Bayburt Province

Bayburt Province (Turkish: Bayburt ili) is a province of Turkey. Located in the Northeast Anatolia region of the country, the capital city is Bayburt, and with a population of 74,412 is the least-populous province in Turkey.

Bayburt Province

Bayburt ili
Location of Bayburt Province in Turkey
Location of Bayburt Province in Turkey
RegionNortheast Anatolia
 • Electoral districtBayburt
 • Total3,652 km2 (1,410 sq mi)
 • Total82,274
 • Density23/km2 (58/sq mi)
Area code(s)0458
Vehicle registration69


Bayburt is traversed by the northeasterly line of equal latitude and longitude.


Bayburt province is divided into 3 districts (capital district in bold):

Historical places

The most important places in Bayburt Province are:[2]

  • Bayburt Tower
  • Saruhan Tower
  • Aydıntepe underground city
  • Mausoleum of Dede Korkut
  • Mausoleum of Şehit Osman
  • Traditional Bayburt houses
  • Ulu Mosque
  • Pulur (Gökçedere) Ferahşat Bey Mosque
  • Sünür (Çayıryolu) Kutlu Bey Mosque
  • Yukarı Hınzeverek (Çatalçeşme) Mosque
  • Bedesten (covered bazaar)
  • Varzahan Armenian Church

Cities and towns


The climate is described as Humid Continental by the Köppen Climate System, abbreviated as Dfb.[3]

See also


  1. ^ "Population of provinces by years - 2000-2018". Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  2. ^ Bayburt Tarihi yerler Archived May 10, 2012, at the Wayback Machine ‹See Tfd›(in Turkish)
  3. ^ Climate Summary for Bayburt

External links

Coordinates: 40°14′12″N 40°13′25″E / 40.23667°N 40.22361°E

1993 Bayburt Üzengili avalanche

The 1993 Bayburt Üzengili avalanche occurred on January 18, 1993, at around 07:45 local time (05:45 UTC) in Üzengili, a village of Bayburt Province in northeastern Turkey. It killed 59 people and injured 21, destroying 72 houses.


Aydıntepe is a small city and its surrounding district in Bayburt Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. The mayor is Haşim Şentürk (MHP).

The ancient Aydıntepe underground city, situated beneath the town, and stretching over 1 km (0.62 mi), is a visitor attraction.

Baksı Museum

Baksı Museum is a museum located in Bayburt, Turkey. “Baksı” literally means “healer, helper, protector” in the Central Asia. It is located near the Black Sea. The museum offers contemporary art and traditional handcrafts. The basic aim of the foundation is, as quoted by founder Professor Hüsamettin Koçan, to "disseminate art and culture by bringing together contemporary and traditional art, to collect, document, classify, preserve and promote works of contemporary and traditional art, to use this base in realizing creation, and to hand local and national cultural values down to future generations" .


Bayburt is a city in northeast Turkey lying on the Çoruh River and is the provincial capital of Bayburt Province.

Bayburt was once an important center on the ancient Silk Road. It was visited by Marco Polo and Evliya Çelebi. Remains of its medieval castle still exist. There are several historical mosques, Turkish baths, and tombs in the city. There are also ancient historical sites such as the Çatalçeşme Underground Complex and natural wonders like the Sirakayalar Waterfall in the other parts of the province.

Bayburt (electoral district)

Bayburt is an electoral district of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey. It elects one member of parliament (deputies) to represent the province of the same name for a four-year term, using the first-past-the-post.

Bayburt University

Bayburt University (BU; in Turkish, Bayburt Üniversitesi, commonly referred to as BÜ) is a public research university in the city of Bayburt, Turkey. The research and education conducted by the university has an emphasis on engineering and natural sciences.

The official language of instruction at BU is Turkish.


Demirözü is a small city and its surrounding district in Bayburt Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. The mayor is Selami Ersen (AKP).

Demirözü Dam

Demirözü Dam is a dam in Bayburt Province, Turkey, built between 1996 and 2003. The development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works.

Erzurum Eyalet

The Erzurum Eyalet (Ottoman Turkish: ایالت ارضروم; Eyālet-i Erżurūm‎) was an eyalet of the Ottoman Empire. It was established after the conquest of Western Armenia by the Ottoman Empire. Its reported area in the 19th century was 11,463 square miles (29,690 km2).

Erzurum Vilayet

The Vilayet of Erzerum (Ottoman Turkish: ولايت ارضروم, Vilâyet-i Erzurum‎) was a first-level administrative division (vilayet) of the Ottoman Empire.

The vilayet of Erzurum shared borders with the Persian and Russian empires in the east and north-east, in the north with the Trebizond Vilayet, in the west with the vilayet of Sebastia, and in the south with the vilayets of Bitlis, Mamuret-ül Aziz and Van.

At the beginning of the 20th century it reportedly had an area of 29,614 square miles (76,700 km2), while the preliminary results of the first Ottoman census of 1885 (published in 1908) gave the population as 645,702. The accuracy of the population figures ranges from "approximate" to "merely conjectural" depending on the region from which they were gathered. It was one of the six Armenian vilayets in the eastern part of Anatolia, and, prior to World War I, had a large number of Armenians living there as well as Georgians, Pontic Greeks and Caucasus Greeks, and other ethnic groups, both Muslim and Christian [mainly Greek Orthodox and Armenian Apostolic (Orthodox/Gregorian)].

Governor of Bayburt

The Governor of Bayburt (Turkish: Bayburt Valiliği) is the bureaucratic state official responsible for both national government and state affairs in the Province of Bayburt. Similar to the Governors of the 80 other Provinces of Turkey, the Governor of Bayburt is appointed by the Government of Turkey and is responsible for the implementation of government legislation within Bayburt. The Governor is also the most senior commander of both the Bayburt provincial police force and the Bayburt Gendarmerie.

Laleli Dam

The Laleli Dam is an embankment dam, currently under construction near the town of Laleli on the Çoruh River in Erzurum Province, Turkey. The primary purpose of the dam is hydroelectric power production. After a prolonged legal battle, construction on the dam began in 2013 and it is expected to be complete in 2017. The dam, which will power a 99 MW power station, will also flood several villages to include Laleli. The dam's reservoir will stretch east into Bayburt Province.

List of populated places in Bayburt Province

Below is the list of populated places in Bayburt Province, Turkey by the districts. In the following lists first place in each list is the administrative center of the district.

Maden, Bayburt

Maden is a village in the District of Bayburt, Bayburt Province, Turkey. As of 2010 it had a population of 193 people.

Mount Kop Tunnel

Mount Kop Tunnel (Turkish: Kop Dağı Tüneli) is a road tunnel under construction located on the province border of Bayburt and Erzurum as part of the route D.915 E97 between Maden, Bayburt in the northwest and Aşkale, Erzurum in the southeast in Eastern Anatolia Region, Turkey.

Situated on the Mount Kop of Pontic Mountains, it is a 6,500 m (21,300 ft)-long twin-tube tunnel. The cost of the construction is estimated to be 319 million.It was built to bypass the Kop Pass at 2,409 m (7,904 ft) elevation with hairpin turns. The tunnel will also eliminate the four-month-long traffic inaccessibility during the winter months due to harsh climatic conditions by heavy snow fall, icing and fog. It will shorten the route about 6 km (3.7 mi) and reduce the travel time to one hour. The tunnel is situated at 2,050 m (6,730 ft) elevation.The groundbreaking ceremony was held in presence of Minister of Transport, Maritime and Communication Binali Yıldırım on August 23, 2012. Excavation works progress about 20 m (66 ft) daily in each tunnel tube. Opening of the tunnel is scheduled end of 2015.Currently, 150 personnel are at work.

Salmankaş Tunnel

The Salmankaş Tunnel (Turkish: Salmankaş Tüneli) is a road tunnel under construction located on the province border of Gümüşhane and Bayburt connecting the provincial roads P.29-26 and P.69-75 on the route from Araklı, Trabzon via Dağbaşı, Trabzon to Uğrak, Bayburt in northeastern Turkey.Situated on the Mount Salmankaş of Pontic Mountains, it is a 4,150 m (13,620 ft)-long twin-tube tunnel. The cost of the construction, which is carried out by as-yol Yapı A.Ş., is estimated to be 170 million.It was built to bypass the Salmankaş Pass at 2,280 m (7,480 ft) elevation, which is on the ancient Silk Road, with extremely steep incline and to alleviate Black Sea Region's access to Eastern Anatolia Region. The tunnel will also eliminate the six-month-long traffic inaccessibility during the winter months due to harsh climatic conditions by heavy snow fall, icing and fog. It will shorten the route about 16 km (9.9 mi) resulting in a travel time reduction from 2-3.5 hours to 1.5 hours.The groundbreaking ceremony was held in presence of Minister of Transport, Maritime and Communication Binali Yıldırım on 23 August 2012. For the construction of the tunnel the New Austrian Tunnelling method (NATM) is being applied. The breakthrough in the tunnel was achieved on 24 November 2013.

State road D.915 (Turkey)

D.915 is a north-to-south state road in northeastern Turkey. The 179 km-long (111 mi) road starts at Of, Trabzon on the coast of the Black Sea branching from D.010 and ends in Aşkale, Erzurum joining D.100 running in a high-elevation mountainous terrain. The route is composed of two parts crossed and overlapped by D.050 on a length of 13 km (8.1 mi) north of Bayburt. The northern part, between Of and Bayburt is 107 km (66 mi) long, and the southern part, between Bayburt and Aşkale is 72 km (45 mi) The northern section is considered one of the most dangerous routes in the world.The route's northern part runs through the districts of Trabzon Dernekpazarı and Çaykara, passes by Uzungöl and crosses Mount Soğanlı of the Karadeniz Mountain Range with the Soğanlı Pass at 2,330 m (7,640 ft) AMSL on the province border Trabzon-Bayburt, and crosses over Çoruh River before joining D.050.Starting on the junction of D.050 in Bayburt, the southern part of the route runs through Maden, crosses Mount Kop of the Otlukbeli Mountains with the Kop Pass at 2,409 m (7,904 ft) AMSL just south of the province border Bayburt-Erzurum, where a hghway tunnel is under construction to ease the route with several hairpin turns. It reaches Aşkale on the D.100 (E80). The route from Bayburt to Aşkale is part of E87.

Çayıryolu, Bayburt

Çayıryolu, formerly Sünür, is a village in the District of Bayburt, Bayburt Province, Turkey. As of 2010 it had a population of 489 people. The village has a historic mosque and mausoleum.The present mosque is largely rebuilt in concrete sometimes after 1967. The minaret of the mosque dates to 1676/77 but its base could be an earlier construction. The mosque was repaired by the Ottomans after the village was burned by the Safavid Tahmasp I in 1548/49. The repairs are commemorated by an Ottoman inscription in the mosque written in Persian with the date of 1550. Located in the mosque's graveyard is a ruined tomb believed to be of the Akkoyunlu ruler Kutlu (d. 1389).Sünür (derived from the Greek "Sinora", border) has the remains of the ruins of the tower where Mithridates halted on his retreat from Armenia.

Çoruh river

The Çoruh River (Turkish: Çoruh, Georgian: ჭოროხი Ch'orokhi, Armenian: Չորոխ Ch’vorokh, Greek: Άκαμψις, Akampsis) rises in the Mescit Mountains in north-eastern Turkey, flows through the cities of Bayburt, Ispir, Yusufeli, and Artvin, along the Kelkit-Çoruh Fault, before flowing into Georgia, where it reaches the Black Sea just south of Batumi and a few kilometers north of the Turkish-Georgian border.

In Arrian's Periplus Ponti Euxini, it is called the Acampsis (Greek: Άκαμψις); Pliny may have confused it with the Bathys. In English, it was formerly known as the Boas, the Churuk, or the Chorokh.

Bayburt Province of Turkey


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