Bavaria Party

The Bavaria Party (German: Bayernpartei, BP) is an autonomist[2] and regionalist[3] political party in the state of Bavaria. It was founded in 1946 and describes itself as patriotic Bavarian, advocating Bavarian independence within the European Union. Together with the Christian Social Union (CSU), it can be seen as an heir to the Bavarian People's Party (BVP) which existed prior to the Nazi takeover. The party is a member of the European Free Alliance.[4]

Bavaria Party

Bayernpartei
LeaderFlorian Weber
Founded28 October 1946
Preceded byBavarian People's Party
(not legal predecessor)
HeadquartersMunich, Bavaria
Youth wingYoung Bavarian Federation
Membership6,000 (2017)[1]
IdeologyBavarian nationalism
Regionalism
Separatism
Liberal conservatism
Christian democracy
Political positionCentre-right
European affiliationEuropean Free Alliance
International affiliationNone
European Parliament groupNone
ColoursWhite, Blue
Bundestag
0 / 709
Landtag of Bavaria
0 / 187
European Parliament
0 / 96
Bezirktags (Bavaria)
4 / 238
Website
www.bayernpartei.de

History

The party had some successes at the polls in the late 1940s and 1950s: 20.9% of the vote in 1949 and 17 seats in the German Bundestag and, in 1950, 17.9% and 39 seats in the Bavarian state parliament where in 1954 it formed a coalition with the Bavarian branches of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) and the Free Democratic Party (FDP). This forced the Christian Social Union (CSU) out of power for three years. Later, the Bavaria Party rapidly lost voters. It still exists but was last elected to the Bavarian state parliament in 1962.

In the 2008 local elections however, the party won 50 seats (compared to 32 in 2002), mostly in Upper Bavaria, including one of the 80 seats in the City Council of Munich, the 1.3 million capital of Bavaria, after 42 years of absence there. The Bavaria Party won one seat in the District Parliament of Upper Bavaria.[5]

Chairman

The current chairman of the party is Florian Weber from Regensburg in the Upper Palatinate.

Elections

In the 2017 elections for the Bavarian Parliament the BP reached 1.7% of the voters' share. In 2013 they had gained 2.1%, the best result for the Bavaria Party since 1966.[6]

After the elections of 2018, the Bavaria Party is represented in three administrative regions of Bavaria:

Election results

Results from 1946

Year Bavarian election (Landtag)
Total
German election (Bundestag)
in Bavaria
European Parliament
2018 1.7%    
2014     1.3%
2013 2.1% 0.9%  
2009   0.7% 1.0%
2008 1.1%    
2005   0.5%  
2004     1.0%
2003 0.8%    
2002   0.1%  
1999     0.4%
1998 0.7% 0.4%  
1994 1.0% 0.6% 1.6%
1990 0.8% 0.5%  
1989     0.8%
1987   0.4%  
1986 0.6%    
1984     0.6%
1982 0.5%    
1978 0.4%    
1974 0.8%    
1970 1.3%    
1969   0.9%  
1966 3.4%    
1962 4.8%    
1958 8.1%    
1954 13.2%    
1953   9.2%  
1950 17.9%    
1949   20.9%  

Landtag of Bavaria

Election year # of
constituency votes
# of
party list votes
% of
overall votes
# of
overall seats won
+/–
2003 44,572 32,818 0.8
0 / 180
Increase
2008 60,815 55,649 1.1
0 / 187
Increase
2013 137,323 110,177 2.1
0 / 180
Increase
2018 122,417 109,513 1.7
0 / 180
Decrease

See also

External links

References

  1. ^ Bildung, Bundeszentrale für politische. "Bayernpartei (BP) - bpb". bpb.de.
  2. ^ Jason Sorens (2012). Secessionism: Identity, Interest, and Strategy. McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP. p. 180. ISBN 978-0-7735-3896-2.
  3. ^ Daniele Caramani (2004). The Nationalization of Politics: The Formation of National Electorates and Party Systems in Western Europe. Cambridge University Press. p. 303. ISBN 978-0-521-53520-5.
  4. ^ "Member Parties". e-f-a.org.
  5. ^ European Free Allianz, Bavaria Party local election Archived September 27, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "Landtagswahl 2013 - Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung". Landtagswahl2013.bayern.de. 2002-07-01. Retrieved 2013-12-20.
  7. ^ Bezirk Oberbayern - Wahlteam. "Bezirkstagswahl Oberbayern". Bezirkstagswahl-oberbayern.de. Retrieved 2013-12-20.
  8. ^ "Bezirkswahl in Niederbayern: Fotos der neuen Bezirksräte". Pnp.de. Retrieved 2013-12-20.
  9. ^ "Bezirkstagswahl: BP vervielfacht Mandate | Bayernpartei". Landesverband.bayernpartei.de. Archived from the original on 2013-12-20. Retrieved 2013-12-20.
1987 West German federal election

Federal elections were held in West Germany on 25 January 1987 to elect the members of the 11th Bundestag. This was the last federal election held in West Germany prior to German reunification.

2003 Bavarian state election

The Bavaria state election, 2003, was conducted on 21 September 2003, to elect members to the Landtag (state legislature) of Bavaria.

2008 Bavarian state election

The 2008 Bavarian state election was held on 28 September 2008. Voters of the German state of Bavaria elected members to the Bavarian Landtag (state legislature).

2013 Bavarian state election

The 2013 Bavarian state election was held on 15 September 2013 to elect the 180 members of the 17th Landtag of Bavaria. It was held one week before the 2013 German federal election. The CSU won an absolute majority, while the FDP, a coalition party in the outgoing Bavarian government, did not receive enough votes to enter the new parliament.

Amberg (electoral district)

Amberg is one of the 299 single member constituencies used for the German parliament, the Bundestag. One of forty five constituencies in Bavaria, it covers the city of Amberg and the districts of Amberg-Sulzbach and Neumarkt. The district elects one representative under the mixed member proportional representation (MMP) system. Under the current constituency numbering system, it is designated as constituency 232.

The constituency was created for the 1949 election, the first election in West Germany after World War II. After its creation, the first election in the district was won by the Bavaria Party. However the Christian Social Union (CSU) won the constituency at the 1949 election and have held the district since then.

The representative elected in the 2017 election was Alois Karl, who was first elected in 2005.

Andreas Settele

Andreas Settele (born 1961 in Marktoberdorf) is a German politician. From 2002 to 2007 he was the chairman of the Bavarian separatist party, Bavaria Party. He first served in this position provisionally, after Jürgen Kalb resigned. He was subsequently elected on 15 September 2002.

Anton Besold

Anton Besold (January 13, 1904 in Weßling - September 20, 1991 in Oberhaching) was a German politician. He was a representative of the Bavaria Party and Christian Social Union of Bavaria.

Bavarian People's Party

The Bavarian People's Party (German: Bayerische Volkspartei; BVP) was the Bavarian branch of the Centre Party, a lay Roman Catholic party, which broke off from the rest of the party in 1918 to pursue a more conservative and more Bavarian particularist course. The party displayed monarchist leanings because many Bavarians had never accepted the overthrow of the House of Wittelsbach in 1918 and there was a period of near separatism in the early 1920s, culminating in Gustav von Kahr's unwillingness to abide by rulings from Berlin during the autumn crisis of 1923. This only came to an end with the shock of Adolf Hitler's Beer Hall Putsch. Following the establishment of a more stable situation throughout Germany, the party came around to a more moderate line under the leadership of Ministerpräsident Heinrich Held and party president Fritz Schäffer.

During the Weimar Republic, the BVP was consistently the most popular party in Bavaria and the party with the most seats in the Landtag of Bavaria.

In the second round of the 1925 German presidential election, the main contenders were Paul von Hindenburg and Wilhelm Marx. If either the BVP or the Communist Party (KPD), who put up Ernst Thälmann in the second round, had supported Marx, he would have become President instead of the elderly von Hindenburg, who died in 1934 and was succeeded by Hitler.The party may be seen as a precursor to the Christian Social Union in Bavaria (CSU), but alongside the CSU the Bavaria Party which has members elected to city councils in some Bavarian regions and the Bavarian Centre Party were also refounded after World War II and are explicitly claiming the historical heritage of the BVP.

Bavarian nationalism

Bavarian nationalism is a point of view that asserts that Bavarians are a nation and promotes the cultural unity of Bavarians. It has been a strong phenomenon since the incorporation of Bavaria into the state of Germany in 1871. Bavarian nationalists find the terms that Bavaria entered into Germany in 1871 to be controversial and claimed that the German government has long intruded on the desired autonomy of Bavaria, and calls have been made for independence of Bavaria. After the defeat of Germany in World War I, Bavarian nationalism grew in strength, becoming popular amongst both revolutionary and reactionary political movements. Following the collapse of Austria-Hungary after World War I, proposals for Austria to join Bavaria were made. At this time the Bavarian government held particular interest in incorporating the regions of North Tyrol and Upper Austria into Bavaria. This was a serious issue in the aftermath of World War I with significant numbers of Austria's North Tyrolese declaring their intention to have North Tyrol join Bavaria.

Carljörg Lacherbauer

Carl Hannsjörg Lacherbauer (23 June 1902 – 30 March 1967) was a German jurist, civil servant and politician. He was one of the co-founders of the Christian Social Union of Bavaria. He was a member of the Landtag of Bavaria from 1946 to 1958. In 1953 he affiliated to the Bavaria Party and was elected deputy chairman of the parliamentary group of the BP from 1954 to 1957.

Conrad Fink

Conrad Warmund Christian Maria Fink (7 July 1900, Munich - 25 July 1981) was a German librarian and politician who represented the Bavaria Party and the Christian Social Union of Bavaria. He was district administrator for Pfarrkirchen and from 1949 to 1953 a Member of the Deutscher Bundestag.

Deggendorf (electoral district)

Deggendorf is one of the 299 single member constituencies used for the German parliament, the Bundestag. One of forty five districts in Bavaria, it covers the districts of Deggendorf and Freyung-Grafenau.The constituency was created for the 1949 election, the first election in West Germany after World War II. With the exception of the first election in 1949, which was won by the Bavaria Party, all elections in the district have been won by the Christian Social Union (CSU). Bartholomäus Kalb of the CSU, who has represented the district since 1987 was re-elected at the 2013 election.

Die Friesen

Die Friesen (German; English: The Frisians, West Frisian: Do Fräisen, Low German: De Freesen) is a regionalist political party in the state of Lower Saxony in Germany, seeking to promote the interests of the Frisian minority ethnic group in Germany.The party seeks self-determination. Their political policies include: the introduction of Low German as a compulsory subject in schools.Die Friesen is a member of the European Free Alliance.

Ingolstadt (electoral district)

Ingolstadt is one of the 299 single member constituencies used for the German parliament, the Bundestag. One of forty five districts in Bavaria, it covers the city of Ingolstadt, the district of Eichstätt and the Neuburg-Schrobenhausen district with the exception of the town of Aresing.The constituency was created for the 1949 election, the first election in West Germany after World War II. With the exception of the first election in 1949, which was won by the Bavaria Party, all elections in the district have been won by the Christian Social Union (CSU). The current representative is Reinhard Brandl of the CSU.

Joseph Baumgartner

Joseph Baumgartner (November 16, 1904 in Sulzemoos – January 21, 1964 in Munich) was a German politician, representative of the Christian Social Union of Bavaria, Bavarian People's Party and the Bavaria Party.

He was a member of the Landtag of Bavaria.

Landtag of Bavaria

The Landtag of Bavaria (State Diet of Bavaria) is the unicameral legislature of the state of Bavaria in Germany. The parliament meets in the Maximilianeum in Munich.

Elections to the Landtag are held every five years and have to be conducted on a Sunday or public holiday. The following elections have to be held no earlier than 59 months and no later than 62 months after the previous one, unless the Landtag is dissolved.

The most recent elections to the Bavarian Landtag were held on 14 October 2018.

Rosenheim (electoral district)

Rosenheim is one of the 299 single member constituencies used for the German parliament, the Bundestag. One of forty five constituencies in Bavaria, it covers the city and county of Rosenheim. The district elects one representative under the mixed member proportional representation (MMP) system. Under the current constituency numbering system, it is designated as constituency 223.

The constituency was created for the 1949 election, the first election in West Germany after World War II. After its creation, the first election in the district was won by the Bavaria Party. However the Christian Social Union (CSU) won the constituency at the 1953 election and have held the district since then.

The representative elected in the 2013 election was Daniela Ludwig, who was first elected in 2005.

Thomas Dehler

Thomas Dehler (14 December 1897 – 21 July 1967) was a German politician. He was the Federal Republic of Germany's first Minister of Justice (1949–1953) and chairman of Free Democratic Party (1954–1957).

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