Beijing–Harbin, Beijing–Hong Kong (Macau) passageway

The Beijing–Harbin, Beijing–Hong Kong (Macau) passageway is a high-speed rail passage connecting Harbin in Heilongjiang province to the Hong Kong and Macau Special Administrative Regions via Beijing. The passage will pass through the cities of Changchun, Shenyang, Beijing, Shijiazhuang, Zhengzhou, Wuhan, Changsha, and Guangzhou before splitting into two lines: one passing through Shenzhen before terminating at Hong Kong, the other passing through Zhuhai before terminating at Macau.

Announced in 2016 as part of the national "eight vertical and eight horizontal" high-speed railway network, the passage is essentially a merger of two lines previously under the "Four Vertical and Four Horizontal" high-speed railway network: the Beijing–Harbin high-speed railway and the Beijing–Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong high-speed railway, with the addition of the Guangzhou–Macau branch line. The Shenyang–Dalian railway section, initially considered part of the Beijing–Harbin high-speed railway, now forms part of the Coastal passageway, a different rail passageway.

Beijing-Harbin, Beijing-Hong Kong (Macau) passageway
京哈~京港澳通道
ChinaRailwayHighspeed
MTR-High Speed Rail logo
Overview
TypeHigh-speed rail
StatusPartly operational
LocalePeople's Republic of China
TerminiHarbin
Hong Kong
Macau
Operation
Operator(s)China Railway High-speed
Technical
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification50Hz 25,000V
Operating speed200 to 350 km/h (124 to 217 mph)

Route

Main route (Harbin to Hong Kong)

Section
Railway line
Description Designed
speed
(km/h)

Length
(km)

Construction
start date

Open date
Harbin–Shenyang
Harbin–Dalian high-speed railway (section)
HSR from Harbin to Shenyang, part of longer route to Dalian and Changchun. 350 (summer)
250 (winter)
2007-08-23 2012-12-01
Shenyang-Beijing
Beijing–Shenyang high-speed railway
HSR from Beijing to Shenyang via Chengde, Fuxin and Chaoyang 350 684 2014-02-28 2018-12-29 (Chengde South–Shenyang section)
2020 (Xinghuo–Chengde South section)
Beijing–Shijiazhuang
Beijing–Shijiazhuang high-speed railway
HSR from Beijing to Shijiazhuang 350 281 2008-10-08 2012-12-26[1]
Shijiazhuang–Wuhan
Shijiazhuang–Wuhan high-speed railway
HSR from Shijiazhuang to Zhengzhou 350 838 2008-10-15 2012-12-26[1]
HSR from Zhengzhou to Wuhan 2012-09-28[2]
Wuhan–Guangzhou
Wuhan–Guangzhou high-speed railway
HSR from Wuhan to Guangzhou via Changsha 350 968 2005-09-01 2009-12-26
2010-01-30[3]
Guangzhou–Shenzhen
Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong Express Rail Link
Mainland section of the Express Rail Link. HSR from Guangzhou to Shenzhen North Railway Station. 350 116 2008-08-20 2011-12-26[4]
Mainland section of the Express Rail Link. HSR from Shenzhen North to the border of Hong Kong. 2015-12-30[5]
Shenzhen–Hong Kong
Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong Express Rail Link (Hong Kong section)
Hong Kong section of the Express Rail Link. HSR from the border of Shenzhen to Hong Kong. 200 26 2010 2018-09-23[6]

Branch line (Guangzhou to Macau)

Section
Railway line
Description Designed
speed
(km/h)

Length
(km)

Construction
start date

Open date
Guangzhou–Zhuhai
Guangzhou–Zhuhai intercity railway (section)
intercity railway between Guangzhou and Zhuhai. 200 187 2005-12-18 2011-01-07
Zhuhai–Macau
Zhuhai–Macau intercity railway
intercity railway between Zhuhai and Macau. 200 ? TBA TBA

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Beijing–Guangzhou high speed line completed". Railway Gazette. 2012-12-26. Retrieved 2012-12-28.
  2. ^ "New high-speed railway spurs debate over prices". People's Daily Online. 2012-09-27. Retrieved 2012-09-27.
  3. ^ "Guangzhou south railway station to open on Jan. 30". Newsgd.com. 2010-01-05. Retrieved 2013-10-08.
  4. ^ Lu, Yanan; Zeng, Yong (2011-12-26). "Guangzhou–Shenzhen high-speed railway opens". People's Daily Online. Retrieved 2011-12-26.
  5. ^ "Asia's largest underground railway station opens for business". SmartRail World. 2016-01-05. Retrieved 2016-01-29.
  6. ^ "MTR's Guangzhou high-speed rail link won't open until 2018 and is 30 per cent over budget". South China Morning Post. 2015-09-14. Retrieved 2016-01-29.
Beijing–Guangzhou high-speed railway

The Beijing–Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong high-speed railway or Jingguangshengang high-speed railway from its Chinese name is a high-speed railway corridor of the CRH passenger service, connecting Beijingxi Station in Beijing and Futian Station in Shenzhen. It crosses the border and follows Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong Express Rail Link Hong Kong section to West Kowloon Station in Hong Kong. It is 2,230 kilometres (1,390 mi) long, and is the only Chinese high-speed railway to cross a border that requires immigration and customs clearance. The existing, conventional Jingguang railway runs largely parallel to the line.

The line forms part of the Beijing–Harbin, Beijing–Hong Kong (Macau) passageway, based on the "Eight Verticals and Eight Horizontals" railway master plan announced in 2016.

Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong Express Rail Link

Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong Express Rail Link (XRL), also known as “Guangshengang XRL” (officially Beijing–Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong high-speed railway, Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong section), is a high-speed railway line that connects Beijing and Hong Kong (Kowloon) via Guangzhou and Shenzhen.

Three types of rolling stock – Hexie (Harmony), Fuxing (Rejuvenation), and Vibrant Express are operated on this railway link.

The first phase, Shenzhen North–Guangzhou South, commenced revenue operation in December 2011. Services were extended to the city centre of Shenzhen at Futian in December 2015. The final phase, which connects Shenzhen-Futian to Hong Kong (West Kowloon) was inaugurated on 22 September 2018. It opened for public on Sunday 23 September 2018.

List of high-speed railway lines in China

China's high-speed railway network is by far the longest in the world. As of Dec 2018, it extends to 29 of the country's 33 provincial-level administrative divisions and exceeds 29,000 km (18,000 mi) in total length, accounting for about two-thirds of the world's high-speed rail tracks in commercial service.[4] Over the past decade, China’s high-speed rail network grew rapidly according to ambitious railway plans issued by the State. The "Mid- to Long-Term Railway Network Plan" ("Railway Network Plan") approved by the State Council in 2004 called for 12,000 km (7,456 mi) of passenger-dedicated HSR lines running train at speeds of at least 200 km/h (124 mph) by 2020. The 2008 Revisions to the Railway Network Plan increased the year 2020 passenger-dedicated HSR network target length to 16,000 km (9,942 mi) and removed the 200 km/h speed standard to allow new lines to be built to standards that can accommodate faster trains.

Beijing–Harbin, Beijing–Hong Kong (Macau) passageway
Harbin–Beijing
Beijing–Guangzhou
Guangzhou–Hong Kong
(HK section)
Guangzhou–Macau

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