Bedok

Bedok /bəˈdɒk/ (Chinese: 勿洛, Tamil: பிடோக்) is a planning area and matured residential town located in the East Region of Singapore. Population wise, Bedok is the largest planning area in the Republic, being home to an estimated 289,000 residents.[2][4] This high demographic is largely explained by the affordable public housing in Bedok New Town, due to its relatively distant location from the Central Area. Besides public housing developments, private residences are also prevalent in the area, most of which are found in the neighbourhoods of Bayshore, Frankel Avenue and Siglap, in western and southwestern Bedok.[5][6] Apart from the maritime boundary that the area shares with the Singapore Strait to the south and southeast, Bedok is also bounded by five other planning areas: Paya Lebar to the north, Hougang to the northwest, Tampines to the northeast and east, Geylang to the west and Marine Parade to the southwest.

Bedok
Other transcription(s)
 • Chinese勿洛
 • PinyinWù luò
 • HokkienBût-lo̍k
 • MalayBedok
 • Tamilபிடோக்
 • Tamil romanisationPiṭōk
1 bedok reservoir panorama 2010
Sand pit of Bedok Stadium, Singapore - 20110501
Bedok Reservoir Estate 2, Oct 06
Bedok Town Centre, Aug 06
Bedok Jetty, Singapore - 20070315
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From top left to right: Panoramic view of Bedok Reservoir, Bedok Stadium, Bedok Reservoir Estate, Bedok Town Centre, Bedok Jetty, Bedok Bus Interchange
Bedok is located in Singapore
Bedok
Bedok
Location of Bedok in Singapore
Coordinates: 1°19′24.96″N 103°55′38.42″E / 1.3236000°N 103.9273389°E
Country Singapore
RegionEast Region
CDCs
Town councils
  • Aljunied-Hougang Town Council
  • East Coast-Fengshan Town Council
  • Marine Parade Town Council
Constituencies
DGP exhibited
PA incorporated
  • 22 January 1999[1]
Government
 • MayorsNorth East CDC

South East CDC


 • Members of ParliamentAljunied GRC

East Coast GRC

Fengshan SMC

Marine Parade GRC

Area
 • Total21.69 km2 (8.37 sq mi)
Area rank7th
 • Residential4.18 km2 (1.61 sq mi)
Population
(2018)[2][3][4]
 • Total281,300
 • Rank1st
 • Density13,000/km2 (34,000/sq mi)
 • Density rank9th
Demonym(s)Official
  • Bedok resident

Colloquial

  • Bedoker
  • Bedokian
Ethnic groups
 • Chinese208,880
 • Malays43,980
 • Indians25,110
 • Others11,780
Postal district
16
Dwelling units60,115
Projected ultimate79,000

Etymology

Map of Singapura by Godinho de Erédia 1604
Sune Bodo (left) for Sungei Bedok marked in this 1604 map of Singapore by Godinho de Erédia. The map is orientated with the South towards the top left.

The name "Bedok" was known as early as 1604 in Manuel Godinho de Erédia's map of Singapore. The map refers to the Bedok River (present day Sungei Bedok) as Sune Bodo.

Bedok is one of the early native place names in existence around the time of Sir Stamford Raffles. In the first comprehensive map of Singapore Island completed by Frankin and Jackson and reproduced in John Crawfurd's 1828 book, the place name appears on the south east coast of the island as a river, Badok S. (Sungei Bedok), around the "small red cliff", a part of present Tanah Merah.

The Malay word bedoh refers to a very large drum, used for calling people to a mosque for prayers or to sound the alarm in the days before loudspeakers. There was a prominent mosque in the 1950s at Jalan Bilal that still used the drum about five times a day. The "h" in the word bedoh was replaced with a "k", and, as with most Malay words that end with a "k", it is pronounced with an inaudible glottal stop.

A less popular theory for its etymology often refers to the Malay term of biduk, a small fishing boat like the sampan, or more likely, a dugout canoe, as the east coast was dotted with many fishing villages.

History

John Edmund Taylor, View along the Beach by Singlap, Singapore (1879, Wellcome V0037487)
An 1879 watercolour painting of the coast of Siglap by John Edmund Taylor.

As a part of the Tanah Merah region, the history of Bedok is largely influenced by its coastal frontier. The general area known as Bedok today, was first mentioned in maps dating to the pre-Raffles era. After Singapore was colonised by the British in 1819, Simpang Bedok Village became an ethnically mixed community consisting of Chinese and Malay peoples. Before the 1960s, Bedok's primary source of income was coconut, which was harvested from the plantations that were found in Siglap subzone. Fishing was also another primary source of income for the villagers of Simpang Bedok at the time.[6][7]

Modern development of Bedok only began in 1966, when reclamation works along the coastal area began.[7] In the following decade, Bedok was transformed by the Housing and Development Board (HDB) into the country's fifth self-contained new town, with the first residential flats emerging in the vicinity by 1975.[8] Following the Fall of Saigon that same year, Bedok Jetty became a focal point for Vietnamese refugees landing in Singapore during Operation Thunderstorm.

Bedok Town had been developed since 1973 with the newer roads such as Bedok Plain, Bedok Highway and Bedok Heights being built all the way until 1975. The New Upper Changi Road was fully built and opened in 1979, where the massive development had been completed except Bedok Reservoir and Kaki Bukit, which was built later in 1983 – 1988.

Geography

Location

Bedok Planning Area is located within the East Region of Singapore, along Pulau Ujong's southeastern coast. It is bounded by Paya Lebar to the north, Hougang to the northwest, Tampines to the northeast and east, Geylang to the west and Marine Parade to the southwest.

Bedok New Town sits within the Bedok Planning Area.

Subzones

Bedok is divided into 8 subzones:

Name of estates Location Notable structures Accessibility
Bayshore Areas along Bayshore Road East Coast Park, Upper East Coast Bus Terminal, Bedok Jetty, Temasek Secondary School as well as the future Bayshore MRT station, Bedok South MRT station and Sungei Bedok MRT station Buses
Bedok North Areas along Bedok North Road Tanah Merah MRT station, Bedok MRT station, Bedok Bus Interchange, Bedok Town Centre, Bedok Stadium, Bedok Swimming Complex, Bedok Tennis Centre, Bedok Sports Hall, Bedok Mall, Bedok Point, Bedok Public Library, Bedok Polyclinic, Kampong Chai Chee Community Centre, Fengshan Community Club, Fengshan Primary School, St Anthony's Canossian Primary & Secondary School Tanah Merah MRT station, Bedok MRT station and buses
Bedok Reservoir Areas surrounding Bedok Reservoir Bedok Town Park, Bedok Reservoir, Bedok Reservoir Park, Damai Primary School, Damai Secondary School and Bedok Reservoir MRT station Buses
Bedok South Estates along Bedok South Road Bedok Community Centre, Bedok View Secondary School, Bedok South Secondary School, Temasek Primary School and Temasek Junior College Buses
Frankel Areas along Telok Kurau Road and Siglap Road Telok Kurau Park, Opera Estate Primary School, CHIJ (Katong) Primary School, Saint Patrick's School Kembangan MRT station and buses
Kaki Bukit Northwest Bedok Kaki Bukit Industrial Estate, Eunos Community Club, Bedok North Secondary School as well as Kaki Bukit MRT station and Bedok North MRT station Buses
Kembangan Areas around Kembangan MRT station and Chai Chee Estate Kembangan MRT station, Kampong Kembangan Community Club, Kampong Kembangan Neighbourhood Police Post, Chai Chee Neighbourhood Police Post, Chai Chee Fire Post, Bedok South Neighbourhood Police Centre, East Coast Primary School and Ping Yi Secondary School Kembangan MRT station and buses
Siglap Areas along Marine Vista and Siglap Link East Coast Park, Victoria School, Victoria Junior College and the future Siglap MRT station Buses

Infrastructure

Bedok reservoir view
A former housing estate opposite Bedok Reservoir

Bedok New Town covers a land area close to 9.4 km² with some 42% occupied for residential use. It was formerly a hilly region and hence the focal point of orientation of the town is the special landscaped park and sports complex built on the higher ground of the town. The residential blocks as well as the industrial area are planned based on the neighbourhood concept. There is also a town centre together with Bedok Mall and Bedok Point being built. Plans for an integrated complex, which will be as big as 3 football fields, have also been revealed in 2014. This complex, Heartbeat @ Bedok, houses a sports centre, library, clinic, centre for the elderly and the Kampong Chai Chee Community Club. The complex is located in the Bedok town centre and was completed in 2017.

Residential development

There are some 58,000 units of flats built by the HDB in Bedok New Town. As one of the older towns, the majority of the flats are 3-room or 4-room. There are also some 2,700 and 583 units of executive and Housing and Urban Development Corporation flats. It provides housing for some 200,000 residents.

Transportation

There are currently 6 Mass Rapid Transit stations in Bedok planning area across 2 lines, the East West Line and the Downtown Line. Both lines run parallel to one another and do not have an interchange station in Bedok. However, Tanah Merah MRT Station of EWL is an interchange station with the Changi Airport Branch Line (CG). The 6 stations are:

The future stations of the Thomson-East Coast Line that are currently under construction will be operational in 2023 and 2024 under stages 4 and 5 respectively. The line will run south of the planning area and will have an interchange station with the Downtown Line at Sungei Bedok station, which will also be the terminus for both lines. The 5 future stations are:

The Bedok Bus Interchange opened in 1979, as part of the Bedok Town Centre, located along Bedok North Road and in between Block 203 and 207, next to community amenities such as a food centre, library and sports complex, with the allocated Block 207A. There were thirty three end-on berths with 10 services occupying it and 6 sawtooth berth each occupying 3 bus services in the original facility. Several bus services were moved to the interchange from Chai Chee Bus Terminal when it closed in 1985.[9] Bedok MRT station opened in 1989 at the south of the original facility, complementing the bus interchange to serve people travelling within Bedok town and also the nearby East Coast Park.

On 19 November 2011, after operating from the original facility for 32 years, the bus interchange moved to its temporary facility west of the original facility, at the junction of Bedok North Drive and Bedok North Avenue 1, to allow the original facility to be redeveloped into Bedok Mall. With the opening of the temporary facility, some amendments were made to three services, Service 9, 18 and 35.[10]

The new Bedok Integrated Transport Hub (ITH) began operations on 30 November 2014.[11] With the completion of the ITH, Bedok residents are able to transfer in air-conditioned comfort between bus and MRT services at Bedok MRT station.[12] It is the 7th air-conditioned bus interchange in Singapore.[11]

Education

As of 2017, there are 11 primary schools, 9 secondary schools and 2 junior colleges (Victoria Junior College and Temasek Junior College).[13] Other schools include Global Indian International School (GIIS) East Coast Campus, Katong School (APSN), NPS International School and Sekolah Indonesia Singapura.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Singapore Infopedia – Development guide plan". National Library Board.
  2. ^ a b c City Population – statistics, maps and charts | Bedok
  3. ^ a b HDB Key Statistics FY2014/2015 Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ a b c "Statistics Singapore - Geographic Distribution - 2018 Latest Data". Retrieved February 11, 2019.
  5. ^ URA Planning Area Brochure – Bedok
  6. ^ a b Singapore Infopedia | Bedok
  7. ^ a b "Singapore Infopedia: Bedok land reclamation". National Library Board.
  8. ^ "Bedok: The birth of a new town". New Nation. 6 July 1976.
  9. ^ "Chai Chee bus terminal to make way for redevelopment". The Straits Times. 9 September 1985. Retrieved 24 June 2017 – via NewspaperSG.
  10. ^ "Bus Services Operating From Bedok Temporary Interchange". SBS Transit. 10 November 2011. Retrieved 24 June 2017.
  11. ^ a b Ramchandani, Nisha (November 14, 2014). "Bedok's new integrated transport hub will open on Nov 30". The Business Times. Retrieved 24 June 2017.
  12. ^ "New Bedok Integrated Transport Hub To Open IN Fourth Quarter 2014". Land Transport Authority. 5 July 2014. Retrieved 24 June 2017.
  13. ^ School Information Service
Aljunied Group Representation Constituency

Not to be confused with the smaller constituency with a similar name of Aljunied Single Member Constituency, which existed since the pre-independence era. This article is describing a present ward.Aljunied Group Representation Constituency (Chinese: 阿裕尼集选区; Malay: Kawasan Undi Perwakilan Berkumpulan Aljunied; Tamil: அல்ஜுனிட் குழுத்தொகுதி) is a five-member group representation constituency (GRC) in the north-eastern and eastern region of Singapore. This opposition-held GRC consists of a large part of Hougang (excluding the Hougang Single Member Constituency), Paya Lebar, Serangoon Gardens, the southern half of Serangoon North, as well as a portion of Bedok and a very small section of Tampines.

Aljunied GRC was formed in 1988. During the time it was under the control of the People's Action Party (PAP), it absorbed several GRCs that the Workers' Party (WP) might have otherwise won (namely the Eunos and Kaki Bukit wards of the Eunos GRC in 1997, as well as the Punggol East and Punggol South divisions of the Cheng San GRC in 2001). However, Aljunied GRC itself fell to the WP during the 2011 general elections, making it the first GRC to have been won by a party other than the PAP since the introduction of the GRC concept in 1988.

This GRC has been hotly contested in the 2006, 2011 and 2015 General Elections. At the most recent general election, the PAP team consisting of former MP Yeo Guat Kwang and four first-time candidates lost by a close margin, garnering a vote share of 49.04%. Currently, Aljunied GRC is led by the Secretary-General of the WP, Mr Pritam Singh, after former leader Low Thia Khiang stepped down his position on 8 April 2018.

Bedok Bus Interchange

Bedok Bus Interchange is an air-conditioned bus interchange located in the approximate center of Bedok. It is situated along Bedok North Interchange and Bedok North Drive, on the second level of Bedok Mall. It is connected to Bedok MRT Station. It is the 2nd busiest bus interchange in Singapore, with 30 bus services operating from it.

Bedok Group Representation Constituency

Not to be confused with another defunct ward, Bedok Single Member Constituency that was formed since 1968 general election that covers a portion of Bedok South until 1988 general election where this GRC absorbed that particular ward.It is also not to be confused with another ward, Ulu Bedok Single Member Constituency, which is a short-lived pre-independence era ward that covers the entire of present-day Bedok and Geylang Serai as back then the Bedok was one of the remote and undeveloped area.Bedok Group Representation Constituency (Traditional Chinese: 勿洛集選區;Simplified Chinese: 勿洛集选区) is a defunct Group Representation Constituency in Bedok, Singapore that existed from 1988 to 1997.

Bedok MRT station

Bedok MRT station (EW5) is an above-ground Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) station on the East West Line in Bedok, Singapore. Located at the town centre of Bedok, this station is built on a traffic island in the middle of New Upper Changi Road. It is one of the most crowded MRT stations in eastern Singapore.

Bedok North MRT station

Bedok North MRT station (DT29) is an underground Mass Rapid Transit station on the Downtown Line in the northern part of Bedok, Singapore, located along Bedok North Road, near the Pan-Island Expressway flyover.

Bedok Reservoir

Bedok Reservoir (Malay: Empangan Bedok, Chinese: 勿洛蓄水池; pinyin: Wùluò Xùshuǐchí, Tamil: பெடோக் நீர்த்தேக்கம்) is a reservoir in the eastern part of Singapore, to the north of Bedok New Town. The reservoir has a surface area of 880,000 m², and a capacity of 12.8 million m³. The mean depth of the reservoir is 9 m, with a maximum depth of 18.2 m. The shoreline length is 4.3 km.

Bedok Reservoir MRT station

Bedok Reservoir MRT station (DT30) is an underground Mass Rapid Transit station on the Downtown Line in Bedok, Singapore, located at Bedok Reservoir Road, beside Bedok North Avenue 3. It serves residents living near Bedok Reservoir. The station also serves the students of Bedok Green Secondary School, Yu Neng Primary School, Fengshan Primary School and Red Swastika School.

Bedok Single Member Constituency

Not to be confused with another defunct ward, Bedok Group Representation Constituency that was formed since 1988 general election until 1997 general election where this ward is part of that larger Bedok GRC.It is also not to be confused with another ward, Ulu Bedok Single Member Constituency, which is a short-lived pre-independence era ward that covers the entire of present-day Bedok and Geylang Serai as back then the Bedok was one of the remote and undeveloped area.Bedok Single Member Constituency (Simplified Chinese: 勿洛单选区;Traditional Chinese: 勿洛單選區) is a defunct Single Member Constituency in parts of Bedok South, Singapore. It was formed in 1976 general elections by craving a portion from Siglap constituency and continues throughout till prior to 1988 general elections where this constituency along with neighbouring constituencies namely: Kampong Chai Chee and Tanah Merah forms the greater Bedok Group Representation Constituency.

Bedok South MRT station

Bedok South MRT station (TE30) is a future underground Mass Rapid Transit station on the Thomson–East Coast Line in Bedok planning area, Singapore.The station will be located next to Temasek Secondary School, at the intersection of Upper East Coast Road and Bedok South Road.

East Coast Group Representation Constituency

East Coast Group Representation Constituency (Chinese: 东海岸集选区; Malay: Kawasan Undi Perwakilan Berkumpulan East Coast; Tamil: ஈஸ்ட் கோஸ்ட் குழுத்தொகுதி) is a four-member Group Representation Constituency in the eastern area of Singapore. The areas of the Group Representation Constituency consists of East Coast, Bedok, Changi-Simei, Siglap, Tampines, Pasir Ris, Kampong Chai Chee, Changi Airport and the offshore islands of Pulau Tekong, Pulau Ubin and Pedra Branca . The GRC also covers a large portion of Singapore's eastern territorial waters.

East Coast GRC is led by the former Minister for Manpower Lim Swee Say and co-led by Senior Minister of State and Mayor of South East CDC Maliki Osman.

East Coast Park

The East Coast Park (Chinese: 东海岸公园; Malay: Taman Pantai Timur; Tamil: கிழக்கு கடற்கரை பூங்கா) is a beach park encompassing the planning areas of Marine Parade, Bedok and Tampines, along the southeastern coast of Singapore. It was opened in the 1970s, when the government completed reclaiming land off the coast at Katong which extends from Changi to Kallang. It serves various seaside communities such as Kallang, Marine Parade and Bedok.

The 185 hectare East Coast Park is the largest park in Singapore, and is built entirely on reclaimed land with a man-made beach, where swimming is possible. The beach is protected by breakwaters.

The park is a popular place for people to relax and unwind. The park has barbecue pits, chalets, food centres and amenities for various sports activities. Visitors can fish at Bedok Jetty (Area F). A cycling and inline skating track runs along the perimeter of the park, which measures over 15 km long. It is connected to Changi Beach Park by the Coastal Park Connector Network, a 12 km park connector running along Tanah Merah Coast Road.

Overnight camping is permitted in East Coast Park, at Areas D and G. A Camping Permit is required and can be obtained from the National Parks website.

Fengshan Single Member Constituency

Fengshan Single Member Constituency (Chinese: 凤山单选区; Malay: Kawasan Undi Perseorangan Fengshan; Tamil: ஃபெங்ஷான் தனித் தொகுதி) is a Single Member Constituency within Bedok, Singapore. It Consists of Tanah Merah, Simpang Bedok, Bedok North Ave 4/St 4, Bedok North Road (Blks 1xx) and East of Bedok North St 2. It was formerly from part of Bedok, Changi & Kampong Chai Chee constituencies prior to the 1984 general election as the population in Bedok grew and absorbed into the then greater three-member ward Bedok Group Representation Constituency before 1991 general election and Bedok GRC had become a four-member ward. It was reformed just before the 2015 general election after being carved out from East Coast GRC.

Kaki Bukit, Singapore

Kaki Bukit is an industrial area located in Bedok in the East Region of Singapore. It is home to many high tech industrial companies and warehouses. There used to be a prison complex called Kaki Bukit Centre, which was converted to a prison school in 2000, however it has since moved to Tanah Merah and the Acacia Welfare Home now stands in its place. On the south of Kaki Bukit is Jalan Tenaga and Jalan Damai neighbourhoods of Bedok Reservoir Road. Redevelopments are in the pipeline for Kaki Bukit beyond 2030 when Paya Lebar Airbase located just north of the estate relocates to Changi. Not only would land be freed up for use but building height restrictions, that are currently in place for safety reasons because the estate is directly aligned with the airbase runway, would also be lifted. Kaki Bukit is classified by Urban Redevelopment Authority (URA) as a subzone under the planning area of Bedok, its boundaries differ from the constituency boundaries used by the Singapore Parliament.

Kaki Bukit MRT station

Kaki Bukit MRT station (DT28) is an underground Mass Rapid Transit station on the Downtown Line in Bedok planning area, Singapore, located along Kaki Bukit Avenue 1, near the junction with Jalan Damai. The station serves both the industrial and residential areas in the Kaki Bukit district.

This station provides an alternative to Eunos and Bedok stations on the East West Line.

Kampong Chai Chee Single Member Constituency

Kampong Chai Chee Single Member Constituency (Traditional Chinese: 甘榜菜市單選區;Simplified Chinese: 甘榜菜市单选区) is a now defunct Single Member Constituency within Bedok, Singapore. It was carved from Tampines and Siglap divisions in prior to 1968 general election as the population in Bedok grows. It was one of the forming constituency for the bigger Bedok Group Representation Constituency.

Kembangan, Singapore

Kembangan is a subzone and residential precinct located in the town of Bedok in the East Region of Singapore. It consists largely of private residential areas and a small public housing estate along Lengkong Tiga.

Sungei Bedok MRT station

Sungei Bedok MRT station (DT37/TE31) is a future underground Mass Rapid Transit interchange and terminal station on the Downtown Line and Thomson-East Coast Line in Bedok planning area, Singapore. The station is being built east of where Upper East Coast Road becomes Bedok Road, and will serve residents of the Eastwood estate. Nearby facilities include the Bedok Food Centre, Eastwood Centre and the Laguna National Golf & Country Club.The station is named after Sungei Bedok, a small river within its vicinity. Despite its name and location, the station is not contiguous to both Bedok North and Bedok Reservoir stations of the Downtown Line as the line passes through 6 other stations within Tampines before reaching Sungei Bedok. A similar situation can be observed at Rochor planning area, where the consecutive stations of Little India and Rochor is non-contiguous with Bencoolen and Jalan Besar stations, due to the nature of Downtown Line.

Tanah Merah Single Member Constituency

Tanah Merah Single Member Constituency was a constituency in Singapore. It existed from 1980 to 1988, comprising residential areas such as the Tanah Merah private houses and was later absorbed into Bedok GRC until 1991.

It absorbed part of Bedok & Changi constituencies in 1980.

Ulu Bedok Single Member Constituency

Not to be confused with another defunct ward, Bedok Single Member Constituency that was formed since 1968 general election that covers a portion of Bedok South until 1988 general election as well as Bedok Group Representation Constituency which absorbed the former ward since 1988 general election until prior to 1997 general election when that particular GRC was dissolved.Ulu Bedok Single Member Constituency (Traditional Chinese: 烏魯勿洛單選區; Simplified Chinese: 乌鲁勿洛单选区) is a former short-lived single member constituency in Bedok and Geylang, Singapore that existed only from 1955 to 1959.

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