Beetle Bailey

Beetle Bailey (begun on September 4, 1950)[2] is an American comic strip created by cartoonist Mort Walker. It is set on a fictional United States Army post. In the years just before Walker's death in 2018 (at age 94), it was among the oldest comic strips still being produced by its original creator.[1] Over the years, Mort Walker had been assisted by (among others) Jerry Dumas, Bob Gustafson, Frank Johnson and Walker's sons Neal, Brian and Greg Walker who are continuing the strip after his death.

Beetle Bailey
Recruta zero 03
Author(s)Mort Walker (1950–2018)
Neal, Brian & Greg Walker (1982–present)[1]
Illustrator(s)Mort Walker (1950–2018)
Mike Yates and Janie Walker-Yates (2018–present)
Current status/scheduleRunning daily and Sunday
Launch dateSeptember 4, 1950
Syndicate(s)King Features Syndicate
Genre(s)Humor, Gag-a-day
Beetle Bailey Comic Panel
A page from the comic book version of Beetle Bailey

Overview

Beetle was originally a college student at Rockview University. The characters in that early strip were modeled after Walker's Kappa Sigma fraternity brothers at the University of Missouri. On March 13, 1951, during the strip's first year, Beetle quit school and enlisted in the U.S. Army, where he has remained ever since.

Most of the humor in Beetle Bailey revolves around the inept characters stationed at Camp Swampy (inspired by Camp Crowder, where Walker had once been stationed while in the Army), which is located near the town of Hurleyburg[3] at "Parris Island, S.C.".[4] Private Bailey is a lazy sort who usually naps and avoids work, and thus is often the subject of verbal and physical chastising from his superior officer, Sergeant Snorkel. The characters never seem to see combat themselves, with the exception of mock battles and combat drills. In fact, they seem to be in their own version of stereotypical comic strip purgatory (initially basic training, they now appear to be stuck in time in a regular infantry division). The uniforms of Beetle Bailey are still the uniforms of the late 1940s to early 1970s Army, with green fatigues and baseball caps as the basic uniform, and the open jeep as the basic military vehicle. Sergeant First Class Snorkel wears a green Class A Army dress uniform with heavily wrinkled garrison cap; the officers wear M1 helmet liners painted with their insignia. Despite this 'anachronism,' modern weapons and equipment do make rare appearances. While Beetle Bailey's unit is Company A, one running gag is that the characters are variously seen in different branches of the Army, such as artillery, armor, infantry and paratroops.

Beetle is always seen with a hat or helmet covering his forehead and eyes. Even on leave, his "civvies" include a pork pie hat worn in the same style. He can only be seen without it once—in the original strip when he was still a college student. The strip was pulled and never ran in any newspaper. It has only been printed in various books on the strip's history.[5] One daily strip had Sarge scare Beetle's hat off, but Beetle was wearing sunglasses.

One running gag has Sergeant Snorkel hanging helplessly from a small tree branch after having fallen off a cliff (first time August 16, 1956). While he is never shown falling off, or even walking close to the edge of a cliff, he always seems to hold on to that same branch, yelling for help.

Beetle running gag 20071121
Beetle Bailey (November 21, 2007): In this running gag, Sergeant Snorkel hangs from a small tree growing out of a cliff, while Private Bailey is seen trying to help him—and himself

Publication history

During the first two years of Beetle Bailey's run (1950-1952), Walker did all work on the strip himself, including writing, penciling, inking and lettering; however, in 1952 he hired cartoonist Fred Rhoads as his first assistant.[6] After that, numerous people would assist Walker on the strip through the years.

As of 2016, the strip was being syndicated (by King Features) in 1,800 papers in the United States and the rest of the world.[7]

Characters and story

Beetle Bailey is unusual in having one of the largest and most varied permanent casts of any comic strip. While many of the older characters are rarely seen, almost none have been completely retired.

Main characters

  • Private Carl James "Beetle" Bailey—the main character and strip's namesake, a feckless, shirking, perpetual goof-off and straggler known for his chronic laziness and generally insubordinate attitude. Slack, hapless, lanky and freckled, Beetle's eyes are always concealed, whether by headgear or, in the rare instance of not wearing any (e.g., in the shower), by his hair.[a][b] In early strips, it was revealed that he is the brother of Lois Flagston (from the Hi and Lois comic strip, which Mort Walker wrote, and Dik Browne drew). Beetle is a member of "Kilo Company" 3rd Battalion of the 9th Infantry Regiment (United States),[10] 13th Division {fictional}.[11] Beetle's and Lois's grandmother came from Dublin, Ireland.[12] He has an enforced chef's palate from being forced to taste Cookie's questionable preparations.
  • Sergeant 1st Class Orville P. Snorkel—Beetle's platoon sergeant and nemesis, introduced in 1951. Sarge is known to frequently beat up Beetle for any excuse he can think of, leaving Beetle a shapeless pulp. Once, in the February 2, 1971 strip, he even shoved Beetle through a knothole in the floorboard. Sarge is too lovable to be a villain, however. Obese, snaggle-toothed and volatile, Sarge can be alternately short-tempered and sentimental. He and Beetle seem to have a mutual love/hate relationship; much of the time there is an implied truce between them. They share an uneasy alliance that sometimes borders on genuine (albeit unequal) friendship. Sarge is also a helpless foodie, loves food like crazy and does not miss even a single chance where he can lay his hands on food. He is seen gobbling up cookies and cakes that Beetle's mother lovingly sends him. In some early strips Sarge was married, but he was later retconned into an unmarried Army lifer, who knows next to nothing about civilian life. Despite his grouchiness and bossiness, Sarge does have a soft side, which he usually keeps concealed. He is from Pork Corners, Kansas. He was also known to be very foul-mouthed, even compared to the rest of the cast. Sarge's mother's maiden name is "Papadopoulos", suggesting that he is of Greek heritage.[13]
  • Otto—Sgt. Snorkel's anthropomorphic, look-alike bulldog whom Sarge dresses up the same as himself, in an army uniform. Otto is fiercely protective of Sarge and seems to have a particular antipathy towards Beetle. His first appearance was July 17, 1956; originally he was a regular dog who walked on all fours, but Mort Walker finally decided to make him more humanlike. As Walker put it, "I guess he's funnier that way." Otto got his army uniform in the June 6, 1958 strip.
  • Brigadier General Amos T. Halftrack—the inept, frustrated, semi-alcoholic commander of Camp Swampy, introduced in 1951. He loves to golf, much to his wife Martha's dismay. He sometimes harasses his secretary, Miss Buxley. He is 78 years old, from Kenner, Louisiana — though according to Capt. Scabbard he was born in China (April 28, 1971).
  • Miss Buxley—Halftrack's beautiful, blonde, buxom civilian secretary—and occasional soldier's date (as well as a constant distraction for Halftrack). She used to live in Amarillo, Texas.[14] Miss Buxley has an apparent interest in Beetle and later becomes his girlfriend, but is constantly pursued by Killer.
  • Lieutenant Sonny Fuzz—very young (with noticeably pointy eyebrows and very little facial hair), overly earnest, anal-retentive and "by the book" and highly susceptible to squeaky furniture. The apple-polishing Fuzz is always trying to impress uninterested superiors (especially Halftrack), and "rub it in the noses" of his subordinates. He was introduced March 7, 1956. Mort Walker said he modeled the character and personality of Lt. Fuzz on himself, having taken himself too seriously after completing Officer Training.[15]
  • Lieutenant Jackson Flap—the strip's first black character, often touchy and suspicious—but effortlessly cool, introduced in 1970. Originally wore an afro hairstyle.
  • Cookie Jowls—the mess sergeant,[16] who smokes cigarettes while preparing the mess hall's questionable menu (infamous for rubbery meatballs and tough-as-rawhide steaks). Walker once described him as "the sum of all Army cooks I've met in my life." He bears a striking resemblance to SFC Snorkel and has also been known to occasionally beat up on Beetle. Like Sarge, he also loves food, though he is not above using Beetle as a guinea pig (which Beetle loathes).
  • Private "Killer" Diller—the notorious ladies' man and Beetle's frequent crony—introduced in 1951.
  • Private Zero—the buck-toothed, naïve farm boy who takes commands literally and misunderstands practically everything. Sometimes Zero serves to enrage Sarge even more than Beetle. Was briefly promoted from Private to Lieutenant during a military exercise (September 29, 2013). Following the exercise, he was returned to his normal rank of E-1 Private (shown in his next strip appearance on Saturday, October 12, 2013). He was raised in Cornpone, Nebraska.[17]
  • Private Plato—the Camp's resident intellectual; bespectacled, given to scrawling long-winded, analytical, often philosophical graffiti. Named after Plato but based on Walker's pal, fellow cartoonist Dik Browne. Plato is the only character other than Beetle to evolve from the early "college" months of the strip.[15] Asked his full name, he tells Beetle "Aristotle Anaximenes Heraclitus Papagelis".[18]

Supporting characters

  • Private Blips—Gen. Halftrack's competent, jaded, not-at-all-buxom secretary ("blips" are small points of light on a radar screen). Resents Halftrack's constant ogling of Miss Buxley, but does appear to be envious of the latter's beauty.
  • Chaplain Stainglass[19] —"He's praying... he's looking at the food... he's praying again!" According to Mort Walker's Private Scrapbook, Walker based the chaplain on Irish actor Barry Fitzgerald's priest character from Going My Way (1944).
  • Martha Halftrack—the General's formidable, domineering wife. She is 70 years old and is from Morganfield, Kentucky.[20]
  • Private Rocky—Camp Swampy's long-haired, disgruntled social dissident, a former biker gang member and rebel-without-a-clue, introduced in 1958. Is the editor of the "Camp Swampy Muckateer".
  • Private Cosmo—Camp Swampy's sunglass-wearing, resident "shady entrepreneur" and huckster. Loosely based on William Holden's Sefton character from Stalag 17; almost forgotten in the 1980s.
  • Captain Sam Scabbard—hard-nosed, flat-top wearing officer, commander of A Company and usually depicted as competent. Can be firm with Sarge, but also trusts him.
  • Major Greenbrass—staff officer and golf partner to Gen. Halftrack. He is most often simply a sounding-board for the general, reacting to his superior's shenanigans instead of causing his own.
  • Private Julius Plewer—fastidious fussbudget, who eventually became Halftrack's chauffeur.
  • Corporal Yo—the strip's first Asian character, introduced in 1990. Like Major Greenbrass' relationship to General Halftrack, Cpl. Yo is most often simply a conversation partner for Sarge or one of the lieutenants. He is rarely, if ever, shown to be goofing off like the rest of the enlisted men.
  • Dr. Bonkus—Camp Swampy's loopy staff psychiatrist, whose own sanity is questionable.
  • Sergeant 1st Class Louise Lugg—a tough soldier who hopes to be Sarge's girlfriend, introduced in 1986. Lt. Flap wondered why Lugg was sent to the camp; Halftrack commented that she showed up after he called the Pentagon to request an overseas assignment — "I asked them to send me abroad."
  • Bella—Sgt. Louise Lugg's female cat.
  • Specialist Chip Gizmo— Camp Swampy's resident computer geek, was named by a write-in contest in 2002. The contest, sponsored by Dell Computer Corp., received more than 84,000 entries. It raised more than $100,000 for the Fisher House Foundation, a non-profit organization that provides housing for families of patients at military and veterans hospitals.[21]
GizmoNamingContest20020506
The contest to name the new character Gizmo first appeared in this May 6, 2002, strip when Gen. Halftrack walks into Mort Walker's studio demanding a new character to help him with computer related stuff. In the July 4, 2002, strip, the entry sent in by Earl Hemminger of Springfield, Virginia, was announced as the winner from 84,725 entries.[21]

Retired characters

  • Bunny Piper—Was Beetle's seldom-seen girlfriend (from 1959[22]), before he started dating Miss Buxley.
  • Buzz—Was Beetle's girlfriend before 1959.[22]
  • Canteen (early 1950s) —always eating.
  • Snake Eyes (early 1950s) —the barracks gambler, replaced by Cosmo, Rocky and others.
  • Big Blush (early 1950s) —tall, innocent, and a great attraction to the girls; many of his characteristics incorporated into both Sarge and Zero.
  • Fireball (early 1950s) —neophyte who always seems to be in the way, forerunner of both Zero and Lt. Fuzz.
  • Bammy (early 1950s) —the southern patriot from Alabama who is still fighting the Civil War.
  • Dawg (early 1950s) —the guy in every barracks who creates his own pollution.
  • Ozone (late 1950s) —Zero's bigger, even more naïve friend.
  • Moocher (early 1960s) —stingy and always borrowing things.
  • Pop (1960s)—married private: gets yelled at by Sarge all day and goes home at night for more abuse from his wife.
  • Sergeant Webbing—variously described as being from either B Company or D Company. He somewhat resembles Snorkel, except that he lacks the trademark wrinkles in Snorkel's garrison cap and has wavy hair and thick eyebrows. He has pointy teeth. On at least two separate occasions, Webbing engaged Sgt. Snorkel in a cussing duel.[23] He also attempted to one-up Snorkel in anthropomorphizing dogs, leading to Otto's first appearance in uniform, and was most recently seen (recognizably, but not mentioned by name) in 1983.[24]
  • Rolf (early 1980s) —civilian tennis instructor, very popular with the female cast (including both Mrs. Halftrack and Miss Buxley, much to General Halftrack's consternation). Originally introduced in response to complaints about the constant ogling of Miss Buxley by the male characters. First appearance was in the September 9, 1982 strip, disappeared completely by the mid-1980s.[25]

The early strip was set at Rockview University. When Beetle joined the Army, all of the other characters were dropped (although both incarnations of the strip include a spectacled intellectual named Plato). Four characters from the original cast (Bitter Bill, Diamond Jim, Freshman, and Sweatsock) made at least one appearance, in the January 5, 1963 strip.[26][27]

Extras, one-shots and walk-ons

Beetle's family, etc.:

  • Mr. and Mrs. Bailey, the unnamed parents of Beetle, Lois, and Chigger
  • Lois Flagston (née Bailey), Beetle's sister; she and her husband are the title characters of the Hi and Lois comic strips
  • Chigger, the younger brother of Beetle and Lois
  • Hiram "Hi" Flagston, Beetle's brother-in-law and Lois's husband
  • Chip, Dot, Ditto, and Trixie Flagston, Hi and Lois's children, Beetle's nephews and nieces
  • Mr. and Mrs. Piper, Bunny's parents

Camp Swampy:

  • A camp doctor whose appearance is consistent, but who is apparently unnamed
  • An unnamed officers' club bartender, frequent intermediary between the Halftracks
  • An unnamed Secretary of Defense who has made numerous appearances
  • Popeye the Sailor once made an indirect appearance in the form of a Halloween mask worn by Zero. He made a one-time appearance in a strip dated July 16, 2012.[28]
  • 2012 NCS Cartoonist of the Year Tom Richmond made an appearance in a Sunday page.[29]

Numerous one-shot characters have appeared over the years, mostly unnamed, including an inspector general who looks like Alfred E. Neuman,[30] and various officers and civilians. Among the few to be given names is Julian, a nondescript chauffeur eventually replaced by Julius.[31]

Censorship

Beetle Bailey - censored - 2006-01-12
A censored comic strip of Beetle Bailey, from January 12, 2006. Uncensored strip at top, censored strip in the middle. The Norwegian translation of the comic strip is shown at the bottom, to show that it was not censored in Norway.
Beetle Bailey - selfsensored
Self-censored comic strip at sketch stage

For the most part, Walker's relationship with the real-life US Army has been cordial. But not always. During the early 1950s, the strip was dropped from the Tokyo edition of Stars and Stripes because it allegedly encouraged disrespect for officers. The civilian press made a huge joke of that, and the ensuing publicity gave the young strip its first big boost in circulation.
Don Markstein[32]

In 1962, the comic strip was censored because it showed a belly button, and in 2006, the description of Rocky's criminal past was replaced with a non-criminal past.

Self-censoring

Sometimes Mort Walker created strips with raunchy subject matter for his own amusement. This was done at the sketch stage, and those strips were never meant to be published in the U.S. They "end[ed] up in a black box in the bottom drawer", according to Walker. These sketches were sometimes published in Scandinavia, however, with a translation underneath. In Norway, they appeared in the Norwegian Beetle Bailey comic book, Billy, with the cover of the comic marked to show it contained censored strips. To offset any possible negative reaction, the publisher experimented with "scrambling" the strips in the mid-1990s. To see them, the reader had to view them through a "de-scrambling" plastic card. This was discontinued soon afterwards, and the strips later were printed without scrambling. In Sweden, some of these strips were collected in the Alfapocket series.[33]

Animation

A TV version of the strip, consisting of 50 six-minute animated cartoon shorts produced by King Features Syndicate, was animated by Paramount Cartoon Studios in the U.S. and Artransa Film Studios in Sydney, Australia, and was first broadcast in Beetle Bailey (1963 TV series) and Beetle Bailey (1989 TV series). The opening credits included the sound of a bugle reveille, followed by a theme song specifically composed for the cartoon:

He's the military hero of the nation
Though he doesn't always follow regulation
At the sound of reveille
He is here for you to see
And we know you'll laugh at Private Beetle Bailey—
(Beetle Bailey!)
Ask the General, Colonel, Major and the Captain,
The Lieutenant and the Sergeant and the Corporal,
They will tell you with a shout
They would gladly live without
A certain Private by the name of Beetle Bailey—
(Beetle Bailey!) (BEETLE BAILEY!!!)

The repeat of the name of Beetle Bailey is shouted by an angry Sgt. Snorkel.

Beetle was voiced by comic actor and director Howard Morris with Allan Melvin as the voice of Sarge. Other King Features properties, such as Snuffy Smith and Krazy Kat, also appeared in the syndicated series, under the collective title Beetle Bailey and His Friends. June Foray did the voice of Bunny, plus all of the female characters involved.

1989 special

A 30-minute animated TV special co-written by Mort Walker and Hank Saroyan was produced for CBS in 1989, but did not air due to management changes at the CBS network.[34] It has been released on DVD alongside the 1960s cartoons. Greg Whalen played Beetle, Bob Bergen portrayed Killer, Henry Corden was Sgt. Snorkel, Frank Welker was both Zero and Otto, Linda Gary voiced both Miss Buxley and Ms. Blips and General Halftrack was Larry Storch. This special was one of a number of specials made in the same timeframe by King Features/Hearst for TV as potential series pilots; others included Blondie & Dagwood (co-produced with Marvel Productions, who had also collaborated with King Features for the Defenders of the Earth series a few years before) and Hägar the Horrible (co-produced with Hanna-Barbera Productions).

Musical theatre

In 1988, a musical based on the comic strip premiered at Candlewood Playhouse in New Fairfield, Connecticut for a limited run. Music and lyrics were by Neil and Gretchen Gould. In addition to the familiar characters from the strip, the plot introduced a wayward computer that promoted Bailey to three-star general.[35]

Licensing

  • Over the years, Beetle Bailey characters have been licensed for dolls, T-shirts, salt and pepper shakers, toys, telephones, music boxes, handpuppets, coffee mugs, cookie jars, neckties, lunchboxes, paperback books, games, bobblehead nodders, banks, lapel pins and greeting cards. The Multiple Plastics Corporation manufactured a 1964 Camp Swampy playset, a tie-in with the cartoon TV show, with character figures accompanying the usual MPC toy GIs and military vehicles.
  • In 2000, Dark Horse Comics issued two collectible figures of Beetle and Sarge as part of their line of Classic Comic Characters—statues No. 11 and 12, respectively. In honor of the strip's 50th anniversary, DHC also produced a boxed PVC figure set of seven Beetle Bailey characters (Beetle, Sarge, Gen. Halftrack, Miss Buxley, Otto, Lt. Flap and Cookie).
  • BCI Eclipse has released 20 episodes of Beetle Bailey as part of Animated All Stars, a 2-DVD set (BCI 46952). Rhino Home Video also released a DVD containing 10 episodes, along with a couple of Hägar the Horrible and Betty Boop cartoons. In 2007, Beetle Bailey: The Complete Collection was released to DVD, containing all 50 shorts grouped randomly into 13 episodes, plus a previously unaired 1989 TV special.[36][37]
  • For Beetle Bailey's 50th anniversary in 2000, Gate offered a 1/18th Willys MB with figurines of Beetle, Sarge and Otto. The figures were the same scale as the Jeep and were molded in seated poses, so they could be placed in the seats of the model. The Jeep could also be ordered without the figures, with figurines of Laurel and Hardy, or figurines of Laurel and Hardy in sailor suits.[38][39]
  • In 2010, fashion designer Dr. X and Bloomingdale's unveiled a limited edition retro/punk rock style line of clothing including T-shirts, leather jackets, Beetle-themed Chuck Taylors shoes and various accessories.[40]
  • In 2012, Rolex and Bamford Watch Department created a Beetle Bailey Rolex watch.[41]

Further reading

(All titles by Mort Walker. Published by Ace Tempo/Grosset & Dunlap, unless otherwise noted.)

  • Beetle Bailey and Sarge (1958) Dell
  • Beetle Bailey: A Strip Book (1966) Saalfield Books
  • Beetle Bailey: Potato Fancakes! (1967) Tor
  • Beetle Bailey: In the Soup (1967) Tor
  • Beetle Bailey: Dog-Gone (1967) Tor
  • Beetle Bailey: Not Reverse! (1967) Tor
  • Beetle Bailey (No. 1) (1968)
  • Fall Out Laughing, Beetle Bailey (No. 2) (1969)
  • At Ease, Beetle Bailey (No. 3) (1970)
  • I Don't Want to Be Out Here Any More Than You Do, Beetle Bailey (No. 4) (1970)
  • What Is It Now, Beetle Bailey (No. 5) (1971)
  • Beetle Bailey on Parade (No. 6) (1972)
  • We're All in the Same Boat, Beetle Bailey (No. 7) (1973)
  • I'll Throw the Book at You, Beetle Bailey (No. 8) (1973) Jove
  • Shape Up or Ship Out, Beetle Bailey (No. 9) (1974)
  • Backstage at the Strips (1975) Mason/Charter
  • Take Ten, Beetle Bailey (No. 10) (1975)
  • I've Got You on My List, Beetle Bailey (No. 11) (1975)
  • Take a Walk, Beetle Bailey (No. 12) (1976)
  • I Thought You Had the Compass, Beetle Bailey (No. 13) (1976)
  • Is That All, Beetle Bailey (No. 14) (1976)
  • About Face, Beetle Bailey (No. 15) (1976)
  • I'll Flip You for It, Beetle Bailey (No. 16) (1977)
  • I Just Want to Talk to You, Beetle Bailey (No. 17) (1977)
  • Lookin' Good, Beetle Bailey (No. 18) (1977)
  • I Don't Want to Hear About it, Beetle Bailey (1977)
  • Give Us a Smile, Beetle Bailey (No. 19) (1979)
  • Peace, Beetle Bailey (No. 20) (1979)
  • Don't Make Me Laugh, Beetle Bailey (No. 21) (1979)
  • Up, Up and Away, Beetle Bailey (1980)
  • You're Out of Hup, Beetle Bailey (No. 22) (1980)
  • Who's in Charge Here, Beetle Bailey (No. 23) (1980)
  • Is This Another Complaint, Beetle Bailey (No. 24) (1981) Charter
  • Would It Help to Say I'm Sorry, Beetle Bailey (No. 25) (1981)
  • Beetle Bailey: You Crack Me Up (1981) Tor
  • Beetle Bailey: Flying High (1981) Tor
  • Otto (1982)
  • Miss Buxley: Sexism in Beetle Bailey? (1982) Comicana
  • Beetle Bailey: Hey There! (1982) Tor
  • Beetle Bailey Joke Book (1982) Tor
  • Beetle Bailey: The Rough Riders (1982) Tor
  • Beetle Bailey: General Alert (1982) Tor
  • Beetle Bailey: Rise and Shine (1983) Tor
  • Beetle Bailey: Double Trouble (1983) Tor
  • Beetle Bailey: Take Ten (1984) Tor
  • Beetle Bailey: Surprise Package (1984)
  • Beetle Bailey: Tough Luck (1984)
  • Beetle Bailey: Operation Good Times (No. 26) (1984)
  • You'll Get a Bang Out of This, Beetle Bailey (No. 27) (1984) Charter
  • Beetle Bailey in "Friends" (1984) Dargaud
  • Beetle Bailey in Too Many Sergeants (1984) Dargaud
  • Beetle Bailey in The System (1984) Dargaud
  • The Best of Beetle Bailey (1984, 2005) HRW
  • The Best of Beetle Bailey: A Thirty-Three Year Treasury (1984, 2007) Comicana
  • Beetle Bailey: Thin Air (1985) Tor
  • Beetle Bailey: Strategic Withdrawal (1985) Tor
  • You're All Washed Up, Beetle Bailey (No. 28) (1985) Charter
  • Beetle Bailey: Hard Knocks (No. 29) (1985)
  • Beetle Bailey: Three's a Crowd (1986) Tor
  • Beetle Bailey: Revenge (1986) Tor
  • Beetle Bailey: Uncle Sam Wants You (1986) Tor
  • Big Hits from Beetle Bailey (No. 30) (1986)
  • Did You Fix the Brakes, Beetle Bailey (No. 31) (1986) Jove
  • Beetle Bailey: Life's a Beach! (1987) Tor
  • Beetle Bailey: Undercover Operation (1987)
  • What's the Joke, Beetle Bailey (No. 32) (1987)
  • Let's Change Places, Beetle Bailey (No. 33) (1987)
  • Beetle Bailey: That Sinking Feeling (1988) Tor
  • Beetle Bailey: Behind the Eight Ball Again! (No. 34) (1988) Tor
  • Beetle Bailey: Quit Hangin'Around! (No. 35) (1988) Tor
  • Beetle Bailey: Welcome to Camp Swampy! (1989)
  • Beetle Bailey: Separate Checks (1989) Tor
  • Beetle Bailey: Quit Clowning Around (1989) Tor
  • Beetle Bailey: Wiped Out (No. 36) (1989) Jove
  • Beetle Bailey: World's Laziest Private (No. 37) (1989)
  • Beetle Bailey: Celebration (1989) Andrews McMeel
  • Beetle Bailey: Beetle Mania! (1990) Tor
  • Beetle Bailey: A Flying Beetle? (1990) Tor
  • Beetle Bailey: Advanced Planning (1990)
  • Beetle Bailey: Sarge Is a Dope! (1990) Tor
  • Beetle Bailey: Basket Case (No. 38) (1990) Jove
  • Beetle Bailey: New Outfit! (No. 39) (1990) Jove
  • Beetle Bailey: Another Request for Furlough (No. 40) (1990) Jove
  • Beetle Bailey: Table Service (No. 41) (1991) Jove
  • Beetle Bailey: Let's Grab a Bite! (No. 42) (1991) Tor
  • Beetle Bailey: Wha' Happen? (No. 43) (1991) Jove
  • Beetle Bailey: Beetle Bugged (No. 44) (1992) Jove
  • Beetle Bailey: Corporal Punishment (No. 45) (1992) Jove
  • Beetle Bailey: Keep Peeling (No. 46) (1992) Jove
  • Beetle Bailey: Tattle "Tail" (No. 47) (1992) Jove
  • Beetle Bailey: Dream Team (No. 48) (1993) Jove
  • Beetle Bailey: Camp Swampy Strikes Again! (No. 49) (1993) Jove
  • Beetle Bailey: Still Lazy After All These Years (1999) NBM
  • 50 Years of Beetle Bailey (2000) NBM
  • Beetle Bailey Book and Figure Set: Sarge (2001) Dark Horse Comics
  • Beetle Bailey Book and Figure Set: Beetle (2001) Dark Horse Comics
  • Beetle Bailey Book and Figure Set: Miss Buxley (2001) Dark Horse Comics
  • Beetle Bailey Book and Figure Set: General Halftrack (2001) Dark Horse Comics
  • Mort Walker's Private Scrapbook (2001) Andrews McMeel
  • Beetle Bailey, The First Years: 1950–1952 (2008) Checker
  • Beetle Bailey, Daily and Sunday Strips: 1965 (2010) Titan Books

Beyond the strip

  • In episode 5 of season 7 of the television series Mad Men, Mort Walker is mentioned by character Stan Rizzo. Also, character Lou Avery's drawings for a comic strip, Scout's Honor, is noted to be startlingly similar to Beetle Bailey.[42][43]
  • Beetle Bailey also successfully appeared in comic books from 1953 to 1980. The first series was published by Dell Comics, then Gold Key Comics, King Comics and Charlton Comics. Harvey Comics ran a much-later second series from 1992 to 1994.
  • The comic strip Hi and Lois, co-created by Mort Walker and Dik Browne, is a spin-off from Beetle Bailey (Beetle's sister is Lois Flagston). Hi and Lois, also syndicated by King Features, debuted in 1954.[44] Characters from one strip occasionally make guest appearances in the other.
  • A Beetle Bailey parody in Mad from the late 1960s portrays Sarge and Captain Scabbard finally wresting the cap off Beetle's face—revealing the words "Get Out of Viet Nam!" tattooed on his forehead.
  • Beetle and Sarge guest-starred in the 75th anniversary party of Blondie's Blondie and Dagwood in 2005.
  • An animated segment featuring Beetle Bailey and his company was seen during the 1970s and 1980s on Sesame Street, demonstrating to young viewers the concept of "first" and "last".
  • A life-size bronze sculpture of Beetle designed by Mort Walker with his son Neal assisting in the sculpting was unveiled at Walker's alma mater, the University of Missouri, on October 23, 1992.[45]

Notes

  1. ^ Beetle's eyes are seen in the animated cartoon "Son of a Gun of a Gun" (1963) at 4:42. His wide-open eyes are seen in the dark mouth of the cannon blinking five times.[8]
  2. ^ A 1966 spoof of Batman called "Fatman and Slobber" shows Beetle Bailey's eyes in a face mask.[9]

References

  1. ^ a b Colton, David (May 26, 2010). "'Beetle Bailey' marches on, with artist Mort Walker leading". USA Today. Archived from the original on 2010-05-30. Retrieved June 19, 2010.
  2. ^ Walker, Mort (2008). Thorsjö, Alf, ed. Beetle Bailey 1950–1952. Egmont Kärnan AB/Checker Book Publishing Group. p. 6. ISBN 978-1-933160-71-9. OCLC 191244495.
  3. ^ Fruhlinger, Josh (June 18, 2014). "She already has a crown, General, you'd better watch yourself". The Comics Curmudgeon. Archived from the original on 2014-06-26. Retrieved June 19, 2014.
  4. ^ "Hi and Lois". hiandlois.com. December 28, 2014. Archived from the original on 2015-01-05. Retrieved 2014-12-28.
  5. ^ "anyone have an image of Beetle Bailey strip where his eyes are shown?". collectors-society.com. 2010. Archived from the original on 2016-08-16. Retrieved May 17, 2018.
  6. ^ Walker, Mort (2005). Mort Walker: Conversations. Univ. Press of Mississippi. pp. 245–46. ISBN 978-1-578-06700-8.
  7. ^ Dwyer, Ed. "CULTURE: The Funny Papers: Newspapers may be in trouble, but the comic strip is alive and well — and flourishing online," Archived 2018-10-25 at the Wayback Machine Saturday Evening Post (November 7, 2016).
  8. ^ beetle bailey ® The Complete Collection: 13 Episodes on 2 DVDs!, Disc One, Episode 6, "Son of a Gun of a Gun", Hearst Entertainment by Mill Creek Entertainment.
  9. ^ "Beetle Bailey, 3/27/66-'Fatman And Slobber'". Beetle Bailey. Archived from the original on 2018-08-25. Retrieved May 17, 2018 – via 66 batman.com; posted March 6, 2015.
  10. ^ "Hi and Lois". Hi and Lois. December 28, 2014. Archived from the original on 2015-01-05. Retrieved 2014-12-28 – via hiandlois.com.
  11. ^ "Beetle Bailey". Beetle Bailey. January 27, 2015. Missing or empty |url= (help)
  12. ^ "Hi and Lois". Hi and Lois. March 17, 2015. Archived from the original on 2015-03-24. Retrieved 2015-03-19 – via hiandlois.com.
  13. ^ "Beetle Bailey". BeetleBailey.com. November 19, 2017. Archived from the original on 2017-11-21. Retrieved 2017-11-19.
  14. ^ Walker, Mort (2008-04-02). "Beetle Bailey". Beetle Bailey. Retrieved 2013-09-03 – via chron.com, Houston Chronicle.
  15. ^ a b "Mort Walker (BSS #216) | The Bat Segundo Show & Follow Your Ears". Edrants.com. Archived from the original on 2013-11-05. Retrieved 2013-09-03.
  16. ^ "Beetle Bailey". Beetle Bailey. August 20, 1971. Missing or empty |url= (help)
  17. ^ "Beetle Bailey". Beetle Bailey. June 9, 2017. Archived from the original on 2017-07-25. Retrieved 2017-06-09 – via comicskingdom.com.
  18. ^ "Beetle Bailey". Beetle Bailey. March 6, 2018. Archived from the original on 2018-03-22. Retrieved 2018-03-21 – via seattlepi.com.
  19. ^ "Beetle Bailey strip". November 25, 2018. Archived from the original on 2018-11-26. Retrieved 2018-11-25.
  20. ^ "Beetle Bailey comic November 29, 2015". Archived from the original on 2015-12-02. Retrieved 2015-12-09.
  21. ^ a b "Here's Chip Gizmo". Government Computer News. Retrieved 2007-11-28.
  22. ^ a b Gregory Sanford. "Voice from the Vault" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-06-30.
  23. ^ February 17, 1957 Sunday strip, reprinted in Walker, The Best of Beetle Bailey, February 10, 1963 Sunday strip, reprinted in Walker, At Ease, Beetle Bailey (New York: Grosset & Dunlap/Tempo, 1970).
  24. ^ June 26, 1958 and December 19, 1983 strips, reproduced in Walker, The Best of Beetle Bailey.
  25. ^ Various strips reproduced in ibid.
  26. ^ Quotations and documentation of characters from: Mort Walker, The Best of Beetle Bailey (New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 1984)
  27. ^ Walker, Mort (2008). Alf Thorsjö, ed. Billy. Den komplette samlingen striper og søndagssider (in Norwegian). 1963–1964 (1 ed.). Egmont Serieforlaget. p. 12. ISBN 978-82-429-3693-6.
  28. ^ "Beetle Bailey". Beetle Bailey. ArcaMax Publishing. July 16, 2012. Archived from the original on 2015-10-17. Retrieved 2013-09-03 – via Justcartoonsonly.blogspot.in.
  29. ^ "MAD About Beetle". tomrichmond.com. 2012-12-30. Archived from the original on 2013-01-01. Retrieved 2013-09-03.
  30. ^ Beetle Bailey. reprinted in Walker, Mort. I Don't Want to be Out Here Any More Than You Do, Beetle Bailey (New York: Grosset & Dunlap/Tempo, 1970). March 27, 1967. ISBN 0-448-12256-1.
  31. ^ Beetle Bailey. reprinted in Walker, Mort. At Ease, Beetle Bailey (New York: Grosset & Dunlap/Tempo, 1970. July 5, 1964. ISBN 0-448-12255-3.
  32. ^ Beetle Bailey at Don Markstein's Toonopedia. Archived from the original on February 22, 2018.
  33. ^ "Knasen 1993 cover". Alfapocket. Archived from the original on 2018-01-29. Retrieved May 17, 2018 – via comics.org, Grand Comics Database.
  34. ^ Walker, Brian. "Beetle Bailey TV Cartoons – Part 3". Archived from the original on 2016-10-26. Retrieved 2016-10-25.
  35. ^ Klein, Alvin (June 12, 1988). "THEATER; Pvt. Beetle Bailey, Breaking Into Song". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 2018-05-17. Retrieved May 17, 2018.
  36. ^ Beetle Bailey (1989) on IMDb
  37. ^ Cyrenne, Randall (December 9, 2007). "Beetle Bailey: The Complete Collection". animatedviews.com. Archived from the original on 2018-05-17. Retrieved May 17, 2018.
  38. ^ "WWII MB GPW BEETLE BAILEY JEEP DIE CAST 1:18 SCALE N (04/05/2011)". Worthpoint.com. Retrieved 2013-09-03.
  39. ^ "Willys Diecast Cars, 1:18 Scale - Scale18 1/18 Scale Diecast Model Cars, Since 1997". Scale18.org. Archived from the original on 2013-04-15. Retrieved 2013-09-03.
  40. ^ "Beetle Bailey". beetlebaileydrx.com. Archived from the original on 2013-09-03. Retrieved 2013-09-03.
  41. ^ "Dr. Romanelli x Bamford : Popeye vs Beetle Bailey Rolexes". Luxuryes.com. 2012-06-12. Archived from the original on 2013-09-07. Retrieved 2013-09-03.
  42. ^ St. John, Allen (May 12, 2014). "In A Startling Episode 705, 'Mad Men' Meets 'Three's Company' And 'The Walking Dead'". Forbes.com. Archived from the original on 2018-11-07. Retrieved May 17, 2018.
  43. ^ Eaton, Alice (May 14, 2014). "Comments section: Mad Men's 1960s Handbook – MAD Magazine Caricaturist Mort Drucker". AMCTV.com. AMC Networks. Archived from the original on 2018-05-17. Retrieved May 17, 2018.
  44. ^ "Hi and Lois". kingfeatures.com. Archived from the original on April 14, 2009.
  45. ^ "Sculpture of Beetle Bailey". missouri.edu. University of Missouri. Archived from the original on 2014-02-21. Retrieved 2013-09-03.

External links

1950 in comics

Notable events of 1950 in comics. See also List of years in comics.

Bob Gustafson

Robert D. "Bob" Gustafson (August 8, 1920 – November 28, 2001) was an American cartoonist whose work includes eight years on Tillie the Toiler and a 27-year run on the Beetle Bailey comic books.

Boner's Ark

Boner's Ark was an American comic strip created by Mort Walker, also the creator of Beetle Bailey. Walker debuted the strip under the pseudonym "Addison" on March 11, 1968. The title is a reference to Noah's Ark of Abrahamic religions.

Designed and written by Mort Walker, Boner's Ark first appeared on March 11, 1968. The series ran until 27 May 2000, with the final strip depicting the Ark reaching dry land.

The series also ran in Norway and Sweden under the name Arken, and in Denmark as Olsen's Ark. In the Netherlands it ran under the name De Ark van Zoo (Zoo's Ark).

Bud Grace

Bud Grace (born c. 1944) is a cartoonist, who has worked on the comic strip Ernie, whose title was later changed to Piranha Club in the United States. He also drew the Babs and Aldo comic strip for King under the pseudonym Buddy Valentine.

Grace was born in Chester, Pennsylvania, grew up in Sarasota, Florida, and resided in Oakton, Virginia for a number of years. He met his wife Lorraine while at Florida State University (FSU). They have a son, Alan. Grace has a Ph.D. in physics from FSU, and worked as a nuclear physicist at FSU before becoming a cartoonist in 1979.

Before establishing his career as a themed comic strip artist he published individual cartoons in magazines such as Playboy and Hustler, as well as more conventional publications. Ernie was launched on February 1, 1988. Grace frequently appeared in his own comic strip, often ending up in a straitjacket. From Virginia, he traveled extensively on promotional tours in Europe, where his cartoons remain very popular as American newspapers saw declines or the total elimination of comics sections. He has been active in cartoon industry activities throughout his career. At one point, he was active in the establishment of the National Cartoon Museum when it moved to Boca Raton, Florida in 1992. In 1996, it became the International Museum of Cartoon Art. It was the brainchild of Mort Walker, the creator of Beetle Bailey and had gone through several later transitions until its contents were relocated to Ohio State University in 2008.

In 1989, the Swedish Academy of Comic Art awarded Bud Grace the Adamson Statuette. Grace received the National Cartoonist Society Newspaper Comic Strip Award for 1993 for his work on the strip.In early 2017, Grace and his wife decided they had no need to endure cold winters and he relocated to a new home in Bradenton, near his childhood home in Sarasota. He retired from cartooning in February, 2018.Over the last 20 years, Grace has enjoyed singing blues style songs and appeared at piano bars in metro DC and now is seeking new venues in the Tampa Bay area.

Fred Rhoads

Fred Rhoads (1921 - February 26, 2000) was an American cartoonist best known for his contributions to George Baker's Sad Sack.

Born in Shamokin, Pennsylvania, Rhoads studied illustration in New York from 1940 to 1942, at which time he joined the U.S. Marine Corps to serve during World War II. He drew the Gismo and Eight Ball cartoon series in the Marine's Leatherneck Magazine. He also assisted several cartoonists, including Mort Walker (Beetle Bailey), Jimmy Hatlo (They'll Do It Every Time) and Fred Lasswell (Barney Google and Snuffy Smith).In 1954, Harvey Comics and Baker brought in Paul McCarthy to draw the Sad Sack titles, followed by Rhoads, Jack O'Brien and Joe Dennett. Others who periodically drew for the titles included Warren Kremer and Ken Selig. Baker retained editorial control and continued to illustrate the covers of Sad Sack comics until his death in 1975. During the three decades Rhoads drew Sad Sack, he also did several spin-off features, including Gabby Gob and The Sarge.

During the 1980s and early 1990s Fred Rhoads worked as an editorial cartoonist for the Tucson Citizen in Arizona.Rhoads, who suffered from Alzheimer's disease, died February 20, 2000, in Greenwood, South Carolina.

Half Hitch (comic strip)

Half Hitch was an American comic strip by Hank Ketcham, in syndication between 1943 and 1945. It was an example of military humor, but unlike most cartoons and comics, focused on the navy, rather than the army. The unnamed character first appeared in The Saturday Evening Post in 1943.During World War II, Hank Ketcham served in the U.S. Navy. During his service, he created a comic strip for the amusement of his fellow sailors, following the adventures of a short, lecherous sailor and his friends. It was published in The Saturday Evening Post where it became popular. The strip ceased in 1945, but after the great success of Dennis the Menace, Ketcham revived it as Half Hitch. The revival was distributed by King Features Syndicate, running from 1970 to 1975, as described by comics historian Don Markstein:

But in the late 1960s, when there once again was a soldier or a sailor in most families, King Features Syndicate started looking into something new, to tap into the popularity of its Beetle Bailey. Ketcham had proved his own drawing power with Dennis, so they decided on a revival of his diminutive sailor, dubbing him Half Hitch. The new version began as a daily and Sunday on Monday, February 16, 1970. Tho Ketcham's name went on it, this incarnation was written by Bob Saylor and drawn by Dick Hodgins, using a Ketchamesque style. Though King had had some success with pantomimes (e.g., Henry, The Little King), this time Hitch spoke. And so did everybody else in the strip, even a seagull named Poopsy, tho the latter didn't seem interested in talking with anybody but Hitch. The title character was no longer as hapless as before, but he still did many traditional sailor-like things, such as having a girl in every port.The strip's main character, Half Hitch, was short, rather lazy, and intensely interested in the pursuit of women. Other characters included the ship's stern captain, various NCOs and sailors, and Poopsy, Hitch's pet seagull.

John Bailey (producer)

John "Beetle" Bailey is a Canadian freelance recording engineer who won the 2007 Juno Award for Recording Engineer of the Year, and in 2015 he was nominated for the same Juno Award for his work on the song "Any Day Now" from the album Just Passing Through: The Breithaupt Brothers Songbook, Vol. II, and on the Molly Johnson tune "Fine and Mellow" from her album Because of Billie. He has worked with such musicians as The Headstones, Tom Cochrane, Haywire, Triumph, Love Inc. and Monkey House: {two albums: Headquarters (2012) & Left (2016)}

King Features Syndicate

King Features Syndicate, Inc. is a print syndication company owned by Hearst Communications that distributes about 150 comic strips, newspaper columns, editorial cartoons, puzzles, and games to nearly 5,000 newspapers worldwide. King Features Syndicate is a unit of Hearst Holdings, Inc., which combines the Hearst Corporation's cable-network partnerships, television programming and distribution activities, and syndication companies. King Features' affiliate syndicates are North America Syndicate and Cowles Syndicate. Each week, Reed Brennan Media Associates, a unit of Hearst, edits and distributes more than 200 features for King Features.

Mizzou Botanic Garden

The Mizzou Botanic Garden contains thousands of plants within the campus of the University of Missouri in Columbia, Missouri, United States. The Garden includes famous icons, such as Thomas Jefferson's original grave marker and the Columns of Academic Hall, and is open year-round, only asking for a small donation to visit.

Notable collections within the Garden include:

Arboretum in McAlester Park 4 acres (1.6 ha), with more than 100 trees of 43 species.

Asiatic & Oriental Lily Garden.

Beetle Bailey Statue and Garden: Cartoon character Beetle Bailey and the surrounding gardens pay tribute to Mort Walker, creator of Beetle Bailey and MU distinguished alum.

Bulb Display Garden.

Butterfly Garden.

Daylily Garden: Features more than 50 cultivars of daylily hybrids donated by the Central Missouri Hemerocallis Society.

Ellis Perennial Garden.

Hydrangea: 10 varieties of the genus Hydrangea.

Jefferson Garden: Includes cardinal flower, columbine, Virginia bluebells, sweetshrub, and Rose of Sharon. A bronze sculpture of Thomas Jefferson, as well as the original tombstone, a simple obelisk, which once sat next to Jefferson's grave, are also located in the garden.

Life Sciences Discovery Garden.

Mel Carnahan Quadrangle.

Memorial Union Gardens.

Native Missouri Tree Collection.

Peony Garden: Features peonies, lilacs and other "old-fashioned" plants.

Perennial Phlox Garden: Features 11 varieties of perennial phlox and English roses.

Rothwell Family Garden.

The Gardens on David R. Francis Quadrangle: More than 100 hardy, herbaceous perennials, with ornamental shrubs, trees and annual flowers woven throughout the garden.

Tiger Plaza.

Tree Trails: There are three self-guided walks designed to highlight the trees on campus.

Wildlife Pond: In the 1920s, a spring north of Stephens Hall was transformed into a pond surrounded by a Japanese garden with an arched bridge and Pagoda gate. Recently several water plants native to Missouri, including Water Lilies, Pickerel Weed, Copper Iris and Thalia have been added.

Mort Walker

Addison Morton Walker (September 3, 1923 – January 27, 2018) was an American comic strip writer, best known for creating the newspaper comic strips Beetle Bailey in 1950 and Hi and Lois in 1954. He signed Addison to some of his strips.

National Cartoon Museum

The National Cartoon Museum was an American museum dedicated to the collection, preservation and exhibition of cartoons, comic strips and animation. It was the brainchild of Mort Walker, creator of Beetle Bailey.

The museum opened in 1974, went through several name changes, relocations, and temporary closures, before finally closing for good in 2002. Originally known as the Museum of Cartoon Art in 1974, the name was changed to the National Cartoon Museum when it moved to Boca Raton, Florida in 1992. In 1996, it became the International Museum of Cartoon Art.In June 2008, Walker's collection was merged with the Billy Ireland Cartoon Library & Museum, affiliated with Ohio State University in Columbus, Ohio.

Redeye (comics)

Redeye was a comic strip created by cartoonist Gordon Bess that was syndicated by King Features Syndicate to more than 100 newspapers. The strip debuted on September 11, 1967.

Sam and Silo

Sam and Silo is an American comic strip created by Mort Walker (creator of Beetle Bailey and Hi and Lois) and Jerry Dumas. The series is a "continuation" or a spin-off of Sam's Strip (1961-1963), as it uses the same characters. Dumas was solely responsible for the strip from 1995 and drew it until his death in 2016.

Snorkel

Snorkel may refer to:

Snorkel, a breathing tube used for swimming at the surface with the face down, called snorkeling

Submarine snorkel

Vehicle snorkel, for a motor vehicle

Hydraulic platform, a type of fire apparatus

Sergeant Snorkel, a character in Beetle Bailey comics

The Snorkel, a 1958 British film

Sheaffer Snorkel fountain pen, introduced in 1952.

Snorkel parka, a type of anorak

Titan Publishing Group

Titan Publishing Group is an independently-owned British publishing company, established in 1981. It is based at offices in London's Bankside area. The books division has two main areas of publishing: film and television tie-ins and cinema reference books; and graphic novels and comics references and art titles. The company is a division of Titan Entertainment Group, which also owns Titan Magazines. As of 2016, Titan Books' editorial director is Laura Price.

William E. Ward House

The William E. Ward House, known locally as Ward's Castle, is located on Magnolia Drive, on the state line between Rye Brook, New York and Greenwich, Connecticut, United States. It is a reinforced concrete structure built in the 1870s.

Ward, a mechanical engineer, built the house with his friend Robert Mook to demonstrate the viability of the material for building. It is the first reinforced concrete building in the United States. It was later purchased by Mort Walker, creator of the comic strip Beetle Bailey, who opened it as the Museum of Cartoon Art until 1992.

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