28 Nanjing Jiangsu
Zhenjiang South 镇江南 1087 Shanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu high-speed railway   2 4 Zhenjiang
Danyang North 丹阳北 1112 Shanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu high-speed railway   2 4 Danyang
Changzhou North 常州北 1144 Shanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu high-speed railway   2 4 Changzhou
Wuxi East 无锡东 1201 Shanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu high-speed railway Wuxi Metro  2  2 4 Wuxi
Suzhou North 苏州北 1227 Shanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu high-speed railway Suzhou–Jiaxing intercity railway Suzhou Rail Transit  2  2 4 Suzhou
Kunshan South 昆山南 1259 Shanghai–Nanjing intercity railway (part of the Shanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu high-speed railway)[49]   2 4 Kunshan
Shanghai Hongqiao 上海虹桥 1302 4:18 5:22 Shanghai–Hangzhou high-speed railway (part of the Shanghai–Kunming high-speed railway)
Shanghai–Nanjing intercity railway (part of the Shanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu high-speed railway)
Shanghai Metro  2  10   17  16 30 Shanghai

Note:

* – Lines in italic text are under construction or planned

The travel time column in the following table only list shortest time possible to get to a certain station from Beijing. Different services make different stops along the way and there is no services that stop at every station.

Bridges

The railway line has some of the longest bridges in the world. They include:

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  49. ^ (in Chinese) 关于京沪高速铁路与沪宁城际铁路昆山段具体走向及站点设置的说明 Archived June 18, 2011, at the Wayback Machine ("Regarding the tracks alignment and the stations on the Kunshan section of the Beijing-Shanghai high-speed railway and the Shanghai-Nanjing intercity railway ...")
  50. ^ a b Longest bridge, Guinness World Records. Retrieved July 2011.

External links

Coordinates: 35°31′45″N 118°48′16″E / 35.5291°N 118.8045°E

Beijing South railway station

Beijingnan (Beijing South) railway station (Chinese: 北京南站; pinyin: Běijīngnán Zhàn) is a large railway station (mainly serving high speed trains) in Fengtai District, Beijing, about 7.5 km (4.7 mi) south of central Beijing, between the 2nd and 3rd ring roads. The station in its present form opened on 1 August 2008 and replaced the old Beijing South station, originally known as Majiapu railway station and later renamed Yongdingmen railway station, which stood 500 metres away. The old station was in use from 1897 to 2006.The new Beijing South railway station is the city's largest station, and is one of the largest in Asia. It joins the main Beijing railway station and the Beijing West railway station as one of three main passenger rail hubs in the Chinese capital. It serves as the terminus for high-speed trains on the Beijing–Tianjin intercity railway and Beijing–Shanghai high-speed Railway which can reach speeds up to 350 km/h (217 mph). CRH night sleepers to and from Shanghai also depart from this station.

The station integrates two Beijing Subway line stations, bus hubs (including an airport shuttle bus), and taxi stands, into the same building, and includes a wide variety of restaurants in the station itself.

Cangzhou West railway station

The Cangzhou West railway station (simplified Chinese: 沧州西站; traditional Chinese: 滄州西站; pinyin: Cāngzhōuxī Zhàn) is a high-speed railway station in Cangzhou, Hebei. It is served by some trains on the Beijing–Shanghai high-speed railway.

Platforms 1 and 2 are used for trains to Ji'nan, Qingdao and Shanghai Hongqiao; platforms 3 and 4 are used for services to Beijing South and Tianjin West. Two tracks in the middle of the station allow for trains running direct services to continue at full speed without stopping.

The ticket office, station concourse and station square are all to the east of the station.

Changzhou North railway station

The Changzhou North railway station (Chinese: 常州北站) is a high-speed railway station in Changzhou, Jiangsu, China. It serves the Jinghu High-Speed Railway.

China Railway CRH3

The CRH3 Hexie (simplified Chinese: 和谐号; traditional Chinese: 和諧號; pinyin: Héxié Hào; literally: "Harmony") is a version of the Siemens Velaro high-speed train used in China on the Beijing–Tianjin intercity railway line, Wuhan-Guangzhou Passenger Dedicated Line, Zhengzhou-Xi'an Passenger Dedicated Line and the Shanghai–Nanjing intercity railway. It is capable of service speed of 380 km/h (236 mph) as the very similar Velaro E used in Spain, but, similarly to the Sapsan, it is 300 mm (11.8 in) wider to take advantage of a more generous structure gauge and thus be able to fit in more seats in a 2+3 layout.

Chuzhou railway station

The Chuzhou railway station (Chinese: 滁州站) is a high-speed railway station in Chuzhou, Anhui, People's Republic of China. It will be served by the Jinghu High-Speed Railway.

Danyang North railway station

The Danyang North railway station (Simplified Chinese: 丹阳北站) is a high-speed railway station in Danyang, Jiangsu, China. It is served by the Jinghu High-Speed Railway. The station is at the northern end of the Danyang–Kunshan Grand Bridge the longest bridge in the world.

Dezhou East railway station

The Dezhou East railway station (simplified Chinese: 德州东站; traditional Chinese: 德州東站; pinyin: Dézhōudōng Zhàn) is a high-speed railway station in Dezhou, Shandong, People's Republic of China. It is served by the Jinghu High-Speed Railway and Shiji Passenger Railway.

Dingyuan railway station

The Dingyuan railway station (Chinese: 定远站) is a high-speed railway station in Dingyuan County, Chuzhou, Anhui, People's Republic of China. It is served by the Jinghu High-Speed Railway.

Jinan West railway station

The Jinan West railway station (simplified Chinese: 济南西站; traditional Chinese: 濟南西站; pinyin: Jǐnánxī Zhàn) is a high-speed railway station in Jinan, the capital of Shandong province, People's Republic of China.

Kunshan South railway station

The Kunshan South railway station (simplified Chinese: 昆山南站; traditional Chinese: 崑山南站; pinyin: Kūnshān-nán zhàn) is a railway station on the Jinghu High-Speed Railway and the Huning Intercity Rail. The station is located in Kunshan City, Jiangsu, China.

The Kunshan South Station has 2 platforms and 6 tracks on the Shanghai–Nanjing Intercity Railway, as well as 2 platforms and 6 tracks on the Beijing–Shanghai High-Speed Railway. (The two rail lines have the same track alignment in the central Kunshan City). The new station is located about a kilometer to the south from the Kunshan Station on the "old" Jinghu Railway.

Langfang railway station

The Langfang railway station (Chinese: 廊坊站; pinyin: Lángfáng Zhàn) is a high-speed railway station in Langfang, Hebei, situated between Beijing and Tianjin. It is served by the Beijing–Shanghai high-speed railway.

Nanjing South railway station

The Nanjing South railway station (Chinese: 南京南站; pinyin: Nánjīngnán Zhàn) is a high-speed railway station in Nanjing, the capital of Jiangsu province, serving the Beijing–Shanghai (Jinghu) high-speed railway, Shanghai–Nanjing (Huning) intercity railway, Nanjing–Hangzhou (Ninghang) high-speed railway and the Shanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu (Huhanrong) high-speed railway. The new Nanjing South railway station is located a few kilometres south of downtown Nanjing in Yuhuatai District, and has a connection with the Nanjing Metro, served by Lines 1, 3, S1 and S3. Construction on the station began on 10 January 2008, and the station opened on 28 June 2011, two days before the opening of the Beijing–Shanghai high-speed railway.

It is one of the world's largest railway stations in terms of GFA (Gross Floor Area), at 458,000 m2 (4,930,000 sq ft), nearly six times larger than the pre-existing Nanjing railway station to the north, with five floor allowing for a zero-distance transfer to Nanjing Metro, Nanjing municipal buses and Airport bus lines. The dimension of the main roof is 456m x 216m (excluding smaller roof on both sides of the main roof), the main roof is constructed with steel weighing more than 8000 tons. The roof on top of the waiting hall area (part of the main roof) is 72,000 square meter (775,001 square ft). The entire railway station has 128 escalators, and 28 platforms (a combination of island-platforms and side-platforms). At the peak of the construction phase, there were more than 20,000 construction workers and engineers at work. Solar panels cover the majority of the railway station roof and are capable of providing 7.17 MW (megawatt) of electricity.Before the construction of the (New) Nanjing South Railway Station, the name "Nanjing South Railway Station" was applied to another station: a fairly minor rail station located just outside the Gate of China (Zhonghuamen) of Nanjing's walled city, much closer to the city centre than the new Nanjing South Railway Station. To avoid confusion, the (old) South Railway Station has now been renamed as the Zhonghuamen railway station.

Suzhou North railway station

The Suzhou North railway station (Chinese: 苏州北站) is a high-speed railway station in Suzhou, Jiangsu, People's Republic of China. It will be served by the Beijing–Shanghai High-Speed Railway. It is 10.5 kilometers away from Suzhou railway station.

Tai'an railway station (Shandong)

The Tai'an railway station (Chinese: 泰安站) is a high-speed railway station in Tai'an, Shandong, People's Republic of China. It is served by the Jinghu High-Speed Railway.

Tianjin South railway station

The Tianjin South railway station (Chinese: 天津南站) is a high-speed railway station in Xiqing, Tianjin, People's Republic of China. It is served by some trains on the Beijing-Shanghai High Speed Railway.

This station is built as an elevated station and is part of the Tianjin Grand Bridge.

Tianjin West railway station

The Tianjinxi (West) Railway Station (Chinese: 天津西站; pinyin: Tiānjīnxī zhàn) is a high-speed railway station in Tianjin. It is served by the Beijing–Shanghai railway and Jinbao Intercity Railway and by the Beijing–Shanghai high-speed railway.

Wuxi East railway station

The Wuxi East railway station (Chinese: 无锡东站) is a high-speed railway station in Wuxi, Jiangsu, People's Republic of China. It is served by the Jinghu High-Speed Railway. It is opened on June 30, 2011.The station is by Xianfeng East Road, in Xishan, Wuxi. The station offers two ticket halls (north and south), four platforms, and daily services of trains to major cities in China.

Xuzhou East railway station

Xuzhou East railway station (Chinese: 徐州东站; pinyin: xú zhōu dōng zhàn; also called Xuzhoudong) is a station dedicated for high-speed railways in Xuzhou, Jiangsu, People's Republic of China. It is served by the Beijing–Shanghai high-speed railway and Xuzhou-Lanzhou high-speed railway (Eurasia Continental Bridge passageway).

The new station for high-speed rail services was officially put into use on June 30, 2011. It is located at the approximate halfway point between Beijing and Shanghai on the Beijing-Shanghai railway.

The station will integrate a Xuzhou Metro station on Line 1, expected to open on September 1, 2019.

Zhenjiang South railway station

The Zhenjiang South railway station (Chinese: 镇江南站) is a high-speed railway station in Zhenjiang, Jiangsu, People's Republic of China. It is served by the Jinghu High-Speed Railway.

Route map

Beijing-Shanghai Line

0
Beijing South
Left arrow to Beijing EMU depot
59
Langfang
Left arrow Tianjin–Bazhou railway to Bazhou
Caozhuang EMU depot
Tianjin West
Down arrow Tianjin underground cross-city railway to Tianjin
131
Tianjin South
Xiaokangzhuang–Huanghua Port railway
219
Cangzhou West
Xiaokangzhuang–Huanghua Port railway
327
Dezhou East
Dongyingnan–Binzhou railway
Jinan Yellow River Bridge
Jinan Railway
Left arrow to Jinan West train depot
419
Jinan West
Jinan Railway
Jinan Taishan District Tunnel
Left arrow Taishan–Feicheng railway
462
Tai'an
Xinxiang–Rizhao railway
533
Qufu East
Left arrow Lankao South; Lunan HSR; Linyi North Right arrow
589
Tengzhou East
Jingting–Linyi railway
625
Zaozhuang
688
Xuzhou East
Fuliji–Yuanbei railway
767
Suzhou East
Huai River Bridge
Left arrow Shuiyu Railway to Bengbu
844
Bengbu South
897
Dingyuan
959
Chuzhou
Left arrow Hefei–Nanjing line to Hefei
line to Yongningzhen Right arrow
Right arrow to Nanjing South train depot
1018
Nanjing South
1087
Zhenjiang South
1112
Danyang North
1144
Changzhou North
1201
Wuxi East
1227
Suzhou North
1259
Kunshan South
Shanghai Grand Bridge
Right arrow from Shanghai Hongqiao EMU depot
1302
Shanghai Hongqiao
Transcriptions
Standard Mandarin
Hanyu PinyinJīnghù Gāosù Tiělù
Wu
RomanizationCin1wu2 Kau1soh4 Thih4lu3
Beijing–Shanghai high-speed railway
Beijing–Shanghai passageway west route
Mainline
Nanjing–Hangzhou Branch
Hefei–Bengbu Branch
(Shangqiu–)Hefei–Hangzhou Branch (u/c)
Technologies
High-speed trains
High-speed railway line
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